Country:

India

State: Maharashtra
District: All

Number of People Groups

854

Unreached People Groups

796

Total Population

124,493,000

Buddhist

5.2 %

Christian

0.9 %

Hindu

81.2 %

Muslim

10.6 %

Sikh

0.2 %

Other Religions

1.9 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi 40 Adi 40 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 2,700 Telugu 2,600 - - 70 - -
 Adi Dravida 40,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 1,400 - -
 Adi Karnataka 7,200 Kannada 7,200 - - 30 - -
 Agamudaiyan 4,300 Tamil 4,300 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 2,300 Tamil 2,300 - - - - -
 Agariya (Hindu traditions) 100 Agariya 100 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 7,700 Kannada 7,400 - 300 - - -
 Aghori 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Agri 338,000 Marathi 338,000 - - - - -
 Aguri 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
Ahom 30 Assamese 30 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
Alitkar Salankar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Alkari 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Alwar 200 Marwari 200 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
Ambattan 1,700 Tamil 1,600 - - 90 - -
Anamuk 2,000 Telugu 2,000 - - - - -
 Andh 473,000 Marathi 469,000 700 800 60 50 2,100
 Angami 300 Naga, Angami - - - 300 - -
Anglo 25,000 English - - - 25,000 - -
 Ansari 686,000 Urdu - 686,000 - - - -
 Ao 20 Naga, Ao - - - 20 - -
 Arab 700 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 700 - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Arakh 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Aray Mala 1,700 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
Arayan 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Armenian 300 Armenian - - - 300 - -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 5,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,600 -
 Arwa Mala 1,600 Tamil 1,600 - 20 - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 200 Assamese - 200 - - - -
Atari 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
Audhelia 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Badaik 500 Sadri 500 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 896,000 Hindi 896,000 - - 400 - 20
Badhai Kharadi 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - - - - -
Badhai Konkani 45,000 Marathi 45,000 - - - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Bagdi 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
Bagwan 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Baha'i 7,600 Hindi 1,300 - - - - 6,400
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bahna (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - 50 - - -
Bahrupi 3,900 Marathi 3,900 - - - - -
 Baidya (Hindu traditions) 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Baiga 500 Hindi 400 20 20 20 - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 159,000 Hindi 159,000 - - - - 40
Baiti 31,000 Bengali 31,000 - - - - -
Bajania 1,800 Gujarati 1,800 - - - - -
Bajgar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bajikar (Muslim traditions) 100 Bengali - 100 - - - -
Bakad 2,500 Kannada 2,500 - 30 - - -
 Balai (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 15,000 - 600 - - -
Balasantoshi 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - 20 - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 47,000 Kannada 47,000 - - - - -
Balija (Muslim traditions) 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Balija Bogam 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Baloch 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania 3,600,000 Hindi 2,558,000 - - - 100 1,041,000
 Bania Agarwal 309,000 Hindi 212,000 - - - - 96,000
 Bania Agrahari 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Bania Bannore 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bania Brittal 20 Assamese 20 - - - - -
Bania Chaturth 28,000 Marathi 3,700 - - - - 25,000
 Bania Chetti 82,000 Tamil 70,000 - - - - 12,000
Bania Dhusar 5,900 Hindi 5,900 - - - - -
 Bania Gahoi 11,000 Hindi 7,400 - - - - 3,600
Bania Golapurab 80 Hindi 40 - - - - 40
Bania Gujar 128,000 Gujarati 128,000 - - - - 200
 Bania Jaiswal 17,000 Hindi 5,200 - - - - 12,000
Bania Kasar 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - 50
 Bania Kasarwani 9,300 Hindi 9,100 - - - - 200
 Bania Kasaundhan 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
Bania Khandelwal 4,800 Hindi 1,500 - - - - 3,400
 Bania Khedayata 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 42,000 Telugu 40,000 - - - - 2,600
 Bania Lad 52,000 Gujarati 47,000 - - - - 4,200
Bania Mahajan 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 300
 Bania Mahesri 28,000 Hindi 28,000 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 56,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 7,100
Bania Marwadi 4,200 Marwari 4,200 - - - - -
Bania Modh 3,600 Gujarati 3,400 - - - - 100
Bania Nagar 7,700 Gujarati 7,700 - - - - -
 Bania Nima 36,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - 23,000
 Bania Oswal 126,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - 97,000
Bania Pancham 38,000 Kannada 7,700 - - - - 30,000
 Bania Porwal 54,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - 29,000
Bania Saitwal 42,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 26,000
 Bania Srimali 66,000 Gujarati 24,000 - - - - 42,000
Bania Ummad 48,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - 30,000
Banijiga 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,026,000 Lambadi 1,026,000 - - 200 - -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Banjara Rathor (Hindu traditions) 92,000 Lambadi 92,000 - - - - -
