CountryIndia

State:

  

Maharashtra

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

849

Unreached People Groups

793

Total Population

124,034,000

Buddhist

5.2 %

Christian

0.9 %

Hindu

81.2 %

Muslim

10.6 %

Sikh

0.2 %

Other Religions

1.9 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi 40 Adi 40 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 2,500 Telugu 2,400 - - 80 - -
 Adi Dravida 40,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 1,400 - -
 Adi Karnataka 7,300 Kannada 7,200 - - 30 - -
 Agamudaiyan 4,300 Tamil 4,300 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 2,300 Tamil 2,300 - - - - -
 Agaria (Hindu traditions) 100 Agariya 100 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 7,700 Kannada 7,500 - 300 - - -
 Aghori 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Agri 337,000 Marathi 337,000 - - - - -
 Aguri 1,300 Bengali 1,300 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
Ahom 30 Assamese 30 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
Alitkar Salankar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Alkari 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Alwar 200 Marwari 200 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
Ambattan 1,700 Tamil 1,600 - - 90 - -
Anamuk 2,000 Telugu 2,000 - - - - -
 Andh 470,000 Marathi 461,000 200 5,600 70 100 2,300
 Angami 300 Naga, Angami - - - 300 - -
Anglo 31,000 English - - - 31,000 - -
 Ansari 688,000 Urdu - 688,000 - - - -
 Ao 20 Naga, Ao - - - 20 - -
 Arab 800 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 800 - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Arakh 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Aray Mala 1,700 Telugu 1,700 - 20 - - -
Arayan 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Armenian 300 Armenian - - - 300 - -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 5,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,600 -
Arwa Mala 1,600 Tamil 1,600 - 30 - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 300 Assamese - 300 - - - -
Atari 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
Audhelia 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Badaik 500 Sadri 500 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 889,000 Hindi 888,000 - - 200 - 20
Badhai Kharadi 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - - - - -
Badhai Konkani 46,000 Marathi 46,000 - - - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Bagdi 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
Bagwan 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Baha'i 6,400 Hindi 1,300 - - - - 6,400
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bahna (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 700 - 50 - - -
Bahrupi 3,900 Marathi 3,900 - - - - -
 Baidya (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Baiga 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 165,000 Hindi 159,000 - - - - 7,600
Baiti 29,000 Bengali 29,000 - - - - -
Bajania 1,800 Gujarati 1,800 - - - - -
Bajgar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bajikar (Muslim traditions) 100 Bengali - 100 - - - -
Bakad 2,600 Kannada 2,500 - 20 - - -
 Balai (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 15,000 - 500 - - -
Balasantoshi 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - 30 - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 46,000 Kannada 46,000 - - - - -
Balija (Muslim traditions) 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Balija Bogam 1,200 Telugu 1,200 30 - - - -
Balija Bolla 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Baloch 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania Agarwal 309,000 Hindi 213,000 - - - - 97,000
 Bania Agrahari 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Bania Bannore 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bania Brittal 20 Assamese 20 - - - - -
Bania Chaturth 28,000 Marathi 3,700 - - - - 25,000
 Bania Chetti 87,000 Tamil 70,000 - - - - 16,000
Bania Dhusar 5,900 Hindi 5,900 - - - - -
 Bania Gahoi 11,000 Hindi 7,500 - - - - 3,600
Bania Golapurab 80 Hindi 40 - - - - 40
Bania Gujar 128,000 Gujarati 128,000 - - - - 200
Bania Jaiswal 17,000 Hindi 5,200 - - - - 12,000
Bania Kasar 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - 50
 Bania Kasarwani 9,400 Hindi 9,100 - - - - 200
 Bania Kasaundhan 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
Bania Khandelwal 4,800 Hindi 1,500 - - - - 3,400
 Bania Khedayata 1,700 Gujarati 1,700 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 42,000 Telugu 40,000 - - - - 2,700
 Bania Lad 52,000 Gujarati 47,000 - - - - 4,200
Bania Mahajan 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 300
 Bania Mahesri 28,000 Hindi 28,000 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 56,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 7,100
Bania Marwadi 4,200 Marwari 4,200 - - - - -
Bania Modh 3,600 Gujarati 3,400 - - - - 100
Bania Nagar 7,800 Gujarati 7,800 - - - - -
 Bania Nima 36,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - 23,000
 Bania Oswal 127,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - 98,000
 Bania Porwal 54,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - 29,000
Bania Saitwal 42,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 26,000
 Bania Srimali 66,000 Gujarati 24,000 - - - - 42,000
Bania Ummad 48,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - 30,000
 Bania unspecified 3,627,000 Hindi 2,576,000 - - - 100 1,052,000
Banijiga 22,000 Kannada 16,000 - - - - 6,300
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,025,000 Lambadi 1,025,000 - - 200 - -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Banjara Rathor (Hindu traditions) 70,000 Lambadi 70,000 - - - - -
