CountryIndia

State:

  

Karnataka

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

612

Unreached People Groups

581

Total Population

63,315,000

Buddhist

0.2 %

Christian

1.8 %

Hindu

79.7 %

Muslim

12.6 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

5.7 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 76,000 Telugu 62,000 - 20 14,000 - -
 Adi Dravida 1,207,000 Tamil 1,088,000 - 700 117,000 - -
Adi Karnataka 3,781,000 Kannada 3,664,000 - 22,000 89,000 500 5,800
 Adiyan 600 Malayalam 500 - - 60 - -
 Agamudaiyan 20,000 Tamil 20,000 - - - - -
Agani 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 9,000 Kannada 9,000 - - - - -
 Aghori 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
 Agri 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
Ajila 3,900 Malayalam 3,900 - - - - -
Ajna 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Alambadi kurichchan 1,500 Kurichiya 1,500 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 7,200 Malayalam 7,200 - - - - -
Ambattan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
Amma Kodaga 2,100 Kodava 2,100 - - - - -
Anamuk 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Andh 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
Anduran 2,600 Konkani, Goan 2,600 - - - - -
Anglo 140,000 English - - - 140,000 - -
 Ansari 341,000 Urdu - 341,000 - - - -
Anuppan 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Arab 200 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 200 - - - -
Arandan 70 Tamil 70 - - - - -
 Arasu 45,000 Kannada 45,000 - - - - -
Aray Mala 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Arayan 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 600 -
 Arunthathiyar 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
Arwa Mala 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 20 Assamese - 20 - - - -
Atari 70 Urdu - 70 - - - -
Ayri 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Badaga 20,000 Badaga 20,000 - - 20 - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Hindi 50,000 - - - - 2,000
 Bagata 4,300 Telugu 4,300 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Bagdi, Wagdi 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Bagga 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,600 Urdu - 1,600 - - - -
Bahrupi 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
Baira 8,500 Kannada 8,500 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 5,400 Bengali 5,400 - - - - -
Bakad 5,500 Kannada 5,500 - - - - -
Bakuda 3,900 Tulu 3,900 - - - - -
Balagai 9,100 Kannada 9,000 - 80 - - -
Balasantoshi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 989,000 Telugu 983,000 - - - - 12,000
Bandi 6,900 Kannada 6,900 - - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Bangar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bania 615,000 Hindi 365,000 - - - - 253,000
 Bania, Agarwal 30,000 Hindi 22,000 - - - - 7,500
Bania, Chaturth 2,600 Marathi - - - - - 2,600
 Bania, Chetti 153,000 Tamil 72,000 - - - - 72,000
Bania, Gujar 1,300 Gujarati 1,300 - - - - -
Bania, Jaiswal 900 Hindi 400 - - - - 600
Bania, Kasar 1,000 Hindi 200 - - - - 800
 Bania, Komti 34,000 Telugu 34,000 - - - - 400
Bania, Mahajan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 700 Hindi 700 - - - - 40
Bania, Marwadi 1,900 Marwari 1,900 - - - - 60
 Bania, Oswal 2,900 Hindi 700 - - - - 2,200
 Bania, Porwal 4,100 Hindi 2,400 - - - - 1,700
 Bania, Srimali 400 Gujarati - - - - - 400
Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Bania, Ummad 1,000 Hindi 200 - - - - 700
Banijiga 738,000 Kannada 663,000 - - 200 - 84,000
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,218,000 Lambadi 1,216,000 - - 900 800 -
Banka 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
Banna 400 Kodava 400 - - - - -
Barda 300 Marathi 300 - - - - 30
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Bariki 400 Odia 400 - - - - -
 Basor 67,000 Hindi 64,000 - - - - 3,100
Bathada 3,700 Tulu 3,700 - - - - -
Battal 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bauri 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bavcha 1,000 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
Bawtar 80 Konkani, Goan 80 - - - - -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Telugu 4,600 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 557,000 Kannada 212,000 - 200 - 90 345,000
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 2,396,000 Kannada 2,394,000 - - - - 1,600
Bedar, Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 2,300 Urdu - 2,300 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Beg 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 722,000 Kannada 659,000 - - - - 63,000
Bellara 2,300 Kannada 2,300 - - - - -
 Bhampta 2,600 Marathi 2,600 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bhandari 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Hindi 27,000 - - - 50 -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Bhansala 7,000 Marathi 7,000 - - - - -