 Baori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Barda 2,200 Marathi 2,200 20 - - - -
 Bari (Hindu traditions) 88,000 Hindi 88,000 - - 50 - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Gujarati 23,000 - - - - -
Barutgar 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Basor 60,000 Hindi 59,000 - 500 20 - -
Basor Kandra 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bauri 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Bavcha 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 52,000 Kannada 52,000 - 200 - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Kannada 49,000 - 300 - - -
Bedar Bile 1,200 Kannada 1,200 - - - - -
Bedar Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 1,500 Urdu - 1,500 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 9,300 Hindi 9,300 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 289,000 Kannada 289,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Beldar Lonari (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Kannada 22,000 - - - - -
Beldar Mith Gauda 300 Konkani, Goan 300 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 5,000 Kannada 5,000 - - - - -
 Bhaina 300 Chhattisgarhi 200 60 - - - -
 Bhampta 34,000 Marathi 34,000 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bhand (Muslim traditions) 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bhandari 2,400 Odia 2,400 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 7,900 Urdu - 7,900 - - - -
Bhangi Lal Begi (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Bhansala 166,000 Marathi 166,000 - - - - -
Bhansali Vegu 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Bhantu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhar 500 Bhojpuri 500 - - - - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 4,400 Hindi 4,400 - - - - -
 Bharia Bhumia 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - 20
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 49,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 3,100 Urdu - 3,100 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - -
 Bhattra 1,100 Bhatri 1,100 20 - - 20 -
Bhavin 200 Konkani 200 - - - - -
Bhavit 5,800 Konkani, Goan 5,800 - - - - -
 Bhil 2,583,000 Hindi 2,463,000 65,000 2,100 14,000 500 37,000
Bhil Aher 33,000 Marathi 33,000 20 - - - 60
Bhil Dhangri 400 Dungra Bhil 300 - - - - -
Bhil Dhanka 21,000 Gujarati 21,000 30 - - - 30
Bhil Dubla 53,000 Bhili 53,000 60 - 20 - 80
Bhil Kataria 1,200 Wagdi 1,200 - - - - -
Bhil Mankar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bhil Mavchi (Hindu traditions) 180,000 Mawchi 173,000 3,100 30 900 - 2,300
Bhil Nihal 38,000 Hindi 34,000 2,500 - - - 1,500
Bhil Paware 94,000 Marathi 89,000 2,800 - 400 - 1,900
Bhil Tadvi 66,000 Dhanki 29,000 33,000 - 30 - 3,300
Bhil Vasave 616,000 Vasavi 588,000 13,000 200 2,200 100 11,000
 Bhisti 2,500 Urdu - 2,500 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 520,000 Hindi 520,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia Sikkim 60 Sikkimese - - 60 - - -
Bhottada 40 Kuvi 40 - - - - -
 Bhoyar 60,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Bhuiya 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bhulia 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Bhumij 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Bhunjia 2,200 Bhunjia 2,200 - - - - -
 Biar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bidur 297,000 Marathi 297,000 - - - - -
Bindla 1,700 Telugu 1,700 - - - - -
 Binjhia 8,800 Hindi 8,700 - - - - -
Birhor 200 Birhor 200 - - - - -
 Birjia 400 Bijori 400 - - - - -
 Bodo (Hindu traditions) Unknown Boro - - - - - -
 Bohra 270,000 Gujarati - 270,000 - - - -
 Boya 18,000 Telugu 18,000 - - - - -
Brahma Kshatriya 4,000 Gujarati 4,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin 4,785,000 Hindi 4,636,000 - 400 900 - 145,000
 Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,200 -
 Brahmin Acharaj 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavada 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 6,700 Gujarati 6,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 6,800 Gujarati 6,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 4,700 Bengali 4,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Bhumihar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Brahmin Chitpavan 377,000 Marathi 377,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Daima 4,100 Hindi 4,100 - - - - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 417,000 Marathi 417,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 149,000 Konkani 149,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 175,000 Hindi 175,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Gujarati 93,000 Gujarati 93,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 44,000 Hindi 44,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kanaujia 187,000 Hindi 187,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karbadu 57,000 Marathi 57,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 48,000 Marathi 48,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Kashmiri Pandit 21,000 Kashmiri 21,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Khandelwal 8,100 Hindi 8,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Khedawal 6,000 Gujarati 6,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Maha 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 130,000 Marathi 130,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Malvi 3,300 Malvi 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin Mastan 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Mewada 9,800 Gujarati 9,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Brahmin Nagar 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Ojha 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Palliwal 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Pushkarna 1,800 Marwari 1,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sakaldwipi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Brahmin Sanadhya 168,000 Hindi 168,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 82,000 Hindi 82,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 244,000 Hindi 244,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Srigaud 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Srimali 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Tamil 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
