Country:

India

State: Maharashtra
District: All

Number of People Groups

888

Unreached People Groups

827

Total Population

123,879,000

Buddhist

5.3 %

Christian

0.9 %

Hindu

80.8 %

Muslim

10.9 %

Sikh

0.2 %

Other Religions

1.9 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi 60 Adi 60 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 2,800 Telugu 2,700 - - 90 - -
 Adi Dravida 42,000 Tamil 40,000 - 1,900 100 - -
Adi Dravida Christian 1,400 Tamil - - - 1,400 - -
 Adi Karnataka 7,300 Kannada 7,200 - 80 - - -
Adi Karnataka Christian 30 Kannada - - - 30 - -
 Agamudaiyan 4,600 Tamil 4,600 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 2,400 Tamil 2,400 - - - - -
 Agariya (Hindu traditions) 100 Agariya 100 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 800 - 30 - - -
 Aghori 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Agri 354,000 Marathi 345,000 - 9,800 - - -
 Aguri 1,600 Bengali 1,600 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Ahom 70 Assamese 70 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Alitkar Salankar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Alkari 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Alwar 200 Marwari 200 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
Ambattan 1,900 Tamil 1,900 - - - - -
Ambattan Christian 100 Tamil - - - 100 - -
Anamuk 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Andh 469,000 Marathi 466,000 700 800 60 50 2,100
 Angami 300 Naga, Angami - - - 300 - -
Anglo 23,000 English - - - 23,000 - -
 Ansari 696,000 Urdu - 696,000 - - - -
 Ao 20 Naga, Ao - - - 20 - -
 Arab 800 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 800 - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Arakh 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Aray Mala 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Arayan 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Armenian 300 Armenian - - - 300 - -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 5,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,400 -
 Arwa Mala 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 200 Assamese - 200 - - - -
Atari 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
Audhelia 200 Chhattisgarhi 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 1,000 Malayalam 1,000 - - - - -
Badaik 600 Sadri 600 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 910,000 Hindi 904,000 - 6,400 400 - 20
Badhai Kharadi 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - 100 - - -
Badhai Konkani 47,000 Marathi 46,000 - 600 - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - 40 - - -
 Bagdi 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
Bagwan 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Baha'i 7,500 Hindi 1,300 - - - - 6,300
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bahna (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Bahrupi 3,900 Marathi 3,900 - - - - -
 Baidya (Hindu traditions) 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Baiga 500 Hindi 400 20 20 20 - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 160,000 Hindi 159,000 - 500 - - 40
Baiti 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
Bajania 1,800 Gujarati 1,800 - - - - -
Bajgar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bajikar (Muslim traditions) 100 Bengali - 100 - - - -
Bakad 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Balai (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - 200 - - -
Balasantoshi 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - 20 - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 48,000 Kannada 48,000 - - - - -
Balija (Muslim traditions) 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Balija Bogam 1,700 Telugu 1,700 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 4,800 Telugu 4,800 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Baloch 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania 3,613,000 Hindi 2,581,000 - - - 100 1,030,000
 Bania Agarwal 476,000 Hindi 381,000 - - - - 95,000
 Bania Agrahari 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Bania Bannore 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bania Bhatia 9,100 Gujarati 9,100 - - - - -
Bania Brittal 30 Assamese 30 - - - - -
Bania Chaturth 28,000 Marathi 3,600 - - - - 25,000
 Bania Chetti 80,000 Tamil 68,000 - - - - 12,000
Bania Dhusar 6,000 Hindi 6,000 - - - - -
 Bania Gahoi 11,000 Hindi 7,400 - - - - 3,600
Bania Golapurab 80 Hindi 40 - - - - 40
Bania Gujar 127,000 Gujarati 127,000 - - - - 200
 Bania Jaiswal 17,000 Hindi 5,200 - - - - 12,000
Bania Kasar 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - 50
 Bania Kasarwani 9,300 Hindi 9,000 - - - - 200
 Bania Kasaundhan 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
Bania Khandelwal 4,800 Hindi 1,500 - - - - 3,300
 Bania Khedayata 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 42,000 Telugu 40,000 - - - - 2,600
 Bania Lad 51,000 Gujarati 47,000 - - - - 4,200
Bania Mahajan 17,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 300
 Bania Mahesri 28,000 Hindi 28,000 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 55,000 Hindi 48,000 - - - - 7,000
Bania Marwadi 4,200 Marwari 4,200 - - - - -
Bania Mewada 5,700 Gujarati 200 - - - - 5,500
Bania Modh 3,600 Gujarati 3,500 - - - - 100
Bania Nagar 7,700 Gujarati 7,700 - - - - -
 Bania Nima 36,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - 22,000
 Bania Oswal 125,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - 96,000
Bania Palliwal 2,400 Hindi - - - - - 2,400
Bania Pancham 37,000 Kannada 7,600 - - - - 30,000
 Bania Porwal 54,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - 29,000
Bania Saitwal 42,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 26,000
 Bania Srimali 65,000 Gujarati 24,000 - - - - 42,000
Bania Ummad 48,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - 30,000
