CountryIndia

State:

  

Punjab

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

491

Unreached People Groups

466

Total Population

29,674,000

Buddhist

0.1 %

Christian

1.2 %

Hindu

38.8 %

Muslim

1.9 %

Sikh

57.7 %

Other Religions

0.2 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Ad Dharmi 713,000 Punjabi, Eastern 628,000 - 26,000 - 61,000 -
 Adi Dravida 200 Tamil 200 - - 40 - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Agri 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Aheria 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
Ahom 20 Assamese 20 - - - - -
 Anal Unknown Anal - - - - - -
Anglo 1,400 English - - - 1,400 - -
 Ansari 12,000 Urdu - 12,000 - 50 - -
 Arain (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 22,000 Urdu - 22,000 - - - -
Arain (Sikh traditions) 16,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 16,000 -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 133,000 Hindi 132,000 - - 30 - 400
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 358,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 358,000 -
 Awan 9,500 Punjabi, Eastern - 9,500 - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,300 - - - 400 -
Bagdi (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 500 -
 Bagdi, Wagdi 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
Bahrupi 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
 Baloch, Eastern 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 6,000 Hindi 5,000 - - - 1,100 -
 Bania 333,000 Hindi 307,000 - - 70 3,000 23,000
 Bania, Agarwal 66,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - 6,400
 Bania, Gahoi 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - 70
Bania, Jaiswal 1,900 Hindi 700 - - - - 1,200
 Bania, Kasarwani 3,500 Hindi 3,500 - - - - -
 Bania, Kasaundhan 4,600 Hindi 4,600 - - - - -
Bania, Khandelwal 400 Hindi 300 - - - - 60
Bania, Mahajan 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - -
Bania, Modh 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Bania, Oswal 2,800 Hindi 1,200 - - - - 1,700
 Bania, Porwal 4,300 Hindi 3,500 - - - - 800
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Lambadi 4,000 - - - 300 -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Bansphor (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - 30 -
 Baori 3,500 Hindi 3,500 - - - - -
Barad (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
 Barwala (Muslim traditions) 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Batwal (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Dogri 15,000 - - - 200 -
Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 89,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 89,000 -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 131,000 Telugu 131,000 - - - - -
Bazigar (Muslim traditions) 1,600 Urdu - 1,600 - - - -
Bazigar (Sikh traditions) 62,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 62,000 -
 Bedar, Punjab 13,000 Punjabi, Eastern 13,000 - - - 80 -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
Beldar (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Bhabra (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
Bhabra (Jain traditions) 5,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - - 5,200
Bhabra (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Hindi 20,000 - - 200 700 -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Hindi 22,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 6,400 Hindi 6,400 - - - - -
Bhatia (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Bhil 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
Bhojki 1,300 Kangri 1,300 - - - - -
 Bhotia, (Hindu traditions) Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Bishnoi (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Bodla Unknown Punjabi, Eastern - - - - - -
 Bodo 50 Boro 40 - - - - -
 Brahmin 630,000 Hindi 624,000 - - - - 6,200
Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 73,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 73,000 -
 Brahmin, Acharaj 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Brahmin, Bengali 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Christian 40 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 40 - -
 Brahmin, Dakaut 3,500 Hindi 3,500 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Dhiman 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaur 23,000 Hindi 23,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Haryana 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kashmiri Pandit 6,000 Kashmiri 6,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Maha 8,000 Hindi 8,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Marathi 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mohan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Purohit 1,800 Marwari 1,800 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sanadhya 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Saraswat 5,400 Hindi 5,400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Tamil 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
Brittal Bania Unknown Assamese - - - - - -
 Burmese 60 Burmese - - 60 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 632,000 Hindi 622,000 - 2,100 8,800 - -
 Chamar (Muslim traditions) 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Chamar (Sikh traditions) 1,257,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 14,000 1,244,000 -
Chanal 1,100 Mandeali 900 - - - 200 -
 Changar 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Chhetri 80 Nepali 80 - - - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Hindi 21,000 - - - - -
Chhimba (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 94,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 94,000 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 32,000 Hindi 31,000 - - - - 800
Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 108,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 108,000 -
