CountryIndia

State:

  

Karnataka

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

614

Unreached People Groups

582

Total Population

63,783,000

Buddhist

0.2 %

Christian

1.9 %

Hindu

79.7 %

Muslim

12.6 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

5.6 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 80,000 Telugu 61,000 - 20 20,000 - -
 Adi Dravida 1,225,000 Tamil 1,050,000 - 700 173,000 - -
Adi Karnataka 3,787,000 Kannada 3,580,000 - 22,000 183,000 600 1,200
 Adiyan 600 Malayalam 500 - - 60 - -
 Agamudaiyan 23,000 Tamil 23,000 - - - - -
Agani 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 9,000 Kannada 9,000 - - - - -
 Aghori 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
 Agri 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
Ajila 3,800 Malayalam 3,800 - - - - -
Ajna 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Alambadi kurichchan 1,500 Kurichiya 1,500 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 8,700 Malayalam 8,700 - - - - -
Ambattan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Amma Kodaga 2,100 Kodava 2,100 - - - - -
Anamuk 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Andh 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
Anduran 2,600 Konkani, Goan 2,600 - - - - -
Anglo 46,000 English - - - 46,000 - -
 Ansari 341,000 Urdu - 341,000 - - - -
Anuppan 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Arab 200 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 200 - - - -
Arandan 70 Tamil 70 - - - - -
 Arasu 46,000 Kannada 46,000 - - - - -
Aray Mala 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Arayan 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 900 -
 Arunthathiyar 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
Arwa Mala 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 20 Assamese - 20 - - - -
Atari 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
Ayri 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Badaga 20,000 Badaga 20,000 - - 30 - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Hindi 50,000 - - - - 2,000
 Bagata 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Bagdi, Wagdi 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Bagga 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,700 Urdu - 1,700 - - - -
Bahrupi 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
Baira 8,500 Kannada 8,500 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 5,400 Bengali 5,400 - - - - -
Bakad 5,500 Kannada 5,500 - - - - -
Bakuda 3,900 Tulu 3,900 - - - - -
Balagai 9,000 Kannada 9,000 - 80 - - -
Balasantoshi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 1,028,000 Telugu 1,011,000 - - - - 17,000
Bandi 6,900 Kannada 6,900 - - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bangar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bania 698,000 Hindi 431,000 - - - - 267,000
 Bania, Agarwal 26,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - 7,300
Bania, Chaturth 2,600 Marathi - - - - - 2,600
 Bania, Chetti 160,000 Tamil 81,000 - - - - 79,000
Bania, Gujar 1,300 Gujarati 1,300 - - - - -
Bania, Jaiswal 900 Hindi 400 - - - - 600
Bania, Kasar 1,000 Hindi 200 - - - - 800
 Bania, Komti 35,000 Telugu 34,000 - - - - 400
Bania, Mahajan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 700 Hindi 700 - - - - 40
Bania, Marwadi 1,900 Marwari 1,800 - - - - 60
 Bania, Oswal 2,800 Hindi 600 - - - - 2,100
 Bania, Porwal 3,800 Hindi 2,200 - - - - 1,700
 Bania, Srimali 400 Gujarati - - - - - 400
Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Bania, Ummad 1,000 Hindi 200 - - - - 700
Banijiga 768,000 Kannada 687,000 - - 900 - 81,000
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,220,000 Lambadi 1,217,000 - - 900 800 -
Banka 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
Banna 400 Kodava 400 - - - - -
Barda 400 Marathi 300 - - - - 30
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Bariki 400 Odia 400 - - - - -
 Basor 69,000 Hindi 66,000 - - - - 3,100
Bathada 3,700 Tulu 3,700 - - - - -
Battal 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bauri 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bavcha 1,200 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
Bawtar 80 Konkani, Goan 80 - - - - -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Telugu 4,600 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 555,000 Kannada 211,000 - 200 - 200 344,000
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 2,365,000 Kannada 2,365,000 - - - - -
Bedar, Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Beg 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 732,000 Kannada 669,000 - - - - 62,000
Bellara 2,300 Kannada 2,300 - - - - -
 Bhampta 2,600 Marathi 2,600 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bhandari 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Hindi 27,000 - - - 100 -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Bhansala 7,000 Marathi 7,000 - - - - -