 Baori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Barda 3,200 Marathi 3,100 - - 80 - -
 Bari (Hindu traditions) 87,000 Hindi 87,000 - - 50 - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Gujarati 23,000 - - - - -
Barutgar 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Basor 60,000 Hindi 59,000 - 300 - - -
Basor Kandra 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bauri 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Bavcha 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 57,000 Kannada 52,000 - 200 - - 5,200
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 51,000 Kannada 50,000 - 300 - - -
Bedar Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 1,500 Urdu - 1,500 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 9,300 Hindi 9,300 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 286,000 Kannada 286,000 - - - - 60
Beldar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Beldar Lonari 14,000 Kannada 14,000 - - - - -
Beldar Mith Gauda 300 Konkani, Goan 300 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 4,800 Marathi 4,800 - - - - -
 Bhaina 500 Chhattisgarhi 400 200 - - - -
 Bhampta 34,000 Marathi 34,000 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bhand (Muslim traditions) 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bhandari 2,400 Odia 2,400 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 281,000 Hindi 265,000 - 5,100 11,000 - -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 8,100 Urdu - 7,900 - - - -
Bhangi Lal Begi (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Hindi 50,000 - 500 - - -
Bhangi Lal Begi (Muslim traditions) 900 Urdu - 900 - - - -
Bhansala 166,000 Marathi 166,000 - - - - -
Bhansali Vegu 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Bhantu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhar 500 Bhojpuri 500 - - - - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Bharia Bhumia 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 49,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 3,100 Urdu - 3,100 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - -
 Bhattra 1,300 Bhatri 1,200 20 - 20 90 -
Bhavin 200 Konkani 200 - - - - -
Bhavit 5,800 Konkani, Goan 5,800 - - - - -
Bhil Aher 28,000 Bhili 28,000 - - - - 90
Bhil Dhangri 300 Dungra Bhil 300 - - - - -
Bhil Dhanka 13,000 Gujarati 13,000 - - - - -
Bhil Dubla 51,000 Gujarati 50,000 - - - - 200
Bhil Kataria 500 Wagdi 500 - - - - -
Bhil Mankar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bhil Mavchi (Hindu traditions) 147,000 Mawchi 146,000 - 20 900 - 700
Bhil Nihal 36,000 Nimadi 36,000 - - - - 100
Bhil Paware 70,000 Bareli, Rathwi 69,000 - - 400 - 500
Bhil Tadvi 42,000 Dhanki 7,800 35,000 - 20 - -
 Bhil unspecified 2,254,000 Hindi 2,148,000 60,000 3,600 16,000 500 26,000
Bhil Vasave 475,000 Vasavi 467,000 500 300 2,400 60 4,400
 Bhisti 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 514,000 Hindi 514,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia Sikkim 70 Sikkimese - - 70 - - -
Bhottada 50 Kuvi 50 - - - - -
Bhoyar 60,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bhuiya 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bhulia 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Bhumij 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Bhunjia 2,900 Bhunjia 2,900 20 - - - -
 Biar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bidur 297,000 Marathi 297,000 - - - - -
Bindla 1,800 Telugu 1,700 - - - - -
 Binjhia 9,500 Hindi 9,400 - 30 - - 20
Birhor 300 Birhor 300 - - - - -
 Birjia 500 Bijori 500 - - - - -
 Bodo Unknown Boro - - - - - -
 Bohra 270,000 Gujarati - 270,000 - - - -
 Boya 18,000 Telugu 18,000 - - - - -
Brahma Kshatriya 4,000 Gujarati 4,000 - - - - -
Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,200 -
 Brahmin Acharaj 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavada 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 6,800 Gujarati 6,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 6,800 Gujarati 6,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 4,700 Bengali 4,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Bhumihar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Brahmin Chitpavan 378,000 Marathi 378,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Daima 4,100 Hindi 4,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Deshastha 418,000 Marathi 418,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 149,000 Konkani 149,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Gaur 176,000 Hindi 176,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Gujarati 94,000 Gujarati 94,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 44,000 Hindi 44,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kanaujia 188,000 Hindi 188,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Kannada 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karbadu 57,000 Marathi 57,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 48,000 Marathi 48,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Kashmiri Pandit 21,000 Kashmiri 21,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Khandelwal 8,100 Hindi 8,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Khedawal 6,000 Gujarati 6,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Maha 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 130,000 Marathi 130,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Malvi 3,300 Malvi 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin Mastan 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Mewada 9,800 Gujarati 9,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Brahmin Nagar 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Ojha 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Palliwal 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Pushkarna 1,800 Marwari 1,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sakaldwipi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Brahmin Sanadhya 170,000 Hindi 170,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 82,000 Hindi 82,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 245,000 Hindi 245,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Srigaud 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Srimali 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Tamil 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin unspecified 4,856,000 Hindi 4,711,000 - 400 900 - 146,000
