Country:

India

State: Tamil Nadu
District: All

Number of People Groups

586

Unreached People Groups

518

Total Population

77,474,000

Buddhist

0.0 %

Christian

5.7 %

Hindu

88.2 %

Muslim

5.7 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

0.3 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 59,000 Telugu 58,000 - 80 700 - -
Adi Andhra Christian 11,000 Telugu - - - 11,000 - -
 Adi Dravida 7,323,000 Tamil 7,314,000 - 5,200 6,600 400 -
Adi Dravida Christian 520,000 Tamil - - - 520,000 - -
 Adi Karnataka 27,000 Kannada 27,000 - - - - -
Adi Karnataka Christian 300 Kannada - - - 300 - -
 Adiyan 4,000 Malayalam 3,900 20 - 30 - 20
 Agamudaiyan 823,000 Tamil 818,000 - - 4,400 - -
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 620,000 Tamil 619,000 - - 1,300 - -
Agamudaiyan Udayar 8,600 Tamil 7,000 - - 1,600 - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
 Agri 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 2,700 Telugu 2,500 - - 200 - -
Aiyanavar Christian 6,900 Telugu - - - 6,900 - -
Ajila 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Alambadi Kurichchan 6,200 Kurichiya 6,100 20 - - - 30
 Alavan 4,300 Tamil 4,300 - - - - -
 Ambalavasi 64,000 Malayalam 63,000 - - 500 - -
Ambalavasi Kambalattu 2,900 Tamil 2,800 - - 40 - -
Ambalavasi Tottiyan Naicker 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - 90 - -
 Ambattan 169,000 Tamil 169,000 - - 80 - -
Ambattan Christian 2,000 Malayalam - - - 2,000 - -
 Angami 50 Naga, Angami - - - 50 - -
Anglo Indian 9,200 English - - - 9,200 - -
 Ansari 32,000 Urdu - 32,000 - - - -
Anuppan 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Ao 50 Naga, Ao - - - 50 - -
 Arab Unknown Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - - - - - -
Arandan 200 Aranadan 200 - - - - -
Arasar 8,500 Malayalam 8,300 - - 200 - -
Arasar Christian 23,000 Malayalam - - - 23,000 - -
 Arasu 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - - - - -
Aray Mala 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Arayan 47,000 Malayalam 47,000 - - 100 - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 600 -
 Arunthathiyar 984,000 Tamil 983,000 - 100 - 80 -
 Arwa Mala 81,000 Tamil 81,000 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 30 Assamese - 30 - - - -
Ayyanavar 2,500 Malayalam 2,500 - - - - -
 Badaga 199,000 Badaga 199,000 - - 600 - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 3,500 Hindi 3,500 - - - - -
 Bagata 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Baira 2,800 Kannada 2,800 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 32,000 Hindi 32,000 - - - - -
Bakad 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
Bakuda 4,900 Tamil 4,900 - - - - -
Balagai 6,400 Kannada 6,400 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 238,000 Kannada 238,000 - - - - -
Balija Bogam 4,200 Telugu 4,200 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 22,000 Telugu 22,000 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 7,800 Kannada 7,800 - - - - -
Balija Musugu 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Bandi (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Tamil 3,100 - - - - -
 Bania 740,000 Hindi 667,000 - - 20 - 74,000
 Bania Agarwal 24,000 Hindi 20,000 - - - - 4,700
 Bania Agrahari 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Bania Chetti 389,000 Tamil 351,000 - - - - 38,000
Bania Gujar 100 Gujarati 100 - - - - -
Bania Irupathi Nalu Manai Chetti 16,000 Telugu 16,000 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 29,000 Telugu 29,000 - - - - 200
Bania Mahajan 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Bania Mahesri 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bania Oswal 8,100 Hindi 2,500 - - - - 5,500
 Bania Porwal 4,600 Hindi 3,000 - - - - 1,500
 Bania Srimali 900 Gujarati 900 - - - - -
Bania Trivarnika Vaisya 3,500 Telugu 3,500 - - - - -
 Banijiga 14,000 Kannada 14,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 75,000 Lambadi 75,000 - - - - -
 Banjara Rathod (Hindu traditions) 4,000 Lambadi 4,000 - - - - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Gujarati 2,200 - - - - -
Bariki 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Basor 149,000 Hindi 149,000 - - - - -
Bathada 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Bauri 80 Bengali 80 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 156,000 Kannada 156,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 163,000 Kannada 163,000 - - - - -
Beldar Kannada Balija Naicker 5,100 Kannada 5,100 - - - - -
Beldar Lonari (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Kannada 3,100 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 1,800 Kannada 1,800 - - - - -
Beldar Toreya 1,700 Kannada 1,700 - - - - -
Bellara 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
Bhansala 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bharathar (Christian traditions) 35,000 Tamil - - - 35,000 - -
Bharathar (Hindu traditions) 7,000 Tamil 7,000 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Bhil 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Hindi 52,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia 40 Nepali - - 40 - - -
