Country:

India

State: Maharashtra
District: All

Number of People Groups

862

Unreached People Groups

802

Total Population

123,924,000

Buddhist

4.2 %

Christian

0.9 %

Hindu

82.0 %

Muslim

10.8 %

Sikh

0.2 %

Other Religions

1.9 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi 40 Adi 40 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 2,800 Telugu 2,700 - - 100 - -
 Adi Dravida 38,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 100 - -
Adi Dravida Christian 1,400 Tamil - - - 1,400 - -
 Adi Karnataka 7,200 Kannada 7,200 - - - - -
Adi Karnataka Christian 30 Kannada - - - 30 - -
 Agamudaiyan 4,300 Tamil 4,300 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 2,300 Tamil 2,300 - - - - -
 Agariya (Hindu traditions) 100 Agariya 100 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 900 - 20 - - -
 Aghori 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Agri 340,000 Marathi 340,000 - - - - -
 Aguri 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
Ahom 30 Assamese 30 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
Alitkar Salankar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Alkari 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Alwar 200 Marwari 200 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
Ambattan 1,700 Tamil 1,600 - - 100 - -
Anamuk 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Andh 476,000 Marathi 472,000 700 800 70 60 2,100
 Angami 300 Naga, Angami - - - 300 - -
Anglo 24,000 English - - - 24,000 - -
 Ansari 691,000 Urdu - 691,000 - - - -
 Ao 20 Naga, Ao - - - 20 - -
 Arab 800 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 800 - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Arakh 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Aray Mala 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Arayan 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Armenian 300 Armenian - - - 300 - -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 5,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,600 -
 Arwa Mala 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 300 Assamese - 300 - - - -
Atari 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
Audhelia 200 Chhattisgarhi 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Badaik 500 Sadri 500 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 904,000 Hindi 904,000 - - 400 - 20
Badhai Kharadi 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - - - - -
Badhai Konkani 46,000 Marathi 46,000 - - - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Bagdi 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
Bagwan 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Baha'i 7,700 Hindi 1,300 - - - - 6,400
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bahna (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Bahrupi 3,900 Marathi 3,900 - - - - -
 Baidya (Hindu traditions) 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Baiga 500 Hindi 500 20 20 20 - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 160,000 Hindi 160,000 - - - - 40
Baiti 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
Bajania 1,800 Gujarati 1,800 - - - - -
Bajgar 400 Bagri 400 - - - - -
Bajikar (Muslim traditions) 100 Bengali - 100 - - - -
Bakad 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Balai (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - 90 - - -
Balasantoshi 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - 30 - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 48,000 Telugu 48,000 - - - - -
Balija (Muslim traditions) 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Balija Bogam 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 4,700 Telugu 4,700 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Baloch 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania 3,631,000 Hindi 2,580,000 - - - 100 1,049,000
 Bania Agarwal 311,000 Hindi 214,000 - - - - 97,000
 Bania Agrahari 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Bania Bannore 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bania Brittal 20 Assamese 20 - - - - -
Bania Chaturth 29,000 Marathi 3,700 - - - - 25,000
 Bania Chetti 83,000 Tamil 71,000 - - - - 12,000
Bania Dhusar 5,900 Hindi 5,900 - - - - -
 Bania Gahoi 11,000 Hindi 7,500 - - - - 3,600
Bania Golapurab 80 Hindi 40 - - - - 40
Bania Gujar 129,000 Gujarati 128,000 - - - - 200
 Bania Jaiswal 17,000 Hindi 5,300 - - - - 12,000
Bania Kasar 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - 50
 Bania Kasarwani 9,400 Hindi 9,100 - - - - 200
 Bania Kasaundhan 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
Bania Khandelwal 4,800 Hindi 1,500 - - - - 3,400
 Bania Khedayata 1,700 Gujarati 1,700 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 42,000 Telugu 40,000 - - - - 2,600
 Bania Lad 52,000 Gujarati 48,000 - - - - 4,300
Bania Mahajan 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 300
 Bania Mahesri 28,000 Hindi 28,000 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 56,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 7,100
Bania Marwadi 4,300 Marwari 4,300 - - - - -
Bania Modh 3,600 Gujarati 3,400 - - - - 100
Bania Nagar 7,800 Gujarati 7,800 - - - - -
 Bania Nima 36,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - 23,000
 Bania Oswal 127,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - 98,000
Bania Pancham 38,000 Kannada 7,700 - - - - 30,000
 Bania Porwal 55,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - 29,000
Bania Saitwal 42,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 26,000
 Bania Srimali 66,000 Gujarati 24,000 - - - - 42,000
Bania Ummad 48,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - 30,000