Banijiga 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,033,000 Lambadi 1,025,000 - 8,400 200 - -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Banjara Rathod (Hindu traditions) 92,000 Lambadi 92,000 - 300 - - -
 Baori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Barda 2,200 Marathi 2,200 20 - - - -
 Bari (Hindu traditions) 88,000 Hindi 87,000 - 1,300 50 - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Gujarati 23,000 - 400 - - -
Barutgar 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Basor 55,000 Hindi 54,000 - 700 20 - -
Basor Kandra 2,800 Marathi 2,700 - - 20 - -
 Bauri 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Bavcha 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Punjabi, Eastern 3,900 - - - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Kannada 12,000 - 20 - - -
Bedar Bile 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
Bedar Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 1,500 Urdu - 1,500 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 9,300 Hindi 9,300 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 288,000 Kannada 288,000 - 600 - - -
 Beldar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Beldar Lonari (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Kannada 24,000 - 50 - - -
Beldar Mith Gauda 300 Konkani, Goan 300 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 6,000 Kannada 6,000 - - - - -
 Bhaina 300 Chhattisgarhi 200 60 - - - -
 Bhampta 35,000 Marathi 35,000 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Bhand (Muslim traditions) 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bhandari 2,500 Odia 2,500 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 7,800 Urdu - 7,800 - - - -
Bhangi Lal Begi (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Bhansala 170,000 Marathi 170,000 - - - - -
Bhansali Vegu 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Bhantu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhar 500 Bhojpuri 500 - - - - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 4,400 Hindi 4,400 - - - - -
 Bharia Bhumia 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - 20
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Hindi 50,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 3,100 Urdu - 3,100 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - -
 Bhattra 1,100 Bhatri 1,100 20 - - 20 -
Bhavin 200 Konkani 200 - - - - -
Bhavit 5,700 Konkani, Goan 5,700 - - - - -
 Bhil 2,561,000 Hindi 2,442,000 65,000 2,100 14,000 500 37,000
Bhil Aher 33,000 Marathi 33,000 20 - - - 60
Bhil Dhangri 400 Dungra Bhil 300 - - - - -
Bhil Dhanka 20,000 Gujarati 20,000 30 - - - 30
 Bhil Dubla 52,000 Bhili 52,000 60 - 20 - 80
Bhil Kataria 1,200 Wagdi 1,200 - - - - -
Bhil Mankar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bhil Mavchi (Hindu traditions) 178,000 Mawchi 172,000 3,100 30 900 - 2,300
Bhil Nihal 38,000 Hindi 34,000 2,500 - - - 1,500
Bhil Paware 93,000 Marathi 88,000 2,700 - 400 - 1,800
Bhil Tadvi 66,000 Dangi 29,000 33,000 - 30 - 3,300
Bhil Vasave 611,000 Vasavi 584,000 13,000 200 2,200 100 11,000
 Bhisti 2,500 Urdu - 2,500 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 536,000 Hindi 535,000 - 1,100 - - -
 Bhotia Sikkim 100 Sikkimese - - 100 - - -
Bhottada 50 Kuvi 50 - - - - -
 Bhoyar 60,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bhuiya 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bhulia 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Bhumij 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Bhunjia 2,200 Bhunjia 2,100 - - - - -
 Biar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bidur 295,000 Marathi 295,000 - 500 - - -
Bindla 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Binjhia 8,700 Hindi 8,700 - - - - -
Birhor 200 Birhor 200 - - - - -
 Birjia 400 Bijori 400 - - - - -
 Bodo (Hindu traditions) Unknown Boro - - - - - -
 Bohra 268,000 Gujarati - 268,000 - - - -
 Boya 18,000 Telugu 18,000 - - - - -
Brahma Kshatriya 3,900 Gujarati 3,900 - - - - -
 Brahmin 4,726,000 Hindi 4,586,000 - 400 500 - 140,000
 Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,200 -
 Brahmin Acharaj 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavada 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 6,700 Gujarati 6,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 6,700 Gujarati 6,700 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 4,600 Bengali 4,600 - - - - -
 Brahmin Bhumihar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Brahmin Chitpavan 374,000 Marathi 374,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Christian 800 Tamil - - - 800 - -
Brahmin Daima 4,000 Hindi 4,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 415,000 Marathi 415,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Devarukha 24,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 148,000 Marathi 148,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 175,000 Hindi 175,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Golak 22,000 Marathi 22,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Gujarati 92,000 Gujarati 92,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Havik 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 44,000 Hindi 44,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kanaujia 187,000 Hindi 187,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karbadu 57,000 Marathi 57,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 48,000 Marathi 48,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kashmiri Pandit 21,000 Kashmiri 21,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Khandelwal 8,200 Hindi 8,200 - - - - -
Brahmin Khedawal 5,900 Gujarati 5,900 - - - - -
 Brahmin Maha 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 131,000 Marathi 131,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Malvi 3,200 Malvi 3,200 - - - - -