 Bohra 5,000 Gujarati - 5,000 - - - -
Bondili 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Boya 1,923,000 Telugu 1,923,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin 2,408,000 Hindi 2,396,000 - - 700 - 11,000
Brahmin Anavala 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
Brahmin Ashtashasram 36,000 Tamil 36,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 2,700 Gujarati 2,700 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Chitpavan 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Brahmin Christian 3,000 Tamil - - - 3,000 - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 16,000 Marathi 16,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Dikshitar 21,000 Tamil 21,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Dravida 78,000 Tamil 78,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 20,000 Marathi 20,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 60,000 Hindi 60,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujarati 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Iyer 231,000 Tamil 231,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 6,300 Hindi 6,300 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 69,000 Kannada 69,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 1,900 Marathi 1,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Kosala Nadu 8,700 Telugu 8,700 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 38,000 Marathi 38,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Marathi 3,200 Marathi 3,200 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 1,900 Gujarati 1,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Mukkaniyar 15,000 Tamil 15,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Nambudiri 20,000 Malayalam 20,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Pancha Dravida 66,000 Malayalam 66,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Potti 10,000 Malayalam 10,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 15,000 Hindi 15,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Brahmin Sholiar 32,000 Tamil 32,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 394,000 Tamil 394,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telaganya 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 54,000 Telugu 54,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Vadama 30,000 Tamil 30,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Vaidik 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Brahmin Velanadu 28,000 Telugu 28,000 - - - - -
 Budega Jangam 7,400 Kannada 7,400 - - - - -
 Burmese 500 Burmese - - 500 - - -
Byagara 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 16,000 Konkani - 16,000 - - - -
Chackaravar 17,000 Tamil 17,000 - - - - -
Chackaravar Christian 2,900 Tamil - - - 2,900 - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 117,000 Tamil - - - 117,000 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 800,000 Tamil 800,000 - 400 500 40 -
 Chalvadi 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Chandala 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Chavalakkaran 9,500 Malayalam 9,500 - - - - -
Chavalakkaran Christian 1,500 Malayalam - - - 1,500 - -
Chayakkaran 31,000 Tamil 31,000 - - - - -
 Chenchu 4,200 Telugu 4,200 - - 40 - -
 Chenna Dasar 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 82,000 Malayalam - - - 82,000 - -
 Chhetri 60 Nepali 60 - - - - -
 Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Christian 164,000 Hindi - - - 164,000 - -
 Dakkal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Dandasi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 116,000 Hindi 116,000 - - - - -
Devadasi 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
 Devanga 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - 900 - -
 Devendrakulathan 86,000 Tamil 86,000 - - - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 7,400 Gujarati 7,400 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 958,000 Hindi 958,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 4,100 Urdu - 4,100 - - - -
 Dhor 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Divehi 200 Maldivian - 200 - - - -
Dom (Dombara) 4,100 Telugu 4,100 - - - - -
 Domar (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Odia 17,000 - - - - -
 Drukpa Unknown Dzongkha - - - - - -
 Dudekula 900 Telugu - 900 - - - -
Ellamalawar 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Eravallan 3,000 Tamil 3,000 - - 20 - -
 Gamit 1,700 Gamit 1,700 - - - - -
 Ganda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Gandla 18,000 Telugu 18,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 69,000 Kannada 69,000 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Gauda 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Gavara 12,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Ghasiya (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Goanese 14,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 14,000 - -
Godagali 30 Odia 30 - - - - -
