CountryIndia

State:

  

Tamil Nadu

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

518

Unreached People Groups

465

Total Population

75,921,000

Buddhist

0.0 %

Christian

5.8 %

Hindu

88.4 %

Muslim

5.3 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

0.5 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
Adaviar 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 90,000 Telugu 83,000 - - 7,200 - -
 Adi Dravida 8,552,000 Tamil 8,028,000 - 1,100 525,000 - -
Adi Karnataka 41,000 Kannada 40,000 - - 500 - -
 Adiyan 2,700 Malayalam 2,500 - - 200 - -
 Agamudaiyan 825,000 Tamil 821,000 - - 4,300 - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Agri 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 12,000 Malayalam 2,500 - - 9,300 - -
Ajila 2,100 Malayalam 2,100 - - - - -
 Alambadi kurichchan 4,700 Kurichiya 6,500 - - - - -
Alavan 4,500 Tamil 4,500 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 64,000 Malayalam 63,000 - - 500 - -
Ambattan 175,000 Tamil 173,000 - - 1,900 - -
Anamuk 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Angami 50 Naga, Angami - - - 50 - -
Anglo 21,000 English - - - 21,000 - -
 Ansari 31,000 Urdu - 30,000 - - - -
Anuppan 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Ao 50 Naga, Ao - - - 50 - -
 Arab Unknown Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - - - - - -
Arandan 60 Tamil 50 - - - - -
Arasar 32,000 Malayalam 7,300 - - 25,000 - -
 Arasu 3,100 Kannada 3,100 - - - - -
Aray Mala 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Arayan 47,000 Malayalam 46,000 - - 100 - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 500 -
 Arunthathiyar 859,000 Telugu 859,000 - 100 - 70 -
Arwa Mala 83,000 Tamil 83,000 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 20 Assamese - 20 - - - -
Ayyanavar 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
 Badaga 204,000 Badaga 204,000 - - 600 - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
 Bagata 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Baira 1,900 Kannada 1,900 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Bengali 28,000 - - - - 30
Bakad 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
Bakuda 800 Tulu 800 - - - - -
Balagai 6,400 Kannada 6,400 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 235,000 Telugu 235,000 - - - - -
Bandi 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
 Bania 764,000 Hindi 666,000 - - 20 - 84,000
 Bania, Agarwal 24,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - 5,300
 Bania, Agrahari 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Bania, Chetti 413,000 Tamil 369,000 - - - - 44,000
Bania, Gujar 100 Gujarati 100 - - - - -
 Bania, Komti 30,000 Telugu 30,000 - - - - 70
Bania, Mahajan 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bania, Oswal 8,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - 6,000
 Bania, Porwal 4,800 Hindi 3,100 - - - - 1,600
 Bania, Srimali 900 Gujarati 900 - - - - -
Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
Banijiga 25,000 Kannada 15,000 - - - - 10,000
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 77,000 Lambadi 77,000 - - - - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 2,300 Gujarati 2,300 - - - - -
Bariki 100 Oriya 100 - - - - -
 Basor 153,000 Hindi 153,000 - - - - -
Bathada 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
 Bauri 80 Bengali 80 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 499,000 Telugu 499,000 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 17,000 Kannada 7,600 - - - - 9,500
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 154,000 Kannada 154,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 161,000 Kannada 161,000 - - - - -
Bellara 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Bhansala 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bharathar 44,000 Tamil 8,000 - - 36,000 - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Bhil 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 53,000 Hindi 53,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia, Sikkim 30 Nepali - - 30 - - -
 Bohra 5,000 Gujarati - 5,000 - - - -
Bondili 700 Oriya 700 - - - - -
 Boya 1,933,000 Telugu 1,933,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin 2,444,000 Hindi 2,427,000 - - 3,900 - 10,000
Brahmin, Anavala 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Audich 2,800 Gujarati 2,800 - - - - -
Brahmin, Bengali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Chitpavan 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Christian 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 1,400 - -
