Country:

India

Province / State: Tamil Nadu
District: All

Number of People Groups

585

Unreached People Groups

517

Total Population

79,020,000

Buddhist

0.0 %

Christian

6.2 %

Hindu

87.9 %

Muslim

5.6 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

0.3 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 65,000 Telugu 65,000 - 90 700 - -
Adi Andhra Christian 12,000 Telugu - - - 12,000 - -
 Adi Dravida 7,129,000 Tamil 7,115,000 - 5,300 6,400 400 -
Adi Dravida Christian 531,000 Tamil - - - 531,000 - -
 Adi Karnataka 31,000 Kannada 31,000 - - - - -
Adi Karnataka Christian 400 Kannada - - - 400 - -
 Adiyan 4,000 Malayalam 3,900 20 - 30 - 20
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 680,000 Tamil 679,000 - - 1,500 - -
Agamudaiyan Udayar 9,700 Tamil 8,000 - - 1,700 - -
 Agamudaiyan unspecified 772,000 Tamil 767,000 - - 4,300 - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
 Agri 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 2,700 Telugu 2,500 - - 200 - -
Aiyanavar Christian 7,200 Telugu - - - 7,200 - -
Ajila 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Alambadi Kurichchan 7,200 Kurichiya 7,200 20 - - - 40
 Alavan 4,600 Tamil 4,600 - - - - -
 Ambalavasi 72,000 Malayalam 71,000 - - 600 - -
Ambalavasi Kambalattu 3,400 Tamil 3,300 - - 50 - -
Ambalavasi Tottiyan Naicker 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - 100 - -
 Ambattan (Hindu traditions) 175,000 Tamil 174,000 - - 90 - -
Ambattan Christian 2,200 Tamil - - - 2,200 - -
 Angami 60 Naga, Angami - - - 60 - -
Anglo Indian 10,000 English - - - 10,000 - -
 Ansari 34,000 Urdu - 34,000 - - - -
Anuppan 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
 Ao 60 Naga, Ao - - - 60 - -
 Arab Unknown Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - - - - - -
Arandan 200 Aranadan 200 - - - - -
Arasar 8,800 Malayalam 8,500 - - 200 - -
Arasar Christian 24,000 Malayalam - - - 24,000 - -
 Arasu 3,800 Kannada 3,800 - - - - -
Aray Mala 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Arayan 55,000 Malayalam 55,000 - - 200 - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -
 Arunthathiyar 1,064,000 Tamil 1,063,000 - 100 - 70 -
 Arwa Mala 81,000 Tamil 81,000 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 30 Assamese - 30 - - - -
Ayyanavar 2,900 Malayalam 2,900 - - - - -
 Badaga 233,000 Badaga 232,000 - - 700 - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Bagata 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Baha'i 1,600 Hindi - - - - - 1,600
 Baira 1,600 Kannada 1,600 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 31,000 Hindi 31,000 - - - - -
Bakad 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
Bakuda 5,600 Tamil 5,600 - - - - -
Balagai 7,500 Kannada 7,500 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 239,000 Kannada 239,000 - - - - -
Balija Bogam 5,000 Telugu 5,000 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 9,000 Kannada 9,000 - - - - -
Balija Musugu 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Bandi (Hindu traditions) 3,500 Tamil 3,500 - - - - -
 Bania Agarwal 26,000 Hindi 21,000 - - - - 5,000
 Bania Agrahari 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
 Bania Chetti 436,000 Tamil 394,000 - - - - 42,000
Bania Gujar 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
Bania Irupathi Nalu Manai Chetti 18,000 Telugu 18,000 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 31,000 Telugu 30,000 - - - - 300
Bania Mahajan 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
 Bania Mahesri 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bania Oswal 8,800 Hindi 2,600 - - - - 6,200
 Bania Porwal 5,100 Hindi 3,400 - - - - 1,700
 Bania Srimali 1,000 Gujarati 1,000 - - - - -
Bania Trivarnika Vaisya 4,100 Telugu 4,100 - - - - -
 Bania unspecified 705,000 Hindi 634,000 - - 20 - 72,000
 Banijiga 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 75,000 Lambadi 75,000 - - - - -
 Banjara Rathod (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Lambadi 3,600 - - - - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 2,500 Gujarati 2,500 - - - - -
Bariki 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Basor 169,000 Hindi 169,000 - - - - -
Bathada 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Bauri 80 Bengali 80 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 155,000 Kannada 155,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 163,000 Kannada 163,000 - - - - -
Beldar Kannada Balija Naicker 6,000 Kannada 6,000 - - - - -
Beldar Lonari (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Kannada 3,600 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 2,100 Kannada 2,100 - - - - -
Beldar Toreya 2,000 Kannada 2,000 - - - - -
Bellara 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
Bhansala 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
Bharathar (Christian traditions) 40,000 Tamil - - - 40,000 - -
Bharathar (Hindu traditions) 7,700 Tamil 7,700 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Bhil unspecified 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 46,000 Hindi 46,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia 30 Nepali - - 30 - - -