Brahmin Marwadi 17,000 Marwari 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Mastan 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Mewada 9,700 Gujarati 9,700 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Brahmin Nagar 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Ojha 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Palliwal 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Pushkarna 1,800 Marwari 1,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sakaldwipi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sanadhya 169,000 Hindi 169,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 82,000 Hindi 82,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 242,000 Hindi 242,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Srigaud 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Srimali 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Tapodhan 2,000 Gujarati 2,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
 Budaga Jangam 27,000 Telugu 27,000 - - - - -
Buna (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Burmese 1,000 Burmese - - 1,000 - - -
Byagara 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 24,000 Konkani - 24,000 - - - -
 Chadar 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Chain 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 40 Tamil - - - 30 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 4,700 Tamil 4,600 - 60 30 - -
 Chalvadi 3,300 Kannada 2,800 - 500 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 1,423,000 Hindi 1,379,000 - 33,000 13,000 - -
 Chamar (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -
Chamar Satnami 32,000 Hindi 31,000 - 600 200 - -
Chandala 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Gujarati 34,000 - - - - -
 Chaudhari, tribal 60 Gujarati 60 - - - - -
 Chenchu 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Chenna Dasar 600 Kannada 600 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Malayalam 2,300 - 40 - - -
Cherumar Christian 500 Malayalam - - - 500 - -
 Chhetri 700 Nepali 700 - 40 - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Hindi 33,000 - 100 - - 2,400
Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Chitara 1,700 Odia 1,700 - - - - -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 43,000 Marathi 43,000 - - - - -
 Chodhara 400 Chodri 300 - 30 - - -
 Christian 64,000 Hindi - - - 64,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 51,000 Marathi 51,000 - - - - -
 Dahait 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Dakkal 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Dandigan 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
 Dangi 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
 Darjee 50 Nepali 50 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 714,000 Hindi 698,000 - 6,100 - - 9,800
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Darzi Namdev (Hindu traditions) 32,000 Gujarati 33,000 - 200 - - -
Depala 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Deshwali (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 6,500 Tulu 6,500 - - - - -
Devadiga Kalavant 800 Konkani 800 - - - - -
 Devanga 27,000 Kannada 26,000 - 900 - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Gujarati 13,000 - 200 - - -
Dewar 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Dhakad 400 Hindi 400 - - - - 20
Dhale 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 143,000 Gujarati 138,000 800 2,200 900 - 800
Dhangri 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Dhanka 35,000 Gujarati 27,000 7,200 30 40 - 700
 Dhanuk 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Dhanwar 4,200 Chhattisgarhi 4,200 - 20 - - -
Dhavad 1,700 Marathi - 1,700 - - - -
 Dhimar 514,000 Hindi 513,000 - 1,900 80 - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 662,000 Hindi 654,000 - 8,900 - - 200
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 21,000 Urdu - 21,000 - - - -
Dhobi Parit 155,000 Marathi 154,000 - 1,500 - - -
 Dhodia 17,000 Gujarati 17,000 50 20 - - 90
 Dhor 115,000 Marathi 114,000 - 900 50 - -
Divehi 200 Maldivian - 200 - - - -
Dohor 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - 100 - - -
Dom 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 3,500 Odia 3,500 - 20 - - -
 Dubla 19,000 Dubli 19,000 60 30 - - 50
 Dudekula 100 Telugu - 100 - - - -
Dulia 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Dusadh (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 3,300 Kannada 3,200 - 40 - - -
 Faqir 1,900 Urdu 200 1,700 - - 20 -
 Gadaba 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 5,200 Hindi 5,200 - - - - -
Gadaria Dhingar 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Gadaria Nikhad 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Gamit 67,000 Gamit 64,000 300 - 2,400 20 400
Gammalla Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Ganda 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
Gandharb (Muslim traditions) 800 Gujarati - 800 - - - -
 Gandla 5,800 Telugu 5,800 - - - - -
 Gangakula 31,000 Kannada 31,000 - 80 - - -
Gaondi 2,000 Marathi 2,000 - - - - 20
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Garpaguri 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - 80 - - -
 Gauda 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
Ghadasi 8,100 Marathi 8,100 - - - - -
Ghadi 1,100 Konkani, Goan 1,100 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Muslim traditions) 25,000 Gujarati - 25,000 - - - -
 Gharti 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Ghasiya (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
 Ghirath (Hindu traditions) 100 Kangri 100 - - - - -
 Ghisadi 18,000 Marathi 18,000 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Goanese 162,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 162,000 - -
Gokha (Hindu traditions) 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
Golak 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Gond 1,600,000 Hindi 1,517,000 5,800 3,100 1,200 300 72,000
 Gond Arakh 43,000 Gondi, Northern 39,000 100 30 20 - 3,500
Gond Jhare 51,000 Gondi, Northern 47,000 200 40 20 - 4,300