Brahmin, Deshastha 17,000 Marathi 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Dravida 80,000 Tamil 80,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaud Saraswat 21,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaur 62,000 Hindi 62,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Gujar Gaur 4,100 Hindi 4,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gujarati 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Iyer 231,000 Tamil 231,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Joshi 5,700 Hindi 5,700 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kannada 72,000 Kannada 72,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Karhada 2,000 Marathi 2,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kosala Nadu 8,700 Telugu 8,700 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mahratta 39,000 Marathi 39,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Marathi 3,200 Marathi 3,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Modh 2,000 Gujarati 2,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nambudiri 21,000 Malayalam 21,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Pancha Dravida 69,000 Malayalam 69,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Saraswat 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Sawaria 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sholiar 33,000 Tamil 33,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Tamil 408,000 Tamil 407,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Telaganya 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Telugu 54,000 Telugu 54,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Vadama 31,000 Tamil 31,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Vaidik 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Velanadu 29,000 Telugu 29,000 - - - - -
 Burmese 400 Burmese - - 400 - - -
Byagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Chackaravar 20,000 Tamil 17,000 - - 3,000 - -
Chakkiliyan 1,270,000 Tamil 1,149,000 - 300 121,000 - -
 Chalvadi 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 3,400 Hindi 3,400 - - - - -
Chandala 400 Oriya 400 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Chavalakkaran 11,000 Malayalam 9,800 - - 1,600 - -
Chayakkaran 32,000 Tamil 32,000 - - - - -
 Chenchu 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
Chenna Dasar 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Malayalam 3,200 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 83,000 Malayalam - - - 83,000 - -
 Chhetri 60 Nepali 60 - - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Christian unspecified 180,000 Hindi - - - 180,000 - -
Dakkal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Dandasi 200 Oriya 200 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 119,000 Hindi 119,000 - - - - -
Devadasi 3,400 Kannada 3,400 - - - - -
Devadiga 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
Devanga 45,000 Kannada 42,000 - - 800 - 3,000
 Devendrakulathan 85,000 Tamil 85,000 - - - - -
 Dhangar 7,800 Gujarati 7,800 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 962,000 Hindi 962,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 3,900 Urdu - 3,900 - - - -
 Dhor 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Divehi, Maldivian 100 Maldivian - 100 - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Oriya 12,000 - - - - -
Domm 2,500 Telugu 2,500 - - - - -
 Drukpa Unknown Dzongkha - - - - - -
 Dudekula 700 Telugu - 700 - - - -
Ellamalawar 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Eravallan 1,900 Tamil 1,900 - - - - -
 Gamit 1,800 Gamit 1,800 - - - - -
 Ganda 20 Oriya 20 - - - - -
Gandla 19,000 Telugu 19,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 71,000 Kannada 71,000 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Gauda 20 Oriya 20 - - - - -
Gavara 12,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Ghasi (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Goan Catholic 14,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 14,000 - -
Godagali 1,300 Oriya 1,300 - - - - -
Godda 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
 Gond 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Gosain 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Telugu 2,000 - - - - -
Gowdali 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Gudigar 400 Konkani 400 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gurung Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Hajam 22,000 Urdu - 22,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 6,900 Vaagri Booli 6,900 - - - - -
Halleer 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
Halsar 70 Konkani, Goan 70 - - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 500 Chinese, Mandarin - - 500 - - 20
 Hande Jogi 5,700 Kannada 4,800 - - - - 1,000
Hasalaru 60 Tulu 60 - - - - -
Hasla 100 Tulu 100 - - - - -
Hill Pulayan 101,000 Tamil 100,000 - - 300 - -
 Ho 20 Ho 20 - - - - -
Holar 3,400 Marathi 3,400 - - - - -