Banijiga 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,034,000 Lambadi 1,033,000 - - 200 - -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Banjara Rathor (Hindu traditions) 92,000 Lambadi 92,000 - - - - -
 Baori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Barda 2,300 Marathi 2,200 20 - - - -
 Bari (Hindu traditions) 89,000 Hindi 89,000 - - 50 - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Gujarati 23,000 - - - - -
Barutgar 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Basor 58,000 Hindi 58,000 - 500 40 - -
Basor Kandra 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bauri 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Bavcha 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 27,000 Telugu 27,000 - - - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - 30 - - -
Bedar Bile 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
Bedar Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 1,500 Urdu - 1,500 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 9,400 Hindi 9,400 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 290,000 Kannada 290,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Beldar Lonari (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Kannada 22,000 - - - - -
Beldar Mith Gauda 300 Konkani, Goan 300 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 5,000 Kannada 5,000 - - - - -
 Bhaina 400 Chhattisgarhi 300 100 - - - -
 Bhampta 35,000 Marathi 35,000 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bhand (Muslim traditions) 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bhandari 2,400 Odia 2,400 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 8,000 Urdu - 8,000 - - - -
Bhangi Lal Begi (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Bhansala 168,000 Marathi 168,000 - - - - -
Bhansali Vegu 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Bhantu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhar 500 Bhojpuri 500 - - - - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 4,400 Hindi 4,400 - - - - -
 Bharia Bhumia 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - 30
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Hindi 50,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 3,100 Urdu - 3,100 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - -
 Bhattra 1,100 Bhatri 1,100 20 - 20 20 -
Bhavin 200 Konkani 200 - - - - -
Bhavit 5,800 Konkani, Goan 5,800 - - - - -
 Bhil 2,600,000 Hindi 2,481,000 66,000 2,100 14,000 500 38,000
Bhil Aher 33,000 Marathi 33,000 30 - 20 - 60
Bhil Dhangri 400 Dungra Bhil 300 - - - - -
Bhil Dhanka 21,000 Gujarati 21,000 40 - 20 - 30
Bhil Dubla 53,000 Bhili 53,000 80 - 30 - 90
Bhil Kataria 1,200 Wagdi 1,200 - - - - -
Bhil Mankar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bhil Mavchi (Hindu traditions) 181,000 Mawchi 174,000 3,200 50 900 - 2,400
Bhil Nihal 38,000 Hindi 34,000 2,500 20 - - 1,500
Bhil Paware 95,000 Marathi 90,000 2,800 20 400 - 1,900
Bhil Tadvi 67,000 Dhanki 30,000 34,000 - 40 - 3,400
Bhil Vasave 621,000 Vasavi 593,000 13,000 200 2,200 100 11,000
 Bhisti 2,500 Urdu - 2,500 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 525,000 Hindi 525,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia Sikkim 70 Sikkimese - - 70 - - -
Bhottada 50 Kuvi 50 - - - - -
 Bhoyar 61,000 Hindi 61,000 - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bhuiya 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bhulia 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Bhumij 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Bhunjia 2,200 Bhunjia 2,200 - - - - -
 Biar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bidur 299,000 Marathi 299,000 - - - - -
Bindla 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Binjhia 8,900 Hindi 8,900 - - - - 20
Birhor 300 Birhor 300 - - - - -
 Birjia 500 Bijori 500 - - - - -
 Bodo (Hindu traditions) Unknown Boro - - - - - -
 Bohra 272,000 Gujarati - 272,000 - - - -
 Boya 18,000 Telugu 18,000 - - - - -
Brahma Kshatriya 4,000 Gujarati 4,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin 4,772,000 Hindi 4,623,000 - 400 900 - 146,000
 Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,200 -
 Brahmin Acharaj 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavada 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 6,800 Gujarati 6,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 6,800 Gujarati 6,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 4,700 Bengali 4,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Bhumihar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Brahmin Chitpavan 378,000 Marathi 378,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Daima 4,100 Hindi 4,100 - - - - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 419,000 Marathi 419,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 150,000 Konkani 150,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 176,000 Hindi 176,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Gujarati 94,000 Gujarati 94,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 45,000 Hindi 45,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kanaujia 188,000 Hindi 188,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 42,000 Kannada 42,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karbadu 57,000 Marathi 57,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 48,000 Marathi 48,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kashmiri Pandit 21,000 Kashmiri 21,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Khandelwal 8,100 Hindi 8,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Khedawal 6,000 Gujarati 6,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Maha 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 131,000 Marathi 131,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Malvi 3,300 Malvi 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin Mastan 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Mewada 9,800 Gujarati 9,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Brahmin Nagar 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Ojha 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Palliwal 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Pushkarna 1,800 Marwari 1,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sakaldwipi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sanadhya 169,000 Hindi 169,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 82,000 Hindi 82,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 245,000 Hindi 245,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Srigaud 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Srimali 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 27,000 Telugu 27,000 - - - - -