Gond Mannewar 28,000 Gondi, Adilabad 26,000 50 50 - - 1,300
Gond Maria 425,000 Gondi, Northern 398,000 1,000 600 200 20 26,000
Gond Muria 6,900 Hindi 6,700 - - - - 200
Gond Rajgond 351,000 Gondi, Northern 336,000 700 700 200 - 15,000
Gond Sonjhari 48,000 Gondi, Northern 46,000 60 50 - - 1,500
 Gondhali 51,000 Marathi 51,000 - 400 - - -
Gopal 35,000 Gujarati 34,000 - 60 - - -
 Gosain 408,000 Hindi 404,000 - 3,000 - - 300
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Gowari 369,000 Marathi 367,000 - - 80 - 1,200
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 265,000 Hindi 264,000 - - - - 600
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Gujjar (Muslim traditions) 80 Gujari - 80 - - - -
 Guria 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Gurung 60 Nepali 30 - 30 - - -
 Hadi 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
 Hajam 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
Halam Unknown Kok Borok - - - - - -
 Halba 259,000 Marathi 250,000 900 400 60 30 6,900
Halleer 100 Konkani, Goan 50 - - - 30 -
Halsar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 3,400 Hindi 3,400 - - - - -
Hammal 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 3,300 Chinese, Mandarin - - 2,900 - - 400
Hanabar 2,900 Tulu 2,900 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Hasalaru Unknown Tulu - - - - - -
 Hatkar 262,000 Marathi 258,000 - 4,300 - - -
 Hijda 162,000 Hindi 153,000 10,000 - - - -
 Hmar Unknown Hmar - - - - - -
 Ho 30 Ho 30 - - - - -
 Holar 108,000 Marathi 107,000 - 1,300 50 20 -
 Holaya 18,000 Kannada 17,000 - 700 - - -
Idayan 6,100 Tamil 6,100 - - - - -
 Ilavan 40,000 Malayalam 40,000 - - - - -
Ilavan Christian 1,400 Tamil - - - 1,400 - -
Ilavaniyan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 128,000 Hindi 127,000 - - - - 1,800
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 111,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 111,000 -
Jat Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Jat Chima (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Jat Dagar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Dehia 2,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,100 -
Jat Dehia (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
 Jat Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Jat Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Jat Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
Jat Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
Jat Ghatwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Gil (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
 Jat Gil (Sikh traditions) 1,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,800 -
Jat Kharral (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Jat Mann (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Mann (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Jat Pachhade 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat Rathi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jat Sahrawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Sarai (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Jat Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Punjabi, Eastern 2,800 - - - - -
Jat Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
 Jat Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
Jat Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 2,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,700 -
Jat Varaich (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Virk (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Javeri 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 4,400 Marathi - - - - - 4,400
 Jhalo Malo 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 4,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,000 -
 Jingar 5,500 Marwari 5,500 - - - - 40
Jirayat 700 Marathi 700 - - - - -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Bengali 21,000 - 300 - - -
Jogi Kanphata (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - 100 - - -
Josi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Julaha 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Kabirpanthi 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 79,000 Marathi 79,000 - 80 - - -
 Kachera (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Odia 1,500 - - - - -
Kachera (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - 1,100
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Gujarati 18,000 - 300 - - -
Kadia (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Kannada 20,000 - 600 - - -
Kaghzi 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Kaibartta 5,900 Bengali 5,800 - 60 - - -
 Kaikadi 101,000 Kannada 101,000 - 20 - - -
 Kaikolan 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 220,000 Telugu 216,000 - 2,900 - - 900
 Kalal Idiga 90,000 Telugu 89,000 - 900 - - 300
Kalavant 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
 Kalbelia 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kalingi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Kallan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kalu 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 222,000 Hindi 221,000 - 1,300 - - -
 Kamalia 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
 Kamar 1,500 Kamar 1,500 - - - - -
Kamathi 197,000 Telugu 190,000 - 600 - - 5,500
 Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 60 - - - - 200
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 4,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,800 -
 Kami 70 Nepali 50 - 20 - - -
Kanai 45,000 Urdu - 45,000 - - - -
Kanakkan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Kanaura 60 Kinnauri 60 - - - - -
Kandra 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Kandu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 2,500 Hindi 2,500 - - - - -
 Kaora 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Kapali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Kapewar 43,000 Telugu 43,000 - - - - -
