CountryIndia

State:

  

Punjab

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

484

Unreached People Groups

460

Total Population

30,735,000

Buddhist

0.1 %

Christian

1.2 %

Hindu

38.8 %

Muslim

1.8 %

Sikh

57.8 %

Other Religions

0.2 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Ad Dharmi 740,000 Punjabi, Eastern 650,000 - 27,000 - 63,000 -
 Adi Dravida 200 Tamil 200 - - 40 - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Agri 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Aheria 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
Ahom 20 Assamese 20 - - - - -
 Anal Unknown Anal - - - - - -
Anglo 1,400 English - - - 1,400 - -
 Ansari 13,000 Urdu - 13,000 - 50 - -
 Arain (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 23,000 Urdu - 23,000 - - - -
Arain (Sikh traditions) 17,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 17,000 -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 138,000 Hindi 137,000 - - 30 - 400
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 371,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 371,000 -
 Awan 9,900 Punjabi, Eastern - 9,900 - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Hindi 3,400 - - - 400 -
Bagdi (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 500 -
 Bagdi, Wagdi 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
Bahrupi 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Baloch, Eastern 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 6,300 Hindi 5,100 - - - 1,100 -
 Bania 345,000 Hindi 318,000 - - 70 3,100 24,000
 Bania, Agarwal 69,000 Hindi 62,000 - - - - 6,600
 Bania, Gahoi 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - 70
Bania, Jaiswal 1,900 Hindi 700 - - - - 1,200
 Bania, Kasarwani 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
 Bania, Kasaundhan 4,800 Hindi 4,800 - - - - -
Bania, Khandelwal 400 Hindi 300 - - - - 60
Bania, Mahajan 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 20,000 Hindi 20,000 - - - - -
Bania, Modh 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Bania, Oswal 3,000 Hindi 1,200 - - - - 1,700
 Bania, Porwal 4,400 Hindi 3,600 - - - - 800
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 4,400 Lambadi 4,100 - - - 300 -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Bansphor (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - 30 -
 Baori 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
Barad (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
 Barwala (Muslim traditions) 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Batwal (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Dogri 16,000 - - - 200 -
Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 92,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 92,000 -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 136,000 Telugu 136,000 - - - - -
Bazigar (Muslim traditions) 1,700 Urdu - 1,700 - - - -
Bazigar (Sikh traditions) 65,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 65,000 -
 Bedar, Punjab 13,000 Punjabi, Eastern 13,000 - - - 80 -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
Beldar (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Bhabra (Hindu traditions) 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Bhabra (Jain traditions) 5,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - - 5,300
Bhabra (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Hindi 21,000 - - 200 700 -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Hindi 23,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 6,600 Hindi 6,600 - - - - -
Bhatia (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Bhil 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
Bhojki 1,300 Kangri 1,300 - - - - -
 Bhotia, Sikkim Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Bishnoi (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Bodla Unknown Punjabi, Eastern - - - - - -
 Bodo 50 Bodo 40 - - - - -
 Brahmin 654,000 Hindi 647,000 - - - - 6,400
Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 76,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 76,000 -
 Brahmin, Acharaj 8,100 Hindi 8,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Bengali 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Christian 40 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 40 - -
 Brahmin, Dakaut 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Dhiman 8,100 Hindi 8,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaur 23,000 Hindi 23,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Haryana 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kashmiri Pandit 6,200 Kashmiri 6,200 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Maha 8,200 Hindi 8,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Marathi 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mohan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Purohit 1,800 Marwari 1,800 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sanadhya 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Saraswat 5,600 Hindi 5,600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Tamil 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
Brittal Bania Unknown Assamese - - - - - -
 Burmese 60 Burmese - - 60 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 656,000 Hindi 644,000 - 2,100 9,100 - -
 Chamar (Muslim traditions) 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Chamar (Sikh traditions) 1,304,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 14,000 1,291,000 -
Chanal 1,100 Mandeali 1,000 - - - 200 -
 Changar 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Chhetri 80 Nepali 80 - - - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Hindi 22,000 - - - - -
Chhimba (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 98,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 98,000 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 33,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - 800
Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 112,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 112,000 -
 Chin 20 Chin, Thado - - - - - -
 Christian unspecified 34,000 Hindi - - - 34,000 - -
 Chuhra 1,129,000 Punjabi, Eastern 607,000 - 1,700 273,000 249,000 -
Dagi (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 700 - - - 200 -
 Darai 2,200 Kangri 2,100 - - - 60 -
 Darjee Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - 70
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 34,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 34,000 -
Daule (Hindu traditions) 4,800 Punjabi, Eastern 4,800 - - - - -
Daule (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Deha 11,000 Punjabi, Eastern 10,000 - - - 700 -
 Dhangar 20 Gujarati 20 - - - - -
Dhangri 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Dhanuk 97,000 Hindi 91,000 - - - 6,700 -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 1,300 Urdu - 1,300 - - - -
Dhobi (Sikh traditions) 7,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 7,000 -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 218,000 Oriya 218,000 - 40 - 200 -
 Dom (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
Dom (Sikh traditions) 3,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,500 -
Dosali 400 Dogri 400 - - - - -
 Faqir 7,800 Urdu 2,500 1,100 - - 4,100 -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Gaddi 200 Urdu 200 - - - - -
Gagra 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - 200 -
Gandhila 5,400 Punjabi, Eastern 5,300 - - - 200 -
Gardi (Hindu traditions) 600 Dogri 600 - - - - -
Gardi (Muslim traditions) 100 Kashmiri - 100 - - - -
 Garo Unknown Garo - - - - - -
 Gawaria 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Gharti Unknown Bengali - - - - - -
 Ghirath (Hindu traditions) 4,100 Kangri 4,100 - - - - -
Ghirath (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
Goan Catholic 400 Konkani, Goan - - - 400 - -
 Gosain 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 163,000 Hindi 163,000 - - 30 - 400
 Gujar (Muslim traditions) 20,000 Urdu - 20,000 - - - -
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 28,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 28,000 -
 Gurung 30 Nepali - - - - - -
 Hajam 4,700 Urdu - 4,700 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 70 Chinese, Mandarin - - 70 - - -
Harni 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Ho Unknown Ho - - - - - -
Ilavan 600 Malayalam 500 - - 70 - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 3,001,000 Hindi 2,944,000 - - 4,500 - 2,500
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 39,000 Urdu - 39,000 - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 6,618,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 1,200 6,618,000 -
Jat, Ahlawat 6,200 Hindi 6,200 - - - - -
Jat, Athwal 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Aulak (Hindu traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Aulak (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Western - - - - 500 -
Jat, Badhechha 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Badher 400 Punjabi, Eastern 400 - - - - -
Jat, Bagri 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Bains (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Punjabi, Eastern 16,000 - - - - -
Jat, Bains (Sikh traditions} 200 Punjabi, Western - - - - 200 -
Jat, Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 5,200 Hindi 5,200 - - - - -
Jat, Bal 4,800 Punjabi, Eastern 4,800 - - - - -
Jat, Bangi 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Basi 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Bath 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Bhainwal 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
Jat, Bhangu 1,800 Punjabi, Eastern 1,800 - - - - -
Jat, Bhopa Rai 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat, Bhullar (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Punjabi, Eastern 2,600 - - - - -
Jat, Bhullar (Sikh traditions) 55,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 55,000 -
Jat, Bhutta (Hindu traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Bhuttar 800 Punjabi, Eastern 800 - - - - -
Jat, Chahil (Hindu traditions) 49,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - -
Jat, Chahil (Muslim traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - 1,200 - - - -
Jat, Chahil (Sikh traditions) 68,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 68,000 -
Jat, Chattha 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Chhadar (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern 1,200 - - - - -
Jat, Chhina (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Punjabi, Eastern 2,000 - - - - -
Jat, Chima (Hindu traditions) 9,800 Hindi 9,800 - - - - -
Jat, Dagar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jat, Dalal 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat, Dehia (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
Jat, Deo 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Deswal 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Jat, Dhanewar 100 Punjabi, Eastern 100 - - - - -
Jat, Dhankar 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat, Dhanoi 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Dharial 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern 1,100 - - - - -
Jat, Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 78,000 Punjabi, Eastern 78,000 - - - - -
Jat, Dhariwal (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
Jat, Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 63,000 Hindi 63,000 - - - - -
Jat, Dhillon (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Jat, Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 161,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 161,000 -
Jat, Dhindsa (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern 1,100 - - - - -
Jat, Dhindsa (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Western - - - - 500 -
Jat, Dosanj 2,800 Punjabi, Eastern 2,800 - - - - -