Buna (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Burmese 800 Burmese - - 800 - - -
Byagara 3,200 Telugu 3,200 - - - - -
Chadar 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Chain 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Chakkiliyan 4,700 Tamil 4,600 - - 30 - -
 Chalvadi 4,600 Kannada 4,000 - 700 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 1,620,000 Hindi 1,559,000 - 29,000 31,000 - -
Chandala 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 33,000 Gujarati 33,000 - - - - -
 Chaudhari, tribal 60 Gujarati 60 - - - - -
 Chenchu 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Chenna Dasar 2,600 Kannada 2,600 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Malayalam 2,400 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 500 Malayalam - - - 500 - -
 Chhetri 700 Nepali 600 - 40 - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - 2,400
Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Chitara 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 43,000 Marathi 43,000 - - - - 60
 Chodhara 400 Chodri 400 - 30 - - -
 Christian unspecified 58,000 Kannada - - - 58,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
 Dahait 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Dakkal 2,000 Telugu 2,000 - - - - -
Dandigan 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
 Dangi 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Darjee 50 Nepali 50 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 698,000 Hindi 688,000 - - - - 9,900
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Darzi Namdev (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Depala 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Deshwali (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Devadiga 6,500 Tulu 6,500 - - - - -
Devadiga Kalavant 800 Konkani 800 - - - - -
Devanga 38,000 Kannada 26,000 - - - - 12,000
Dewar 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Dhakad 400 Hindi 400 - - - - 20
Dhale 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 144,000 Gujarati 140,000 800 1,300 900 20 800
Dhangri 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Dhanka 54,000 Gujarati 33,000 17,000 100 300 - 3,400
 Dhanuk 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Dhanwar 25,000 Chhattisgarhi 25,000 40 80 - - 20
Dhavad 1,700 Marathi - 1,700 - - - -
 Dhimar 513,000 Hindi 513,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 640,000 Hindi 638,000 - 1,700 - - 200
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 21,000 Urdu - 21,000 - - - -
 Dhodia 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - 30
 Dhor 122,000 Marathi 121,000 - 1,000 - - -
Divehi 200 Maldivian - 200 - - - -
Dohor 20,000 Hindi 20,000 - - - - -
Dom 600 Telugu 600 - 20 - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Odia 11,000 - 200 - - -
 Dosadh (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Dubla 23,000 Dubli 23,000 60 - - - 70
 Dudekula 100 Telugu - 100 - - - -
Dulia 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - 20 - - -
 Faqir 1,900 Urdu 200 1,700 - - 20 -
 Gadaba 800 Odia 800 - - - - -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
 Gamit 106,000 Gamit 96,000 200 50 9,800 - 400
Gammalla Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Ganda 2,200 Odia 2,100 - 50 - - -
Gandharb (Muslim traditions) 800 Gujarati - 800 - - - -
Gandla 6,600 Telugu 5,900 - - - - 700
 Gangakula 30,000 Kannada 30,000 - - - - -
Gaondi 2,100 Marathi 2,000 - - - - 20
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - 30 - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Garpaguri 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
 Gauda 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
Ghadasi 8,100 Marathi 8,100 - - - - -
Ghadi 1,100 Konkani, Goan 1,100 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Muslim traditions) 26,000 Gujarati - 26,000 - - - -
 Gharti 30 Bengali 30 - - - - -
 Ghasi (Hindu traditions) 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
 Ghirath (Hindu traditions) 100 Kangri 100 - - - - -
 Ghisadi 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Goanese 160,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 160,000 - -
Gokha (Hindu traditions) 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
Golak 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Gond Arakh 29,000 Gondi, Northern 27,000 - - - - 1,800
Gond Jhare 25,000 Gondi, Northern 23,000 - - - - 1,700
Gond Mannewar 29,000 Marathi 28,000 - 30 - - 900
Gond Maria 380,000 Maria 356,000 500 1,100 800 40 22,000
Gond Muria 2,600 Chhattisgarhi 2,500 - - - - 50
Gond Rajgond 366,000 Gondi, Northern 356,000 200 400 - - 9,400
Gond Sonjhari 46,000 Marathi 44,000 80 - - - 1,500
 Gond unspecified 1,962,000 Hindi 1,841,000 4,700 9,500 10,000 500 97,000
 Gondhali 51,000 Marathi 51,000 - - - - -