Buna (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Burmese 900 Burmese - - 900 - - -
Byagara 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Chadar 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Chain 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 30 Tamil - - - 30 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 4,700 Tamil 4,600 - - 30 - -
 Chalvadi 3,300 Kannada 2,800 - 500 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 1,436,000 Hindi 1,409,000 - 15,000 13,000 900 -
Chandala 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Gujarati 34,000 - - - - -
 Chaudhari, tribal 60 Gujarati 60 - - - - -
 Chenchu 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Chenna Dasar 600 Kannada 600 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Malayalam 2,400 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 500 Malayalam - - - 500 - -
 Chhetri 700 Nepali 600 - 40 - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 36,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - 2,400
Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Chitara 1,700 Chhattisgarhi 1,700 - - - - -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 44,000 Marathi 44,000 - - - - -
 Chodhara 400 Chodri 400 - 30 - - -
 Christian 61,000 Hindi - - - 61,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
 Dahait 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Dakkal 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Dandigan 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
 Dangi 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Darjee 50 Nepali 50 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 705,000 Hindi 695,000 - - - - 9,900
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Darzi Namdev (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Gujarati 24,000 - - - - -
Depala 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Deshwali (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 6,500 Tulu 6,500 - - - - -
Devadiga Kalavant 800 Konkani 800 - - - - -
 Devanga 26,000 Kannada 26,000 - - - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
Dewar 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Dhakad 400 Hindi 400 - - - - 20
Dhale 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 144,000 Gujarati 140,000 800 1,300 900 20 800
Dhangri 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Dhanka 35,000 Gujarati 27,000 7,200 30 40 - 700
 Dhanuk 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Dhanwar 4,300 Chhattisgarhi 4,300 - 50 - - -
Dhavad 1,700 Marathi - 1,700 - - - -
 Dhimar 521,000 Hindi 521,000 - - 80 - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 645,000 Hindi 643,000 - 1,700 - - 200
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 21,000 Urdu - 21,000 - - - -
 Dhodia 18,000 Gujarati 18,000 50 20 - - 90
 Dhor 117,000 Marathi 116,000 - 500 50 - -
Divehi 200 Maldivian - 200 - - - -
Dohor 20,000 Hindi 20,000 - - - - -
Dom 600 Telugu 600 - 20 - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Odia 3,500 - 20 - - -
 Dubla 19,000 Dubli 19,000 70 30 - - 50
 Dudekula 100 Telugu - 100 - - - -
Dulia 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Dusadh (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - 20 - - -
 Faqir 1,900 Urdu 200 1,700 - - 20 -
 Gadaba 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
 Gamit 68,000 Gamit 65,000 300 - 2,500 20 400
Gammalla Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Ganda 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
Gandharb (Muslim traditions) 800 Gujarati - 800 - - - -
Gandla 5,900 Telugu 5,900 - - - - -
 Gangakula 31,000 Kannada 31,000 - - - - -
Gaondi 2,100 Marathi 2,000 - - - - 20
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Garpaguri 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
 Gauda 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
Ghadasi 8,200 Marathi 8,200 - - - - -
Ghadi 1,100 Konkani, Goan 1,100 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Muslim traditions) 26,000 Gujarati - 26,000 - - - -
 Gharti 30 Bengali 30 - - - - -
 Ghasiya (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Ghirath (Hindu traditions) 100 Kangri 100 - - - - -
 Ghisadi 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Goanese 164,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 164,000 - -
Gokha (Hindu traditions) 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
Golak 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Gond 1,624,000 Hindi 1,542,000 5,900 3,200 1,200 300 74,000
Gond Arakh 43,000 Gondi, Northern 39,000 100 50 20 - 3,600
Gond Jhare 52,000 Gondi, Northern 48,000 200 60 30 - 4,400
Gond Mannewar 28,000 Gondi, Adilabad 27,000 70 50 20 - 1,300
Gond Maria 432,000 Gondi, Northern 404,000 1,000 600 300 20 26,000
Gond Muria 7,000 Hindi 6,800 - - - - 200
Gond Rajgond 357,000 Gondi, Northern 341,000 700 700 200 - 15,000
Gond Sonjhari 48,000 Gondi, Northern 47,000 60 50 - - 1,500