Bharathar 500 Tamil 200 - - 200 - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Bhattra 20 Bhatri 20 - - - - -
Bhavin 800 Konkani 800 - - - - -
 Bhil 2,200 Hindi 2,000 40 - - - 30
 Bhisti 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 320,000 Hindi 320,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia, Sikkim 30 Sikkimese - - 30 - - -
Bhottada 1,500 Kuvi 1,500 - - - - -
Bidur 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
Binapatta 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Bind 1,000 Bhojpuri 1,000 - - - - -
 Bohra 400 Gujarati - 400 - - - -
 Boya 368,000 Telugu 366,000 - - - - 2,800
 Brahmin 2,732,000 Hindi 2,646,000 - - 300 - 83,000
Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Brahmin, Anavada 3,400 Gujarati 3,400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Anavala 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Audich 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Bengali 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Chitpavan 49,000 Marathi 49,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Daima 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Deshastha 64,000 Marathi 64,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaud Saraswat 45,000 Marathi 45,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaur 87,000 Hindi 87,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Gujar Gaur 6,400 Hindi 6,400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gujarati 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Iyer 25,000 Tamil 25,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Joshi 5,200 Hindi 5,200 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Kanaujia 85,000 Hindi 85,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kannada 295,000 Kannada 295,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Karhada 13,000 Marathi 13,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Khandelwal 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Khedawal 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Maha 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mahratta 66,000 Marathi 66,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Marathi 54,000 Marathi 54,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mewada 3,200 Gujarati 3,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Modh 3,400 Gujarati 3,400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nambudiri 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Ojha 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sanadhya 83,000 Hindi 83,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Saraswat 30,000 Hindi 30,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Sawaria 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sholiar 15,000 Tamil 15,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Srigaud 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Tamil 39,000 Tamil 39,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Telugu 59,000 Telugu 59,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Vadama 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Velanadu 17,000 Telugu 17,000 - - - - -
 Burmese 50 Burmese - - 50 - - -
Byagara 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - 20 - - -
 Chain 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan 3,600 Tamil 3,600 - - - - -
Chaliyan 6,000 Tulu 6,000 - - - - -
 Chalvadi 202,000 Kannada 193,000 - 2,300 - - 6,400
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 679,000 Hindi 675,000 - 1,400 1,700 - -
Chandala 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 6,000 Kannada 6,000 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 3,400 Urdu - 3,400 - - - -
Chaptegar 6,600 Konkani, Goan 6,600 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
Charodi 4,800 Konkani, Goan 4,600 - - 200 - -
 Chenchu 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
Chenna Dasar 44,000 Kannada 44,000 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 26,000 Malayalam 26,000 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 7,500 Malayalam - - - 7,500 - -
 Chhetri 90 Nepali 90 - - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Chitara 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Marathi 1,700 - - - - 1,100
Chitrakar (Lingayat traditions) 2,900 Kannada 1,000 - - - - 1,900
 Chodhara 500 Chodri 400 30 20 - - -
 Christian unspecified 170,000 Hindi - - - 170,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Marathi 15,000 - - - - -
Dakkal 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 240,000 Hindi 223,000 - - - - 17,000
Devadasi 7,400 Kannada 7,400 - - - - -
Devadiga 141,000 Tulu 138,000 - 900 - - 1,800
Devanga 462,000 Kannada 390,000 - - 3,800 - 69,000
 Dhangar 1,161,000 Gujarati 1,161,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 664,000 Hindi 657,000 - 700 - - 6,000
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 31,000 Urdu - 31,000 - - - -
 Dhodia Unknown Gujarati - - - - - -
