The Indo-Pakistani are originally from the subcontinent of India. Today, they live in many nations around the world. Many of these have yet to be touched by the Gospel.
In some countries, most of the Indo-Pakistani are Hindus, while on the Arabian peninsula they are primarily Muslims. There is a significant Sikh population as well. Many of them speak Hindi as their native tongue, while others speak various other Indian languages. They may also speak the language of the nation in which they now live.
"Indo-Pakistani" is a general term used to describe these groups, since many peoples of Indian origin do not specify which language group they belong to. For example, many of them may actually be Gujarati, Hindi, or Punjabi; but together (especially for census purposes), they are simply known as the Indo-Pakistani.
The lives of Hindus have traditionally been governed by a rigid system of social classes known as castes. Castes are actually culture groups based primarily on occupation, with members of the same profession belonging to the same caste. These castes are divided into sub-castes, which are further divided into even smaller social classes. The caste system is very strict, and members of one caste are not allowed to change from the caste in which they were born. People are required to marry within their caste and to do the work assigned to their caste. Generally, only Indians of the higher, wealthier castes have been able to immigrate to other countries. After arriving in other countries, they often establish their own businesses.
The Brahmins form the highest Hindu caste. This class consists of the religious and scholarly. However, as a result of British influence in India, educational opportunities gradually became available to most of the other castes. The Indo-Pakistani groups outside of India tend to exhibit this British influence more than the people living in India. These immigrant groups have also shown Western influence in their clothing. Still, some of the Hindu Indo-Pakistani continue to wear their traditional clothes: the men wear dhotis (loin cloths), and the women wear saris (cloths that are wrapped around the waist and over the shoulder or head). Most of them also continue to eat their native Indian foods. Although the Hindu religion commands vegetarianism, most of the Indo-Pakistani eat some types of meat.
Islamic influence has been strong among some of the Indo-Pakistani, especially on the Arabian peninsula. There, the Indo-Pakistani are required to follow Islamic law. For example, the women are required to wear chadors, which are loose, usually black robes worn by Muslim women. The chador covers the entire body from head to toe, and most of the face. Chadors must be worn in public and during the month of Ramadan. In addition, the Hindu Indo-Pakistani are treated as second class citizens by the governments of Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
Hindus are polytheistic, which means that they worship many gods and goddesses. The most important gods worshipped are Brahman, the creator of the universe; Vishnu, its preserver; and Shiva, its destroyer. Another important Hindu deity is Shiva's wife, who has several names. She is best known as Durga, Kali, Parvati, or Uma. As Parvati or Uma, she is the beloved goddess of motherhood. As Durga or Kali, she is the feared goddess of destruction.
According to Hindu doctrine, animals as well as humans have souls. Hindus believe that souls live innumerable lives in different bodies, being born again, or reincarnated, after death as animals or humans. They believe that if a person lives a good life, his soul will be born into a higher state. Whereas, if he leads an evil life, his soul will be born into a lower state, perhaps even as a worm! The cycle supposedly continues until the soul achieves spiritual perfection and enters a higher state of existence.
In contrast, Muslims believe that there is only one god, Allah. Theirs is a religion of works based on five basic "pillars." Muslims must affirm that "there is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet." They are also required to pray five times a day, give alms to the poor, fast during the month of Ramadan, and try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca.
Sikhs believe in one God, but also that other religions are good and their scriptures to be studied. They believe that good works are the path to salvation. They honor Jesus, but they would reject the notion that he is God and Savior.
The Hindu Indo-Pakistani of the Arabian peninsula live difficult lives because they are a religious minority in Muslim countries.
Some countries with Indo-Pakistani residents do not allow Christian missionaries to enter the countries. As a result, it is very difficult to reach the Indo-Pakistani who live there. Although the Indo-Pakistani Muslims of some countries are guaranteed religious freedom, many remain followers of a religion of works. Local Christians must seize the opportunity to share Christ with the Indo-Pakistani.
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers to work among each of the Indo-Pakistani groups.
* Pray that Christians will have a burden to reach their neighbors.
* Ask the Lord to send Christian businessmen to minister life to the Indo-Pakistani.
* Pray that the Indo-Pakistani of many countries will begin to call on God for help.
* Ask the Lord to raise up prayer teams who will faithfully intercede for the Indo-Pakistani.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth many triumphant Indo-Pakistani churches for the glory of His name!
|Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center|
|Region||East and Southern Africa|
|Persecution Rank||2 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Primary Language||Gujarati (16,000 speakers)|
|Language Code||guj Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
|People Groups||Speaking Gujarati|
Primary Language: Gujarati
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1820-1985)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Amazon||National Bible Societies|
|Forum of Bible Agencies||World Bible Finder|
|Gospel Go||World Bibles|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament (FCBH)|
|Audio Recordings||Online Scripture / Bible|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)|
|Film / Video||Following Jesus (India, JF Project)|
|Film / Video||God's Story Video|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Gujarati|
|Film / Video||Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)|
|General||Four Spiritual Laws|
|General||God's Simple Plan|
|General||Got Questions Ministry|
|Mobile App||Download Bible from Google Play Store|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bibles, Bible League|
|Text / Printed Matter||Fathers Love Letter|
|Text / Printed Matter||OneHope resources for children and youth|
|Text / Printed Matter||Online Bible (Bibles India)|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent *|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.09 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|