Gopal 35,000 Gujarati 35,000 - - - - -
 Gosain 398,000 Hindi 398,000 - - - - 300
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Gowari 405,000 Marathi 404,000 - - - - 1,200
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 267,000 Hindi 267,000 - - - - 700
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Gujjar 80 Gujari - 80 - - - -
 Guria 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Gurung 60 Nepali 30 - 30 - - -
 Hadi 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
 Hajam 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
Halam Unknown Kok Borok - - - - - -
 Halba 369,000 Marathi 349,000 300 1,900 400 200 17,000
Halleer 3,500 Marathi 3,300 - - - 200 -
Halsar 1,200 Konkani, Goan 1,200 - - - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Hammal 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 3,600 Chinese, Mandarin - - 3,200 - - 400
Hanabar 3,000 Tulu 3,000 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 900 Kannada 300 - - - - 600
Hasalaru Unknown Tulu - - - - - -
 Hatkar 258,000 Marathi 258,000 - 200 - - -
 Hijda 165,000 Hindi 155,000 10,000 - - - -
 Hmar 20 Hmar - - - 20 - -
 Ho 30 Ho 30 - - - - -
Holar 91,000 Marathi 91,000 - 900 50 - -
Holer 27,000 Kannada 25,000 - 1,200 - - -
Idayan 6,200 Malayalam 6,200 - - - - -
Ilavan 42,000 Malayalam 40,000 - - 1,400 - -
Ilavaniyan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
Jat Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Jat Chima (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Dagar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Dehia (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Jat Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Jat Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Jat Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
Jat Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Jat Ghatwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Gil (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
 Jat Gil (Sikh traditions) 1,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,700 -
Jat Kharral (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Jat Mann (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Mann (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Jat Pachhade 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat Rathi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Sahrawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Sarai (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Jat Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Hindi 2,400 - - - - -
Jat Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 2,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,700 -
 Jat Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Jat Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 2,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,600 -
 Jat unspecified (Hindu traditions) 122,000 Hindi 121,000 - - - - 1,800
 Jat unspecified (Sikh traditions) 114,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 114,000 -
Jat Varaich (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Virk (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Javeri 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 4,400 Marathi - - - - - 4,400
 Jhalo Malo 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 4,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,100 -
 Jingar 5,600 Marwari 5,500 - - - - 40
Jirayat 700 Marathi 700 - - - - -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Bengali 22,000 - - - - -
Jogi Kanphata (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Josi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Julaha 3,300 Hindi 400 - - - 2,900 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 78,000 Marathi 78,000 - - - - -
 Kachera (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Odia 1,500 - - - - -
Kachera (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - 1,100
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Gujarati 18,000 - - - - -
Kadia (Hindu traditions) 20,000 Kannada 20,000 - - - - -
Kaghzi 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Kaibartta 5,800 Bengali 5,800 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 101,000 Kannada 101,000 - 600 - - -
 Kaikolan 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 217,000 Telugu 216,000 - - - - 900
Kalal Idiga 88,000 Telugu 88,000 - - - - 200
Kalavant 5,800 Kannada 4,400 - - - - 1,500
 Kalbelia 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kalingi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Kallan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kalu 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 216,000 Hindi 216,000 - - - - -
 Kamalia 13,000 Gujarati 13,000 - - - - -
 Kamar 5,400 Kamar 5,400 - - - - 30
Kamathi 185,000 Telugu 185,000 - - - - -
Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 60 - - - - 200
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 4,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,800 -
 Kami 70 Nepali 50 - 20 - - -
Kanai 45,000 Urdu - 45,000 - - - -
Kanakkan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Kanaura 60 Kinnauri 60 - - - - -
Kandra 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Kandu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 2,500 Hindi 2,500 - - - - -
 Kaora 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Kapali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Kapewar 40,000 Telugu 40,000 - - - - -
 Kapu 184,000 Telugu 184,000 - - - - -
Kapu Reddi 50,000 Telugu 50,000 - - - - -
Karan 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Karwal 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 157,000 Marathi 148,000 - - - - 8,700