 Godari 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
Godda 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Gond 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Gosain 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Telugu 3,700 - - - - -
 Gudigar 400 Konkani 400 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Gurung Ghaleg Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Hajam 21,000 Urdu - 21,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 7,100 Vaagri Booli 7,100 - - - - -
Halleer 20 Konkani, Goan 20 - - - - -
Halsar 80 Kannada 80 - - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 400 Chinese, Mandarin - - 300 - - 40
 Hande Jogi 4,600 Kannada 4,600 - - - - -
 Hasalaru 80 Tulu 80 - - - - -
Hasla 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Hill Pulayan 98,000 Tamil 98,000 - - 200 - -
 Ho 20 Ho 20 - - - - -
 Holar 3,300 Marathi 3,300 - - - - -
 Holaya 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
Holaya Dasar 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Idayan 27,000 Tamil 27,000 - - - - -
 Ilavan 2,109,000 Malayalam 2,109,000 - - 400 - -
Ilavan Christian 55,000 Tamil - - - 55,000 - -
Ilavaniyan 6,000 Malayalam 6,000 - - - - -
Ilavathi 18,000 Malayalam 18,000 - - - - -
Ilayathu 15,000 Malayalam 15,000 - - - - -
 Irular 190,000 Irula 189,000 300 - 700 - 400
Jaggali 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
Jambuvulu Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 6,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,600 -
Jatapu 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 11,000 Kurumba, Jennu 11,000 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 20 Marathi - - - - - 20
 Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Bengali 28,000 - - - - -
 Kabirpanthi 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - 500 - -
 Kadan 700 Malayalam 700 - - - - -
Kadu Kuruba 12,000 Kannada 12,000 - - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Kahha 40 Naga, Phom - - - 40 - -
 Kaibartta 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 20,000 Kannada 20,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 2,248,000 Tamil 2,242,000 - - 5,500 - -
 Kakkalan 7,400 Malayalam 7,400 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 155,000 Telugu 155,000 - - - - -
 Kalal Idiga 96,000 Telugu 96,000 - - - - -
Kalladi 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Kallan 1,206,000 Tamil 1,203,000 - - 2,400 - -
Kallan Tondaman 454,000 Tamil 453,000 - - 1,200 - -
Kamathi 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Kammara 1,200 Telugu 1,200 - - - - -
Kamsala 30 Odia 30 - - - - -
Kanakkan 5,600 Malayalam 5,500 - - 40 - -
 Kanikkaran 3,900 Kanikkaran 3,500 - - 300 - -
 Kaniyan 2,300 Malayalam 1,800 - - 500 - -
 Kapu 586,000 Telugu 586,000 - - - - -
 Kapu Reddi 73,000 Telugu 73,000 - - - - -
Kapu Vadugan 22,000 Telugu 22,000 - - - - -
Karimpalan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
 Karnam 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Marathi 1,000 - - 100 - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 300 Kashmiri - 300 - - - -
Kattunayakan 47,000 Tamil 46,000 40 - 300 - 60
Kavara 61,000 Tamil 61,000 - - - - -
Kavathi 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Kavathi Christian 2,000 Tamil - - - 2,000 - -
Kavuthiyan 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Kepmaris 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Keralamuthali 3,200 Malayalam 3,200 - - 20 - -
Keralamuthali Christian 800 Malayalam - - - 800 - -
 Khandait 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Gujarati 1,000 - - - - -
 Khasi (War-Khasi) 400 Khasi - - - 400 - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 800 -
 Khoja 40 Gujarati - 40 - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Hindi 22,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 70 Marathi 70 - - - - -
 Koli Mahadev 2,400 Marathi 2,400 - - - - -
 Koli Malhar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
 Koli of Gujarat 13,000 Gujarati 13,000 - - - - -
Koliyan 8,100 Tamil 7,700 - - 400 - -
Kolupulvandlu 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Konda Dhora 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 600 Telugu 400 - - 100 - -
 Konda Reddi 11,000 Telugu 11,000 - - 20 - -
 Konyak 50 Naga, Konyak - - - 50 - -
Kootan 3,800 Malayalam 3,800 - - - - -
 Koracha, caste 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
Koracha, tribal 300 Tulu 300 - - - - -
 Korama 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - - - - -
 Kori 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Koshti 51,000 Marathi 51,000 - - 200 - -
Kota 400 Kota 400 - - - - -
Kotegar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Koya 1,200 Telugu 1,200 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
Kuda Korava 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Kudiya 100 Kudiya 100 - - - - -
 Kudumban 25,000 Tamil 23,000 - - 2,000 - -