Jat, Gandhi 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Garewal 1,500 Punjabi, Eastern 1,500 - - - - -
Jat, Ghangas 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Ghumman (Hindu traditions) 6,500 Hindi 6,500 - - - - -
Jat, Gil (Hindu traditions) 105,000 Punjabi, Eastern 105,000 - - - - -
Jat, Gil (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Jat, Gil (Sikh traditions) 122,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 122,000 -
Jat, Golla 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat, Goraia (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Handal 1,500 Punjabi, Eastern 1,500 - - - - -
Jat, Her 20,000 Punjabi, Eastern 20,000 - - - - -
Jat, Hijra 4,800 Haryanvi 4,800 - - - - -
 Jat, Jakhar 2,400 Hindi 2,400 - - - - -
Jat, Jhalli 400 Punjabi, Eastern 400 - - - - -
Jat, Johal 400 Punjabi, Eastern 400 - - - - -
Jat, Jondhe 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Kahlon 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern 1,200 - - - - -
Jat, Kang 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern 2,900 - - - - -
Jat, Kharral (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Jat, Kharral (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Jat, Lohchab 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Mahil (Hindu traditions) 1,800 Punjabi, Eastern 1,800 - - - - -
Jat, Mahil (Sikh traditions) 100 Haryanvi - - - - 100 -
Jat, Mandahar 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Jat, Mangat 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
 Jat, Mann (Hindu traditions) 45,000 Hindi 45,000 - - - - -
Jat, Mann (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Jat, Mann (Sikh traditions) 106,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 106,000 -
Jat, Nain 5,600 Hindi 5,600 - - - - -
Jat, Opal 400 Punjabi, Eastern 400 - - - - -
Jat, Pannun 4,700 Punjabi, Eastern 4,700 - - - - -
Jat, Pawania 6,800 Hindi 6,800 - - - - -
Jat, Radhawa 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat, Randhawa (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Punjabi, Eastern 25,000 - - - - -
Jat, Randhawa (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Western - - - - 300 -
Jat, Ranun 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Rathi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat, Sahi (Hindu traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Sahola 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Sahrawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat, Sangere 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Sangwan 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Jat, Sarah 800 Punjabi, Eastern 800 - - - - -
Jat, Sarai (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Punjabi, Eastern 28,000 - - - - -
Jat, Sarai (Muslim traditions) 70 Urdu - 70 - - - -
Jat, Sarai (Sikh traditions) 134,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 134,000 -
 Jat, Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 166,000 Hindi 166,000 - - - - -
Jat, Sidhu (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Jat, Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 389,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 389,000 -
Jat, Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 98,000 Hindi 98,000 - - - - -
Jat, Sindhu (Muslim traditions) 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Jat, Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 83,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 83,000 -
Jat, Sipra (Hindu traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern 100 - - - - -
Jat, Sohal 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern 1,600 - - - - -
Jat, Sohi 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Jat, Sumra (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
Jat, Thand 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Jat, Varaich (Hindu traditions) 6,800 Hindi 6,800 - - - - -
Jat, Varaich (Muslim traditions) 50 Urdu - 50 - - - -
Jat, Virk (Hindu traditions) 8,800 Hindi 8,800 - - - - -
 Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) 222,000 Hindi 222,000 - - 40 - -
 Jhinwar (Muslim traditions) 4,700 Punjabi, Eastern - 4,700 - - - -
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 342,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 342,000 -
Jhojha (Muslim traditions) 70 Urdu - 70 - - - -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Bengali 1,600 - - - - -
 Julaha 84,000 Hindi 63,000 - 200 - 20,000 -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 86,000 Hindi 86,000 - - 30 - -
Kahar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 60,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60,000 -
 Kaibartta 2,400 Bengali 2,400 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Kalbelia 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Kamar 30 Kamar 30 - - - - -
Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 135,000 Hindi 135,000 - - 30 - -
 Kamboh (Muslim traditions) 14,000 Urdu - 14,000 - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 399,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 399,000 -
 Kami 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Kanchan (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
Karal (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 4,400 Kashmiri - 4,400 - - - -
Katia 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 4,700 Bengali 4,700 - - - - -
Kharia Unknown Kharia - - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - 900 -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 322,000 Hindi 321,000 - - 100 - 1,100
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 2,700 Gujarati - 2,700 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 221,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 221,000 -
 Khoja 500 Gujarati - 500 - - - -
Khumra (Muslim traditions) 80 Punjabi, Eastern - 80 - - - -
Kir 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Kir Nungar 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - 50 -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 9,300 Gujarati 6,900 - - - 2,400 -