 Dhor 37,000 Marathi 31,000 - 60 - - 6,700
Divehi, Maldivian 100 Maldivian - 100 - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Domm 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
 Dubla 500 Dubli 500 - - - - -
 Dudekula 60 Telugu - 60 - - - -
Durgamurgi 1,300 Kannada 1,300 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Faqir 50 Urdu - 50 - - - -
 Gadaba 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
 Gamit 400 Gamit 400 - - - - 20
 Ganda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Gandla 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 1,366,000 Kannada 1,366,000 - - - - 500
Gantichore 4,700 Kannada 4,700 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Gatti 6,100 Tulu 6,100 - - - - -
 Gauda 26,000 Odia 26,000 - - - - -
Gavara 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
Gawli 33,000 Marathi 33,000 - - - - -
Ghadasi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Ghadi 4,300 Konkani, Goan 4,300 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 100 Gujarati 100 - - - - -
 Ghasi (Hindu traditions) 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
Ghisadi 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Giddikki 57,000 Konkani, Goan 57,000 - - - - -
Goan Catholic 69,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 69,000 - -
Godda 3,700 Kannada 3,500 - 200 - - -
 Gond 179,000 Hindi 176,000 400 200 50 30 2,100
Gondaru 84,000 Kannada 84,000 - - - - -
 Gondhali 4,700 Marathi 4,700 - - - - -
Gopal 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Gosain 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Telugu 2,800 - - - - -
Gosangi (Muslim traditions) 300 Telugu - 300 - - - -
Gowari Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
 Gowdulu 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - 20 - 60
Gudigar 2,500 Konkani 2,500 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 7,900 Hindi 7,900 - - - - -
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
Habura 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Hadi 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Hajam 14,000 Urdu - 14,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 11,000 Vaagri Booli 11,000 - - - - 20
Halleer 6,200 Marathi 5,900 - 300 - - -
Halsar 13,000 Konkani, Goan 13,000 - 300 - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Halwakki Wakkal 119,000 Kannada 114,000 - 800 500 - 3,600
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 100 Chinese, Mandarin - - 100 - - -
Hanabar 73,000 Tulu 73,000 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 45,000 Kannada 21,000 - 60 - - 24,000
Harkantra 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - - - - -
Hasalaru 28,000 Tulu 27,000 - - - - 100
Hasla 2,900 Tulu 2,900 - - - - -
 Hatkar 76,000 Marathi 76,000 - - - - -
Holar 1,800 Marathi 1,600 - 40 - - 100
Holaya Dasar 4,200 Kannada 4,100 - 20 - - -
Holer 808,000 Kannada 748,000 - 43,000 - - 18,000
Idayan 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
Ilavan 78,000 Malayalam 75,000 - - 2,900 - -
Illiger 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Irular 1,100 Irula 1,000 - - - - 40
Iruliga 11,000 Kannada 11,000 - - - - 300
Jaggali 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
Jambuvulu 17,000 Telugu 17,000 - 50 - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 14,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 14,000 -
Javeri 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 38,000 Kurumba, Jennu 38,000 - - - - 3,800
 Jew, South Asian 80 Marathi - - - - - 80
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 80 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 80 -
 Jingar 6,900 Marwari 6,300 - - - - 600
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 111,000 Bengali 111,000 - - - - -
 Julaha 100 Hindi - - - - 100 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 800 Marathi 700 - - - - 100
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 700 Tamil 600 - - 50 - -
Kadan 500 Kadar 500 - - - - -
Kadia (Hindu traditions) 102,000 Kannada 102,000 - - - - -
Kadu Kuruba 23,000 Kannada 25,000 30 - 30 - 600
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Kaibartta 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 202,000 Kannada 202,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
 Kakkalan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 1,370,000 Telugu 1,315,000 - - - - 54,000
Kalavant 30,000 Kannada 4,000 - - - - 26,000
Kalladi 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
Kallan 2,000 Tamil 2,000 - - - - -
Kalota Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kamar 200 Kamar 200 - - - - -
Kamathi 7,800 Telugu 7,800 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Kammara 14,000 Telugu 3,300 - - - - 11,000
Kanai 3,600 Urdu - 3,600 - - - -
Kanakkan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
Kanate 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Kancha Vakkal 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Kanikaran 20 Kanikkaran 20 - - - - -
