Kumhar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Per old Indian mythology the Kumhar are offspring of Lord Braham (Prajapati). This is why in some places in India the Kumhar use Pajapati / Prajapat as a surname according to the Indian caste system. Ancient Indian culture cannot be understood without acknowledging Kumhar.


Where Are they Located?

The Kumhar can be found throughout India by different surnames: Verma, Kumhar, Prajapat, Prajapati and Kumawat.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kumhar's livelihood is making earthen pots. It is very difficult for a Kumhar artisan to maintain his existence by kumbhkal, or pot making.

They claim to be the first inventors of the wheel / cycle. The Kumhar use it to make earthen utensils. The main profession of this caste is to make earthen products. Historically their main way of earning income has been earthen products and agriculture. They are very honest people and make their livelihood by hard work.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kumhar are generally Hindu and pray to the Lord Shiva, Godess Mother(Mata). They believe in god, highly spritual, loveable, honest and hard working. In general the Kumhar are loving people.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kumhar need education and support for their trade.


Profile Source:   Shiv Raj Prajapati  

People Name General Kumhar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Kumhar (Hindu traditions)
Population in Nepal 62,000
World Population 15,794,800
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Ahitant, Aiton, Chakbains, Chejara, Gamar, Ghatakarpur, Ghumal, Ghumar, Ghumiar, Ghurmar, Handa Kummar, Kalam Chettiar, Keer, Kembatti, Khumbhakar, Kir, Komar, Kosavan, Kulal, Kulala, Kulalan, Kulalar, Kumar, Kumbakar, Kumbaniga, Kumbar, Kumbara, Kumbaran, Kumbarar, Kumbhakar, Kumbhar, Kumbhara, Kumbhi, Kumbli, Kumbrani, Kumhar, Kumhar Kshatriya, Kumiar, Kumiar Ahitan, Kummara, Kummaravallu, Kummari, Kumor, Kumore, Kumrao, Kusavan, Kusavar, Kusawan, Kusuvan, Kuyanar, Kuyavan, Kuyavar, Langotra, Lehri, Maghaiya, Malari, Mannadiar, Maru, Moolya, Narhia, Odari, Pal, Parjapat, Prajapat, Prajapati, Rudraban, Rudrabans, Rudrapal, Salivaganan, Salivahana, Salivahanam, Shilpakar, Shilpkar, Sohal, Somara, Takopatil, Taleopahil, Vadari, Vellar, Wadiyar, कुम्हार (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17316
ROP3 Code 112696
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 25  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 12
Largest States
Narayani
25,000
Janakpur
22,000
Sagarmatha
8,000
Kosi
2,200
Bheri
1,700
Lumbini
1,200
Seti
900
Bagmati
500
Mahakali
200
Rapti
80
Mechi
70
Gandaki
50
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 25  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 12
  Narayani 25,000
  Janakpur 22,000
  Sagarmatha 8,000
  Kosi 2,200
  Bheri 1,700
  Lumbini 1,200
  Seti 900
  Bagmati 500
  Mahakali 200
  Rapti 80
  Mechi 70
  Gandaki 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Maithili (44,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
16,000
Awadhi
2,000
Nepali
1,600
Magahi
200
Hindi
200
Angika
40
Kumaoni
20
Other People Groups Speaking Maithili
Primary Language Maithili (44,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 16,000
  Awadhi 2,000
  Nepali 1,600
  Magahi 200
  Hindi 200
  Angika 40
  Kumaoni 20
People Groups Speaking Maithili

Primary Language:  Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2010)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Maithili
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Good News (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: jivən səndesh
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.14 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.86 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Yann Forget / Wikimedia Commons  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Shiv Raj Prajapati  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Nepal census data.  Current values may differ.


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