Buna (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Burmese 900 Burmese - - 900 - - -
Byagara 3,200 Telugu 3,200 - - - - -
Chadar 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Chain 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Chakkiliyan 4,600 Tamil 4,600 - - 30 - -
 Chalvadi 4,600 Kannada 3,900 - 700 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 1,617,000 Hindi 1,553,000 - 31,000 33,000 - -
Chandala 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Gujarati 34,000 - - - - -
 Chaudhari, tribal 60 Gujarati 60 - - - - -
 Chenchu 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Chenna Dasar 2,600 Kannada 2,600 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Malayalam 2,400 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 500 Malayalam - - - 500 - -
 Chhetri 700 Nepali 600 - 40 - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - 2,400
Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Chitara 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 43,000 Marathi 43,000 - - - - -
 Chodhara 400 Chodri 300 - 30 - - -
 Christian 56,000 Hindi - - - 56,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
 Dahait 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Dakkal 1,900 Telugu 1,900 - - - - -
Dandigan 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
 Dangi 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Darjee 50 Nepali 50 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 699,000 Hindi 689,000 - - - - 9,900
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Darzi Namdev (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Gujarati 23,000 - - - - -
Depala 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Deshwali (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 6,500 Tulu 6,500 - - - - -
Devadiga Kalavant 800 Konkani 800 - - - - -
 Devanga 26,000 Kannada 26,000 - - - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Gujarati 13,000 - - - - -
Dewar 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Dhakad 400 Hindi 400 - - - - 20
Dhale 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 143,000 Gujarati 139,000 800 1,300 900 - 800
Dhangri 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Dhanka 35,000 Gujarati 27,000 7,200 30 40 - 700
 Dhanuk 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Dhanwar 4,300 Chhattisgarhi 4,200 - 20 - - -
Dhavad 1,700 Marathi - 1,700 - - - -
 Dhimar 517,000 Hindi 517,000 - - 80 - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 641,000 Hindi 639,000 - 1,700 - - 200
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 21,000 Urdu - 21,000 - - - -
 Dhodia 18,000 Gujarati 17,000 50 20 - - 90
 Dhor 122,000 Marathi 121,000 - 1,200 30 - -
Divehi 200 Maldivian - 200 - - - -
Dohor 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - -
Dom 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Odia 11,000 - 200 20 - -
 Dubla 19,000 Dubli 19,000 60 30 - - 50
 Dudekula 100 Telugu - 100 - - - -
Dulia 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
 Dusadh (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - 20 - - -
 Faqir 1,900 Urdu 200 1,700 - - 20 -
 Gadaba 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
 Gamit 68,000 Gamit 64,000 300 - 2,500 20 400
Gammalla Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Ganda 2,100 Odia 2,100 - 60 - - -
Gandharb (Muslim traditions) 800 Gujarati - 800 - - - -
Gandla 5,800 Telugu 5,800 - - - - -
 Gangakula 30,000 Kannada 30,000 - - - - -
Gaondi 2,100 Marathi 2,000 - - - - 20
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - 20 - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Garpaguri 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
 Gauda 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
Ghadasi 8,100 Marathi 8,100 - - - - -
Ghadi 1,100 Konkani, Goan 1,100 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Muslim traditions) 26,000 Gujarati - 26,000 - - - -
 Gharti 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Ghasi (Hindu traditions) 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
 Ghirath (Hindu traditions) 100 Kangri 100 - - - - -
 Ghisadi 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Goanese 163,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 163,000 - -
Gokha (Hindu traditions) 30 Odia 30 - - - - -
Golak 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Gond 1,614,000 Hindi 1,530,000 5,900 3,200 1,200 300 73,000
Gond Arakh 43,000 Gondi, Northern 39,000 100 30 20 - 3,600
Gond Jhare 52,000 Gondi, Northern 47,000 200 40 20 - 4,400
Gond Mannewar 28,000 Gondi, Adilabad 26,000 50 50 - - 1,300
Gond Maria 428,000 Gondi, Northern 401,000 1,000 600 200 20 26,000
Gond Muria 6,900 Hindi 6,700 - - - - 200
Gond Rajgond 354,000 Gondi, Northern 338,000 700 700 200 - 15,000
Gond Sonjhari 48,000 Gondi, Northern 46,000 60 50 - - 1,500
 Gondhali 51,000 Marathi 51,000 - - - - -
Gopal 35,000 Gujarati 35,000 - - - - -
 Gosain 400,000 Hindi 399,000 - - - - 300