Bharathar 500 Tamil 200 - - 200 - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Bhattra 20 Bhatri 20 - - - - -
Bhavin 800 Konkani 800 - - - - -
 Bhil 2,000 Hindi 2,000 40 - - - 30
 Bhisti 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 331,000 Hindi 331,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia, Sikkim 30 Sikkimese - - 30 - - -
Bhottada 1,500 Kuvi 1,500 - - - - -
Bidur 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
Binapatta 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Bind 1,000 Bhojpuri 1,000 - - - - -
 Bohra 400 Gujarati - 400 - - - -
 Boya 323,000 Telugu 320,000 - - - - 2,700
 Brahmin 2,721,000 Hindi 2,631,000 - - 300 - 90,000
Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
Brahmin, Anavada 3,300 Gujarati 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Anavala 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Audich 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Bengali 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Chitpavan 48,000 Marathi 48,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Daima 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
Brahmin, Deshastha 64,000 Marathi 64,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaud Saraswat 45,000 Marathi 45,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaur 86,000 Hindi 86,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Gujar Gaur 5,100 Hindi 5,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gujarati 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Iyer 25,000 Tamil 25,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Joshi 4,500 Hindi 4,500 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Kanaujia 69,000 Hindi 69,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kannada 300,000 Kannada 300,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Karhada 13,000 Marathi 13,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Khandelwal 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Khedawal 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Maha 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mahratta 65,000 Marathi 65,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Marathi 53,000 Marathi 53,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mewada 3,200 Gujarati 3,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Modh 2,700 Gujarati 2,700 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nambudiri 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Ojha 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sanadhya 82,000 Hindi 82,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Saraswat 30,000 Hindi 30,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Sawaria 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sholiar 15,000 Tamil 15,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Srigaud 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Tamil 39,000 Tamil 39,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Telugu 58,000 Telugu 58,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Vadama 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Velanadu 17,000 Telugu 17,000 - - - - -
 Burmese 50 Burmese - - 50 - - -
Byagara 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - 20 - - -
 Chain 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
 Chakkiliyan 3,600 Tamil 3,600 - - - - -
Chaliyan 6,000 Tulu 6,000 - - - - -
 Chalvadi 200,000 Kannada 191,000 - 2,300 - - 6,300
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 672,000 Hindi 669,000 - 1,600 1,700 - -
Chandala 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 6,000 Kannada 6,000 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 3,500 Urdu - 3,500 - - - -
Chaptegar 6,500 Konkani, Goan 6,500 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
Charodi 4,800 Konkani, Goan 4,600 - - 200 - -
 Chenchu 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
Chenna Dasar 44,000 Kannada 44,000 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Malayalam 27,000 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 7,600 Malayalam - - - 7,600 - -
 Chhetri 90 Nepali 90 - - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 40 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 40 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Chitara 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Marathi 1,800 - - - - 1,100
Chitrakar (Lingayat traditions) 2,900 Kannada 1,000 - - - - 1,900
 Chodhara 500 Chodri 400 30 20 - - -
 Christian unspecified 62,000 Hindi - - - 62,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Marathi 17,000 - - - - -
Dakkal 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 241,000 Hindi 224,000 - - - - 17,000
Devadasi 7,300 Kannada 7,300 - - - - -
Devadiga 143,000 Tulu 140,000 - 900 - - 1,800
Devanga 479,000 Kannada 399,000 - - 11,000 - 69,000
 Dhangar 1,189,000 Gujarati 1,189,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 660,000 Hindi 653,000 - 700 - - 6,000