 Chin 20 Chin, Thado - - - - - -
 Christian unspecified 33,000 Kannada - - - 33,000 - -
 Chuhra 1,090,000 Punjabi, Eastern 585,000 - 1,600 263,000 240,000 -
Dagi (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 700 - - - 200 -
 Darai 2,100 Kangri 2,100 - - - 60 -
 Darjee Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 7,500 Hindi 7,500 - - - - 70
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 32,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 32,000 -
Daule (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Punjabi, Eastern 4,600 - - - - -
Daule (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Deha 11,000 Punjabi, Eastern 10,000 - - - 700 -
 Dhangar Bharwad 20 Gujarati 20 - - - - -
Dhangri 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Dhanuk 94,000 Hindi 87,000 - - - 6,500 -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 1,300 Urdu - 1,300 - - - -
Dhobi (Sikh traditions) 6,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,800 -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 210,000 Odia 210,000 - 40 - 200 -
 Dom (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
Dom (Sikh traditions) 3,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,400 -
Dosali 400 Dogri 400 - - - - -
 Faqir 7,500 Urdu 2,500 1,100 - - 4,000 -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Gaddi 200 Urdu 200 - - - - -
Gagra 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - 200 -
Gandhila 5,300 Punjabi, Eastern 5,100 - - - 200 -
Gardi (Hindu traditions) 500 Dogri 500 - - - - -
Gardi (Muslim traditions) 100 Kashmiri - 100 - - - -
 Garo Unknown Garo - - - - - -
 Gawaria 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Gharti Unknown Bengali - - - - - -
 Ghirath (Hindu traditions) 4,000 Kangri 4,000 - - - - -
Ghirath (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Goan Catholic 400 Konkani, Goan - - - 400 - -
 Gosain 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 158,000 Hindi 157,000 - - 30 - 400
 Gujar (Muslim traditions) 19,000 Urdu - 19,000 - - - -
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 27,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 27,000 -
 Gurung 30 Nepali - - - - - -
 Hajam 4,500 Urdu - 4,500 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 70 Chinese, Mandarin - - 70 - - -
Harni 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Ho Unknown Ho - - - - - -
Ilavan 600 Malayalam 500 - - 70 - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 2,894,000 Hindi 2,837,000 - - 4,300 - 2,500
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 37,000 Urdu - 37,000 - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 6,385,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 1,200 6,384,000 -
Jat, Ahlawat 5,900 Hindi 5,900 - - - - -
Jat, Athwal 900 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - - -
Jat, Aulak (Hindu traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Aulak (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Western - - - - 500 -
Jat, Badhechha 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Badher 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Bagri 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Bains (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Punjabi, Eastern 15,000 - - - - -
Jat, Bains (Sikh traditions} 200 Punjabi, Western - - - - 200 -
Jat, Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 5,000 Hindi 5,000 - - - - -
Jat, Bal 4,600 Punjabi, Eastern 4,600 - - - - -
Jat, Bangi 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Basi 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Bath 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Bhainwal 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Jat, Bhangu 1,800 Punjabi, Eastern 1,800 - - - - -
Jat, Bhopa Rai 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat, Bhullar (Hindu traditions) 2,500 Punjabi, Eastern 2,500 - - - - -
Jat, Bhullar (Sikh traditions) 53,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 53,000 -
Jat, Bhutta (Hindu traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Bhuttar 800 Punjabi, Eastern 800 - - - - -
Jat, Chahil (Hindu traditions) 47,000 Hindi 47,000 - - - - -
Jat, Chahil (Muslim traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - 1,100 - - - -
Jat, Chahil (Sikh traditions) 66,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 66,000 -
Jat, Chattha 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Chhadar (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern 1,200 - - - - -
Jat, Chhina (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Punjabi, Eastern 1,900 - - - - -
Jat, Chima (Hindu traditions) 9,400 Hindi 9,400 - - - - -
Jat, Dagar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jat, Dalal 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat, Dehia (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Jat, Deo 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Deswal 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Jat, Dhanewar 100 Punjabi, Eastern 100 - - - - -
Jat, Dhankar 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat, Dhanoi 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Dharial 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 75,000 Punjabi, Eastern 75,000 - - - - -
Jat, Dhariwal (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
Jat, Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 60,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - -
Jat, Dhillon (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Jat, Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 155,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 155,000 -
Jat, Dhindsa (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Dhindsa (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Western - - - - 500 -
Jat, Dosanj 2,700 Punjabi, Eastern 2,700 - - - - -
Jat, Gandhi 900 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - - -
Jat, Garewal 1,500 Punjabi, Eastern 1,500 - - - - -
