Kumhar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 58 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Gola 418,000
Chakbais 223,000
Konkani 118,000
Kapu Kummara 110,000
Barendra 81,000
Rarhi 81,000
Chaurasi 80,000
Daspari 80,000
Mahratta 69,000
Gaderi 58,000

Introduction / History

Per old Indian mythology the Kumhar are offspring of Lord Braham (Prajapati). This is why in some places in India the Kumhar use Pajapati / Prajapat as a surname according to the Indian caste system. Ancient Indian culture cannot be understood without acknowledging Kumhar.


Where Are they Located?

The Kumhar can be found throughout India by different surnames: Verma, Kumhar, Prajapat, Prajapati and Kumawat.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kumhar's livelihood is making earthen pots. It is very difficult for a Kumhar artisan to maintain his existence by kumbhkal, or pot making.

They claim to be the first inventors of the wheel / cycle. The Kumhar use it to make earthen utensils. The main profession of this caste is to make earthen products. Historically their main way of earning income has been earthen products and agriculture. They are very honest people and make their livelihood by hard work.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kumhar are generally Hindu and pray to the Lord Shiva, Godess Mother(Mata). They believe in god, highly spritual, loveable, honest and hard working. In general the Kumhar are loving people.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kumhar need education and support for their trade.


Profile Source:   Shiv Raj Prajapati  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-13
People Name General Kumhar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Kumhar (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 15,412,000
World Population 15,758,200
Total Countries 6
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 308
Alternate Names Ahitant, Aiton, Chakbains, Chejara, Gamar, Ghatakarpur, Ghumal, Ghumar, Ghumiar, Ghurmar, Handa Kummar, Kalam Chettiar, Keer, Kembatti, Khumbhakar, Kir, Komar, Kosavan, Kulal, Kulala, Kulalan, Kulalar, Kumar, Kumbakar, Kumbaniga, Kumbar, Kumbara, Kumbaran, Kumbarar, Kumbhakar, Kumbhar, Kumbhara, Kumbhi, Kumbli, Kumbrani, Kumhar, Kumhar Kshatriya, Kumiar, Kumiar Ahitan, Kummara, Kummaravallu, Kummari, Kumor, Kumore, Kumrao, Kusavan, Kusavar, Kusawan, Kusuvan, Kuyanar, Kuyavan, Kuyavar, Langotra, Lehri, Maghaiya, Malari, Mannadiar, Maru, Moolya, Narhia, Odari, Pal, Parjapat, Prajapat, Prajapati, Rudraban, Rudrabans, Rudrapal, Salivaganan, Salivahana, Salivahanam, Shilpakar, Shilpkar, Sohal, Somara, Takopatil, Taleopahil, Vadari, Vellar, Wadiyar, कुम्हार (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17316
ROP3 Code 112696
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Kumhar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25n
Total Subgroups 58 (only 15 largest shown)
  Gola 418,000
  Chakbais 223,000
  Konkani 118,000
  Kapu Kummara 110,000
  Barendra 81,000
  Rarhi 81,000
  Chaurasi 80,000
  Daspari 80,000
  Mahratta 69,000
  Gaderi 58,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 34
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
3,259,000
Rajasthan
2,078,000
Bihar
1,252,000
Gujarat
1,092,000
West Bengal
1,008,000
Madhya Pradesh
975,000
Odisha
879,000
Andhra Pradesh
793,000
Maharashtra
745,000
Jharkhand
680,000
Karnataka
459,000
Telangana
447,000
Haryana
410,000
Delhi
277,000
Punjab
260,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 34  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 3,259,000
  Rajasthan 2,078,000
  Bihar 1,252,000
  Gujarat 1,092,000
  West Bengal 1,008,000
  Madhya Pradesh 975,000
  Odisha 879,000
  Andhra Pradesh 793,000
  Maharashtra 745,000
  Jharkhand 680,000
  Karnataka 459,000
  Telangana 447,000
  Haryana 410,000
  Delhi 277,000
  Punjab 260,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (6,610,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 75
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Telugu
1,263,000
Gujarati
1,011,000
Bengali
973,000
Bhojpuri
856,000
Odia
750,000
Marathi
579,000
Marwari
417,000
Kannada
335,000
Punjabi, Eastern
279,000
Dhundari
266,000
Tamil
197,000
Mewari
196,000
Chhattisgarhi
196,000
Awadhi
155,000
Maithili
138,000
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (6,610,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 75
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Telugu 1,263,000
  Gujarati 1,011,000
  Bengali 973,000
  Bhojpuri 856,000
  Odia 750,000
  Marathi 579,000
  Marwari 417,000
  Kannada 335,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 279,000
  Dhundari 266,000
  Tamil 197,000
  Mewari 196,000
  Chhattisgarhi 196,000
  Awadhi 155,000
  Maithili 138,000
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.72 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.27 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Yann Forget / Wikimedia Commons  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Shiv Raj Prajapati  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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