Holaya Dasar 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Holer 1,500 Kannada 1,500 - - - - -
Idayan 24,000 Tamil 24,000 - - - - -
Ilavan 2,208,000 Malayalam 2,159,000 - - 53,000 - -
Ilavaniyan 6,200 Malayalam 6,200 - - - - -
Ilavathi 18,000 Malayalam 18,000 - - - - -
Ilayathu 15,000 Malayalam 15,000 - - - - -
 Irular 201,000 Irula 200,000 100 - 600 - 500
Jaggali 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Jambuvulu 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 5,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,700 -
Jatapu 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 11,000 Kurumba, Jennu 11,000 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 20 Marathi - - - - - 20
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 29,000 Bengali 29,000 - - - - -
 Julaha 100 Hindi - - - - 100 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
Kadan 800 Kadar 800 - - 20 - -
Kadu Kuruba 12,000 Kannada 12,000 - - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Kahha, Phom 40 Naga, Phom - - - 40 - -
 Kaibartta 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 2,252,000 Tamil 2,249,000 - - 4,000 - -
 Kakkalan 7,700 Malayalam 7,700 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 158,000 Telugu 158,000 - - - - -
Kalavant 1,600 Kannada - - - - - 1,600
Kalladi 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Kallan 1,228,000 Tamil 1,226,000 - - 2,100 - -
Kamathi 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Kammara 700 Telugu 700 - - 20 - -
Kamsala 30 Oriya 30 - - - - -
Kanakkan 5,800 Malayalam 5,800 - - 40 - -
 Kanikaran 4,600 Kanikkaran 5,500 - - 200 - -
Kaniyan 2,000 Malayalam 1,700 - - 300 - -
 Kapu 581,000 Telugu 581,000 - - - - -
Karimpalan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
 Karnam 80 Oriya 80 - - - - -
Karumpuram 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Marathi 1,100 - - 100 - 2,800
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 300 Kashmiri - 300 - - - -
Kattunayakan 56,000 Tamil 56,000 300 - 400 - 30
Kavara 69,000 Tamil 69,000 - - 20 - -
Kavathi 13,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 2,000 - -
Kavuthiyan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
Kepmaris 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Keralamuthali 4,100 Malayalam 3,300 - - 800 - -
Khandait 40 Oriya 40 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
 Khasi 400 Khasi - - - 400 - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 800 -
 Khoja 40 Gujarati - 40 - - - -
Kochu Velan 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Gujarati 23,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 70 Marathi 70 - - - - -
 Koli Mahadev 2,500 Marathi 2,500 - - - - -
Koli Malhar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Koliyan 14,000 Tamil 13,000 - - 700 - -
Kolupulvandlu 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Konda Dhora 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 23,000 Telugu 24,000 - - 80 - -
 Konyak 30 Naga, Konyak - - - 30 - -
Koosa 600 Kannada 600 - - - - -
Kootan 6,300 Malayalam 6,300 - - - - -
Koracha, caste 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
Koracha, tribe 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
 Korama 3,400 Kannada 3,400 - - - - -
 Kori 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Koshti 53,000 Marathi 53,000 - - 200 - -
Kota 1,500 Kota 1,500 - - - - -
Kotegar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Koya 1,200 Telugu 1,200 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 12,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - - - -
Kuda Korava 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 2,100 Kannada - - - - - 2,100
Kudiya 200 Kudiya 200 - - - - -
 Kudumban 69,000 Tamil 67,000 - - 2,100 - -
Kudumi 119,000 Tamil 119,000 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 100 Oriya 100 - - - - -
 Kuli 100 Oriya 100 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 243,000 Hindi 241,000 - - - - 1,600
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Gujarati 50,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 34,000 Kannada 34,000 - - - - -
Kunnavan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Kuravan 140,000 Malayalam 127,000 - - 13,000 - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Hindi 52,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 775,000 Kannada 774,000 - - - - -
Kuruman 31,000 Kurumba, Betta 30,000 - - 100 - 40
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Lingader 40 Marathi - - - - - 40
 Lingayat 144,000 Kannada - - - - - 144,000
 Lohana 1,200 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 133,000 Hindi 133,000 - - - - -
 Lotha 50 Naga, Lotha - - - 50 - -