Kasar Otari 2,700 Odia 2,300 - - - - 400
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 3,100 Kashmiri - 3,100 - - - -
 Kathodi 284,000 Marathi 282,000 100 600 200 60 900
Katia 6,100 Hindi 6,000 - 90 - - -
 Kawar 29,000 Hindi 29,000 20 80 40 30 200
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 39,000 Bengali 39,000 - - - - -
 Khairwar 800 Bengali 800 - - - - -
 Khandait 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
 Khangar (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - 50 - - -
Khangar (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Kharia 2,100 Kharia 1,900 - - 100 - -
Kharot 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 148,000 Gujarati 148,000 - - - - -
 Khasi 500 Khasi - - - 500 - -
 Khati (Hindu traditions) 6,700 Hindi 6,700 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 110,000 Hindi 109,000 - 1,100 - 90 -
Khatik (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 49,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 600
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 9,600 Kacchi - 9,600 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 3,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,300 -
 Khavar 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 273,000 Gujarati - 273,000 - - - -
Kirar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
 Kisan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Koch (Hindu traditions) 200 Koch 200 - - - - -
Kodalo Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Kodava 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
 Koiri (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Kokna 710,000 Kukna 701,000 4,200 500 4,000 100 200
 Kol 7,200 Hindi 7,100 - 40 30 - 60
 Kolha 73,000 Ho 73,000 - - - - -
Kolhati 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 59,000 Gujarati 59,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 210,000 Marathi 209,000 100 500 400 40 300
 Koli Mahadev 1,488,000 Marathi 1,474,000 900 3,600 5,200 400 2,600
 Koli Malhar 288,000 Marathi 288,000 100 400 80 40 100
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Koli Son 1,900 Konkani 1,800 - - 100 - -
Kolowar 225,000 Kolami, Northwestern 218,000 200 1,000 600 40 3,800
 Kolta 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 3,900 Telugu 3,900 - - - - -
Konai 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Konkanese 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Koracha, caste 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
 Korama 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - -
 Kori 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Korku 261,000 Korku 258,000 400 500 1,000 70 500
Korku Bawaria 14,000 Korku 14,000 - 20 40 - 20
Korku Muwasi 17,000 Korku 17,000 - 20 40 - 20
Korku Nahal 14,000 Korku 14,000 - 20 40 - 20
 Korwa 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
 Koshti 487,000 Marathi 483,000 30 - - - 3,800
 Koya 400 Telugu 200 100 - - - -
Koya Racha 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
Kuchbandia 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 1,300 Kannada 300 - - - - 1,100
 Kudumban 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kudumi 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 400 Odia 400 - - - - -
 Kuki Chin Unknown Chin, Thado - - - - - -
 Kuli 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Kumal 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 743,000 Hindi 740,000 - 800 - - 2,300
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 7,071,000 Gujarati 7,057,000 - 100 50 - 13,000
Kunbi Anjna 90,000 Gujarati 90,000 - - - - 40
Kunbi Dhaneja 30,000 Marathi 30,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Ghatole 211,000 Marathi 211,000 - - - - 60
Kunbi Hindre 17,000 Marathi 17,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Jadav 163,000 Marathi 163,000 - - - - 60
Kunbi Kadwa 71,000 Gujarati 71,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Khaire 57,000 Marathi 57,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Konkani 594,000 Konkani, Goan 594,000 - - - - 300
Kunbi Lewa 219,000 Gujarati 219,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Lonari 86,000 Marathi 86,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Tirole 308,000 Marathi 308,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
 Kuravan 2,500 Malayalam 2,200 - - 300 - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 33,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 32,000 Kannada 32,000 - - - - 60
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Ladakhi Unknown English - - - - - -
 Lakhera 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Lingader 73,000 Marathi 100 - 400 - - 73,000
 Lingayat 86,000 Kannada - - - - - 86,000
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 128,000 Hindi 128,000 - - - - -
 Lodha (Muslim traditions) 40 Urdu - 40 - - - -
 Lohana 30,000 Gujarati 30,000 - - - - 700
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 610,000 Hindi 610,000 - 60 20 - 100
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Lohara 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 204,000 Gujarati 204,000 - - - - -
Machhi Mitna 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - - - - -
Madari 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
Madgi 67,000 Telugu 64,000 - 3,000 - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 2,300 Telugu - - - 2,300 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Telugu 10,000 - 400 50 - -