Jat, Ghangas 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Ghumman (Hindu traditions) 6,200 Hindi 6,200 - - - - -
Jat, Gil (Hindu traditions) 101,000 Punjabi, Eastern 101,000 - - - - -
Jat, Gil (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Jat, Gil (Sikh traditions) 117,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 117,000 -
Jat, Golla 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat, Goraia (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Handal 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern 1,400 - - - - -
Jat, Her 19,000 Punjabi, Eastern 19,000 - - - - -
Jat, Hijra 4,600 Haryanvi 4,600 - - - - -
 Jat, Jakhar 2,300 Hindi 2,300 - - - - -
Jat, Jhalli 400 Punjabi, Eastern 400 - - - - -
Jat, Johal 400 Punjabi, Eastern 400 - - - - -
Jat, Jondhe 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Kahlon 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern 1,100 - - - - -
Jat, Kang 2,800 Punjabi, Eastern 2,800 - - - - -
Jat, Kharral (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
Jat, Kharral (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Jat, Lohchab 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Mahil (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Punjabi, Eastern 1,700 - - - - -
Jat, Mahil (Sikh traditions) 100 Haryanvi - - - - 100 -
Jat, Mandahar 500 Punjabi, Eastern 500 - - - - -
Jat, Mangat 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
 Jat, Mann (Hindu traditions) 43,000 Hindi 43,000 - - - - -
Jat, Mann (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Jat, Mann (Sikh traditions) 102,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 102,000 -
Jat, Nain 5,400 Hindi 5,400 - - - - -
Jat, Nol 100 Punjabi, Western 100 - - - - -
Jat, Opal 400 Punjabi, Eastern 400 - - - - -
Jat, Pannun 4,600 Punjabi, Eastern 4,600 - - - - -
Jat, Pawania 6,500 Hindi 6,500 - - - - -
Jat, Radhawa 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Randhawa (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Punjabi, Eastern 24,000 - - - - -
Jat, Randhawa (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Western - - - - 300 -
Jat, Ranun 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Rathi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat, Sahi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat, Sahola 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Sahrawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat, Sangere 200 Punjabi, Western 200 - - - - -
Jat, Sangwan 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Jat, Sarah 800 Punjabi, Eastern 800 - - - - -
Jat, Sarai (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Punjabi, Eastern 27,000 - - - - -
Jat, Sarai (Muslim traditions) 70 Urdu - 70 - - - -
Jat, Sarai (Sikh traditions) 129,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 129,000 -
 Jat, Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 160,000 Hindi 160,000 - - - - -
Jat, Sidhu (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Jat, Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 375,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 375,000 -
Jat, Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 95,000 Hindi 95,000 - - - - -
Jat, Sindhu (Muslim traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern - 600 - - - -
Jat, Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 80,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 80,000 -
Jat, Sipra (Hindu traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern 100 - - - - -
Jat, Sohal 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern 1,600 - - - - -
Jat, Sohi 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Jat, Sumra (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Thand 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Varaich (Hindu traditions) 6,600 Hindi 6,600 - - - - -
Jat, Varaich (Muslim traditions) 50 Urdu - 50 - - - -
Jat, Virk (Hindu traditions) 8,500 Hindi 8,500 - - - - -
 Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) 214,000 Punjabi, Eastern 214,000 - - 40 - -
 Jhinwar (Muslim traditions) 4,500 Punjabi, Eastern - 4,500 - - - -
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 330,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 330,000 -
Jhojha (Muslim traditions) 70 Urdu - 70 - - - -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Bengali 1,500 - - - - -
 Julaha 66,000 Hindi 47,000 - 200 - 19,000 -
Kabirpanthi 14,000 Punjabi, Eastern 11,000 - 30 - 3,600 -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 83,000 Hindi 83,000 - - 30 - -
Kahar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 58,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 58,000 -
 Kaibartta 2,300 Bengali 2,300 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Kalbelia 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Kamar 30 Kamar 30 - - - - -
Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 130,000 Hindi 130,000 - - 30 - -
 Kamboh (Muslim traditions) 14,000 Urdu - 14,000 - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 385,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 385,000 -
 Kami 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Kanchan (Hindu traditions) 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
Karal (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 4,200 Kashmiri - 4,200 - - - -
Katia 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Bengali 4,600 - - - - -
Kharia Unknown Kharia - - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - 900 -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 311,000 Hindi 310,000 - - 100 - 1,100
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 2,600 Kacchi - 2,600 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 213,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 213,000 -
 Khoja 500 Gujarati - 500 - - - -
Khumra (Muslim traditions) 80 Punjabi, Eastern - 80 - - - -