 Bohra 5,700 Gujarati - 5,700 - - - -
 Bondili 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
 Boya 2,057,000 Telugu 2,057,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
Brahmin Ashtashasram 40,000 Tamil 40,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 3,000 Gujarati 3,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Chitpavan 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Brahmin Christian 3,100 Tamil - - - 3,100 - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 18,000 Marathi 18,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Dikshitar 22,000 Tamil 22,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Dravida 86,000 Tamil 86,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 65,000 Hindi 65,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 4,400 Hindi 4,400 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujarati 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Brahmin Iyer 249,000 Tamil 249,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 6,800 Hindi 6,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 75,000 Kannada 75,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 2,100 Marathi 2,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Kosala Nadu 9,100 Telugu 9,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 40,000 Marathi 40,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Marathi 3,100 Marathi 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Mukkaniyar 16,000 Tamil 16,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Nambudiri 23,000 Malayalam 23,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Pancha Dravida 74,000 Malayalam 74,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Potti 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Brahmin Sholiar 35,000 Tamil 35,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 417,000 Tamil 417,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telaganya 27,000 Telugu 27,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 58,000 Telugu 58,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin unspecified 2,232,000 Hindi 2,221,000 - - 700 - 10,000
Brahmin Vadama 35,000 Tamil 35,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Vaidik 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Velanadu 30,000 Telugu 30,000 - - - - -
 Budega Jangam 8,000 Telugu 8,000 - - - - -
 Burmese 500 Burmese - - 500 - - -
Byagara 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 19,000 Konkani - 19,000 - - - -
Chackaravar 18,000 Tamil 18,000 - - - - -
Chackaravar Christian 3,100 Tamil - - - 3,100 - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 135,000 Tamil - - - 135,000 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 929,000 Tamil 928,000 - 500 600 40 -
 Chalvadi 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Chandala 70 Odia 70 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Chavalakkaran 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
Chavalakkaran Christian 1,700 Malayalam - - - 1,700 - -
Chayakkaran 34,000 Tamil 34,000 - - - - -
 Chenchu 4,100 Telugu 4,100 - - 30 - -
 Chenna Dasar 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Malayalam 1,700 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 82,000 Malayalam - - - 82,000 - -
 Chhetri 70 Nepali 70 - - - - -
 Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Christian 178,000 Hindi - - - 178,000 - -
 Dakkal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Dandasi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 106,000 Hindi 106,000 - - - - -
Devadasi 3,600 Kannada 3,600 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
 Devanga 48,000 Kannada 47,000 - - 1,000 - -
 Devendrakulathan 94,000 Tamil 94,000 - - - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 2,300 Gujarati 2,300 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 8,200 Gujarati 8,200 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 803,000 Hindi 803,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 4,400 Urdu - 4,400 - - - -
 Dhor 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Divehi 200 Maldivian - 200 - - - -
Dom (Dombara) 4,300 Telugu 4,300 - - - - -
 Domar (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Odia 19,000 - - - - -
 Drukpa Unknown Dzongkha - - - - - -
 Dudekula 1,000 Telugu - 1,000 - - - -
Ellamalawar 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Eravallan 3,500 Tamil 3,500 - - 20 - -
 Gamit 1,900 Gamit 1,900 - - - - -
 Ganda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Gandla 19,000 Telugu 19,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 80,000 Kannada 80,000 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Gauda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Gavara 13,000 Malayalam 13,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Ghasiya (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Goanese 16,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 16,000 - -
Godagali 30 Odia 30 - - - - -
 Godari 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
Godda 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Gond unspecified 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gosain unspecified 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
 Gudigar 500 Konkani 500 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gurung Ghaleg Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Hajam 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 7,800 Vaagri Booli 7,800 - - - - -
Halleer 20 Konkani, Goan 20 - - - - -
Halsar 80 Kannada 80 - - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 400 Chinese, Mandarin - - 400 - - 50
 Hande Jogi 5,400 Kannada 5,400 - - - - -
 Hasalaru 90 Tulu 90 - - - - -
Hasla 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Hill Pulayan 112,000 Tamil 112,000 - - 300 - -
 Ho 20 Ho 20 - - - - -
 Holar 3,700 Marathi 3,700 - - - - -
 Holaya 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
Holaya Dasar 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Idayan 27,000 Tamil 27,000 - - - - -
 Ilavan 2,291,000 Malayalam 2,290,000 - - 500 - -
Ilavan Christian 63,000 Tamil - - - 63,000 - -
Ilavaniyan 6,700 Malayalam 6,700 - - - - -
Ilavathi 21,000 Malayalam 21,000 - - - - -
Ilayathu 17,000 Malayalam 17,000 - - - - -
 Irular 189,000 Irula 187,000 300 - 700 - 300
Jaggali 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Jambuvulu Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 3,400 Hindi 3,400 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 6,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,100 -
Jatapu 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 12,000 Kurumba, Jennu 12,000 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 20 Marathi - - - - - 20
 Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 33,000 Bengali 33,000 - - - - -
 Kabirpanthi 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Kachari (Hindu traditions) 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 14,000 Tamil 14,000 - - 500 - -
 Kadan 800 Malayalam 800 - - - - -
Kadu Kuruba 14,000 Kannada 14,000 - - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Kahha 40 Naga, Phom - - - 40 - -
 Kaibartta unspecified 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 23,000 Kannada 23,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 2,424,000 Tamil 2,418,000 - - 5,800 - -
 Kakkalan 8,500 Malayalam 8,500 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 141,000 Telugu 141,000 - - - - -
 Kalal Idiga 106,000 Telugu 106,000 - - - - -
Kalladi 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Kallan Tondaman 467,000 Tamil 466,000 - - 1,400 - -
Kallan unspecified 1,086,000 Tamil 1,084,000 - - 2,400 - -
Kamathi 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Kammara 1,300 Telugu 1,200 - - - - -
Kamsala 30 Odia 30 - - - - -
Kanakkan 6,200 Malayalam 6,100 - - 50 - -
 Kanikkaran 4,300 Kanikkaran 3,900 - - 400 - -
 Kaniyan 2,200 Malayalam 1,600 - - 500 - 20
 Kapu Reddi 72,000 Telugu 72,000 - - - - -
 Kapu unspecified 520,000 Telugu 520,000 - - - - -
Kapu Vadugan 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
Karimpalan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
 Karnam 50 Odia 50 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Marathi 900 - - 100 - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 300 Kashmiri - 300 - - - -
 Kattunayakan 48,000 Tamil 47,000 30 - 300 - 50
Kavara 71,000 Tamil 71,000 - - - - -
Kavathi 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - - - -
Kavathi Christian 2,200 Tamil - - - 2,200 - -
Kavuthiyan 1,700 Malayalam 1,700 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Kepmaris 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
Keralamuthali 2,700 Malayalam 2,700 - - 20 - -
Keralamuthali Christian 900 Malayalam - - - 900 - -
 Khandait 50 Odia 50 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Gujarati 1,000 - - - - -
 Khasi (War-Khasi) 500 Khasi - - - 500 - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 900 -
 Khoja 50 Gujarati - 50 - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
 Koli Mahadev 2,400 Marathi 2,400 - - - - -
 Koli Malhar 700 Marathi 700 - - - - -
 Koli of Gujarat 15,000 Gujarati 15,000 - - - - -
Koliyan 6,300 Tamil 6,000 - - 300 - -
 Kolupulvandlu 80 Telugu 80 - - - - -
 Konda Dhora 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 700 Telugu 500 - - 200 - -
 Konda Reddi 13,000 Telugu 13,000 - - 20 - 20
 Konyak 50 Naga, Konyak - - - 50 - -
Kootan 4,500 Malayalam 4,500 - - - - -
 Koracha, caste 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
Koracha, tribal 300 Tulu 300 - - - - -
 Korama unspecified 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - - - - -
 Kori 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Koshti 60,000 Marathi 59,000 - - 200 - -
Kota 500 Kota 500 - - - - -
Kotegar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Koya unspecified 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 13,000 Malayalam 13,000 - - - - -
Kuda Korava 1,900 Tamil 1,900 - - - - -
Kudiya 100 Kudiya 100 - - - - -
 Kudumban 30,000 Tamil 27,000 - - 2,300 - -
 Kudumi 122,000 Tamil 122,000 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Kuli 90 Odia 90 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 249,000 Hindi 249,000 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 70 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 70 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 44,000 Gujarati 44,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 38,000 Kannada 38,000 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 14,000 Tamil - - - 14,000 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 155,000 Malayalam 155,000 - 100 - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 53,000 Hindi 53,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 896,000 Kannada 896,000 40 - 40 - 20
 Kuruman 32,000 Kurumba, Betta 32,000 50 - 30 - 60
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Lingayat 94,000 Kannada - - - - - 94,000
 Lohana 1,300 Gujarati 1,300 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 130,000 Hindi 130,000 - - - - -
 Lotha 60 Naga, Lotha - - - 60 - -
Madari (Hindu traditions) 291,000 Tamil 291,000 - - - - -
 Madasi Kuruva 2,000 Telugu 2,000 - - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 6,500 Telugu - - - 6,500 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 6,900 Telugu 6,800 - 30 40 - -
 Madiga Dasu 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Magar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Mahar (Buddhist traditions) 3,100 Marathi 3,100 - - - - -
 Mahar (Christian traditions) 1,500 Marathi - - - 1,500 - -
 Mahishya 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Mahratta Kunbi 8,600 Gujarati 8,600 - - - - -
 Mahratta unspecified 136,000 Marathi 136,000 - - - - 200
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Mahyavanshi 5,900 Gujarati 5,900 - - - - -
Maila 500 Tulu 500 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 7,800 Telugu - - - 7,800 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Telugu 4,300 - - 30 - -
 Mala Dasari 7,600 Telugu 7,600 - - - - -
 Mala Dasu 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Mala Jangam 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Pulayan 80,000 Telugu 80,000 - - - - -
Mala Sale 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Urali 3,700 Telugu 3,700 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 277,000 Malayalam - - - 277,000 - -
Malai Arayan 300 Malayalam 300 - - 40 - -
Malai Pandaram 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
 Malai Vedan 8,500 Malayalam 8,200 - - 200 - -
Malakkuravan 19,000 Tamil 19,000 30 - 80 - 20
Malakuravan 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Malasar 7,600 Tamil 7,600 - - - - -
 Malayali 396,000 Tamil 395,000 400 20 500 - 200
Malayan, caste 29,000 Malayalam 29,000 - - - - -
Malayan, tribe 45,000 Tamil 45,000 - - - - -
Malayarayar 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - 20 - -
Malayekandi 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Malla Jetti 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
 Mangala 475,000 Telugu 475,000 - - - - -
Maniyattikkaran 4,800 Tamil 4,800 - - - - -
 Manna Dhora 80 Telugu 80 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 49,000 Malayalam 49,000 - - 100 - -
Mannan, tribal 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
Manne 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Mappila 109,000 Malayalam - 109,000 - - - -
Marakkan (Christian traditions) 200 Malayalam - - - 200 - -
Marakkan (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Malayalam 2,200 - - - - -
 Maravan 3,182,000 Tamil 3,100,000 - - 82,000 - -
 Masan Jogi 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Masthi 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 400 Marathi - - - 400 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Marathi 1,400 - - - - -
Matangi 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Mavilan 4,700 Malayalam 4,700 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Meitei unspecified 100 Meitei 100 - - - - -
 Memon 2,500 Gujarati - 2,500 - - - -
 Mizo 200 Mizo - - - 200 - -
Mizo Lushai 200 Mizo - - - 200 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 4,100 Bengali 4,100 - - - - -
 Moger unspecified 200 Kannada 100 - 20 - - -
 Moghal 22,000 Urdu - 22,000 - - - -
 Momna 900 Gujarati - 900 - - - -
 Mudugar 1,600 Tamil 1,500 - - 90 - -
Mukha Dhora 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 3,600 Malayalam - - - 3,600 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 30 Malayalam - 30 - - - -
Mundala 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
 Munnur 44,000 Telugu 44,000 - - - - -
Mutali 42,000 Tamil 41,000 - - 900 - -
 Muthan 2,800 Malayalam 2,800 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 51,000 Telugu 51,000 - - 400 - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 1,138,000 Tamil - - - 1,138,000 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 1,794,000 Tamil 1,794,000 - - - - -
 Nadia 40 Gujarati 40 - - - - -
 Naga 30 Nagamese - - - 30 - -
Nagartha 15,000 Kannada 15,000 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 609,000 Hindi 609,000 - - - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Nair 1,331,000 Malayalam 1,316,000 - - 15,000 - -
Nair Anthur 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
Nalkadaya 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Namassej (Hindu traditions) 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Namassej Chandel 70 Bengali 70 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,800 Hindi 4,800 - - - - -
Navait 23,000 Konkani - 23,000 - - - -
 Navithan 823,000 Tamil 823,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Newah 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Odiya 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Padannan 70 Malayalam 70 - - - - -
Pagadai 8,600 Tamil 8,600 - - - - -
Pale 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Paliya 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Paliyan 8,400 Tamil 8,400 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 509,000 Tamil - - - 542,000 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 2,509,000 Tamil 2,504,000 - 1,000 5,100 80 -
Palleyan 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Palliyan 5,300 Tamil 5,000 - - 200 - -
Palliyar 6,400 Tamil 6,100 - - 300 - 20
Palluvan 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
Pambada 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
 Pan 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
 Panan 212,000 Tamil 212,000 - - - - -
 Panchama 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
 Pandaram 2,900 Malayalam 2,900 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Panikkan 37,000 Tamil 37,000 - - - - -
 Paniyan 12,000 Paniya 12,000 70 - 200 - -
 Pannadi 5,000 Tamil 5,000 - - - - -
Panniandi 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 695,000 Tamil - - - 695,000 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 2,014,000 Tamil 2,009,000 - 1,000 3,700 300 -
Paravan (Christian traditions) 29,000 Tamil - - - 29,000 - -
 Paravan (Hindu traditions) 26,000 Malayalam 26,000 - 90 - - -
 Pardhan 40 Pardhan 40 - - - - -
 Parsee 300 Gujarati - - - - - 300
 Pashtun Afridi 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
Pashtun Ghilzai 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Pashtun Kakar 19,000 Urdu - 19,000 - - - -
Pashtun Khan 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Pashtun Lodhi (Dalazak) 7,900 Urdu - 7,900 - - - -
 Pashtun Mohmand 7,200 Urdu - 7,200 - - - -
 Pashtun Yusafzai 27,000 Urdu - 27,000 - - - -
 Pashtun, Pathan 180,000 Urdu - 180,000 - - - -
 Patelia 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Pathiyan 6,200 Malayalam 6,200 - - - - -
Patnulkaran 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Persian 200 Dari - 200 - - - -
Perumal Makkukkaran 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
Perumannan 50,000 Malayalam 50,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Pindara 3,100 Urdu - 3,100 - - - -
 Pinjara 4,100 Urdu - 4,100 - - - -
 Pod 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Poi 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
Prabhu Kayastha 70 Marathi 70 - - - - -
Pulaya Vettuvan 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Pulayan unspecified 8,600 Malayalam 8,500 - 30 - - -
 Puthirai Vannan 29,000 Tamil 29,000 - - 100 - -
 Qassab 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
 Raddi 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
 Rai Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
Rajpur 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 218,000 Hindi 217,000 - - - - 700
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 2,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,300 -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput Chandrabansi 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor (Hindu traditions) 1,800 Hindi 1,800 - - - - -
 Rajput Sengar 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rajput Solanki 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 40,000 Hindi 40,000 - - - - -
Ralte 70 Mizo - - - 70 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Rathawa 1,900 Rathawi 1,900 - - - - -
 Ravalia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Rawat 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Razu 64,000 Telugu 64,000 - - - - -
 Relli 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Rona 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Sali 133,000 Kannada 133,000 - - - - -
Sali Pattariyan 1,700 Tamil 1,700 - - - - -
Samagara 40 Kannada 40 - - - - -
 Samanthan 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Samban 8,500 Tamil 8,300 - - 200 - -
 Santal (Sawntal) 20 Santhali 20 - - - - -
 Saora unspecified 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Satani 30,000 Telugu 30,000 - - - - -
Sayankulam 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
 Sayyid 228,000 Urdu - 228,000 - - - -
Sayyid Husaini 8,800 Urdu - 8,800 - - - -
 Sema 60 Naga, Sumi - - - 60 - -
Semman 2,600 Tamil 2,500 - - 30 - -
Shaikh Faruqi 12,000 Urdu - 12,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 104,000 Urdu - 104,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Siddiqi 48,000 Urdu - 48,000 - - - -
 Shaikh unspecified 779,000 Urdu - 779,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Usmani 5,200 Urdu - 5,200 - - - -
 Sillekyatha 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Silpi 71,000 Telugu 71,000 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 1,800 Sinhala - - 1,800 - - -
Siyal 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Soligar 7,000 Sholaga 6,900 - - 30 - -
 Somvanshi 37,000 Marathi 37,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 316,000 Hindi 315,000 - - - - 1,300
 Sonar (Sikh traditions) 70 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 70 -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 368,000 Malayalam - - - 368,000 - -
 Tamang Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Hindi 9,600 - - - - 900
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 2,703,000 Tamil - 2,703,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 800 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 264,000 Hindi 264,000 - - - - -
 Thakkar 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Thandan (Christian traditions) 2,200 Malayalam - - - 2,200 - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Malayalam 14,000 - - - - -
Thantapulayan 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
 Tharu 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Tholuva Naicker 1,100 Tamil 500 - - 600 - -
 Thoti, caste 4,800 Telugu 4,800 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 90 Telugu 90 - - - - -
 Tibetan 100 Tibetan, Central - - 100 - - -
 Tili 70 Bengali 70 - - - - -
 Tipera 30 Kok Borok 30 - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Tiruvalluvar 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - - - -
 Toda 2,300 Toda 2,000 20 - 300 - -
 Ulladan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Urali 16,000 Malayalam 15,000 30 - 1,200 - 30
Urikkara Naicker 800 Telugu 700 - - - - 80
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 525,000 Telugu 523,000 - - 1,700 - -
Vakkaliga Gangadikara 10,000 Kannada 10,000 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Kappiliyan 6,500 Kannada 6,500 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Kunchitiga 26,000 Kannada 26,000 - - - - -
 Vakkaliga unspecified 223,000 Kannada 223,000 - - - - -
Valan 40,000 Malayalam 40,000 - - - - -
Valanchian 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Valluvan 93,000 Tamil 93,000 - - - - -
 Valmiki (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
Vaniyan 659,000 Tamil 553,000 - - 107,000 - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 155,000 Tamil - - - 155,000 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 767,000 Tamil 767,000 - 40 700 - -
 Vanniyan 11,287,000 Tamil 11,099,000 - - 187,000 - -
Vanniyan Agnikula 521,000 Tamil 512,000 - - 8,300 - -
Vanniyan Kalingi 37,000 Tamil 37,000 - - 600 - -
Vanniyan Kamakshiamma 74,000 Tamil 74,000 - - 700 - -
Vanniyan Kotton 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - - - -
Vanniyan Pala Ekiri 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
 Varli 1,700 Varli 1,700 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 4,100 Tamil - - - 4,100 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) 9,900 Tamil 9,900 - - - - -
Velakkithalanayan 217,000 Malayalam 217,000 - - - - -
 Velama 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Velan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
Vellalan Isai 156,000 Tamil 155,000 - - 1,100 - -
Vellalan Kongu 23,000 Tamil 23,000 - - 20 - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Vellalan Nanchilnattu 223,000 Tamil 205,000 - - 18,000 - -
Vellalan Nanjanad 103,000 Tamil 100,000 - - 2,600 - -
Vellalan Pattanavan 7,900 Tamil 7,900 - - - - -
Vellalan Sozhia 163,000 Tamil 161,000 - - 1,900 - -
Vellalan Tondamandalam 222,000 Tamil 220,000 - - 2,100 - -
 Vellalan unspecified 1,770,000 Tamil 1,714,000 - - 55,000 - -
Vellalan Vipravindolu 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Vellalan Virakodi 134,000 Tamil 133,000 - - 1,100 - -
Veluthadanayar 106,000 Malayalam 106,000 - - - - -
Vetan (Christian traditions) 700 Malayalam - - - 700 - -
Vetan (Hindu traditions) 44,000 Tamil 44,000 - - - - -
Vettakkaran 2,700 Tamil 2,700 - - - - -
Vettiyan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Vettuvan 21,000 Malayalam 21,000 - - - - -
 Vettuvan Gounder 1,700 Tamil 1,700 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Asari 281,000 Malayalam 281,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 62,000 Malayalam 62,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Panchal 10,000 Kannada 10,000 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 71,000 Malayalam 71,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma unspecified 2,501,000 Telugu 2,498,000 - - 3,000 - -
Viswakarma Vilkurup 4,400 Malayalam 4,400 - - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 2,710,000 Hindi 2,710,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Ghosi 94,000 Hindi 94,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 843,000 Telugu 843,000 - - - - -
 Yenadi 94,000 Telugu 94,000 30 - - - -
Yerava Unknown Ravula - - - - - -
 Yerukula 12,000 Yerukula 12,000 20 - - - -
 Yimchungra 50 Naga, Yimchungru - - - 50 - -
  Totals:  585 79,020,000   517 69,483,000 4,409,000 11,000 4,895,000 14,000 238,000