 Magar 200 Nepali 200 - 40 - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 345,000 Marathi - - - 345,000 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 8,531,000 Marathi 3,446,000 - 5,075,000 11,000 - -
Mahar (Muslim traditions) 2,200 Marathi - 2,200 - - - -
 Mahishya 14,000 Bengali 14,000 - - - - -
 Mahli 193,000 Marathi 193,000 - - - - 60
 Mahratta 26,635,000 Marathi 26,489,000 - 600 100 - 142,000
Mahratta Gomatang 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
Mahratta Jadhav 2,591,000 Marathi 2,581,000 - - - - 11,000
Mahratta Konkani 401,000 Marathi 401,000 - - - - 50
 Mahratta Kunbi 3,029,000 Gujarati 3,029,000 - - - - -
Mahratta Pawar 608,000 Marathi 607,000 - - - - 1,000
Mahratta Shinde 476,000 Marathi 473,000 - - - - 2,800
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 6,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,600 -
 Mahyavanshi 24,000 Gujarati 23,000 - 700 - - -
Maila 70 Tulu 70 - - - - -
Mairal 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Majhwar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Majothi 300 Kacchi - 300 - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 2,800 Gujarati - 2,800 - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 3,400 Telugu - - - 3,400 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Telugu 12,000 - 700 40 - -
 Mala Dasari 3,100 Telugu 3,100 - - - - -
Mala Hannai 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 30,000 Telugu 30,000 - - - - -
Mala Masti 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
Mala Sale 2,400 Telugu 2,200 - 200 - - -
Mala Sanyasi 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 85,000 Malayalam - - - 85,000 - -
Malayekandi Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 3,056,000 Hindi 3,050,000 - 1,700 30 - 3,400
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Mallah Kewat (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Mallik (Muslim traditions) 158,000 Gujarati - 158,000 - - - -
Mana 206,000 Marathi 206,000 - - - - -
Manbhav 24,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - -
Mandala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 35,000 Marathi 34,000 - 400 - - -
 Mangala 39,000 Telugu 39,000 - - - - -
 Mangrik 30 Ladakhi - - 30 - - -
 Manihar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Manne 3,300 Telugu 3,300 - 60 - - -
 Mappila 62,000 Malayalam - 62,000 - - - -
 Maravan 6,200 Tamil 6,200 - - - - -
Maru Kumhar 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 1,300 Kannada 1,300 - - - - -
Mashti 1,400 Telugu 1,300 - 50 - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 156,000 Marathi - - - 156,000 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 2,526,000 Marathi 2,422,000 - 98,000 3,900 - -
 Matia 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Mawalud 98,000 Urdu - 98,000 - - - -
 Mazhabi 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 58,000 Hindi 56,000 - 1,400 - - -
 Meitei 500 Meitei 500 - - - - -
 Memon 244,000 Gujarati - 244,000 - - - -
 Mewati (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Miana 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
 Mina 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 70 Punjabi, Eastern 70 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Mizo 400 Mizo - - - 400 - -
Mizo Lushai 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 140,000 Bengali 137,000 - - 3,400 - -
 Moger 9,500 Tulu 9,500 - - - - -
 Moghal 205,000 Urdu - 205,000 - - - -
Molesalam 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
Molvi 4,400 Gujarati - 4,400 - - - -
 Momna 9,500 Gujarati - 9,500 - - - -
Mondiwaru 500 Telugu - 500 - - - -
 Mudugar 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 80 Malayalam - - - 80 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 20 Malayalam - 20 - - - -
Mukri 1,000 Kannada 1,000 - - - - -
 Munda 500 Mundari 500 - - - - -
 Munnur 11,000 Telugu 11,000 - - - - -
 Murao (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 13,000 Telugu 13,000 - - - - -
 Nadar 18,000 Tamil 12,000 - - 6,200 - -
 Nadia 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - 20 - - -
 Naga unspecified 400 Naga Pidgin - - - 400 - -
 Nagarchi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 300 20 - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 811,000 Hindi 805,000 - 1,000 - - 5,200
Nai (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Naikda 34,000 Kannada 34,000 200 70 30 20 200
Naikwadi 600 Marathi - 600 - - - -
 Nair 55,000 Malayalam 55,000 - - - - -
Naksia 50 Odia 50 - - - - -
Nalband 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Namassej 6,400 Bengali 6,400 - - - - -
Namassej Chandel 3,400 Bengali 3,400 - - - - -
Nanakshahi 1,100 Hindi - - - - 1,100 -
Nanbai 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Nandiwale 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Hindi 4,600 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 1,236,000 Marathi - - 1,231,000 3,700 - -
Navithan 3,400 Tamil 3,400 - - - - -
 Newah 300 Nepali 200 - 50 - - -
 Oraon 35,000 Kurux 32,000 90 200 2,500 30 200
Padiar Unknown Konkani, Goan - - - - - -
 Paharia 3,500 Nepali 3,500 - - - - -
Paik 1,300 Odia 1,300 - - - - -
Paliya 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
 Pallan 20,000 Tamil 19,000 - - 400 - -
 Pan 800 Odia 800 - - - - -
 Panchama 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pandaram 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Pangul 21,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - -
 Panika 1,700 Chhattisgarhi 1,700 - - - - -
 Panka 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 17,000 Tamil 12,000 - - 5,000 - -
Paravan 60 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
Pardhan 163,000 Pardhan 156,000 200 700 70 40 5,900