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 31,000 Urdu - 31,000 - - - -
 Dhodia Unknown Gujarati - - - - - -
 Dhor 38,000 Marathi 31,000 - 60 - - 6,700
Divehi, Maldivian 100 Maldivian - 100 - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Domm 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
 Dubla 500 Dubli 500 - - - - -
 Dudekula 60 Telugu - 60 - - - -
Durgamurgi 1,300 Kannada 1,300 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Faqir 50 Urdu - 50 - - - -
 Gadaba 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
 Gamit 400 Gamit 400 - - - - 20
 Ganda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Gandla 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 1,421,000 Kannada 1,420,000 - - - - 500
Gantichore 4,700 Kannada 4,700 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Gatti 6,100 Tulu 6,100 - - - - -
 Gauda 28,000 Odia 28,000 - - - - -
Gavara 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
Gawli 33,000 Marathi 33,000 - - - - -
Ghadasi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Ghadi 4,200 Konkani, Goan 4,200 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 100 Gujarati 100 - - - - -
 Ghasi (Hindu traditions) 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
Ghisadi 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
 Giddikki 57,000 Konkani, Goan 57,000 - - - - -
Goan Catholic 75,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 75,000 - -
Godda 3,700 Kannada 3,500 - 200 - - -
 Gond 178,000 Hindi 176,000 400 200 50 30 2,100
Gondaru 84,000 Kannada 84,000 - - - - -
 Gondhali 4,900 Marathi 4,900 - - - - -
Gopal 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Gosain 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Telugu 2,800 - - - - -
Gosangi (Muslim traditions) 300 Telugu - 300 - - - -
Gowari Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
 Gowdulu 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - 20 - 60
Gudigar 2,500 Konkani 2,500 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 8,000 Hindi 8,000 - - - - -
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
Habura 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Hadi 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Hajam 14,000 Urdu - 14,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 11,000 Vaagri Booli 11,000 - - - - 20
Halleer 6,200 Marathi 5,900 - 300 - - -
Halsar 13,000 Konkani, Goan 13,000 - 300 - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Halwakki Wakkal 121,000 Kannada 120,000 - 800 500 - 300
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 100 Chinese, Mandarin - - 100 - - -
Hanabar 74,000 Tulu 74,000 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 44,000 Kannada 21,000 - 60 - - 23,000
Harkantra 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - - - - -
Hasalaru 27,000 Tulu 27,000 - - - - 100
Hasla 2,900 Tulu 2,900 - - - - -
 Hatkar 78,000 Marathi 78,000 - - - - -
Holar 1,800 Marathi 1,600 - 40 - - 100
Holaya Dasar 4,200 Kannada 4,200 - 20 - - -
Holer 811,000 Kannada 751,000 - 42,000 - - 18,000
Idayan 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
Ilavan 78,000 Malayalam 75,000 - - 3,200 - -
Illiger 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Irular 1,100 Irula 1,000 - - - - 40
Iruliga 11,000 Kannada 11,000 - - - - 300
Jaggali 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
Jambuvulu 17,000 Telugu 17,000 - 50 - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 17,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 17,000 -
Javeri 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 41,000 Kurumba, Jennu 38,000 - - - - 3,800
 Jew, South Asian 80 Marathi - - - - - 80
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Jingar 7,000 Marwari 6,400 - - - - 600
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 111,000 Bengali 111,000 - - - - -
 Julaha 200 Hindi - - - - 200 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 800 Marathi 700 - - - - 100
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 700 Tamil 600 - - 50 - -
 Kadan 500 Kadar 500 - - - - -
Kadia (Hindu traditions) 109,000 Kannada 109,000 - - - - -
Kadu Kuruba 25,000 Kannada 25,000 30 - 40 - 600
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Kaibartta 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 213,000 Kannada 213,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
 Kakkalan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 1,371,000 Telugu 1,317,000 - - - - 53,000
Kalavant 30,000 Kannada 4,000 - - - - 26,000
Kalladi 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
Kallan 2,000 Tamil 2,000 - - - - -
Kalota Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kamar 200 Kamar 200 - - - - -
Kamathi 9,300 Telugu 9,300 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Kammara 14,000 Telugu 3,300 - - - - 11,000
Kanai 3,600 Urdu - 3,600 - - - -
Kanakkan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
Kanate 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Kancha Vakkal 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Kanikaran 20 Kanikkaran 20 - - - - -
