Nat (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
486,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Nat of India are professional dancers, singers and acrobats by tradition. They like to be known as Raj Nat as they claim to have Rajput origins and originate from Rajasthan. They are also called Bhanmati, meaning something amazing. The Nat are classed as a Scheduled Caste except in Delhi, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. They also live in Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Haryanna, Punjab, West Bengal and Chandigarh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The name Nat comes from the word nata meaning dancer. They speak Bagri (Nati) which is their own language as well as Hindi and languages from the regions they live in. The higher Hindu castes do not accept food and water from them and the Nat do not accept these things from some lower castes.

Some of the Nat do agricultural and other manual work. Others do such as metal work, selling herbal medicines, rickshaw pulling, repairing watches and radios or working in musical bands.

The Nat eat all meat except beef. They also eat wheat and rice. Alcohol is a main part of their lives socially. They smoke Bidi and cigarettes. The Nat use modern and local medicine and some do family planning. They have generally a low literacy level, so there is a need for the Gospel to reach them in oral form.

The Nats do not marry except in their own community and have clan exogamy (They do not marry within the same clan in their community). They are happy to marry Rajputs though, because of the Rajput high status. Monogamy is the usual way and marriage is done by discussion by parents and elders. Bride price is paid in cash. Divorce is allowed for adultery, cruelty and for difficulty in adjusting. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again.

The Nat mostly live in hamlets that border towns and villages. Only sons can inherit family property and the oldest son becomes in charge of the family but must discuss important matters with his mother. The women contribute much in religious and social matters. The Nat have caste councils to judge on marriage and property disputes for example. Punishments are by fines and social boycotting.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Nat are generally Hindus but there are some Muslims in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The Hindu Nats worship Rama, Shiva and the other Hindu gods and goddesses. Some claim to be fortune tellers, exorcists or healers. They celebrate the main Hindu festivals and many of them worship ancestors too.


What Are Their Needs?

The low caste position of the Nat means they are denied many benefits and their work and partly nomad lifestyle has caused them problems such as poverty.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the problems the Nat are having will lead them to Jesus Christ.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/nat/


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-10-13
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-28
People Name General Nat (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Nat (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 486,000
World Population 503,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 10 to 12
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bajania, Bajania Nat, Bajigar, Balija, Bazigar, Bhanmati, Bhanumati, Gulgulia, Kalavanthulu, Kalbelia, Kanphata, Kanphatia, Karnat, Kutchwandh, Nat, Natada, Natavalollu, Nath Jogi, Nathjogi, Nathyogi, Natta, Nattavaru, Nattuvan, Natua, Natuva, Netya, Nut, Parnewala, Rai Nat, Raj Nat, Sanchia, Sapera, Yogi, नट (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17763
ROP3 Code 113224
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
(225,000)
Madhya Pradesh
(105,000)
Rajasthan
(52,000)
Bihar
(45,000)
Karnataka
(11,000)
Haryana
(8,900)
Delhi
(7,100)
West Bengal
(6,000)
Maharashtra
(4,900)
Chhattisgarh
(4,400)
Tamil Nadu
(4,400)
Jharkhand
(2,400)
Gujarat
(2,100)
Assam
(1,500)
Punjab
(1,500)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh (225,000)
  Madhya Pradesh (105,000)
  Rajasthan (52,000)
  Bihar (45,000)
  Karnataka (11,000)
  Haryana (8,900)
  Delhi (7,100)
  West Bengal (6,000)
  Maharashtra (4,900)
  Chhattisgarh (4,400)
  Tamil Nadu (4,400)
  Jharkhand (2,400)
  Gujarat (2,100)
  Assam (1,500)
  Punjab (1,500)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (334,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 39
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhojpuri
(27,000)
Kanauji
(9,000)
Kannada
(8,700)
Marwari
(8,200)
Dhundari
(7,500)
Awadhi
(7,500)
Malvi
(7,500)
Bengali
(6,100)
Magahi
(5,600)
Tamil
(3,500)
Merwari
(3,300)
Mewari
(3,200)
Telugu
(3,000)
Marathi
(2,800)
Chhattisgarhi
(2,800)
People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (334,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 39
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhojpuri (27,000)
  Kanauji (9,000)
  Kannada (8,700)
  Marwari (8,200)
  Dhundari (7,500)
  Awadhi (7,500)
  Malvi (7,500)
  Bengali (6,100)
  Magahi (5,600)
  Tamil (3,500)
  Merwari (3,300)
  Mewari (3,200)
  Telugu (3,000)
  Marathi (2,800)
  Chhattisgarhi (2,800)
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.02 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.96 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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