 Kapu 199,000 Telugu 197,000 - 1,600 - - 60
 Kapu Reddi 54,000 Telugu 53,000 - 300 - - 50
Karan 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Karwal 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 150,000 Marathi 148,000 - 500 - - 1,500
Kasar Otari 6,300 Telugu 6,300 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 3,200 Kashmiri - 3,200 - - - -
 Kathodi 282,000 Marathi 280,000 600 300 300 20 1,000
Katia 5,100 Hindi 5,100 - 20 - - -
 Kawar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 60 40 - - 100
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 40,000 Hindi 39,000 - 1,000 - - -
 Khairwar 1,900 Bengali 1,900 - - - - -
 Khandait 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
 Khangar (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Khangar (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Kharia 1,000 Kharia 900 - - 100 - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 161,000 Gujarati 156,000 - 4,900 - - -
 Khasi 500 Khasi - - - 500 - -
 Khati (Hindu traditions) 7,000 Hindi 6,800 - 300 - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 107,000 Hindi 107,000 - 700 30 70 -
Khatik (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 49,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 500
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 9,500 Gujarati - 9,500 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 3,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,300 -
 Khavar 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 270,000 Gujarati - 270,000 - - - -
Khorot Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Kirar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
 Kisan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Koch (Hindu traditions) 200 Koch 200 - - - - -
Kodalo Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Kodava 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
 Koiri (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Kokna 680,000 Kukna 674,000 4,600 300 900 100 900
 Kol 6,800 Hindi 6,700 - 40 - - -
 Kolha 78,000 Ho 77,000 - 500 60 - -
 Kolhati 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - 60 - - -
Koli 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Hindi 13,000 - 500 40 - -
 Koli Dhor 259,000 Marathi 259,000 700 200 80 80 400
 Koli Mahadev 1,480,000 Marathi 1,471,000 3,300 3,100 1,000 200 2,600
 Koli Malhar 280,000 Marathi 276,000 500 3,200 100 20 600
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Koli Son 1,800 Marathi 1,800 - 20 - - -
Kolowar 192,000 Kolami, Northwestern 190,000 400 200 100 40 1,100
 Kolta 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Konai 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Konkanese 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Koracha, caste 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
 Korama 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - -
 Kori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Korku 262,000 Korku 260,000 400 100 400 30 400
Korku Bawaria 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - - - -
Korku Muwasi 17,000 Korku 17,000 - - 20 - 20
Korku Nahal 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - - - -
 Korwa 1,300 Telugu 1,300 - - - - -
 Koshti 498,000 Marathi 492,000 - 3,000 - - 3,700
 Koya 400 Telugu 300 200 - - - -
Koya Racha Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Kuchbandia 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Kudumban 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kudumi 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
 Kuki Chin Unknown Chin, Thado - - - - - -
 Kuli 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Kumal 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 781,000 Hindi 775,000 - 6,900 - - 50
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 7,549,000 Gujarati 7,461,000 - 79,000 50 500 13,000
Kunbi Anjna 108,000 Gujarati 107,000 - 1,100 - - 40
Kunbi Dhaneja 30,000 Marathi 30,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Ghatole 212,000 Marathi 211,000 - 1,000 - - 60
Kunbi Hindre 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - 300 - - -
Kunbi Jadav 161,000 Marathi 161,000 - 300 - - 60
 Kunbi Kadwa 70,000 Gujarati 70,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Khaire 56,000 Marathi 56,000 - 50 - - -
 Kunbi Konkani 596,000 Konkani, Goan 571,000 - 25,000 - - 300
 Kunbi Lewa 217,000 Gujarati 217,000 - 200 - - -
Kunbi Lonari 86,000 Marathi 86,000 - 200 - - -
Kunbi Tirole 307,000 Marathi 307,000 - 800 - - -
Kunchatiga 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 300 Tamil - - - 300 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Malayalam 2,200 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Hindi 34,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 34,000 Kannada 34,000 - 300 - - -
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 3,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,600 -
 Ladakhi Unknown English - - - - - -
 Lakhera 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Lingader 5,200 Marathi 4,600 - - - - 600
 Lingayat 241,000 Kannada - - - - - 239,000
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 130,000 Hindi 130,000 - - - - -
 Lodha (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Lohana 30,000 Gujarati 30,000 - - - - 600
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 629,000 Hindi 624,000 - 5,000 20 - -
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Lohara 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 203,000 Gujarati 203,000 - 900 - - -
Machhi Mitna 9,900 Gujarati 9,900 - - - - -
Madari (Muslim traditions) 2,300 Urdu - 2,300 - - - -
Madgi 56,000 Telugu 50,000 - 6,000 300 - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 2,400 Telugu - - - 2,400 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Telugu 14,000 - 700 80 - -
 Magar 200 Nepali 200 - 40 - - -
