Oraon in India


Population
4,860,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Meet the Oraon tribe who call themselves Kurukh, by the name taken from their hero-king Karakh. The Oraon used to live south-west of the river Ganga but are now mainly concentrated in Chhotanagpur in Bihar and the adjoining areas of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Tripura, Maharashtra and Assam. They speak languages such as Kurukh, Sadri and Hindi which are from the Dravidian family of languages. They write using the Devanagari script. In stature they are short or below medium in height.

They are mainly settled cultivators and also work as wage labourers and industrial workers. Their staple cereal is rice, supplemented with maize, wheat, Madua and Gondli.

Both men and women consume alcohol, and they also prepare rice beer at home. Generally men chew tobacco and women smoke the Hookah. The Oraon have their traditional community council at the village level headed by a Mahto. They have a regional council known as the Parha composed of a number of villages.

Their main deity is taken as Dharmes, and they also believe in a host of spirits. A priest is invited to perform their life cycle rituals. An Ojiha or mati is specially called to cure diseases by appeasing evil spirits.

Alternate names: Kurukh, Dhanka, Orang, Karusha


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Oraon people; that the disciples of Jesus among them may spread the good news of God to others.
* For them to seek Jesus for healing from their sicknesses rather than using methods of witchcraft.
* For the Oraon men and women to be freed from alcohol and tobacco addiction.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Oraon
People Name in Country Oraon
Population in India 4,860,000
World Population 5,022,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Dhagar, Dhanka, Jhagad, Jhagar, Kurka, Orang, Ranchi, Ranchiwalla, Saathi, Sadri, Uraon, ओराओं
People ID 14210
ROP3 Code 107674
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Jharkhand
(1,808,000)
Chhattisgarh
(861,000)
West Bengal
(811,000)
Assam
(734,000)
Odisha
(387,000)
Bihar
(153,000)
Madhya Pradesh
(41,000)
Maharashtra
(37,000)
Arunachal Pradesh
(9,300)
Tripura
(8,600)
Andaman and Nicobar
(7,400)
Uttar Pradesh
(2,600)
Nagaland
(700)
Delhi
(600)
Meghalaya
(200)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Jharkhand (1,808,000)
  Chhattisgarh (861,000)
  West Bengal (811,000)
  Assam (734,000)
  Odisha (387,000)
  Bihar (153,000)
  Madhya Pradesh (41,000)
  Maharashtra (37,000)
  Arunachal Pradesh (9,300)
  Tripura (8,600)
  Andaman and Nicobar (7,400)
  Uttar Pradesh (2,600)
  Nagaland (700)
  Delhi (600)
  Meghalaya (200)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kurux (1,618,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 73
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
(1,416,000)
Assamese
(479,000)
Bengali
(234,000)
Chhattisgarhi
(144,000)
Odia
(125,000)
Santhali
(61,000)
Mundari
(53,000)
Sadri
(36,000)
Munda
(16,000)
Marathi
(15,000)
Magahi
(15,000)
Punjabi, Eastern
(14,000)
Bhojpuri
(13,000)
Kharia
(3,400)
Gujarati
(3,300)
People Groups Speaking Kurux
Primary Language Kurux (1,618,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 73
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi (1,416,000)
  Assamese (479,000)
  Bengali (234,000)
  Chhattisgarhi (144,000)
  Odia (125,000)
  Santhali (61,000)
  Mundari (53,000)
  Sadri (36,000)
  Munda (16,000)
  Marathi (15,000)
  Magahi (15,000)
  Punjabi, Eastern (14,000)
  Bhojpuri (13,000)
  Kharia (3,400)
  Gujarati (3,300)
People Groups Speaking Kurux

Primary Language:  Kurux

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1895-1989)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1950-1997)
Bible-Complete Yes   (2000)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kurux
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
19.07 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
59.68 %
Islam
0.06 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.04 %
Unknown
21.14 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts  
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From latest India census data.  Actual values may differ.


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