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Gowari 372,000 Marathi 371,000 - - 80 - 1,200
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 267,000 Hindi 266,000 - - - - 600
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Gujjar (Muslim traditions) 80 Gujari - 80 - - - -
 Guria 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Gurung 60 Nepali 30 - 30 - - -
 Hadi 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
 Hajam 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
Halam Unknown Kok Borok - - - - - -
 Halba 260,000 Marathi 252,000 900 400 60 30 7,000
Halleer 3,400 Kannada 3,200 - - - 200 -
Halsar 1,100 Konkani, Goan 1,100 - - - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Hammal 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 3,600 Chinese, Mandarin - - 3,200 - - 400
Hanabar 2,900 Tulu 2,900 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Hasalaru Unknown Tulu - - - - - -
 Hatkar 258,000 Marathi 257,000 - 200 - - -
 Hijda 165,000 Hindi 154,000 10,000 - - - -
 Hmar Unknown Hmar - - - - - -
 Ho 30 Ho 30 - - - - -
 Holar 91,000 Marathi 90,000 - 900 50 - -
Holer 27,000 Kannada 25,000 - 1,300 - - -
Idayan 6,200 Tamil 6,200 - - - - -
 Ilavan 41,000 Malayalam 40,000 - - 1,400 - -
Ilavaniyan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 125,000 Hindi 123,000 - - - - 1,800
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 114,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 114,000 -
Jat Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Jat Chima (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Jat Dagar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Dehia (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Jat Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Jat Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Jat Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
Jat Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Jat Ghatwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Gil (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
 Jat Gil (Sikh traditions) 1,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,700 -
Jat Kharral (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Jat Mann (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Mann (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Jat Pachhade 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat Rathi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jat Sahrawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Sarai (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Jat Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Punjabi, Eastern 2,400 - - - - -
Jat Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 2,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,700 -
 Jat Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Jat Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 2,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,600 -
Jat Varaich (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Virk (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Javeri 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 4,400 Marathi - - - - - 4,400
 Jhalo Malo 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 4,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,100 -
 Jingar 5,600 Marwari 5,500 - - - - 40
Jirayat 700 Marathi 700 - - - - -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Bengali 22,000 - - - - -
Jogi Kanphata (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Josi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Julaha 3,300 Hindi 400 - - - 2,900 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 78,000 Marathi 78,000 - - - - -
 Kachera (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Odia 1,500 - - - - -
Kachera (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - 1,100
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Gujarati 18,000 - - - - -
Kadia (Hindu traditions) 20,000 Kannada 20,000 - - - - -
Kaghzi 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Kaibartta 5,800 Bengali 5,800 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 101,000 Kannada 100,000 - 600 - - -
 Kaikolan 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 217,000 Telugu 216,000 - - - - 900
Kalal Idiga 88,000 Telugu 88,000 - - - - 200
Kalavant 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
 Kalbelia 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kalingi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Kallan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kalu 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 223,000 Hindi 223,000 - - - - -
 Kamalia 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
 Kamar 1,500 Kamar 1,500 - - - - -
Kamathi 186,000 Telugu 186,000 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 60 - - - - 200
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 4,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,800 -
 Kami 70 Nepali 50 - 20 - - -
Kanai 45,000 Urdu - 45,000 - - - -
Kanakkan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Kanaura 60 Kinnauri 60 - - - - -
Kandra 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Kandu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 2,500 Hindi 2,500 - - - - -
 Kaora 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Kapali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Kapewar 43,000 Telugu 43,000 - - - - -
 Kapu 199,000 Telugu 199,000 - - - - -
Kapu Reddi 54,000 Telugu 54,000 - - - - -
Karan 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Karwal 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 150,000 Marathi 149,000 - - - - 1,400