 Kudumi 115,000 Tamil 115,000 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Kuli 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 243,000 Hindi 243,000 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 48,000 Gujarati 48,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 33,000 Kannada 33,000 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 13,000 Tamil - - - 13,000 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 142,000 Malayalam 142,000 - 100 - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 51,000 Hindi 51,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 766,000 Kannada 766,000 40 - 30 - 20
 Kuruman 31,000 Kurumba, Betta 31,000 50 - 40 - 70
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Lingayat 84,000 Kannada - - - - - 84,000
 Lohana 1,200 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 131,000 Hindi 131,000 - - - - -
 Lotha 50 Naga, Lotha - - - 50 - -
Madari (Hindu traditions) 248,000 Tamil 248,000 - - - - -
 Madasi Kuruva 2,000 Telugu 2,000 - - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 6,100 Telugu - - - 6,100 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 6,000 Telugu 5,900 - 20 40 - -
 Madiga Dasu 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Magar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Mahar (Christian traditions) 1,400 Marathi - - - 1,400 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Marathi 3,100 - - - - -
 Mahishya 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Mahratta 142,000 Marathi 142,000 - - - - 200
 Mahratta Kunbi 8,100 Gujarati 8,100 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Mahyavanshi 5,200 Gujarati 5,200 - - - - -
Maila 400 Tulu 400 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 7,800 Telugu - - - 7,800 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Telugu 3,800 - - 30 - -
 Mala Dasari 8,000 Telugu 8,000 - - - - -
 Mala Dasu 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Mala Jangam 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Pulayan 70,000 Telugu 70,000 - - - - -
Mala Sale 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Urali 3,100 Telugu 3,100 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 240,000 Malayalam - - - 240,000 - -
Malai Arayan 300 Malayalam 300 - - 30 - -
Malai Pandaram 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Malai Vedan 7,300 Malayalam 7,200 - - 200 - -
Malakkuravan 20,000 Tamil 20,000 40 - 80 - 30
Malakuravan 900 Tamil 900 - - - - -
Malasar 6,500 Tamil 6,500 - - - - -
 Malayali 361,000 Tamil 360,000 400 20 400 20 200
Malayan, caste 25,000 Malayalam 25,000 - - - - -
Malayan, tribe 40,000 Tamil 40,000 - - - - -
Malayarayar 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - 20 - -
Malayekandi 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Malla Jetti 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
 Mangala 481,000 Telugu 481,000 - - - - -
Maniyattikkaran 5,000 Tamil 5,000 - - - - -
 Manna Dhora 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 44,000 Malayalam 44,000 - - 100 - -
Mannan, tribal 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
Manne 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Mappila 94,000 Malayalam - 94,000 - - - -
Marakkan (Christian traditions) 200 Malayalam - - - 200 - -
Marakkan (Hindu traditions) 1,800 Malayalam 1,800 - - - - -
 Maravan 3,077,000 Tamil 2,996,000 - - 79,000 - -
 Masan Jogi 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Masthi 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 300 Marathi - - - 300 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Marathi 1,500 - - - - -
Matangi 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Mavilan 4,000 Malayalam 4,000 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Meitei 100 Meitei 100 - - - - -
 Memon 2,300 Gujarati - 2,300 - - - -
 Mizo 200 Mizo - - - 200 - -
Mizo Lushai 100 Mizo - - - 100 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 3,500 Bengali 3,500 - - - - -
 Moger 200 Kannada 200 - 30 - - -
 Moghal 19,000 Urdu - 19,000 - - - -
 Momna 900 Gujarati - 900 - - - -
 Mudugar 1,400 Tamil 1,300 - - 80 - -
Mukha Dhora 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 3,200 Malayalam - - - 3,200 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Malayalam 10,000 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 30 Malayalam - 30 - - - -
Mundala 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
 Munnur 51,000 Telugu 51,000 - - - - -
Mutali 37,000 Tamil 37,000 - - 800 - -
 Muthan 2,400 Malayalam 2,400 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 54,000 Telugu 54,000 - - 400 - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 1,027,000 Tamil - - - 1,027,000 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 1,698,000 Tamil 1,698,000 - - - - -
 Nadia 40 Gujarati 40 - - - - -
 Naga 30 Naga Pidgin - - - 30 - -
Nagartha 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 594,000 Hindi 594,000 - - - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Nair 1,344,000 Malayalam 1,331,000 - - 13,000 - -
Nair Anthur 40 Malayalam 40 - - - - -