Madasi Kuruva 2,100 Telugu 2,100 - - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 3,200 Telugu - - - 3,200 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 8,500 Telugu 8,400 - - 40 - -
 Madiga Dasu 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Magar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Maha Malasar 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 900 Marathi - - - 900 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Marathi 3,200 - - - - -
 Mahishya 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Mahratta 147,000 Marathi 147,000 - - - - 200
 Mahratta Kunbi 8,700 Gujarati 8,700 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Mahyavanshi 5,400 Gujarati 5,400 - - - - -
Maila 500 Tulu 500 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 5,700 Telugu - - - 5,700 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - 50 - -
Mala Dasari 8,300 Telugu 8,300 - - - - -
Mala Dasu 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Kuravan 900 Tamil 900 - - - - -
Mala Masti 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Mala Pulayan 72,000 Telugu 72,000 - - - - -
Mala Sale 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Sanyasi 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
Mala Urali 3,200 Telugu 3,200 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 226,000 Malayalam - - - 226,000 - -
Malai Arayan 700 Malayalam 700 - - 20 - -
Malai Pandaram 3,800 Malayalam 4,100 - - - - -
Malai Vedan 7,800 Tamil 7,700 - - 40 - 30
Malai Vellala 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Malakkuravan 21,000 Tamil 21,000 - - 20 - 200
Malasar 7,700 Tamil 7,600 - - 20 - 20
 Malayali 395,000 Tamil 400,000 200 - 700 20 200
Malayan, caste 41,000 Tamil 41,000 - - - - -
Malayan, tribe 24,000 Malayalam 24,000 - - - - -
Malayarayar 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - 20 - -
Malayekandi 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
 Mangala 483,000 Telugu 483,000 - - - - -
Maniyattikkaran 5,200 Tamil 5,200 - - - - -
 Manna Dhora 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 45,000 Malayalam 45,000 - - 100 - -
Mannan, tribe 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Manne 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Mappila 112,000 Malayalam - 112,000 - - - -
Marakkan (Christian traditions) 100 Malayalam - - - 100 - -
Marakkan (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Malayalam 1,900 - - - - -
Marakkan (Muslim traditions) 300 Tamil - 300 - - - -
 Maravan 3,117,000 Tamil 3,049,000 - - 64,000 - -
 Masan Jogi 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Mashti 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 100 Marathi - - - 100 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Marathi 1,500 - - - - -
Matangi 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Mavilan 2,900 Tulu 2,900 - - - - -
 Mazhabi Unknown Punjabi, Eastern - - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Meitei 100 Meitei 100 - - - - -
Melakkaran 90 Tamil 90 - - - - -
 Memon 2,200 Gujarati - 2,200 - - - -
 Mizo 200 Mizo - - - 200 - -
Mizo, Lushai 200 Mizo - - - 200 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Bengali 3,600 - - - - -
 Moger 500 Tulu 500 - 20 - - -
 Moghal 19,000 Urdu - 19,000 - - - -
 Momna 800 Gujarati - 800 - - - -
Mondiwaru 50 Telugu - 50 - - - -
 Mudugar 1,700 Tamil 1,600 - - 60 - 30
Mukha Dhora 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 2,700 Malayalam - - - 2,700 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 30 Malayalam - 30 - - - -
Mundala 500 Tulu 500 - - - - -
 Munnur 53,000 Telugu 53,000 - - - - -
Mutali 39,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 800 - -
 Muthan 2,500 Malayalam 2,500 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 400 Malayalam 400 - - 50 - -
 Mutrasi 56,000 Telugu 56,000 - - 400 - -
 Nadar 2,792,000 Tamil 1,733,000 - - 1,059,000 - -
 Nadia 40 Gujarati 40 - - - - -
 Naga, unspecified 30 Naga Pidgin - - - 30 - -
Nagartha 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 607,000 Hindi 601,000 - - - - 5,500
Nai (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Nair 1,359,000 Malayalam 1,341,000 - - 17,000 - -
Nalakeyava 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Nalkadaya 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Namassej 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Nanjil Mudali 600 Tamil 500 - - 70 - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 3,800 Marathi - - 3,800 - - -
Navait 19,000 Malayalam - 19,000 - - - -
Navithan 760,000 Tamil 760,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 2,000 Gujarati 2,000 - - - - -
 Newah 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Odiya 200 Oriya 200 - - - - -
Oochan 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Padannan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Pagadai 28,000 Telugu 28,000 - - - - -