Kasar Otari 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 3,100 Kashmiri - 3,100 - - - -
 Kathodi 284,000 Marathi 283,000 600 300 300 20 1,000
Katia 6,100 Hindi 6,000 - 80 - - -
 Kawar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 60 40 - - 100
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 39,000 Hindi 39,000 - - - - -
 Khairwar 1,900 Bengali 1,900 - - - - -
 Khandait 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
 Khangar (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - 50 - - -
Khangar (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Kharia 1,000 Kharia 900 - - 100 - -
Kharot Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 149,000 Gujarati 149,000 - - - - -
 Khasi 500 Khasi - - - 500 - -
 Khati (Hindu traditions) 6,700 Hindi 6,700 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 110,000 Hindi 108,000 - 1,300 30 70 -
Khatik (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 49,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 500
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 9,600 Gujarati - 9,600 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 3,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,300 -
 Khavar 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 273,000 Gujarati - 273,000 - - - -
 Kirar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
 Kisan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Koch (Hindu traditions) 200 Koch 200 - - - - -
Kodalo Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Kodava 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
 Koiri (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Kokna 686,000 Kukna 678,000 4,700 300 900 100 1,000
 Kol 6,800 Hindi 6,700 - 40 - - -
 Kolha 78,000 Ho 78,000 - - 60 - -
 Kolhati 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 59,000 Hindi 58,000 - 200 - - -
 Koli Dhor 262,000 Marathi 261,000 700 200 80 80 400
 Koli Mahadev 1,492,000 Marathi 1,482,000 3,300 3,100 1,000 200 2,600
 Koli Malhar 282,000 Marathi 278,000 500 3,200 100 20 600
Koli of Gujarat 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 7,500 Gujarati 7,500 - - - - -
Koli Son 1,900 Konkani 1,800 - - 100 - -
Kolowar 194,000 Kolami, Northwestern 192,000 400 200 100 40 1,100
 Kolta 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 3,900 Telugu 3,900 - - - - -
Konai 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Konkanese 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Koracha, caste 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
 Korama 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - -
 Kori 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Korku 264,000 Korku 262,000 400 100 400 30 400
Korku Bawaria 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - - - -
Korku Muwasi 17,000 Korku 17,000 - - 20 - 20
Korku Nahal 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - - - -
 Korwa 1,300 Telugu 1,300 - - - - -
 Koshti 494,000 Marathi 490,000 - - - - 3,800
 Koya 400 Telugu 300 200 - - - -
Koya Racha Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Kuchbandia 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Kudumban 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kudumi 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
 Kuki Chin Unknown Chin, Thado - - - - - -
 Kuli 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Kumal 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 745,000 Hindi 744,000 - 800 - - 50
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 7,082,000 Gujarati 7,069,000 - 100 50 - 13,000
Kunbi Anjna 105,000 Gujarati 105,000 - - - - 40
Kunbi Dhaneja 30,000 Marathi 30,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Ghatole 213,000 Marathi 213,000 - - - - 60
Kunbi Hindre 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Jadav 163,000 Marathi 163,000 - - - - 60
Kunbi Kadwa 71,000 Gujarati 71,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Khaire 56,000 Marathi 56,000 - - - - -
 Kunbi Konkani 593,000 Konkani, Goan 593,000 - - - - 300
Kunbi Lewa 219,000 Gujarati 219,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Lonari 86,000 Marathi 86,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Tirole 308,000 Marathi 308,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
 Kuravan 2,500 Malayalam 2,200 - - 300 - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 33,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 34,000 Kannada 34,000 - - - - -
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Ladakhi Unknown English - - - - - -
 Lakhera 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Lingader 500 Marathi 100 - 400 - - -
 Lingayat 243,000 Kannada - - - - - 243,000
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 130,000 Hindi 130,000 - - - - -
 Lodha (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Lohana 30,000 Gujarati 30,000 - - - - 600
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 620,000 Hindi 619,000 - 60 20 - 100
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Lohara 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 204,000 Gujarati 204,000 - - - - -
Machhi Mitna 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - - - - -
Madari 2,300 Urdu - 2,300 - - - -
Madgi 68,000 Telugu 64,000 - 3,200 300 - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 2,400 Telugu - - - 2,400 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Telugu 10,000 - 400 80 - -
 Magar 200 Nepali 200 - 40 - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 357,000 Marathi - - - 357,000 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 8,976,000 Marathi 3,413,000 - 5,550,000 11,000 - -
Mahar (Muslim traditions) 2,200 Marathi - 2,200 - - - -