Kaniyan 4,500 Malayalam 4,500 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kaora 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Kaparia 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Kapu 236,000 Telugu 235,000 - - 200 - 100
Karigar 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
Karimpalan 90 Malayalam 90 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 86,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - 62,000
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 200 Kashmiri - 200 - - - -
 Kathodi 700 Marathi 600 30 - - - 80
Kattunayakan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Kavara 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Kavuthiyan 1,700 Malayalam 1,700 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Kepmaris 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
 Khairwar 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
Khandait 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Gujarati 35,000 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Hindi 21,000 - - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Gujarati - 1,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
Khetri 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 1,200 Gujarati - 1,200 - - - -
Kichagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kodava 117,000 Kodava 117,000 - - - - -
 Kokna 4,100 Kukna 4,100 - - - - 30
Kolayiri 1,000 Malayalam 1,000 - - - - -
Kolhati 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 37,000 Gujarati 37,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 103,000 Marathi 102,000 100 - - - 400
 Koli Mahadev 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - 40 - - -
 Koli Malhar 9,500 Marathi 9,500 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Kollara, Karnataka 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Komarpaik 22,000 Konkani, Goan 22,000 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Koosa 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - 20 -
Kootan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Koracha, caste 61,000 Kannada 61,000 - - - - -
Koracha, tribe 21,000 Tulu 21,000 30 - 50 - 60
 Korama 161,000 Kannada 161,000 - 100 - - -
 Kori 7,900 Bengali 7,900 - - - - -
 Korwa 57,000 Telugu 57,000 - - - - -
 Koshti 88,000 Marathi 87,000 - - 300 - 400
Kota 300 Kota 300 - - - - -
Kotegar 9,600 Kannada 9,400 - 200 - - -
 Koya 2,200 Telugu 2,200 - - - - -
Koyava 800 Kodava 800 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 57,000 Kannada 4,600 - - - - 53,000
Kudiya 3,400 Kudiya 3,400 - - - - -
 Kudumban 600 Tamil 600 - - - - -
Kudumi 44,000 Tamil 44,000 - - - - -
Kulama 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 472,000 Hindi 436,000 - - - - 37,000
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Kummari 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 216,000 Gujarati 214,000 - - 60 - 2,500
Kunchatiga 342,000 Kannada 342,000 - - - - 60
 Kuravan 13,000 Malayalam 13,000 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 61,000 Hindi 61,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 3,505,000 Kannada 3,453,000 - - 45,000 - 8,600
Kuruman 800 Kurumba, Betta 700 - - 20 - 40
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 80 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 80 -
 Lakhera 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
Lingader 500 Marathi - - - - - 500
 Lingayat 1,415,000 Kannada - - - 400 - 1,415,000
 Lohana 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 77,000 Hindi 64,000 - - - - 13,000
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Machala 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
Madari 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 81,000 Telugu - - - 81,000 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 536,000 Telugu 530,000 - 4,500 1,300 - -
 Madiga (Muslim traditions) 2,200 Telugu - 2,000 - - - -
 Magar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Maha Malasar 30 Tamil 20 - - - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 16,000 Marathi - - - 16,000 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 87,000 Marathi 79,000 - 7,500 - - -
 Mahishya 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Mahratta 2,283,000 Marathi 2,222,000 60 - 40 - 61,000
 Mahratta Kunbi 67,000 Gujarati 67,000 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Mahyavanshi 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
Maila 3,300 Tulu 3,300 - - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 13,000 Telugu - - - 13,000 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Telugu 22,000 - 30 200 - -
Mala Dasari 6,400 Telugu 6,400 - 30 - - -
Mala Hannai 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Mala Masti 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Sale 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Sanyasi 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 166,000 Malayalam - - - 166,000 - -