Kir 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Kir Nungar 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - 50 -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 8,900 Gujarati 6,700 - - - 2,300 -
 Koli Mahadev 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
 Koli Malhar 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 40 Gujarati 40 - - - - -
Kuchbandia 1,400 Hindi 1,200 - - - 200 -
 Kumal 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 260,000 Hindi 260,000 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Muslim traditions) 6,800 Urdu - 6,800 - - - -
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 245,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 245,000 -
Kumhar Prajapat 19,000 Punjabi, Eastern 19,000 - - - - -
 Kumhiar (Hindu traditions) 20 Dogri 20 - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Kutana 7,200 Hindi 7,200 - - - - -
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 263,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 263,000 -
 Lakhera 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
 Limbu Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Lingayat 200 Kannada - - - - - 200
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 205,000 Hindi 204,000 - - 40 - -
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 4,700 Urdu - 4,700 - - - -
Lohar (Sikh traditions) 59,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 59,000 -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 46,000 Gujarati 46,000 - - - - -
 Machhi (Muslim traditions) 3,800 Urdu - 3,800 - - - -
Madari 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Magar 60 Nepali 60 - - - - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Mahishya 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Mahratta 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Mahratta Kunbi 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Mahtam (Hindu traditions) 86,000 Punjabi, Eastern 86,000 - - - - -
Mahtam (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 504,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 504,000 -
 Mahyavanshi 20 Gujarati 20 - - - - -
Makrani (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern 1,400 - - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 80 Gujarati - 80 - - - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 1,200 Malayalam - - - 1,200 - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 108,000 Hindi 108,000 - - - - -
Mali (Sikh traditions) 2,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,600 -
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Mappila 200 Malayalam - 200 - - - -
Marija (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Punjabi, Eastern 2,000 - - - 800 -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
 Mazhabi 2,529,000 Punjabi, Eastern 129,000 - - 19,000 2,382,000 -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 133,000 Hindi 133,000 - - - - -
Megh (Sikh traditions) 3,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,100 -
Meo (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
 Meo (Muslim traditions) 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 106,000 Punjabi, Eastern 106,000 - - 200 - -
 Mirasi (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
Mirasi (Sikh traditions) 1,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,300 -
 Mizo 20 Mizo - - - 20 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 102,000 Bengali 102,000 - - - - -
 Mochi (Muslim traditions) 3,400 Urdu - 3,400 - - - -
Mochi (Sikh traditions) 1,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,300 -
 Moghal 2,200 Urdu - 2,200 - - - -
 Munda 50 Mundari 50 - - - - -
 Mussali 700 Punjabi, Eastern - 700 - - - -
Naar 70 Mandeali 70 - - - - -
 Nadar 200 Tamil 100 - - 80 - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 178,000 Hindi 178,000 - - - - -
Nai (Sikh traditions) 258,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 258,000 -
 Nair 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Namassej 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Nat (Sikh traditions) 600 Hindi - - - - 600 -
 Nau Buddh 12,000 Marathi - - 12,000 - - -
 Newah 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Pakhiwara 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Pallan 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 70 Tamil 60 - - 30 - -
 Parsee 100 Gujarati - - - - - 100
 Pashtun, Pathan 10,000 Urdu - 10,000 - 20 - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Hindi 12,000 - - - 300 -
Perna (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 100 - - - 200 -
Perna (Muslim traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - 200 - - - -
 Persian 40 Persian, Iranian - 40 - - - -
 Pherera (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Dogri 400 - - - 1,000 -
 Pinjara 1,500 Urdu - 1,500 - - - -
 Pod 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Portuguese Unknown Indo-Portuguese - - - - - -
 Qassab 3,200 Urdu - 3,200 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 900 Gujarati 900 - - - - -
 Rabha 20 Assamese 20 - - - - -
Rachband 5,000 Punjabi, Eastern 5,000 - - - - -
 Rai 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Raigar 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 200 Rajbanshi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 854,000 Hindi 850,000 - 20 400 - 3,900
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 46,000 Urdu - 46,000 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 524,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 524,000 -
Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Rajput, Atiras 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bais (Hindu traditions) 5,600 Hindi 5,600 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bais (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Rajput, Bais (Sikh traditions) 9,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 9,700 -
 Rajput, Bargujar 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Baria (Muslim traditions) 1,700 Punjabi, Eastern - 1,700 - - - -