 Koli Mahadev 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Koli Malhar 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 40 Gujarati 40 - - - - -
Kuchbandia 1,400 Hindi 1,200 - - - 200 -
 Kumal 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 270,000 Hindi 270,000 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Muslim traditions) 7,100 Urdu - 7,100 - - - -
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 254,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 254,000 -
 Kumhiar (Hindu traditions) 20 Dogri 20 - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Kutana 7,400 Hindi 7,400 - - - - -
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 273,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 273,000 -
 Lakhera 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Limbu Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Lingayat 200 Kannada - - - - - 200
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 212,000 Hindi 212,000 - - 40 - -
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 4,800 Urdu - 4,800 - - - -
Lohar (Sikh traditions) 62,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 62,000 -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 48,000 Gujarati 48,000 - - - - -
 Machhi (Muslim traditions) 3,900 Urdu - 3,900 - - - -
Madari 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Magar 60 Nepali 60 - - - - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 300 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Mahishya 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Mahratta 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Mahratta Kunbi 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Mahtam (Hindu traditions) 90,000 Punjabi, Eastern 90,000 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 524,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 524,000 -
 Mahyavanshi 20 Gujarati 20 - - - - -
Makrani (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern 1,400 - - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 80 Gujarati - 80 - - - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 1,200 Malayalam - - - 1,200 - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 112,000 Hindi 112,000 - - - - -
Mali (Sikh traditions) 2,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,700 -
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Mappila 200 Malayalam - 200 - - - -
Marija (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern 2,100 - - - 900 -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
 Mazhabi 2,624,000 Punjabi, Eastern 134,000 - - 20,000 2,469,000 -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 138,000 Hindi 138,000 - - - - -
Megh (Sikh traditions) 3,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,300 -
Meo (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
 Meo (Muslim traditions) 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 110,000 Punjabi, Eastern 110,000 - - 300 - -
 Mirasi (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
Mirasi (Sikh traditions) 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,400 -
 Mizo 20 Mizo - - - 20 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 106,000 Bengali 106,000 - - - - -
 Mochi (Muslim traditions) 3,500 Urdu - 3,500 - - - -
Mochi (Sikh traditions) 1,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,300 -
 Moghal 2,300 Urdu - 2,300 - - - -
 Munda 50 Mundari 50 - - - - -
 Mussali 700 Punjabi, Eastern - 700 - - - -
Naar 70 Mandeali 70 - - - - -
 Nadar 200 Tamil 100 - - 80 - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 185,000 Hindi 185,000 - - - - -
Nai (Sikh traditions) 268,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 268,000 -
 Nair 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Namassej 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Nat (Sikh traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 600 -
 Nau Buddh 13,000 Marathi - - 13,000 - - -
 Newah 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Pallan 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 70 Tamil 60 - - 30 - -
 Parsee 100 Gujarati - - - - - 100
 Pashtun, Pathan 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - 20 - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - 300 -
Perna (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 100 - - - 200 -
Perna (Muslim traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - 200 - - - -
 Persian 40 Persian, Iranian - 40 - - - -
 Pherera (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Dogri 400 - - - 1,000 -
 Pinjara 1,600 Urdu - 1,600 - - - -
 Pod 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Portuguese Unknown Indo-Portuguese - - - - - -
 Qassab 3,200 Urdu - 3,200 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 900 Gujarati 900 - - - - -
 Rabha 20 Assamese 20 - - - - -
Rachband 5,200 Punjabi, Eastern 5,200 - - - - -
 Rai 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Raigar 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 200 Rajbanshi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 881,000 Hindi 876,000 - 20 400 - 4,000
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 47,000 Urdu - 47,000 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 544,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 544,000 -
Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Rajput, Atiras 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bais (Hindu traditions) 5,800 Hindi 5,800 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bais (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Rajput, Bais (Sikh traditions) 10,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 10,000 -
 Rajput, Bargujar 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Baria (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Punjabi, Eastern - 1,800 - - - -
Rajput, Baria (Sikh traditions) 2,800 Punjabi, Western - - - - 2,800 -