 Mahishya 14,000 Bengali 14,000 - - - - -
 Mahli 196,000 Marathi 196,000 - - - - 60
 Mahratta 26,525,000 Marathi 26,385,000 - 600 100 - 141,000
Mahratta Gomatang 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
Mahratta Jadhav 2,764,000 Marathi 2,753,000 - - - - 11,000
Mahratta Konkani 458,000 Marathi 458,000 - - - - 50
 Mahratta Kunbi 3,002,000 Gujarati 3,002,000 - - - - -
Mahratta Pawar 605,000 Marathi 603,000 - - - - 1,000
Mahratta Shinde 524,000 Marathi 522,000 - - - - 2,800
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 6,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,500 -
 Mahyavanshi 24,000 Gujarati 23,000 - 800 30 - -
Maila 60 Tulu 60 - - - - -
Mairal 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Majhwar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Majothi 300 Kacchi - 300 - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 2,800 Gujarati - 2,800 - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 3,400 Telugu - - - 3,400 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Telugu 13,000 - 700 60 - -
 Mala Dasari 3,100 Telugu 3,100 - - - - -
Mala Hannai 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 30,000 Telugu 30,000 - 80 - - -
Mala Masti 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
Mala Sale 2,400 Telugu 2,200 - 100 - - -
Mala Sanyasi 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 88,000 Malayalam - - - 88,000 - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 3,043,000 Hindi 3,041,000 - 1,700 30 - 200
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Mallah Kewat (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
 Mallik (Muslim traditions) 158,000 Gujarati - 158,000 - - - -
Mana 218,000 Marathi 218,000 - - - - -
Manbhav 24,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - -
Mandala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Mang-Garudi 33,000 Marathi 32,000 - 400 - - -
 Mangala 41,000 Telugu 41,000 - - - - -
 Mangrik 30 Ladakhi - - 30 - - -
 Manihar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Manne 3,300 Telugu 3,200 - 70 - - -
 Mappila 55,000 Malayalam - 55,000 - - - -
 Maravan 6,200 Tamil 6,200 - - - - -
Maru Kumhar 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 1,300 Kannada 1,300 - - - - -
Mashti 1,300 Telugu 1,200 - 50 - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 161,000 Marathi - - - 161,000 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 2,532,000 Marathi 2,417,000 - 111,000 4,300 - -
 Matia 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Mawalud 98,000 Urdu - 98,000 - - - -
 Mazhabi 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Meena 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 58,000 Hindi 56,000 - 1,400 - - -
 Meitei 500 Meitei 500 - - - - -
 Memon 243,000 Gujarati - 243,000 - - - -
 Mewati (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Miana 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern 60 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Mizo 400 Mizo - - - 400 - -
Mizo Lushai 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 140,000 Bengali 136,000 - - 3,400 - -
 Moger 9,500 Tulu 9,500 - - - - -
 Moghal 205,000 Urdu - 205,000 - - - -
Molesalam 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Molvi 4,400 Gujarati - 4,400 - - - -
 Momna 9,500 Gujarati - 9,500 - - - -
Mondiwaru 500 Telugu - 500 - - - -
 Mudugar 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 80 Malayalam - - - 80 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 20 Malayalam - 20 - - - -
Mukri 1,000 Kannada 1,000 - - - - -
 Munda 400 Mundari 400 - - - - -
 Munnur 11,000 Telugu 11,000 - - - - -
 Murao (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 13,000 Telugu 13,000 - - - - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 6,500 Tamil - - - 6,500 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
 Nadia 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - 20 - - -
 Naga 300 Naga Pidgin - - - 300 - -
 Nagarchi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 808,000 Hindi 807,000 - 1,000 - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Naikda 22,000 Kannada 22,000 200 - 20 - 30
Naikwadi 600 Marathi - 600 - - - -
 Nair 55,000 Malayalam 55,000 - - - - -
Naksia 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Nalband 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Namassej 6,800 Bengali 6,800 - - - - -
 Namassej Chandel 3,600 Bengali 3,600 - - - - -
Nanakshahi 1,100 Hindi - - - - 1,100 -
Nanbai 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Nandiwale 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,900 Hindi 4,900 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 724,000 Marathi - - 721,000 3,200 - -
Navithan 3,400 Tamil 3,400 - - - - -
 Newah 300 Nepali 200 - 50 - - -
 Oraon 43,000 Kurux 39,000 200 200 2,800 - 300
Padiar Unknown Konkani, Goan - - - - - -
 Paharia 3,500 Santhali 3,500 - - - - -
Paik 1,300 Odia 1,300 - - - - -
Paliya 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
 Pallan 20,000 Tamil 19,000 - - 500 - -
 Pan 800 Odia 800 - - - - -
 Panchama 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pandaram 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Pangul 21,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - -
 Panika 1,700 Chhattisgarhi 1,700 - - - - -
 Panka 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 17,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 5,000 - -
Paravan 40 Malayalam 40 - - - - -
 Pardhan 145,000 Pardhan 141,000 300 300 200 - 3,300
 Pardhi 223,000 Pardhi 220,000 1,300 700 90 50 1,000
Parja 500 Odia 500 30 - - - -
 Parsee 66,000 Gujarati - - - - - 66,000