 Pardhi 192,000 Pardhi 187,000 2,500 900 200 100 1,700
 Parja 700 Odia 600 40 - - - -
 Parsee 66,000 Gujarati - - - - - 66,000
 Pashtun Northern 1,198,000 Urdu - 1,198,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Hindi 22,000 - 300 - - -
 Patelia 1,600 Gujarati 1,500 60 - - - -
 Patharwat 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - - - - -
Patlia 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Patralu 3,800 Odia 3,800 - - - - -
Patvekari (Hindu traditions) 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - -
Patvekari (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Patwa (Hindu traditions) 5,500 Hindi 5,300 - - - - 200
Pawaria (Hindu traditions) 200 Bareli, Rathwi 200 - - - - -
 Perka 7,500 Telugu 7,500 - - - - -
 Persian 3,300 Persian, Iranian - 3,300 - - - -
Phudgi 9,800 Marathi 9,800 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pindara 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Pinjara 86,000 Urdu - 86,000 - - - -
 Pod 4,100 Bengali 4,100 - - - - -
Poi 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
Pomla 80 Gujarati 60 - - - - -
 Portuguese 300 Indo-Portuguese - - - 300 - -
Prabhu 3,100 Gujarati 3,100 - - - - -
Prabhu Kayastha 248,000 Marathi 248,000 - - - - -
Prabhu Patane 58,000 Marathi 58,000 - - - - -
Pulayan 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Pundari 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Qalaigar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Qassab 4,100 Urdu - 4,100 - - - -
Quam-e-Punjab 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - 2,900 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 9,500 Gujarati 9,500 - - - - -
 Rabha 50 Assamese 50 - - - - -
Rachband 500 Punjabi, Eastern 500 - - - - -
 Raddi 3,300 Kannada 1,800 - - - - 1,500
 Rai 70 Nepali 60 - - - - -
 Raibhat (Muslim traditions) 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Rajbanshi 10,000 - - - - -
Rajbansi Khen (Hindu traditions) 50 Rajbanshi 50 - - - - -
 Rajbhar 7,900 Hindi 7,900 - - - - -
Rajpur 1,600 Konkani, Goan 1,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Baghel 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bargujar 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput Bhadauria 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bundela 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chandel 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 51,000 Hindi 51,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Dikhit 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Rajput Gahlot 7,600 Hindi 7,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Garewal (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 6,900 Hindi 6,900 - - - - -
 Rajput Gautam 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
Rajput Jadu 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Rajput Janjua (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Joia (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Kachhwaha 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Hindu traditions) 69,000 Marathi 69,000 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Rajput Manihas 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Rajput Paik 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Parihar 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 108,000 Hindi 108,000 - - - - -
Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 80 Urdu - 80 - - - -
Rajput Pundir (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rajbansi 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Rajput Rathor 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Rajput Rawat 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Saithwar 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Rajput Sakarwar 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput Salehria 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Rajput Sengar 4,500 Hindi 4,500 - - - - -
Rajput Sisodia 8,400 Hindi 8,400 - - - - -
Rajput Solanki 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Rajput Sombansi 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Tonwar 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rajput unspecified (Hindu traditions) 1,176,000 Hindi 1,161,000 - 200 30 - 14,000
 Rajput unspecified (Muslim traditions) 49,000 Urdu - 49,000 - - - -
 Rajput unspecified (Sikh traditions) 30,000 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - 29,000 -
Raju 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Rajwar 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
Ralte 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 4,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,300 -
Ramoshi 310,000 Marathi 310,000 - - - - -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 179,000 Marathi 179,000 - - - - 300
 Rangrez (Muslim traditions) 9,700 Urdu - 9,700 - - - -
 Rathawa 900 Rathawi 900 - - - - -
Rathia (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Ravalia 5,300 Gujarati 5,300 - - - - -
 Rawal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rayeen (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Sagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Sagarbanshi 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Sahi 1,100 Marathi 1,100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 5,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,000 -
Salat (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Gujarati 1,900 - - - - -
Sali 404,000 Kannada 384,000 - - - - 19,000
Saltangar 300 Marathi - 300 - - - -
 Salvi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sangar 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - 20 - - -