Nalkadaya 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Namassej (Hindu traditions) 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Namassej Chandel 70 Bengali 70 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,100 Hindi 4,100 - - - - -
Nau Buddh Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
Navait 20,000 Konkani - 20,000 - - - -
 Navithan 759,000 Tamil 759,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Newah 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Odiya 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Padannan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Pagadai 7,600 Tamil 7,600 - - - - -
Pale 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Paliya 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Paliyan 7,200 Tamil 7,200 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 452,000 Tamil - - - 479,000 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 2,342,000 Tamil 2,335,000 - 1,100 4,600 80 -
Palleyan 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Palliyan 4,700 Tamil 4,500 - - 200 - -
Palliyar 5,500 Tamil 5,200 - - 200 - 20
Palluvan 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
Pambada 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Pan 50 Odia 50 - - - - -
 Panan 183,000 Tamil 183,000 - - - - -
 Panchama 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Pandaram 2,800 Malayalam 2,800 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Panikkan 33,000 Tamil 33,000 - - - - -
 Paniyan 10,000 Paniya 10,000 60 - 200 - -
 Pannadi 4,500 Tamil 4,500 - - - - -
Panniandi 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 627,000 Tamil - - - 627,000 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 1,831,000 Tamil 1,826,000 - 1,000 3,400 300 -
Paravan (Christian traditions) 25,000 Tamil - - - 25,000 - -
Paravan (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Malayalam 23,000 - 80 - - -
 Pardhan 60 Pardhan 60 - - - - -
 Parsee 300 Gujarati - - - - - 300
Pashtun Afridi 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
Pashtun Ghilzai 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Pashtun Kakar 18,000 Urdu - 18,000 - - - -
Pashtun Khan 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
Pashtun Lodhi (Dalazak) 7,500 Urdu - 7,500 - - - -
Pashtun Mohmand 6,900 Urdu - 6,900 - - - -
Pashtun Yusafzai 26,000 Urdu - 26,000 - - - -
 Pashtun, Pathan 204,000 Urdu - 204,000 - - - -
 Patelia 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Pathiyan 5,400 Malayalam 5,400 - - - - -
Patnulkaran 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Persian 200 Persian, Iranian - 200 - - - -
Perumal Makkukkaran 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
Perumannan 43,000 Malayalam 43,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Pindara 2,600 Urdu - 2,600 - - - -
 Pinjara 3,500 Urdu - 3,500 - - - -
 Pod 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Poi 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
Prabhu Kayastha 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
Pulaya Vettuvan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Pulayan 8,500 Malayalam 8,500 - 30 - - -
 Puthirai Vannan 29,000 Tamil 28,000 - - 100 - -
 Qassab 900 Urdu - 900 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
 Raddi 80 Kannada 80 - - - - -
 Rai Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
Rajpur 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 237,000 Hindi 237,000 - - - - 900
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 2,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,200 -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput Chandrabansi 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Gahlot 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Sengar 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rajput Solanki 50 Hindi 50 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 38,000 Hindi 38,000 - - - - -
Ralte 60 Mizo - - - 60 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Rathawa 1,700 Rathawi 1,700 - - - - -
 Ravalia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Razu 60,000 Telugu 60,000 - - - - -
 Relli 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Rona 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Sali 117,000 Kannada 117,000 - - - - -
Sali Pattariyan 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Samagara 40 Kannada 40 - - - - -
 Samanthan 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Samban 7,600 Tamil 7,400 - - 200 - -
 Santal (Sawntal) 30 Santhali 30 - - - - -
 Saora 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Satani 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
Sayankulam 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
 Sayyid 234,000 Urdu - 234,000 - - - -
Sayyid Husaini 9,100 Urdu - 9,100 - - - -
 Sema 50 Naga, Sumi - - - 50 - -
Semman 2,600 Tamil 2,500 - - 30 - -
 Shaikh 917,000 Urdu - 917,000 - - - -
Shaikh Faruqi 13,000 Urdu - 13,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 106,000 Urdu - 106,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Siddiqi 47,000 Urdu - 47,000 - - - -
Shaikh Usmani 6,100 Urdu - 6,100 - - - -