Malai Vedan 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - 30 - -
Malaikudi 10,000 Tulu 10,000 - - - - 50
Malasar 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Malava 20,000 Tulu 20,000 - - - - -
 Malayali 6,000 Tamil 6,000 - - - - -
Malayarayar Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
Malayekandi 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Maleru 1,900 Kannada 1,900 - - - - 20
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 31,000 Hindi 31,000 - - - - -
Manbhav 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 4,400 Marathi 4,400 - - - - -
 Mangala 38,000 Telugu 38,000 - - - - 200
Maniyani 800 Kodava 800 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 2,700 Malayalam 2,700 - - - - -
Manne 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
 Mappila 425,000 Malayalam - 425,000 - - - -
 Maravan 23,000 Tamil 23,000 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 20,000 Kannada 20,000 - - - - -
Mashti 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 3,100 Marathi - - - 3,100 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 37,000 Marathi 36,000 - 800 - - -
Mavilan 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Mawalud 49,000 Urdu - 49,000 - - - -
Meda 46,000 Kannada 45,000 30 - 60 - 500
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Meitei 50 Meitei 50 - - - - -
 Memon 1,600 Gujarati - 1,600 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern 20 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Bengali 27,000 - - - - -
 Mochi (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Moger 92,000 Tulu 90,000 - 2,500 - - -
 Moghal 164,000 Urdu - 164,000 - - - -
 Momna 80 Gujarati - 80 - - - -
Mondiwaru 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Mudhar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 2,400 Malayalam - - - 2,400 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 6,600 Malayalam 6,600 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 100 Malayalam - 100 - - - -
Mukri 14,000 Kannada 13,000 - 1,500 - - -
Mundala 33,000 Tulu 33,000 - - - - -
 Munnur 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
Mutali 30 Tamil 30 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 23,000 Telugu 23,000 - - - - -
 Nadar 91,000 Tamil 66,000 - - 26,000 - -
 Nadia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Naga, unspecified 60 Naga Pidgin - - - 60 - -
Nagar 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
Nagarchi (Muslim traditions) 40 Sadri - 40 - - - -
Nagartha 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - - - 80
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 384,000 Hindi 314,000 - - - - 70,000
Nai (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
Naikadaya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Naikda 3,619,000 Kannada 3,588,000 3,700 300 1,100 300 25,000
 Nair 152,000 Malayalam 152,000 - - - - -
Nairi 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Nalakeyava 7,600 Kannada 7,600 - - - - -
Nalband 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Nalkadaya 900 Tulu 900 - - - - -
 Namassej 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
Natakani 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 300 Marathi - - 300 - - -
Navait 13,000 Malayalam - 13,000 - - - -
Navithan 14,000 Tamil 14,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 1,500 Gujarati 1,500 - - - - -
 Newah 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Padiar 1,000 Konkani, Goan 1,000 - - - - -
Pagi 400 Konkani, Goan 400 - - - - -
Pale 16,000 Kodava 16,000 - - - - -
Paliya 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
 Paliyan 3,000 Tamil 3,000 - - - - -
Pallan 3,200 Tamil 3,200 - - - - -
Palleyan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Palliyan 700 Tamil 600 - - 40 - 30
Palluvan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
Pambada 1,100 Tulu 1,100 - - - - -
 Pan 1,700 Odia 1,700 - - - - -
Panan 50 Tamil 50 - - - - -
 Panchama 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Pandaram 4,100 Malayalam 4,100 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Pangul 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Panika 700 Chhattisgarhi 700 - - - - -
Panikkan 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
 Paniyan 900 Paniya 900 - - - - 30
 Pannadi 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
Panniandi 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 4,600 Tamil 3,900 - - 700 - -
Paravan 5,800 Malayalam 4,600 - - 1,200 - -
Pardhan 100 Pardhan 100 - - - - -
 Pardhi 6,800 Pardhi 6,500 60 - 20 - 300
 Parsee 600 Gujarati - - - - - 600
 Pashtun, Pathan 598,000 Urdu - 598,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Patelia 300 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Patharwat 14,000 Marathi 14,000 - - - - -
Patralu 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
Patramela 4,700 Konkani, Goan &