 Gondhali 51,000 Marathi 51,000 - - - - -
Gopal 35,000 Gujarati 35,000 - - - - -
 Gosain 403,000 Hindi 403,000 - - - - 300
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Gowari 374,000 Marathi 373,000 - - 80 - 1,200
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 269,000 Hindi 268,000 - - - - 700
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Gujjar (Muslim traditions) 80 Gujari - 80 - - - -
 Guria 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Gurung 60 Nepali 30 - 30 - - -
 Hadi 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
 Hajam 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
Halam Unknown Kok Borok - - - - - -
 Halba 262,000 Marathi 253,000 900 500 80 30 7,000
Halleer 100 Konkani, Goan 60 - - - 40 -
Halsar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Hammal 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 3,700 Chinese, Mandarin - - 3,300 - - 400
Hanabar 3,000 Tulu 3,000 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Hasalaru Unknown Tulu - - - - - -
 Hatkar 259,000 Marathi 259,000 - 200 - - -
 Hijda 165,000 Hindi 155,000 10,000 - - - -
 Hmar 20 Hmar - - - 20 - -
 Ho 30 Ho 30 - - - - -
 Holar 109,000 Marathi 109,000 - 600 50 40 -
 Holaya 18,000 Kannada 18,000 - 400 - - -
Idayan 6,200 Tamil 6,200 - - - - -
 Ilavan 42,000 Malayalam 40,000 - - 1,500 - -
Ilavaniyan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 125,000 Hindi 124,000 - - - - 1,800
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 3,000 Urdu - 3,000 - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 115,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 115,000 -
Jat Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Jat Chima (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Jat Dagar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Dehia (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Jat Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Jat Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Jat Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
Jat Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Jat Ghatwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Gil (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
 Jat Gil (Sikh traditions) 1,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,700 -
Jat Kharral (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Jat Mann (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Mann (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Jat Pachhade 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat Rathi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jat Sahrawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Sarai (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Jat Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Punjabi, Eastern 2,400 - - - - -
Jat Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 2,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,700 -
 Jat Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Jat Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 2,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,600 -
Jat Varaich (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Virk (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Javeri 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 4,400 Marathi - - - - - 4,400
 Jhalo Malo 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 4,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,100 -
 Jingar 5,600 Marwari 5,500 - - - - 40
Jirayat 700 Marathi 700 - - - - -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Bengali 22,000 - - - - -
Jogi Kanphata (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Josi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Julaha 3,300 Hindi 400 - - - 2,900 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 78,000 Marathi 78,000 - - - - -
 Kachera (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Odia 1,500 - - - - -
Kachera (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - 1,100
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Gujarati 18,000 - - - - -
Kadia (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - - - - -
Kaghzi 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Kaibartta 5,800 Bengali 5,800 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 103,000 Kannada 102,000 - 30 - - -
 Kaikolan 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 219,000 Telugu 218,000 - - - - 900
 Kalal Idiga 89,000 Telugu 89,000 - - - - 200
Kalavant 4,400 Kannada 4,400 - - - - -
 Kalbelia 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kalingi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Kallan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kalu 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 225,000 Hindi 225,000 - - - - -
 Kamalia 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
 Kamar 1,600 Kamar 1,600 - - - - -
Kamathi 188,000 Telugu 188,000 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 60 - - - - 200
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 4,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,800 -
 Kami 70 Nepali 50 - 20 - - -
Kanai 45,000 Urdu - 45,000 - - - -
Kanakkan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Kanaura 60 Kinnauri 60 - - - - -
Kandra 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Kandu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 2,500 Hindi 2,500 - - - - -
 Kaora 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Kapali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Kapewar 43,000 Telugu 43,000 - - - - -
 Kapu 200,000 Telugu 200,000 - - - - -
 Kapu Reddi 54,000 Telugu 54,000 - - - - -