Rajput, Baria (Sikh traditions) 2,700 Punjabi, Western - - - - 2,700 -
Rajput, Bhadauria 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 67,000 Hindi 67,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Bhatti (Muslim traditions) 2,300 Urdu - 2,300 - - - -
 Rajput, Chandel 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput, Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Hindi 22,000 - - - - -
 Rajput, Chauhan (Muslim traditions) 2,000 Urdu - 2,000 - - - -
Rajput, Dadwal 900 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - - -
Rajput, Dikhit 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Gahlot 1,800 Hindi 1,800 - - - - -
 Rajput, Garewal (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Garewal (Muslim traditions) 1,300 Urdu - 1,300 - - - -
 Rajput, Gaur 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Rajput, Gautam 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Rajput, Jadu 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput, Janjua (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
 Rajput, Janjua (Muslim traditions) 80 Kashmiri - 80 - - - -
Rajput, Jaswal 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Joia (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Rajput, Joia (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Rajput, Kanet 13,000 Kangri 13,000 - - - 400 -
Rajput, Lodi 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Mandahar (Hindu traditions) 200 Haryanvi 200 - - - - -
Rajput, Mandahar (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
Rajput, Manihas 12,000 Hindi 12,000 - - - - -
 Rajput, Parihar 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Pundir (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
 Rajput, Rajbansi 1,800 Hindi 1,800 - - - - -
Rajput, Rathor 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Rajput, Sakarwar 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Salehria 12,000 Hindi 12,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Sengar 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Solanki 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Rajput, Sombansi 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Rajput, Surajbansi 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Taon (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Taon (Muslim traditions) 300 Punjabi, Western - 300 - - - -
Rajput, Thakur 5,100 Kangri 5,100 - - - - -
Rajput, Tiwana 900 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - - -
Rajput, Tonwar 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
Ramdasia (Hindu traditions) 106,000 Punjabi, Eastern 106,000 - - - - -
Ramdasia (Muslim traditions) 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 383,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 383,000 -
Ramgarhia 3,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,800 -
Rathia (Hindu traditions) 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
Ravidas Chamar 17,000 Hindi 5,100 - - - 12,000 -
 Saini (Hindu traditions) 111,000 Hindi 111,000 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 483,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 483,000 -
Sangtarash 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Sanhai (Hindu traditions) 700 Mandeali 500 - - - 80 -
Sanhal 800 Punjabi, Eastern 800 - - - 50 -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 59,000 Hindi 59,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Muslim traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - 200 - - - -
Sansi (Sikh traditions) 46,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 46,000 -
Sansoi 900 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - 300 -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 4,200 Kangri 4,200 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 2,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,300 -
 Sarki Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
Saryara (Hindu traditions) 20 Dogri 20 - - - - -
 Sayyid 33,000 Urdu - 33,000 - - - -
Sema 30 Naga, Sumi - - - 30 - -
 Shaikh 242,000 Urdu - 242,000 - 30 - -
Shaikh Qureshi 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
Shorgar (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Punjabi, Eastern 1,300 - - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
Sikligar (Sikh traditions) 6,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,500 -
Singiwala 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Sirkiband 44,000 Punjabi, Eastern 8,400 - - - 35,000 -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 93,000 Hindi 93,000 - - - - 400
 Sonar (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 152,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 152,000 -
Sudh (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Punjabi, Eastern 27,000 - - - - -
Sudh (Sikh traditions) 4,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,700 -
 Sunuwar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 1,500 Malayalam - - - 1,500 - -
 Tamang 30 Tamang, Eastern 30 - - - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 90 Tamil - 90 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 70 Bengali 70 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Hindu traditions) 127,000 Hindi 127,000 - - 60 - 20
 Tarkhan (Muslim traditions) 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern - 1,600 - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 822,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 822,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Hindi 21,000 - - - - -
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 12,000 Urdu - 12,000 - - - -
Teli (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -
 Thakuri Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Tharu 60 Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya 60 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 9,700 Hindi 9,700 - - - - -
 Tibetan 300 Tibetan, Central - - 300 - - -