Sansi (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Santal 200 Santhali 200 - - - - -
 Saora 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
Sarekari 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Kangri 3,900 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 6,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,500 -
 Sarki 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
 Satani 2,600 Telugu 2,600 - - - - -
Sauntia 50 Odia 50 - - - - -
 Sayyid 1,268,000 Urdu - 1,268,000 - - - -
 Segidi 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Shabar 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
 Shaikh 7,453,000 Urdu - 7,453,000 - 80 - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 632,000 Urdu - 632,000 - - - -
 Shenva (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - 30 - - -
 Sherpa 40 Nepali - - 40 - - -
Shinligar 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
 Siddi (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
 Siddi (Muslim traditions) 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 15,000 Urdu - 15,000 - - - -
Silawat (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Silawat (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Sindhi (Muslim traditions) 8,900 Sindhi - 8,900 - - - -
Sindhi Mohana 600 Sindhi - 600 - - - -
 Sindhi Samon 500 Sindhi - 500 - - - -
 Sindhi Sumra 300 Gujarati - 300 - - - -
Sindhollu 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Sindhuria 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 600 Sinhala - - 600 - - -
Somvanshi 293,000 Marathi 293,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 1,265,000 Hindi 1,255,000 - - - - 11,000
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,600 -
Sonar Aksali 9,900 Gujarati 9,900 - - - - -
Sonjhara 1,600 Odia 1,600 - - - - -
Sudra 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Bengali 12,000 - - - - -
Sunri Sadhubanik 3,500 Bengali 3,500 - - - - -
 Sunuwar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Sutradhar (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 122,000 Malayalam - - - 122,000 - -
Tagwale 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Tai Man 30 Phake - - 30 - - -
Takari 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Talkute 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Tamang 100 Nepali 100 - 40 - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 422,000 Hindi 417,000 - - - - 4,200
 Tamboli (Muslim traditions) 5,600 Urdu - 5,600 - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 35,000 Tamil - 35,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Bengali 2,100 - - - - -
 Targala 2,500 Gujarati 2,500 - - - - -
Taria 4,400 Marathi 4,400 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 13,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 13,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 1,460,000 Hindi 1,451,000 - 1,000 - - 8,200
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 36,000 Urdu - 36,000 - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Hindi 35,000 - - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Muslim traditions) 1,200 Urdu - 1,200 - - - -
Thakar 88,000 Marathi 88,000 - - - - -
Thakkar 620,000 Marathi 617,000 300 1,400 500 200 1,400
 Thakuri 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Thandan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Tharu 400 Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya 400 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - 20
 Tibetan 2,300 Tibetan, Central - - 2,300 - - -
 Tili 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Gujarati 1,900 - - - - -
Tirmali 11,000 Marathi 11,000 - - - - -
 Tiyar 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Turi (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,200 - 90 - - -
 Turkmen 200 Turkmen - 200 - - - -
 Urali 60 Malayalam 60 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 359,000 Telugu 359,000 - - - - -
 Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
 Vakkaliga 143,000 Kannada 143,000 - - - - -
Vaniyan 4,300 Tamil 3,300 - - 1,100 - -
Vanjara 818,000 Marathi 818,000 - - - - -
 Vannan 3,900 Tamil 3,400 - - 600 - -
 Vanniyan 71,000 Tamil 71,000 - - - - -
 Varli 772,000 Varli 765,000 200 500 6,200 100 400
Vasudev 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Vathiriyan 1,000 Tamil 80 - - 1,000 - -
 Velama 4,200 Telugu 4,200 - - - - -
Velan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Vellalan 12,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - 60 - -
 Viramushti 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Viswakarma 232,000 Telugu 232,000 - - - - 30
Viswakarma Asari 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
Viswakarma Kollan 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Viswakarma Panchal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - - - -
Vitholia 500 Gujarati 500 - - 20 - 20
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 1,308,000 Hindi 1,308,000 - - 40 20 600
Yadav Dhindhor 31,000 Hindi 31,000 - - - - -
Yadav Gaoli 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
Yadav Gola 110,000 Telugu 110,000 - - - - -
Yadav Gualbans (Hindu traditions) 175,000 Hindi 175,000 - - - - -
Yadav Rawat 7,100 Hindi 7,100 - - - - -
Yadav Sadgope 4,300 Bengali 4,300 - - - - -
 Yakthumba 40 Nepali 40 - - - - -
 Yenadi 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
Yerava 500 Ravula 500 - - - - -
 Yerukula 600 Yerukula 600 - - - - -
Zarekari 500 Gujarati - 500 - - - -
  Totals:  849 124,034,000   793 100,658,000 13,157,000 6,504,000 1,113,000 230,000 2,370,000
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