Karan 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Karwal 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 152,000 Marathi 150,000 - - - - 1,400
Kasar Otari 5,200 Telugu 5,200 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 3,200 Kashmiri - 3,200 - - - -
 Kathodi 287,000 Marathi 284,000 600 300 300 30 1,100
Katia 5,200 Hindi 5,200 - 30 - - -
 Kawar 27,000 Hindi 26,000 90 40 - 40 100
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 39,000 Hindi 39,000 - - - - -
 Khairwar 2,000 Bengali 1,900 - - - - 20
 Khandait 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
 Khangar (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Khangar (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Kharia 1,100 Kharia 900 - - 100 - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 150,000 Gujarati 150,000 - - - - -
 Khasi 500 Khasi - - - 500 - -
 Khati (Hindu traditions) 6,800 Hindi 6,800 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 109,000 Hindi 109,000 - 200 30 90 -
Khatik (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 600
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 9,600 Gujarati - 9,600 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 3,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,300 -
 Khavar 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 274,000 Gujarati - 274,000 - - - -
Khorot 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Kirar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
 Kisan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Koch (Hindu traditions) 200 Koch 200 - - - - -
Kodalo Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Kodava 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
 Koiri (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Kokna 691,000 Kukna 683,000 4,700 400 900 100 1,000
 Kol 6,900 Hindi 6,800 20 40 - - -
 Kolha 79,000 Ho 79,000 - - 60 - -
 Kolhati 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - - - - -
Koli 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - 300 40 - -
 Koli Dhor 263,000 Marathi 262,000 700 300 90 80 400
 Koli Mahadev 1,502,000 Marathi 1,492,000 3,400 3,200 1,000 200 2,700
 Koli Malhar 284,000 Marathi 280,000 500 3,300 100 30 600
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Koli Son 1,800 Marathi 1,800 - 30 - - -
Kolowar 196,000 Kolami, Northwestern 194,000 400 200 100 40 1,100
 Kolta 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
Konai 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Konkanese 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Koracha, caste 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
 Korama 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - -
 Kori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Korku 266,000 Korku 265,000 400 100 400 30 400
Korku Bawaria 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - 20 - -
Korku Muwasi 17,000 Korku 17,000 20 - 20 - 20
Korku Nahal 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - 20 - -
 Korwa 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
 Koshti 499,000 Marathi 495,000 30 - - - 3,800
 Koya 500 Telugu 300 200 - - - -
Koya Racha Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Kuchbandia 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Kudumban 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kudumi 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
 Kuki Chin Unknown Chin, Thado - - - - - -
 Kuli 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Kumal 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 750,000 Hindi 749,000 - 800 - - 50
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 7,112,000 Gujarati 7,097,000 - 100 50 - 13,000
Kunbi Anjna 106,000 Gujarati 106,000 - - - - 40
Kunbi Dhaneja 30,000 Marathi 30,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Ghatole 215,000 Marathi 215,000 - - - - 60
Kunbi Hindre 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Jadav 164,000 Marathi 164,000 - - - - 60
 Kunbi Kadwa 71,000 Gujarati 71,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Khaire 57,000 Marathi 57,000 - - - - -
 Kunbi Konkani 597,000 Konkani, Goan 597,000 - - - - 300
 Kunbi Lewa 220,000 Gujarati 220,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Lonari 87,000 Marathi 87,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Tirole 310,000 Marathi 310,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 300 Tamil - - - 300 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Malayalam 2,200 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 33,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 34,000 Kannada 34,000 - - - - -
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Ladakhi Unknown English - - - - - -
 Lakhera 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Lingader 5,300 Marathi 5,300 - - - - -
 Lingayat 244,000 Kannada - - - - - 244,000
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 131,000 Hindi 131,000 - - - - -
 Lodha (Muslim traditions) 40 Urdu - 40 - - - -
 Lohana 30,000 Gujarati 30,000 - - - - 700
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 625,000 Hindi 625,000 - 60 20 - 100
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Lohara 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 205,000 Gujarati 205,000 - - - - -
Machhi Mitna 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - - - - -
Madari (Muslim traditions) 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
Madgi 57,000 Telugu 52,000 - 5,100 300 - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 2,500 Telugu - - - 2,500 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Telugu 15,000 - 200 80 - -
 Magar 200 Nepali 200 - 40 - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 361,000 Marathi - - - 361,000 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 8,262,000 Marathi 3,858,000 - 4,392,000 11,000 4,500 -