 Pashtun, Pathan 1,196,000 Urdu - 1,196,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Hindi 22,000 - 400 - - -
 Patelia 2,600 Gujarati 2,300 50 20 100 - 70
 Patharwat 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - - - - -
Patlia 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Patralu 3,800 Odia 3,800 - - - - -
Patvekari (Hindu traditions) 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - -
Patvekari (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Patwa (Hindu traditions) 5,500 Hindi 5,300 - - - - 200
Pawaria (Hindu traditions) 200 Bareli, Rathwi 200 - - - - -
 Perka 7,500 Telugu 7,500 - - - - -
 Persian 3,300 Persian, Iranian - 3,300 - - - -
Phudgi 10,000 Marathi 10,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pindara 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Pinjara 86,000 Urdu - 86,000 - - - -
 Pod 4,100 Bengali 4,100 - - - - -
Poi 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
Pomla 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Portuguese 300 Indo-Portuguese - - - 300 - -
Prabhu 3,100 Gujarati 3,100 - - - - -
Prabhu Kayastha 247,000 Marathi 247,000 - - - - -
Prabhu Patane 58,000 Marathi 58,000 - - - - -
Pulayan 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Pundari 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Qalaigar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Qassab 4,100 Urdu - 4,100 - - - -
Quam-e-Punjab 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - 2,900 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 9,500 Gujarati 9,500 - - - - -
 Rabha 50 Assamese 50 - - - - -
Rachband 500 Punjabi, Eastern 500 - - - - -
 Raddi 1,800 Kannada 1,800 - - - - -
 Rahmani (Muslim traditions) 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Rai 70 Nepali 60 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Rangpuri 11,000 - - - - -
Rajbansi Khen (Hindu traditions) 50 Rangpuri 50 - - - - -
 Rajbhar 7,900 Hindi 7,900 - - - - -
Rajpur 1,600 Konkani, Goan 1,600 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 1,174,000 Hindi 1,160,000 - 70 30 - 14,000
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 49,000 Urdu - 49,000 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 30,000 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - 29,000 -
 Rajput Baghel (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bargujar (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput Bhadauria 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bundela 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chandel 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 51,000 Hindi 51,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Dikhit 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Gahlot 7,600 Hindi 7,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Garewal (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 6,900 Hindi 6,900 - - - - -
 Rajput Gautam 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
Rajput Jadu 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Rajput Janjua (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Joia (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Kachhwaha 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Hindu traditions) 69,000 Marathi 69,000 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Rajput Manihas (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Rajput Paik 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Parihar 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 108,000 Hindi 108,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 80 Urdu - 80 - - - -
 Rajput Pundir (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rajbansi 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Rajput Rawat 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Saithwar 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Rajput Sakarwar 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput Salehria (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Sengar 4,500 Hindi 4,500 - - - - -
 Rajput Sisodia 8,400 Hindi 8,400 - - - - -
Rajput Solanki 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Rajput Sombansi 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Tonwar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Raju 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Rajwar 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
Ralte 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 4,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,300 -
Ramoshi 309,000 Marathi 309,000 - - - - -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 179,000 Marathi 179,000 - - - - 300
 Rangrez (Muslim traditions) 9,700 Urdu - 9,700 - - - -
 Rathawa 400 Rathawi 400 - - - - -
Rathia (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Ravalia 5,300 Gujarati 5,300 - - - - -
 Rawal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rayeen (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Sagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Sagarbanshi 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Sahi 1,100 Marathi 1,100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 5,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,000 -
Salat (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Gujarati 1,900 - - - - -
Sali 385,000 Kannada 384,000 - - - - 400
Saltangar 300 Marathi - 300 - - - -
 Salvi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sangar 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - 20 - - -
Sansi (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Santal 200 Santhali 200 - - - - -
 Saora 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