Kaniyan 4,500 Malayalam 4,500 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kaora 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Kaparia 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Kapu 243,000 Telugu 243,000 - - 100 - 100
Karigar 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
Karimpalan 90 Malayalam 90 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 86,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - 62,000
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 200 Kashmiri - 200 - - - -
 Kathodi 700 Marathi 600 30 - - - 80
Kattunayakan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Kavara 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Kavuthiyan 1,700 Malayalam 1,700 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Kepmaris 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
 Khairwar 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
Khandait 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Gujarati 35,000 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 20,000 Hindi 20,000 - - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Gujarati - 1,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Khetri 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 1,000 Gujarati - 1,000 - - - -
Kichagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kodava 113,000 Kodava 113,000 - - - - -
 Kokna 4,100 Kukna 4,100 - - - - 30
Kolayiri 1,000 Malayalam 1,000 - - - - -
Kolhati 1,200 Marathi 1,200 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 36,000 Gujarati 36,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 103,000 Marathi 103,000 100 - - - 400
 Koli Mahadev 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - 40 - - -
Koli Malhar 9,500 Marathi 9,500 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Kollara, Karnataka 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Komarpaik 22,000 Konkani, Goan 22,000 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Koosa 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - 20 -
Kootan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Koracha, caste 61,000 Kannada 61,000 - - - - -
Koracha, tribe 21,000 Tulu 21,000 30 - 50 - 60
 Korama 162,000 Kannada 162,000 - 100 - - -
 Kori 7,900 Bengali 7,900 - - - - -
 Korwa 52,000 Telugu 52,000 - - - - -
 Koshti 88,000 Marathi 87,000 - - 200 - 400
Kota 300 Kota 300 - - - - -
Kotegar 9,600 Kannada 9,500 - 200 - - -
 Koya 2,200 Telugu 2,200 - - - - -
Koyava 800 Kodava 800 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 57,000 Kannada 4,600 - - - - 53,000
Kudiya 3,500 Kudiya 3,400 - - - - -
 Kudumban 600 Tamil 600 - - - - -
Kudumi 43,000 Tamil 43,000 - - - - -
Kulama 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 458,000 Hindi 422,000 - - - - 37,000
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 70 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 70 -
Kummari Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 199,000 Gujarati 196,000 - - 60 - 2,500
Kunchatiga 370,000 Kannada 369,000 - - - - 600
 Kuravan 14,000 Malayalam 14,000 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 60,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 3,403,000 Kannada 3,366,000 - - 27,000 - 9,200
Kuruman 1,100 Kurumba, Betta 1,000 - - - - 40
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
 Lakhera 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
Lingader 500 Marathi - - - - - 500
 Lingayat 1,476,000 Kannada - - - 200 - 1,476,000
 Lohana 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 73,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - 13,000
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Machala 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
Madari 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 77,000 Telugu - - - 77,000 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 542,000 Telugu 536,000 - 4,500 900 - -
 Madiga (Muslim traditions) 2,300 Telugu 1,800 1,900 - - - -
 Magar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Maha Malasar 30 Tamil 20 - - - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 15,000 Marathi - - - 15,000 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 87,000 Marathi 79,000 - 7,500 - - -
 Mahishya 1,500 Bengali 1,500 - - - - -
 Mahratta 2,232,000 Marathi 2,171,000 60 - 40 - 62,000
 Mahratta Kunbi 65,000 Gujarati 65,000 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Mahyavanshi 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
Maila 3,300 Tulu 3,300 - - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 10,000 Telugu - - - 10,000 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Telugu 22,000 - 30 100 - -
Mala Dasari 6,400 Telugu 6,400 - 30 - - -
Mala Hannai 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Mala Masti 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Sale 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Sanyasi 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 151,000 Malayalam - - - 151,000 - -