Mahar (Muslim traditions) 2,300 Marathi - 2,300 - - - -
 Mahishya 14,000 Bengali 14,000 - - - - -
 Mahli 198,000 Marathi 198,000 - - - - 60
 Mahratta 26,661,000 Marathi 26,516,000 - 600 100 - 142,000
Mahratta Gomatang 53,000 Marathi 53,000 - - - - -
 Mahratta Jadhav 2,784,000 Marathi 2,771,000 - - - - 11,000
 Mahratta Konkani 461,000 Marathi 461,000 - - - - 50
 Mahratta Kunbi 3,013,000 Gujarati 3,013,000 - - - - -
 Mahratta Pawar 610,000 Marathi 608,000 - - - - 1,000
Mahratta Shinde 528,000 Marathi 526,000 - - - - 2,800
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 6,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,600 -
 Mahyavanshi 15,000 Gujarati 15,000 - 90 30 - -
Maila 70 Tulu 70 - - - - -
Mairal 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Majhwar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Majothi 300 Kacchi - 300 - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 2,800 Gujarati - 2,800 - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 3,400 Telugu - - - 3,400 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Telugu 16,000 - 500 60 - -
 Mala Dasari 1,800 Telugu 1,800 - - - - -
Mala Hannai Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Mala Jangam 8,100 Telugu 8,100 - - - 20 -
Mala Masti Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Mala Sale 400 Telugu 400 - 40 - - -
Mala Sanyasi 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 88,000 Malayalam - - - 88,000 - -
Malayekandi Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 3,072,000 Hindi 3,070,000 - 1,700 30 - 200
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Mallah Kewat (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
 Mallik (Muslim traditions) 159,000 Gujarati - 159,000 - - - -
Mana 220,000 Marathi 220,000 - - - - -
Manbhav 24,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - -
Mandala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Mang Garodi 40,000 Marathi 40,000 - 300 - - -
 Mangala 41,000 Telugu 41,000 - - - - -
 Mangrik 30 Ladakhi - - 30 - - -
 Manihar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Manne 2,500 Telugu 2,500 - 40 - - -
 Mappila 55,000 Malayalam - 55,000 - - - -
 Maravan 6,300 Tamil 6,300 - - - - -
Maru Kumhar 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 1,300 Kannada 1,300 - - - - -
Masthi 60 Telugu 50 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 162,000 Marathi - - - 162,000 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 2,503,000 Marathi 2,463,000 - 37,000 3,900 900 -
 Matia 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Mawalud 99,000 Urdu - 99,000 - - - -
 Mazhabi 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Meena 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 41,000 Hindi 40,000 - 100 - 30 -
 Meitei 500 Meitei 500 - - - - -
 Memon 244,000 Gujarati - 244,000 - - - -
 Mewati (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Miana 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 70 Punjabi, Eastern 70 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
 Mizo 400 Mizo - - - 400 - -
Mizo Lushai 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 141,000 Bengali 137,000 - - 3,500 - -
 Moger 9,600 Kannada 9,600 - - - - -
 Moghal 207,000 Urdu - 207,000 - - - -
Molesalam 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Molvi 4,400 Gujarati - 4,400 - - - -
 Momna 9,500 Gujarati - 9,500 - - - -
Mondiwaru 500 Telugu - 500 - - - -
 Mudugar 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 100 Malayalam - - - 100 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 20 Malayalam - 20 - - - -
Mukri 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
 Munda 500 Mundari 500 - - - - -
 Munnur 11,000 Telugu 11,000 - - - - -
 Murao (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 13,000 Telugu 13,000 - - - - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 6,600 Tamil - - - 6,600 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
 Nadia 300 Gujarati 300 - 20 - - -
 Naga 400 Naga Pidgin - - - 400 - -
 Nagarchi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 816,000 Hindi 815,000 - 1,000 - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Naikda 22,000 Kannada 22,000 300 - 20 - 50
Naikwadi 600 Marathi - 600 - - - -
 Nair 56,000 Malayalam 56,000 - - - - -
Naksia 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Nalband 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Namassej (Hindu traditions) 6,800 Bengali 6,800 - - - - -
 Namassej Chandel 3,700 Bengali 3,700 - - - - -
Nanakshahi 1,100 Hindi - - - - 1,100 -
Nanbai 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Nandiwale 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 5,000 Hindi 5,000 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 729,000 Marathi - - 726,000 3,200 - -
 Navithan 3,400 Tamil 3,400 - - - - -
 Newah 300 Nepali 200 - 50 - - -
 Oraon 43,000 Kurux 40,000 200 200 2,800 - 300
Padiar Unknown Konkani, Goan - - - - - -
 Paharia 3,500 Santhali 3,500 - - - - -
Paik 1,300 Odia 1,300 - - - - -
Paliya 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 500 Tamil - - - 500 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - - - -
 Pan 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
 Panchama 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pandaram 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Pangul 21,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - -
 Panika 1,700 Chhattisgarhi 1,700 - - - - -
 Panka 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 5,100 Tamil - - - 5,100 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
Paravan (Christian traditions) Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
Paravan (Hindu traditions) 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Pardhan 146,000 Pardhan 142,000 400 300 200 - 3,300