Sarekari 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Kangri 3,900 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 6,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,400 -
 Sarki 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Satani 3,000 Telugu 3,000 - - - - -
Sauntia 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Sayyid 1,268,000 Urdu - 1,268,000 - - - -
 Segidi 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Shabar 70 Odia 70 - - - - -
 Shaikh 7,426,000 Urdu - 7,425,000 - 80 - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 740,000 Urdu - 740,000 - - - -
 Shenva (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Gujarati 1,000 - 30 - - -
 Sherpa 30 Nepali - - 30 - - -
Shinligar 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
 Siddi (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
 Siddi (Muslim traditions) 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 15,000 Urdu - 15,000 - - - -
Silawat (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Silawat (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Sindhi (Muslim traditions) 8,800 Sindhi - 8,800 - - - -
 Sindhi Mohana 600 Sindhi - 600 - - - -
 Sindhi Samon 500 Sindhi - 500 - - - -
 Sindhi Sumra 300 Gujarati - 300 - - - -
Sindhollu 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Sindhuria 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 700 Sinhala - - 700 - - -
Somvanshi 288,000 Marathi 288,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 1,269,000 Hindi 1,257,000 - - - - 11,000
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,600 -
Sonar Aksali 31,000 Gujarati 31,000 - - - - -
Sonjhara 1,600 Odia 1,600 - - - - -
Sudra 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Bengali 12,000 - - - - -
Sunri Sadhubanik 3,500 Bengali 3,500 - - - - -
 Sunuwar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Sutradhar (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 116,000 Malayalam - - - 116,000 - -
Tagwale 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Tai Man 30 Phake - - 30 - - -
Takari 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Talkute 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Tamang 100 Nepali 90 - 20 - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 420,000 Hindi 419,000 - - - - 80
 Tamboli (Muslim traditions) 5,600 Urdu - 5,600 - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 34,000 Tamil - 34,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Bengali 2,200 - - - - -
 Targala 2,500 Gujarati 2,500 - - - - -
Taria 4,400 Marathi 4,400 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 13,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 13,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 1,479,000 Hindi 1,478,000 - 1,000 100 - 100
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 36,000 Urdu - 36,000 - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Hindi 35,000 - - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Muslim traditions) 1,200 Urdu - 1,200 - - - -
Teli Sahu 79,000 Marathi 79,000 - - - - -
 Thakar 88,000 Marathi 88,000 - - - - -
Thakkar 566,000 Marathi 564,000 1,400 200 100 100 800
 Thakuri 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Thandan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Tharu 400 Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya 400 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Tibetan 2,300 Tibetan, Central - - 2,300 - - -
 Tili 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Gujarati 1,900 - - - - -
Tirmali 11,000 Marathi 11,000 - - - - -
 Tiyar 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Turi (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,200 - 70 - - -
 Turkmen 200 Turkmen - 200 - - - -
 Urali 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 359,000 Telugu 359,000 - - - - -
 Vakkaliga 143,000 Kannada 143,000 - - - - -
Valmiki (Balmiki) Mehtar 20,000 Hindi 20,000 - 200 - - -
 Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) 281,000 Hindi 264,000 - 5,500 11,000 - -
Valmiki, Balmiki Lal Begi (Hindu traditions) 55,000 Hindi 54,000 - 600 - - -
Vaniyan 4,300 Tamil 3,200 - - 1,000 - -
Vanjara 818,000 Marathi 818,000 - - - - -
 Vannan 3,900 Tamil 3,400 - - 500 - -
 Vanniyan 71,000 Tamil 71,000 - - - - -
 Varli 795,000 Varli 789,000 1,100 200 1,600 100 2,700
Vasudev 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Vathiriyan 1,000 Tamil 70 - - 1,000 - -
 Velama 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
Velan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Vellalan 12,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - 60 - -
 Viramushti 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Viswakarma 232,000 Telugu 232,000 - - - - 30
Viswakarma Asari 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
Viswakarma Kollan 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Viswakarma Panchal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - - - -
Vitholia 600 Gujarati 500 40 - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 1,310,000 Hindi 1,310,000 - - 40 40 90
 Yadav Dhindhor 32,000 Hindi 32,000 - - - - -
Yadav Gaoli 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 110,000 Telugu 110,000 - - - - -
Yadav Gualbans (Hindu traditions) 178,000 Hindi 178,000 - - - - -
Yadav Rawat 7,400 Hindi 7,400 - - - - -
Yadav Sadgope 4,300 Bengali 4,300 - - - - -
 Yakthumba 40 Nepali 40 - - - - -
 Yenadi 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
Yerava 500 Ravula 500 - - - - -
 Yerukula 600 Yerukula 600 - - - - -
Zarekari 600 Gujarati - 600 - - - -
  Totals:  854 124,493,000   796 101,060,000 13,250,000 6,471,000 1,094,000 228,000 2,380,000
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