 Sillekyatha 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Silpi 67,000 Telugu 67,000 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 1,600 Sinhala - - 1,600 - - -
Siyal 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
 Soligar 6,100 Sholaga 6,000 - - 40 - -
 Somvanshi 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 368,000 Hindi 367,000 - - - - 1,400
 Sonar (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 319,000 Malayalam - - - 319,000 - -
 Tamang Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Hindi 9,300 - - - - 800
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 2,602,000 Tamil - 2,602,000 - - - -
 Tangchanghya 20 Kok Borok 20 - - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 253,000 Hindi 253,000 - - - - -
 Thakkar 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
Thandan (Christian traditions) 2,000 Malayalam - - - 2,000 - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Malayalam 13,000 - - - - -
Thantapulayan 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
 Tharu 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Tholuva Naicker 900 Tamil 400 - - 500 - -
 Thoti, caste 4,200 Telugu 4,200 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 80 Telugu 80 - - - - -
 Tibetan 100 Tibetan, Central - - 100 - - -
 Tili 80 Bengali 80 - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Tiruvalluvar 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - - - -
 Toda 2,100 Toda 1,800 20 - 300 - -
 Ulladan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Urali 14,000 Malayalam 13,000 30 - 1,000 - 30
Urikkara Naicker 1,100 Telugu 1,000 - - - - 80
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 518,000 Telugu 516,000 - - 1,600 - -
 Vakkaliga 227,000 Kannada 227,000 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Gangadikara 8,800 Kannada 8,800 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Kappiliyan 5,600 Kannada 5,600 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Kunchitiga 22,000 Kannada 22,000 - - - - -
Valan 35,000 Malayalam 35,000 - - - - -
Valanchian 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Valluvan 91,000 Tamil 91,000 - 20 - - -
 Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Vaniyan 628,000 Tamil 528,000 - - 100,000 - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 135,000 Tamil - - - 135,000 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 803,000 Tamil 801,000 - 40 800 - -
 Vanniyan 10,893,000 Tamil 10,722,000 - - 172,000 - -
Vanniyan Agnikula 470,000 Tamil 463,000 - - 7,200 - -
Vanniyan Kalingi 36,000 Tamil 35,000 - - 500 - -
Vanniyan Kamakshiamma 94,000 Tamil 93,000 - - 600 - -
Vanniyan Kotton 16,000 Tamil 16,000 - - - - -
Vanniyan Pala Ekiri 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
 Varli 1,600 Varli 1,600 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 3,700 Tamil - - - 3,700 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) 9,200 Tamil 9,200 - - - - -
Velakkithalanayan 195,000 Malayalam 195,000 - - - - -
 Velama 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Velan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
 Vellalan 1,844,000 Tamil 1,789,000 - - 55,000 - -
Vellalan Isai 139,000 Tamil 138,000 - - 1,000 - -
Vellalan Kongu 20,000 Tamil 20,000 - - 20 - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 9,000 Tamil 9,000 - - - - -
Vellalan Nanchilnattu 197,000 Tamil 182,000 - - 15,000 - -
Vellalan Nanjanad 105,000 Tamil 103,000 - - 2,200 - -
Vellalan Pattanavan 6,800 Tamil 6,800 - - - - -
Vellalan Sozhia 146,000 Tamil 144,000 - - 1,600 - -
Vellalan Tondamandalam 207,000 Tamil 205,000 - - 1,800 - -
Vellalan Vipravindolu 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Vellalan Virakodi 118,000 Tamil 117,000 - - 900 - -
Veluthadanayar 94,000 Malayalam 94,000 - - - - -
Vetan (Christian traditions) 600 Malayalam - - - 600 - -
Vetan (Hindu traditions) 38,000 Tamil 38,000 - - - - -
Vettakkaran 2,800 Tamil 2,800 - - - - -
Vettiyan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Vettuvan 19,000 Malayalam 19,000 - - - - -
Vettuvan Gounder 1,600 Tamil 1,600 - - - - -
 Viswakarma 2,686,000 Telugu 2,683,000 - - 3,200 - -
 Viswakarma Asari 283,000 Malayalam 283,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 55,000 Malayalam 55,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Panchal 8,900 Kannada 8,900 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 67,000 Malayalam 67,000 - - - - -
Viswakarma Vilkurup 4,100 Malayalam 4,100 - - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 3,084,000 Hindi 3,084,000 - - - - -
Yadav Ghosi 90,000 Hindi 90,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 881,000 Telugu 881,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Sadgope 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Yenadi 88,000 Telugu 88,000 40 - - - -
Yerava 20 Ravula 20 - - - - -
 Yerukula 14,000 Yerukula 14,000 40 - - - -
 Yimchungra 40 Naga, Yimchungru - - - 40 - -
  Totals:  586 77,474,000   518 68,364,000 4,446,000 11,000 4,443,000 14,000 224,000
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