 Mahar 8,148,000 Marathi 2,408,000 - 5,720,000 11,000 4,500 -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 367,000 Marathi - - - 367,000 - -
Mahar (Muslim traditions) 2,200 Marathi - 2,200 - - - -
 Mahishya 14,000 Bengali 14,000 - 200 - - -
 Mahli 195,000 Marathi 194,000 - 1,800 - - 60
 Mahratta 26,726,000 Marathi 26,335,000 - 251,000 100 - 139,000
Mahratta Gomatang 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
 Mahratta Jadhav 2,753,000 Marathi 2,725,000 - 18,000 - - 11,000
 Mahratta Konkani 457,000 Marathi 454,000 - 2,700 - - 200
 Mahratta Kunbi 2,959,000 Gujarati 2,955,000 - 3,100 - - -
 Mahratta Pawar 600,000 Marathi 600,000 - - - - 1,000
 Mahratta Shinde 532,000 Marathi 516,000 - 13,000 - - 2,800
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 6,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,500 -
 Mahyavanshi 15,000 Gujarati 14,000 - 400 30 - -
Maila 60 Tulu 60 - - - - -
Mairal 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Majhwar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Majothi 300 Kacchi - 300 - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 2,800 Gujarati - 2,800 - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 3,400 Telugu - - - 3,400 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Telugu 15,000 - 700 60 - -
 Mala Dasari 1,800 Telugu 1,800 - - - - -
Mala Hannai Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Mala Jangam 8,000 Telugu 7,900 - - - - -
Mala Sale 400 Telugu 300 - 40 - - -
Mala Sanyasi 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 87,000 Malayalam - - - 87,000 - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 3,054,000 Hindi 3,032,000 - 24,000 30 - 200
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 7,700 Hindi 7,700 - - - - -
Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Mallah Kewat (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
 Mallik (Muslim traditions) 157,000 Gujarati - 157,000 - - - -
Mana 216,000 Marathi 216,000 - 900 - - -
Manbhav 24,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - -
Mandala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Mang Garodi 40,000 Marathi 39,000 - 300 - - -
 Mangala 41,000 Telugu 41,000 - 300 - - -
 Mangrik 30 Ladakhi - - 30 - - -
 Manihar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Manne 2,500 Telugu 2,400 - 60 - - -
Mansoori 1,400 Gujarati - 1,400 - - - -
 Mappila 37,000 Malayalam - 37,000 - - - -
 Maravan 6,200 Tamil 6,200 - - - - -
Maru Kumhar 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 1,400 Kannada 1,300 - - - - -
Masthi 50 Telugu 40 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 171,000 Marathi - - - 171,000 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 2,474,000 Marathi 2,267,000 - 199,000 3,900 800 -
 Matia 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Mawalud 97,000 Urdu - 97,000 - - - -
Mazhabi (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Meena 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 40,000 Hindi 38,000 - 1,900 - 30 -
 Meitei 500 Meitei 500 - - - - -
 Memon 241,000 Gujarati - 241,000 - - - -
 Mewati (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Miana 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern 60 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
 Mizo 400 Mizo - - - 400 - -
Mizo Lushai 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 143,000 Bengali 135,000 - 5,000 3,400 - -
 Moger 9,700 Kannada 9,500 - 300 - - -
 Moghal 209,000 Urdu - 209,000 - - - -
Molesalam 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Molvi 4,300 Gujarati - 4,300 - - - -
 Momna 9,400 Gujarati - 9,400 - - - -
Mondiwaru 500 Telugu - 500 - - - -
 Mudugar 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 80 Malayalam - - - 80 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 20 Malayalam - 20 - - - -
Mukri 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
 Munda 400 Mundari 400 - - - - -
 Munnur 11,000 Telugu 11,000 - - - - -
 Murao (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 13,000 Telugu 13,000 - - - - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 6,500 Tamil - - - 6,500 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
 Nadia 300 Gujarati 300 - 30 - - -
 Naga 300 Naga Pidgin - - - 300 - -
 Nagarchi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 821,000 Hindi 816,000 - 6,000 - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Naikda 22,000 Kannada 22,000 200 - 20 - 30
Naikwadi 600 Marathi - 600 - - - -
 Nair 59,000 Malayalam 59,000 - - - - -
Naksia 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Nalband 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Namassej (Hindu traditions) 6,700 Bengali 6,600 - 100 - - -
 Namassej Chandel 3,700 Bengali 3,600 - 50 - - -
Nanakshahi 1,100 Hindi - - - - 1,100 -
Nanbai 1,300 Urdu - 1,300 - - - -
 Nandiwale 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,900 Hindi 4,900 - - - - -
 Navithan 3,400 Tamil 3,400 - - - - -
 Newah 300 Nepali 200 - 50 - - -
 Oraon 43,000 Kurux 39,000 200 200 2,800 - 300
Padiar Unknown Konkani, Goan - - - - - -
 Paharia 3,500 Santhali 3,500 - - - - -
Paik 1,300 Odia 1,300 - - - - -
Paliya 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 500 Tamil - - - 500 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Tamil 17,000 - 40 - - -
 Pan 900 Odia 800 - 30 - - -
 Panchama 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pandaram 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Pangul 21,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - -
 Panika 1,700 Chhattisgarhi 1,700 - - - - -
 Panka 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 5,000 Tamil - - - 5,000 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - - - -
Paravan (Hindu traditions) 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Pardhan 144,000 Pardhan 139,000 300 300 200 - 3,300
 Pardhi 221,000 Pardhi 218,000 1,300 700 90 50 1,000
Parja 500 Odia 500 30 - - - -
 Parsee 62,000 Gujarati - - - - - 62,000