Malai Vedan 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - 20 - -
Malaikudi 10,000 Tulu 10,000 - - - - 50
Malasar 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Malava 20,000 Tulu 20,000 - - - - -
 Malayali 6,000 Tamil 6,000 - - - - -
Malayarayar Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
Malayekandi 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Maleru 1,900 Kannada 1,900 - - - - 20
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Hindi 28,000 - - - - -
Manbhav 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 4,400 Marathi 4,400 - - - - -
 Mangala 39,000 Telugu 39,000 - - - - 200
Maniyani 800 Kodava 800 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 2,700 Malayalam 2,700 - - - - -
Manne 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
 Mappila 436,000 Malayalam - 436,000 - - - -
 Maravan 23,000 Tamil 23,000 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 20,000 Kannada 20,000 - - - - -
Mashti 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 3,000 Marathi - - - 3,000 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 37,000 Marathi 36,000 - 800 - - -
Mavilan 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Mawalud 50,000 Urdu - 50,000 - - - -
Meda 46,000 Kannada 45,000 30 - 40 - 500
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Meitei 50 Meitei 50 - - - - -
 Memon 1,500 Gujarati - 1,500 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern 20 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 30,000 Bengali 30,000 - - - - -
 Mochi (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Moger 92,000 Tulu 90,000 - 2,500 - - -
 Moghal 157,000 Urdu - 157,000 - - - -
 Momna 80 Gujarati - 80 - - - -
Mondiwaru 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Mudhar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 1,700 Malayalam - - - 1,700 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 6,600 Malayalam 6,600 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 100 Malayalam - 100 - - - -
Mukri 14,000 Kannada 13,000 - 1,500 - - -
Mundala 33,000 Tulu 33,000 - - - - -
 Munnur 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
Mutali 30 Tamil 30 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 22,000 Telugu 22,000 - - - - -
 Nadar 88,000 Tamil 66,000 - - 22,000 - -
 Nadia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Naga, unspecified 60 Naga Pidgin - - - 60 - -
Nagar 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
Nagarchi (Muslim traditions) 40 Sadri - 40 - - - -
Nagartha 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - - - 80
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 380,000 Hindi 309,000 - - - - 70,000
Nai (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
Naikadaya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Naikda 3,638,000 Kannada 3,607,000 3,700 300 500 300 25,000
 Nair 149,000 Malayalam 149,000 - - - - -
Nairi 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Nalakeyava 7,600 Kannada 7,600 - - - - -
Nalband 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Nalkadaya 900 Tulu 900 - - - - -
 Namassej 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 400 Marathi - - 400 - - -
Navait 13,000 Malayalam - 13,000 - - - -
Navithan 14,000 Tamil 14,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - - - - -
 Newah 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Padiar 1,000 Konkani, Goan 1,000 - - - - -
Pagi 400 Konkani, Goan 400 - - - - -
Pale 16,000 Kodava 16,000 - - - - -
Paliya 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
 Paliyan 3,000 Tamil 3,000 - - - - -
Pallan 3,200 Tamil 3,200 - - - - -
Palleyan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Palliyan 700 Tamil 600 - - 40 - 30
Palluvan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
Pambada 1,100 Tulu 1,100 - - - - -
 Pan 1,700 Odia 1,700 - - - - -
Panan 50 Tamil 50 - - - - -
 Panchama 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Pandaram 4,200 Malayalam 4,200 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Pangul 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Panika 700 Chhattisgarhi 700 - - - - -
Panikkan 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
 Paniyan 900 Paniya 900 - - - - 30
 Pannadi 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
Panniandi 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 4,600 Tamil 3,900 - - 700 - -
Paravan 5,800 Malayalam 4,600 - - 1,200 - -
Pardhan 100 Pardhan 100 - - - - -
 Pardhi 6,800 Pardhi 6,500 60 - 20 - 300
 Parsee 600 Gujarati - - - - - 600
 Pashtun, Pathan 589,000 Urdu - 589,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Patelia 300 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Patharwat 14,000 Marathi 14,000 - - - - -
Patralu 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
Patramela 4,800 Konkani, Goan 4,800 - - - - -
Patvekari (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Kannada 22,000 -