Rajput, Bhadauria 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 70,000 Hindi 70,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Bhatti (Muslim traditions) 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Rajput, Chandel 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Rajput, Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Hindi 23,000 - - - - -
 Rajput, Chauhan (Muslim traditions) 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Rajput, Dadwal 900 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - - -
Rajput, Dikhit 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Rajput, Gahlot 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
 Rajput, Garewal (Hindu traditions) 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Garewal (Muslim traditions) 1,400 Urdu - 1,400 - - - -
 Rajput, Gaur 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Rajput, Gautam 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Rajput, Jadu 1,800 Hindi 1,800 - - - - -
Rajput, Janjua (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
 Rajput, Janjua (Muslim traditions) 80 Kashmiri - 80 - - - -
Rajput, Jaswal 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Joia (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Joia (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Rajput, Kanet 14,000 Kangri 13,000 - - - 500 -
Rajput, Lodi 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Mandahar (Hindu traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Rajput, Mandahar (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
Rajput, Manihas 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
 Rajput, Parihar 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Rajput, Pundir (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
 Rajput, Rajbansi 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
Rajput, Rathor 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Rajput, Sakarwar 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Salehria 12,000 Hindi 12,000 - - - - -
Rajput, Sengar 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Rajput, Solanki 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Sombansi 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Rajput, Surajbansi 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Taon (Hindu traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Taon (Muslim traditions) 300 Punjabi, Western - 300 - - - -
Rajput, Thakur 5,200 Kangri 5,200 - - - - -
Rajput, Tiwana 900 Punjabi, Eastern 900 - - - - -
Rajput, Tonwar 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Ramdasia (Hindu traditions) 110,000 Hindi 110,000 - - - - -
Ramdasia (Muslim traditions) 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 397,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 397,000 -
Ramgarhia 4,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,000 -
Rathia (Hindu traditions) 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
Ravidas Chamar 17,000 Hindi 5,300 - - - 12,000 -
 Saini (Hindu traditions) 115,000 Hindi 115,000 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 501,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 501,000 -
Sangtarash 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Sanhai (Hindu traditions) 700 Mandeali 600 - - - 80 -
Sanhal 800 Punjabi, Eastern 800 - - - 50 -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 62,000 Hindi 62,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Muslim traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - 200 - - - -
Sansi (Sikh traditions) 48,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 48,000 -
Sansoi 900 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - 300 -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Kangri 4,300 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 2,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,300 -
 Sarki Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
Saryara (Hindu traditions) 20 Dogri 20 - - - - -
 Sayyid 34,000 Urdu - 34,000 - - - -
Sema 30 Naga, Sumi - - - 30 - -
 Shaikh 251,000 Urdu - 251,000 - 30 - -
Shorgar (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern 1,400 - - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
Sikligar (Sikh traditions) 6,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,700 -
Singiwala 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Sirkiband 45,000 Punjabi, Eastern 8,700 - - - 37,000 -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 97,000 Hindi 96,000 - - - - 400
 Sonar (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 158,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 158,000 -
Sudh (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Punjabi, Eastern 28,000 - - - - -
Sudh (Sikh traditions) 4,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,900 -
 Sunuwar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 1,500 Malayalam - - - 1,500 - -
 Tamang 30 Tamang, Eastern 30 - - - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 90 Tamil - 90 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 70 Bengali 70 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Hindu traditions) 132,000 Hindi 131,000 - - 60 - 20
 Tarkhan (Muslim traditions) 1,700 Punjabi, Eastern - 1,700 - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 853,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 853,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Hindi 21,000 - - - - -
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 12,000 Urdu - 12,000 - - - -
Teli (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -
 Thakuri Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Tharu 60 Tharu, Kochila 60 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
 Tibetan 300 Tibetan, Central - - 300 - - -
 Tili Unknown Bengali - - - - - -
Ulema (Hindu traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern 200 - - - - -
Ulema (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Vaddar (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -