CountryIndia

State:

  

Tamil Nadu

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

519

Unreached People Groups

466

Total Population

75,605,000

Buddhist

0.0 %

Christian

5.9 %

Hindu

88.1 %

Muslim

5.5 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

0.5 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
Adaviar 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 90,000 Telugu 80,000 - - 9,400 - -
 Adi Dravida 8,468,000 Tamil 7,867,000 - 4,800 598,000 - -
Adi Karnataka 40,000 Kannada 40,000 - - 500 - -
 Adiyan 2,700 Malayalam 2,500 - - 200 - -
 Agamudaiyan 826,000 Tamil 823,000 - - 4,500 - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Agri 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 12,000 Malayalam 2,500 - - 9,300 - -
Ajila 2,100 Malayalam 2,100 - - - - -
 Alambadi kurichchan 4,700 Kurichiya 6,500 - - - - -
Alavan 4,500 Tamil 4,500 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 64,000 Malayalam 63,000 - - 500 - -
Ambattan 174,000 Tamil 172,000 - - 2,100 - -
Anamuk 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Angami 50 Naga, Angami - - - 50 - -
Anglo 10,000 English - - - 10,000 - -
 Ansari 32,000 Urdu - 32,000 - - - -
Anuppan 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Ao 50 Naga, Ao - - - 50 - -
 Arab Unknown Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - - - - - -
Arandan 60 Tamil 50 - - - - -
Arasar 32,000 Malayalam 8,400 - - 24,000 - -
 Arasu 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - - - - -
Aray Mala 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Arayan 46,000 Malayalam 46,000 - - 100 - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 600 -
 Arunthathiyar 855,000 Telugu 855,000 - 100 - 70 -
Arwa Mala 83,000 Tamil 83,000 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 30 Assamese - 30 - - - -
Ayyanavar 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
 Badaga 204,000 Badaga 203,000 - - 600 - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
 Bagata 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Baira 1,900 Kannada 1,900 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Bengali 28,000 - - - - 30
Bakad 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
Bakuda 800 Tulu 800 - - - - -
Balagai 6,600 Kannada 6,600 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 238,000 Telugu 238,000 - - - - -
Bandi 2,300 Kannada 2,300 - - - - -
 Bania 764,000 Hindi 669,000 - - 20 - 81,000
 Bania, Agarwal 24,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - 5,200
 Bania, Agrahari 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Bania, Chetti 413,000 Tamil 371,000 - - - - 42,000
Bania, Gujar 100 Gujarati 100 - - - - -
 Bania, Komti 30,000 Telugu 30,000 - - - - 70
Bania, Mahajan 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bania, Oswal 8,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - 6,000
 Bania, Porwal 4,800 Hindi 3,100 - - - - 1,600
 Bania, Srimali 900 Gujarati 900 - - - - -
Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
Banijiga 24,000 Kannada 15,000 - - - - 8,800
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 76,000 Lambadi 76,000 - - - - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 2,300 Gujarati 2,300 - - - - -
Bariki 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Basor 152,000 Hindi 152,000 - - - - -
Bathada 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
 Bauri 80 Bengali 80 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 498,000 Telugu 498,000 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 16,000 Kannada 7,600 - - - - 8,900
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 157,000 Kannada 157,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 159,000 Kannada 159,000 - - - - -
Bellara 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Bhansala 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bharathar 43,000 Tamil 8,000 - - 35,000 - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Bhil 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 53,000 Hindi 53,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia, (Hindu traditions) 30 Nepali - - 30 - - -
 Bohra 5,000 Gujarati - 5,000 - - - -
Bondili 700 Odia 700 - - - - -
 Boya 1,918,000 Telugu 1,918,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin 2,426,000 Hindi 2,408,000 - - 3,900 - 12,000
Brahmin, Anavala 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Audich 2,800 Gujarati 2,800 - - - - -
Brahmin, Bengali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Chitpavan 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Christian 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - 1,400 - -
Brahmin, Deshastha 17,000 Marathi 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Dravida 80,000 Tamil 80,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaud Saraswat 21,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaur 61,000 Hindi 61,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Gujar Gaur 4,000 Hindi 4,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gujarati 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Iyer 230,000 Tamil 230,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Joshi 5,600 Hindi 5,600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kannada 71,000 Kannada 71,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Karhada 2,000 Marathi 2,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kosala Nadu 8,600 Telugu 8,600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mahratta 39,000 Marathi 39,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Marathi 3,200 Marathi 3,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Modh 2,000 Gujarati 2,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nambudiri 21,000 Malayalam 21,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Pancha Dravida 68,000 Malayalam 68,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Saraswat 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Sawaria 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sholiar 32,000 Tamil 32,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Tamil 407,000 Tamil 406,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Telaganya 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Telugu 54,000 Telugu 54,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Vadama 31,000 Tamil 31,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Vaidik 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Velanadu 29,000 Telugu 29,000 - - - - -
 Burmese 400 Burmese - - 400 - - -
Byagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Chackaravar 20,000 Tamil 17,000 - - 3,000 - -
 Chakkiliyan 1,266,000 Tamil 1,144,000 - 300 121,000 - -
 Chalvadi 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
Chandala 400 Odia 400 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Chavalakkaran 11,000 Malayalam 9,800 - - 1,600 - -
Chayakkaran 32,000 Tamil 32,000 - - - - -
 Chenchu 4,300 Telugu 4,300 - - 40 - -
Chenna Dasar 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Malayalam 3,200 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 84,000 Malayalam - - - 84,000 - -
 Chhetri 60 Nepali 60 - - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Christian unspecified 132,000 Hindi - - - 132,000 - -
Dakkal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Dandasi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 119,000 Hindi 119,000 - - - - -
Devadasi 3,400 Kannada 3,400 - - - - -
Devadiga 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
Devanga 45,000 Kannada 42,000 - - 800 - 2,800
 Devendrakulathan 85,000 Tamil 85,000 - - - - -
 Dhangar 7,700 Gujarati 7,700 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 959,000 Hindi 959,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 4,300 Urdu - 4,300 - - - -
 Dhor 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Divehi, Maldivian 100 Maldivian - 100 - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Odia 12,000 - - - - -
Domm 2,500 Telugu 2,500 - - - - -
 Drukpa Unknown Dzongkha - - - - - -
 Dudekula 1,000 Telugu - 1,000 - - - -
Ellamalawar 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Eravallan 1,900 Tamil 1,900 - - - - -
 Gamit 1,800 Gamit 1,800 - - - - -
 Ganda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Gandla 19,000 Telugu 19,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 71,000 Kannada 71,000 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Gauda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Gavara 12,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Ghasi (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Goan Catholic 14,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 14,000 - -
Godagali 1,300 Odia 1,300 - - - - -
Godda 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
 Gond 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Gosain 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Telugu 2,000 - - - - -
Gowdali 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Gudigar 400 Konkani 400 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gurung Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Hajam 22,000 Urdu - 22,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 7,300 Vaagri Booli 7,300 - - - - -
Halleer 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
Halsar 70 Konkani, Goan 70 - - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 500 Chinese, Mandarin - - 500 - - 40
 Hande Jogi 5,700 Kannada 4,700 - - - - 1,000
Hasalaru 60 Tulu 60 - - - - -
Hasla 100 Tulu 100 - - - - -
 Hill Pulayan 100,000 Tamil 100,000 - - 300 - -
 Ho 20 Ho 20 - - - - -
Holar 3,400 Marathi 3,400 - - - - -
Holaya Dasar 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Holer 1,500 Kannada 1,500 - - - - -
Idayan 25,000 Tamil 25,000 - - - - -
Ilavan 2,202,000 Malayalam 2,153,000 - - 53,000 - -
Ilavaniyan 6,200 Malayalam 6,200 - - - - -
Ilavathi 18,000 Malayalam 18,000 - - - - -
Ilayathu 14,000 Malayalam 14,000 - - - - -
 Irular 201,000 Irula 199,000 100 - 700 - 1,300
Jaggali 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Jalakaduguvallu 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Jambuvulu 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 6,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,500 -
Jatapu 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 11,000 Kurumba, Jennu 11,000 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 20 Marathi - - - - - 20
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 29,000 Bengali 29,000 - - - - -
 Julaha 100 Hindi - - - - 100 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
 Kadan 800 Kadar 800 - - 20 - -
Kadu Kuruba 12,000 Kannada 12,000 - - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Kahha, Phom 40 Naga, Phom - - - 40 - -
 Kaibartta 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 2,251,000 Tamil 2,245,000 - - 5,400 - -
 Kakkalan 7,700 Malayalam 7,700 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 158,000 Telugu 158,000 - - - - -
Kalavant 1,500 Kannada - - - - - 1,500
Kalladi 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Kallan 1,222,000 Tamil 1,221,000 - - 2,100 - -
Kamathi 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Kammara 700 Telugu 700 - - 20 - -
Kamsala 30 Odia 30 - - - - -
Kanakkan 5,800 Malayalam 5,800 - - 40 - -
 Kanikaran 4,600 Kanikkaran 5,500 - - 200 - -
Kaniyan 2,000 Malayalam 1,700 - - 400 - -
 Kapu 579,000 Telugu 579,000 - - - - -
Karimpalan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
 Karnam 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
Karumpuram 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Marathi 1,100 - - 100 - 2,700
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 300 Kashmiri - 300 - - - -
Kattunayakan 56,000 Tamil 56,000 300 - 400 - 100
Kavara 69,000 Tamil 69,000 - - 20 - -
Kavathi 13,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 2,000 - -
Kavuthiyan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
Kepmaris 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Keralamuthali 4,100 Malayalam 3,300 - - 800 - -
Khandait 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
 Khasi 400 Khasi - - - 400 - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 900 -
 Khoja 40 Gujarati - 40 - - - -
Kochu Velan 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Gujarati 23,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 70 Marathi 70 - - - - -
 Koli Mahadev 2,400 Marathi 2,400 - - - - -
 Koli Malhar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Koliyan 14,000 Tamil 13,000 - - 600 - -
Kolupulvandlu 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Konda Dhora 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 23,000 Telugu 23,000 - - 90 - 20
 Konyak 50 Naga, Konyak - - - 50 - -
Koosa 600 Kannada 600 - - - - -
Kootan 6,300 Malayalam 6,300 - - - - -
Koracha, caste 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
Koracha, tribe 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
 Korama 3,400 Kannada 3,400 - - - - -
 Kori 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Koshti 53,000 Marathi 53,000 - - 200 - -
Kota 1,500 Kota 1,500 - - - - -
Kotegar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Koya 1,200 Telugu 1,200 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 12,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - - - -
Kuda Korava 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 2,100 Kannada - - - - - 2,100
Kudiya 200 Kudiya 200 - - - - -
 Kudumban 69,000 Tamil 66,000 - - 2,100 - -
Kudumi 118,000 Tamil 118,000 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Kuli 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 242,000 Hindi 240,000 - - - - 1,500
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Gujarati 50,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 34,000 Kannada 34,000 - - - - -
Kunnavan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Kuravan 140,000 Malayalam 127,000 - - 13,000 - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Hindi 52,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 777,000 Kannada 776,000 - - - - -
Kuruman 30,000 Kurumba, Betta 30,000 - - 100 - 40
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Lingader 40 Marathi - - - - - 40
 Lingayat 129,000 Kannada - - - - - 129,000
 Lohana 1,200 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 132,000 Hindi 132,000 - - - - -
 Lotha 50 Naga, Lotha - - - 50 - -
 Madasi Kuruva 2,100 Telugu 2,100 - - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 5,700 Telugu - - - 5,700 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 8,500 Telugu 8,400 - - 50 - -
 Madiga Dasu 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Magar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Maha Malasar 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 1,400 Marathi - - - 1,400 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Marathi 3,200 - - - - -
 Mahishya 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Mahratta 147,000 Marathi 146,000 - - - - 200
 Mahratta Kunbi 8,600 Gujarati 8,600 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Mahyavanshi 5,400 Gujarati 5,400 - - - - -
Maila 500 Tulu 500 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 7,700 Telugu - - - 7,700 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - 50 - -
Mala Dasari 8,300 Telugu 8,300 - - - - -
Mala Dasu 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Kuravan 900 Tamil 900 - - - - -
Mala Masti 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Mala Pulayan 71,000 Telugu 71,000 - - - - -
Mala Sale 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Sanyasi 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
Mala Urali 3,200 Telugu 3,200 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 224,000 Malayalam - - - 224,000 - -
Malai Arayan 700 Malayalam 700 - - 20 - -
Malai Pandaram 3,800 Malayalam 4,100 - - - - -
Malai Vedan 7,700 Tamil 7,700 - - 40 - 30
Malai Vellala 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Malakkuravan 21,000 Tamil 21,000 - - 20 - 200
Malasar 7,600 Tamil 7,600 - - 20 - 20
 Malayali 393,000 Tamil 393,000 200 - 700 20 500
Malayan, caste 41,000 Tamil 41,000 - - - - -
Malayan, tribe 24,000 Malayalam 24,000 - - - - -
Malayarayar 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - 20 - -
Malayekandi 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
 Mangala 481,000 Telugu 481,000 - - - - -
Maniyattikkaran 5,200 Tamil 5,200 - - - - -
 Manna Dhora 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 45,000 Malayalam 45,000 - - 100 - -
Mannan, tribe 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Manne 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Mappila 112,000 Malayalam - 112,000 - - - -
Marakkan (Christian traditions) 100 Malayalam - - - 100 - -
Marakkan (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Malayalam 1,900 - - - - -
Marakkan (Muslim traditions) 400 Tamil - 400 - - - -
 Maravan 3,104,000 Tamil 3,035,000 - - 69,000 - -
 Masan Jogi 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Mashti 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 300 Marathi - - - 300 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Marathi 1,500 - - - - -
Matangi 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Mavilan 2,900 Tulu 2,900 - - - - -
 Mazhabi Unknown Punjabi, Eastern - - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Meitei 100 Meitei 100 - - - - -
Melakkaran 90 Tamil 90 - - - - -
 Memon 2,200 Gujarati - 2,200 - - - -
 Mizo 200 Mizo - - - 200 - -
Mizo, Lushai 100 Mizo - - - 100 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Bengali 3,600 - - - - -
 Moger 500 Tulu 500 - 20 - - -
 Moghal 20,000 Urdu - 20,000 - - - -
 Momna 900 Gujarati - 900 - - - -
Mondiwaru 70 Telugu - 70 - - - -
 Mudugar 1,700 Tamil 1,600 - - 60 - 30
Mukha Dhora 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 3,100 Malayalam - - - 3,100 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 30 Malayalam - 30 - - - -
Mundala 500 Tulu 500 - - - - -
 Munnur 53,000 Telugu 53,000 - - - - -
Mutali 39,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 800 - -
 Muthan 2,500 Malayalam 2,500 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 400 Malayalam 400 - - 50 - -
 Mutrasi 56,000 Telugu 56,000 - - 400 - -
 Nadar 2,784,000 Tamil 1,727,000 - - 1,054,000 - -
 Nadia 40 Gujarati 40 - - - - -
 Naga, unspecified 30 Naga Pidgin - - - 30 - -
Nagartha 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 604,000 Hindi 599,000 - - - - 5,300
Nai (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Nair 1,366,000 Malayalam 1,349,000 - - 17,000 - -
Nalakeyava 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Nalkadaya 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Namassej 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Nanjil Mudali 600 Tamil 500 - - 70 - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 800 Marathi - - 800 - - -
Navait 21,000 Malayalam - 21,000 - - - -
Navithan 758,000 Tamil 758,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 2,000 Gujarati 2,000 - - - - -
 Newah 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Odiya 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Oochan 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Padannan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Pagadai 28,000 Telugu 28,000 - - - - -
Pale 100 Kodava 100 - - - - -
Paliya 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Paliyan 7,400 Tamil 7,400 - - - - -
Pallan 3,266,000 Tamil 2,767,000 - 500 498,000 200 -
Palleyan 500 Tamil 400 - - 30 - -
Palliyan 2,300 Tamil 2,200 - - 80 - -
Palliyar 3,700 Tamil 3,500 - - 200 - 30
Palluvan 1,800 Malayalam 1,800 - - - - -
Pambada 1,300 Tulu 1,300 - - - - -
 Pan 50 Odia 50 - - - - -
Panan 185,000 Tamil 185,000 - - - - -
 Panchama 2,300 Telugu 2,300 - - - - -
Pandaram 2,900 Malayalam 2,900 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Panikkan 34,000 Tamil 34,000 - - - - -
Panisavan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Paniyan 11,000 Paniya 11,000 20 - 200 - 70
 Pannadi 17,000 Tamil 17,000 - - - - -
Panniandi 5,700 Telugu 5,700 - - - - -
 Paraiyan 2,653,000 Tamil 1,999,000 - 500 653,000 400 -
Paravan 51,000 Malayalam 25,000 - - 26,000 - -
Pardhan 60 Pardhan 60 - - - - -
 Parsee 300 Gujarati - - - - - 300
 Pashtun, Pathan 208,000 Urdu - 208,000 - - - -
 Patelia 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Pathiyan 5,600 Malayalam 5,600 - - - - -
Patnulkaran 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Persian 300 Persian, Iranian - 300 - - - -
Perumal Makkukkaran 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
Perumannan 41,000 Malayalam 41,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Pindara 2,700 Urdu - 2,700 - - - -
 Pinjara 3,400 Urdu - 3,400 - - - -
 Pod 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Poi 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Portuguese 100 Indo-Portuguese - - - 100 - -
Prabhu Kayastha 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
Pulayan (Hindu traditions) 136,000 Malayalam 136,000 - - - - -
Pulayan, Vettuvan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Puthirai Vannan 43,000 Tamil 43,000 - - 100 - -
 Qassab 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
 Raddi 3,600 Kannada 80 - - - - 3,500
 Rai Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 300 Rajbanshi 300 - - - - -
Rajpur 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 243,000 Hindi 242,000 - - - - 1,000
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 1,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,900 -
Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bais (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Rajput, Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput, Chandrabansi 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
 Rajput, Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
Rajput, Gahlot 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput, Gaur 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput, Rathor 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput, Solanki 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
 Rajput, Surajbansi 37,000 Hindi 37,000 - - - - -
Ralte 60 Mizo - - - 60 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Raneyar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Rathawa 1,700 Rathawi 1,700 - - - - -
 Ravalia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Razu 62,000 Telugu 62,000 - - - - -
 Relli 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Rona 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Sahari 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Sali 142,000 Kannada 119,000 - - - - 24,000
Samagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Samanthan 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Samban 38,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 300 - -
 Santal 30 Santhali 30 - - - - -
 Saora 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Sapari 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Satani 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
Sayankulam 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
 Sayyid 235,000 Urdu - 235,000 - - - -
Sema 60 Naga, Sumi - - - 60 - -
Semman 2,600 Tamil 2,600 - - 30 - -
 Shaikh 924,000 Urdu - 924,000 - - - -
Sillekyatha 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 1,300 Sinhala - - 1,300 - - -
Siyal 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
 Soligar 4,800 Sholaga 4,800 - - - - 20
Somvanshi 33,000 Marathi 33,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 376,000 Hindi 375,000 - - - - 1,500
Sonar (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 303,000 Malayalam - - - 303,000 - -
 Tamang Unknown Tamang, Eastern - - - - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Hindi 9,500 - - - - 4,100
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 2,566,000 Tamil - 2,566,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 260,000 Hindi 253,000 - - - - 6,900
Thakkar 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Thandan 16,000 Malayalam 14,000 - - 2,000 - -
Thantapulayan 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
 Tharu