 Pardhi 225,000 Pardhi 222,000 1,300 700 100 70 1,000
Parja 600 Odia 500 40 - - - -
 Parsee 66,000 Gujarati - - - - - 66,000
 Pashtun, Pathan 1,204,000 Urdu - 1,204,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 24,000 - 70 - - -
 Patelia 2,700 Gujarati 2,400 70 20 100 - 80
 Patharwat 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - - - - -
Patlia 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Patralu 3,800 Odia 3,800 - - - - -
Patvekari (Hindu traditions) 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - -
Patvekari (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Patwa (Hindu traditions) 5,500 Hindi 5,300 - - - - 200
Pawaria (Hindu traditions) 200 Bareli, Rathwi 200 - - - - -
 Perka 7,600 Telugu 7,600 - - - - -
 Persian 3,300 Persian, Iranian - 3,300 - - - -
Phudgi 10,000 Marathi 10,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pindara 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Pinjara 87,000 Urdu - 87,000 - - - -
 Pod 4,100 Bengali 4,100 - - - - -
Poi 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
Pomla 100 Gujarati 90 - - - - -
 Portuguese 300 Indo-Portuguese - - - 300 - -
Prabhu 3,100 Gujarati 3,100 - - - - -
Prabhu Kayastha 249,000 Marathi 249,000 - - - - -
Prabhu Patane 58,000 Marathi 58,000 - - - - -
 Pulayan 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Pundari 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Qalaigar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Qassab 4,100 Urdu - 4,100 - - - -
Quam-e-Punjab 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - 2,900 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 9,500 Gujarati 9,500 - - - - -
 Rabha 50 Assamese 50 - - - - -
Rachband 500 Punjabi, Eastern 500 - - - - -
 Raddi 1,800 Kannada 1,800 - - - - -
 Rahmani (Muslim traditions) 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Rai 70 Nepali 60 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Bengali 11,000 - - - - -
Rajbansi Khen (Hindu traditions) 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Rajbhar 8,000 Hindi 8,000 - - - - -
Rajpur 1,600 Konkani, Goan 1,600 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 1,184,000 Hindi 1,171,000 - 70 30 - 14,000
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 50,000 Urdu - 50,000 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 30,000 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - 29,000 -
 Rajput Baghel (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bargujar (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhadauria 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bundela 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chandel 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 51,000 Hindi 51,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Dikhit 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Gahlot 7,600 Hindi 7,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Garewal (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 6,900 Hindi 6,900 - - - - -
 Rajput Gautam 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
Rajput Jadu 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Rajput Janjua (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Joia (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Kachhwaha 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Hindu traditions) 69,000 Marathi 69,000 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Rajput Manihas (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Rajput Paik 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Parihar 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 108,000 Hindi 108,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 80 Urdu - 80 - - - -
 Rajput Pundir (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rajbansi 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Rajput Rawat 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Saithwar 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Rajput Sakarwar 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput Salehria (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Sengar 4,600 Hindi 4,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Sisodia 8,400 Hindi 8,400 - - - - -
Rajput Solanki 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Rajput Sombansi 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Tonwar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Raju 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Rajwar 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
Ralte 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 4,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,300 -
Ramoshi 313,000 Marathi 313,000 - - - - -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 181,000 Marathi 180,000 - - - - 300
 Rangrez (Muslim traditions) 9,800 Urdu - 9,800 - - - -
 Rathawa 400 Rathawi 400 - - - - -
 Rathia (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Ravalia 5,300 Gujarati 5,300 - - - - -
 Rawal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rayeen (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Sagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Sagarbanshi 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Sahi 1,100 Marathi 1,100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 5,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,100 -
Salat (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Gujarati 1,900 - - - - -
 Sali 394,000 Kannada 394,000 - - - - 400
Saltangar 300 Marathi - 300 - - - -
 Salvi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sangar 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - 20 - - -
 Santal 200 Santhali 200 - - - - -
 Saora 400 Odia 400 - - - - -