Pale 100 Kodava 100 - - - - -
Paliya 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Paliyan 7,500 Tamil 7,500 - - - - -
Pallan 3,278,000 Tamil 2,778,000 - 500 500,000 200 -
Palleyan 500 Tamil 400 - - 30 - -
Palliyan 2,300 Tamil 2,200 - - 80 - -
Palliyar 3,700 Tamil 3,500 - - 200 - 30
Palluvan 1,800 Malayalam 1,800 - - - - -
Pambada 1,300 Tulu 1,300 - - - - -
 Pan 50 Oriya 50 - - - - -
Panan 186,000 Tamil 186,000 - - - - -
 Panchama 2,400 Telugu 2,400 - - - - -
Pandaram 2,900 Malayalam 2,900 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Panikkan 34,000 Tamil 34,000 - - - - -
Panisavan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Paniyan 12,000 Paniya 11,000 20 - 200 - 70
 Pannadi 17,000 Tamil 17,000 - - - - -
Panniandi 5,700 Telugu 5,700 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 2,662,000 Tamil 2,006,000 - 400 659,000 400 -
Paravan 51,000 Malayalam 25,000 - - 25,000 - -
Pardhan 60 Pardhan 60 - - - - -
 Parsee 300 Gujarati - - - - - 300
 Pashtun, Pathan 206,000 Urdu - 206,000 - - - -
 Patelia 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Pathiyan 5,600 Malayalam 5,600 - - - - -
Patnulkaran 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Persian 300 Persian, Iranian - 300 - - - -
Perumal Makkukkaran 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
Perumannan 42,000 Malayalam 42,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Pindara 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Pinjara 3,400 Urdu - 3,400 - - - -
 Pod 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Poi 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Portuguese 100 Indo-Portuguese - - - 100 - -
Prabhu Kayastha 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
Pulayan (Hindu traditions) 137,000 Malayalam 137,000 - - - - -
Pulayan, Vettuvan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Puthirai Vannan 43,000 Tamil 43,000 - - 100 - -
 Qassab 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
 Raddi 3,700 Kannada 80 - - - - 3,600
 Rai Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 300 Rajbanshi 300 - - - - -
Rajpur 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 244,000 Hindi 243,000 - - - - 1,000
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,400 -
Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bais (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Chandrabansi 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
 Rajput, Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
Rajput, Gahlot 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput, Gaur 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Rathor 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput, Solanki 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
 Rajput, Surajbansi 37,000 Hindi 37,000 - - - - -
Ralte 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Raneyar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Rathawa 1,700 Rathawi 1,700 - - - - -
 Ravalia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Razu 62,000 Telugu 62,000 - - - - -
 Relli 100 Oriya 100 - - - - -
Rona 200 Oriya 200 - - - - -
Sahari 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Sali 145,000 Kannada 119,000 - - - - 25,000
Samagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Samanthan 200 Oriya 200 - - - - -
Samban 38,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 300 - -
 Santal 30 Santhali 30 - - - - -
 Saora 100 Oriya 100 - - - - -
Sapari 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Satani 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
Sayankulam 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
 Sayyid 231,000 Urdu - 231,000 - - - -
Sema 40 Naga, Sumi - - - 40 - -
Semman 2,600 Tamil 2,600 - - 30 - -
 Shaikh 903,000 Urdu - 903,000 - - - -
Sillekyatha 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 900 Sinhala - - 900 - - -
Siyal 60 Oriya 60 - - - - -
Soligar 4,900 Sholaga 4,800 - - - - 20
Somvanshi 33,000 Marathi 33,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 379,000 Hindi 378,000 - - - - 1,300
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 305,000 Malayalam - - - 305,000 - -
 Tamang Unknown Tamang, Eastern - - - - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Hindi 9,500 - - - - 4,100
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 2,464,000 Tamil - 2,464,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 600 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 261,000 Hindi 254,000 - - - - 7,200
Thakkar 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Thandan 16,000 Malayalam 14,000 - - 2,000 - -
Thantapulayan 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
 Tharu 30 Tharu, Kochila 30 - - - - -
Thoti, caste 10,000