 Pashtun, Pathan 1,187,000 Urdu - 1,187,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - 300 - - -
Pasi Gujar 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Pasi Kaithwan 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
Pasi Rajpasi 4,000 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Patelia 2,600 Gujarati 2,300 50 20 100 - 70
 Patharwat 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - - - - -
Patlia 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Patralu 3,700 Odia 3,700 - - - - -
Patvekari (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Kannada 2,900 - - - - -
Patvekari (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Patwa (Hindu traditions) 5,500 Hindi 5,300 - - - - 200
Pawaria (Hindu traditions) 200 Bareli, Rathwi 200 - - - - -
 Perka 7,400 Telugu 7,400 - 60 - - -
 Persian 3,300 Persian, Iranian - 3,300 - - - -
Phudgi 10,000 Marathi 10,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pindara 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Pinjara 84,000 Urdu - 84,000 - - - -
 Pod 4,100 Bengali 4,100 - 30 - - -
Poi 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Pomla 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
Prabhu 3,100 Gujarati 3,100 - - - - -
Prabhu Kayastha 252,000 Marathi 252,000 - - - - -
Prabhu Patane 61,000 Marathi 61,000 - - - - -
 Pulayan 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Pundari 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Qalaigar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Qassab 4,100 Urdu - 4,100 - - - -
Quam-e-Punjab 2,800 Punjabi, Eastern - 2,800 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 9,600 Gujarati 9,400 - 100 - - -
 Rabha 50 Assamese 50 - - - - -
Rachband 500 Punjabi, Eastern 500 - - - - -
 Raddi 1,800 Kannada 1,800 - 60 - - -
 Rahmani (Muslim traditions) 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Rai 100 Nepali 100 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Bengali 11,000 - 60 - - -
Rajbansi Khen (Hindu traditions) 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
Rajbansi Pali 1,700 Bengali 1,700 - - - - -
 Rajbhar 8,100 Hindi 8,000 - 80 - - -
Rajpur 1,600 Konkani, Goan 1,600 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 1,184,000 Hindi 1,170,000 - 70 30 - 14,000
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 56,000 Urdu - 56,000 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 29,000 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - 28,000 -
 Rajput Baghel (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bargujar (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhadauria 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bundela 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput Chamar Gaur 2,400 Hindi 2,400 - - - - -
 Rajput Chandel 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 53,000 Hindi 53,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Dikhit 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Gahlot 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
 Rajput Garewal (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 7,200 Hindi 7,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Gautam 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
Rajput Jadu 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Rajput Janjua (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Joia (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Kachhwaha 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Hindu traditions) 68,000 Marathi 68,000 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Rajput Manihas (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Rajput Paik 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput Parihar 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 108,000 Hindi 108,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 80 Urdu - 80 - - - -
 Rajput Pundir (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rajbansi 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
Rajput Rawat 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Saithwar 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Rajput Sakarwar 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput Salehria (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Sengar 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Sisodia 8,300 Hindi 8,300 - - - - -
Rajput Solanki 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Rajput Sombansi 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
Rajput Tonwar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Raju 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Rajwar 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
Ralte 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 4,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,100 -
Ramoshi 308,000 Marathi 308,000 - - - - -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 179,000 Marathi 178,000 - 1,400 - - 300
 Rangrez (Muslim traditions) 9,600 Urdu - 9,600 - - - -
 Rathawa 400 Rathawi 400 - - - - -
 Rathia (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Ravalia 5,300 Gujarati 5,300 - - - - -
 Rawal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rayeen (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Sagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Sagarbanshi 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Sahi 1,100 Marathi 1,100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 5,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,000 -
Salat (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Gujarati 1,900 - 80 - - -
 Sali 397,000 Kannada 393,000 - 4,100 - - 400
Saltangar 300 Marathi - 300 - - - -
 Salvi 60 Mewari 60 - - - - -
Sangar 32,000 Marathi 32,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Santal 200 Santhali 200 - - - - -
 Saora 400 Odia 300 - - - - -
Sarekari 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Punjabi, Eastern 3,800 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 6,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,200 -