Sarekari 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Kangri 3,900 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 6,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,400 -
 Sarki 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
 Satani 3,000 Telugu 3,000 - - - - -
Sauntia 50 Odia 50 - - - - -
 Sayyid 1,276,000 Urdu - 1,276,000 - - - -
 Segidi 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Shabar 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
 Shaikh 7,475,000 Urdu - 7,475,000 - 80 - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 745,000 Urdu - 745,000 - - - -
 Shenva (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Gujarati 1,300 - 40 - - -
 Sherpa 40 Nepali - - 40 - - -
Shinligar 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
 Siddi (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
 Siddi (Muslim traditions) 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 15,000 Urdu - 15,000 - - - -
Silawat (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Silawat (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Sindhi (Muslim traditions) 8,900 Sindhi - 8,900 - - - -
 Sindhi Mohana 600 Sindhi - 600 - - - -
 Sindhi Samon 500 Sindhi - 500 - - - -
 Sindhi Sumra 300 Gujarati - 300 - - - -
Sindhollu 1,000 Telugu 900 - - - 200 -
Sindhuria 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 700 Sinhala - - 700 - - -
Somvanshi 289,000 Marathi 289,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 1,279,000 Hindi 1,267,000 - - - - 11,000
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,600 -
Sonar Aksali 31,000 Gujarati 31,000 - - - - -
Sonjhara 1,600 Odia 1,600 - - - - -
Sudra 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Bengali 12,000 - - - - -
Sunri Sadhubanik 3,500 Bengali 3,500 - - - - -
 Sunuwar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Sutradhar (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 117,000 Malayalam - - - 117,000 - -
Tagwale 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Tai Man 30 Phake - - 30 - - -
Takari 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Talkute 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Tamang 100 Nepali 100 - 40 - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 424,000 Hindi 424,000 - - - - 80
 Tamboli (Muslim traditions) 5,600 Urdu - 5,600 - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 34,000 Tamil - 34,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Bengali 2,200 - - - - -
 Targala 2,500 Gujarati 2,500 - - - - -
Taria 4,400 Marathi 4,400 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 12,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 12,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 1,491,000 Hindi 1,490,000 - 1,000 100 - 100
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 36,000 Urdu - 36,000 - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Hindi 35,000 - - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Muslim traditions) 1,200 Urdu - 1,200 - - - -
Teli Sahu 80,000 Marathi 80,000 - - - - -
 Thakar 88,000 Marathi 88,000 - - - - -
 Thakkar 571,000 Marathi 567,000 1,400 200 100 100 800
 Thakuri 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Tharu 400 Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya 400 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - 20
 Tibetan 2,300 Tibetan, Central - - 2,300 - - -
 Tili 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
Tirmali 11,000 Marathi 11,000 - - - - -
 Tiyar 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Turi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Turkmen 200 Turkmen - 200 - - - -
 Urali 60 Malayalam 60 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 362,000 Telugu 362,000 - - - - -
 Vakkaliga 145,000 Kannada 145,000 - - - - -
Valmiki (Balmiki) Mehtar 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - 60 - - -
 Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) 220,000 Hindi 216,000 - 1,500 2,800 200 -
Vaniyan 4,300 Tamil 3,300 - - 1,100 - -
 Vanjara 824,000 Marathi 824,000 - - - - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 600 Tamil - - - 600 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 3,400 Tamil 3,400 - - - - -
 Vanniyan 71,000 Tamil 71,000 - - - - -
 Varli 799,000 Varli 795,000 1,100 200 1,600 100 2,700
Vasudev 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 1,000 Tamil - - - 1,000 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
 Velama 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
Velan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Vellalan 12,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - 60 - -
 Viramushti 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Viswakarma 234,000 Telugu 234,000 - - - - 30
 Viswakarma Asari 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
Viswakarma Kollan 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Viswakarma Panchal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - - - -
Vitholia 600 Gujarati 500 40 - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 1,321,000 Hindi 1,321,000 - - 40 40 90
 Yadav Dhindhor 33,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - -
Yadav Gaoli 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 110,000 Telugu 110,000 - - - - -
Yadav Gualbans (Hindu traditions) 179,000 Hindi 179,000 - - - - -
Yadav Rawat 7,500 Hindi 7,500 - - - - -
 Yadav Sadgope 4,300 Bengali 4,300 - - - - -
 Yakthumba, Limbu 40 Nepali 40 - - - - -
 Yenadi 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
Yerava 500 Ravula 500 - - - - -
 Yerukula 700 Yerukula 700 - - - - -
Zarekari 600 Gujarati - 600 - - - -
  Totals:  862 123,924,000   802 101,661,000 13,337,000 5,215,000 1,077,000 236,000 2,396,000
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