 Sarki 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Satani 2,900 Telugu 2,900 - 30 - - -
Sauntia 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Sayyid 1,267,000 Urdu - 1,267,000 - - - -
Sayyid Husaini 32,000 Urdu - 32,000 - - - -
 Segidi 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Shabar 70 Odia 70 - - - - -
 Shaikh 7,319,000 Urdu - 7,324,000 - 80 - -
Shaikh Faruqi 67,000 Urdu - 67,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 734,000 Urdu - 734,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Siddiqi 220,000 Urdu - 220,000 - - - -
Shaikh Usmani 43,000 Urdu - 43,000 - - - -
 Shenva (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Gujarati 1,200 - 40 - - -
 Sherpa 30 Nepali - - 30 - - -
Shinligar 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
 Siddi (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
 Siddi (Muslim traditions) 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 14,000 Urdu - 14,000 - - - -
Silawat (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Silawat (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Sindhi (Muslim traditions) 8,800 Sindhi - 8,800 - - - -
 Sindhi Mohana 600 Sindhi - 600 - - - -
 Sindhi Samon 500 Sindhi - 500 - - - -
 Sindhi Sumra 300 Gujarati - 300 - - - -
Sindhollu 1,000 Telugu 800 - - - 200 -
Sindhuria 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 900 Sinhala - - 900 - - -
Somvanshi 286,000 Marathi 286,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 1,292,000 Hindi 1,270,000 - 11,000 - - 11,000
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,600 -
Sonar Aksali 39,000 Gujarati 39,000 - 400 - - -
Sonjhara 1,600 Odia 1,600 - - - - -
Sudra 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Bengali 12,000 - - - - -
Sunri Sadhubanik 3,500 Bengali 3,500 - - - - -
 Sunuwar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Sutradhar (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 115,000 Malayalam - - - 115,000 - -
Tagwale 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Tai Man 30 Phake - - 30 - - -
Takari 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Talkute 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Tamang 100 Nepali 90 - 20 - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 429,000 Hindi 426,000 - 3,000 - - 80
 Tamboli (Muslim traditions) 5,500 Urdu - 5,500 - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 27,000 Tamil - 27,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Bengali 2,200 - - - - -
 Targala 2,500 Gujarati 2,500 - - - - -
Taria 4,300 Marathi 4,300 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 12,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 12,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 1,499,000 Hindi 1,483,000 - 16,000 100 600 100
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 36,000 Urdu - 36,000 - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Hindu traditions) 36,000 Marathi 35,000 - 1,200 - - -
Teli Ganiga (Muslim traditions) 1,200 Urdu - 1,200 - - - -
Teli Sahu 79,000 Marathi 79,000 - 100 - - -
 Thakar 87,000 Marathi 87,000 - - - - -
 Thakkar 562,000 Marathi 560,000 1,400 200 100 100 800
 Thakuri 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Tharu 400 Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya 400 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Tibetan 2,500 Tibetan, Central - - 2,500 - - -
 Tili 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
Tirmali 11,000 Marathi 11,000 - - - - -
 Tiyar 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Turi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Turkmen 200 Turkmen - 200 - - - -
 Urali 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 361,000 Telugu 360,000 - 1,500 - - -
 Vakkaliga 145,000 Kannada 144,000 - 400 - - -
Valmiki (Balmiki) Mehtar 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - 80 - - -
 Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) 217,000 Hindi 211,000 - 3,800 2,800 200 -
Vaniyan 4,200 Tamil 3,200 - - 1,000 - -
 Vanjara 818,000 Marathi 817,000 - 2,100 - - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 500 Tamil - - - 500 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Tamil 3,100 - - - - -
 Vanniyan 70,000 Tamil 70,000 - - - - -
 Varli 787,000 Varli 782,000 1,000 200 1,500 100 2,700
Vasudev 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 1,000 Tamil - - - 1,000 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) 70 Tamil 70 - - - - -
 Velama 4,300 Telugu 4,300 - - - - -
Velan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Vellalan 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - 60 - -
 Viramushti 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Viswakarma 231,000 Telugu 231,000 - 400 - - 30
 Viswakarma Asari 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - - - -
Viswakarma Panchal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 1,000 Malayalam 1,000 - - - - -
Vitholia 600 Gujarati 500 40 - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 1,320,000 Hindi 1,317,000 - 3,400 40 40 90
 Yadav Dhindhor 32,000 Hindi 32,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gaoli 5,200 Hindi 5,200 - - - - -
Yadav Ghosi 29,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 109,000 Telugu 109,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gualbans (Hindu traditions) 176,000 Hindi 176,000 - - - - -
Yadav Nandbans 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Yadav Rawat 7,300 Hindi 7,300 - - - - -
 Yadav Sadgope 4,300 Bengali 4,300 - - - - -
 Yakthumba, Limbu 40 Nepali 40 - - - - -
 Yenadi 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
Yerava 500 Ravula 500 - - - - -
 Yerukula 600 Yerukula 600 - - - - -
Zarekari 600 Gujarati - 600 - - - -
  Totals:  888 123,879,000   827 100,145,000 13,503,000 6,572,000 1,085,000 233,000 2,364,000
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