Oraon in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Meet the Oraon tribe who call themselves Kurukh, by the name taken from their hero-king Karakh. The Oraon used to live south-west of the river Ganga but are now mainly concentrated in Chhotanagpur in Bihar and the adjoining areas of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Tripura, Maharashtra and Assam. They speak languages such as Kurukh, Sadri and Hindi which are from the Dravidian family of languages. They write using the Devanagari script. In stature they are short or below medium in height.

They are mainly settled cultivators and also work as wage labourers and industrial workers. Their staple cereal is rice, supplemented with maize, wheat, Madua and Gondli.

Both men and women consume alcohol, and they also prepare rice beer at home. Generally men chew tobacco and women smoke the Hookah. The Oraon have their traditional community council at the village level headed by a Mahto. They have a regional council known as the Parha composed of a number of villages.

Their main deity is taken as Dharmes, and they also believe in a host of spirits. A priest is invited to perform their life cycle rituals. An Ojiha or mati is specially called to cure diseases by appeasing evil spirits.

Alternate names: Kurukh, Dhanka, Orang, Karusha


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Oraon people; that the disciples of Jesus among them may spread the good news of God to others.
* For them to seek Jesus for healing from their sicknesses rather than using methods of witchcraft.
* For the Oraon men and women to be freed from alcohol and tobacco addiction.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Oraon
People Name in Country Oraon
Population in India 4,442,000
World Population 4,606,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Dhagar, Dhanka, Jhagad, Jhagar, Kurka, Orang, Ranchi, Ranchiwalla, Saathi, Sadri, Uraon, ओराओं
People ID 14210
ROP3 Code 107674
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Jharkhand
1,723,000
Chhattisgarh
753,000
Assam
717,000
West Bengal
647,000
Odisha
362,000
Bihar
145,000
Maharashtra
33,000
Madhya Pradesh
28,000
Tripura
12,000
Arunachal Pradesh
9,000
Andaman and Nicobar
7,200
Uttar Pradesh
2,600
Delhi
700
Nagaland
700
Manipur
600
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Jharkhand 1,723,000
  Chhattisgarh 753,000
  Assam 717,000
  West Bengal 647,000
  Odisha 362,000
  Bihar 145,000
  Maharashtra 33,000
  Madhya Pradesh 28,000
  Tripura 12,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 9,000
  Andaman and Nicobar 7,200
  Uttar Pradesh 2,600
  Delhi 700
  Nagaland 700
  Manipur 600
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kurux (1,972,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 63
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
1,256,000
Assamese
482,000
Bengali
217,000
Chhattisgarhi
133,000
Odia
128,000
Santhali
56,000
Mundari
52,000
Sadri
31,000
Magahi
18,000
Munda
15,000
Marathi
14,000
Bhojpuri
13,000
Punjabi, Eastern
3,900
Kharia
3,100
Gujarati
2,700
Other People Groups Speaking Kurux
Primary Language Kurux (1,972,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 63
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 1,256,000
  Assamese 482,000
  Bengali 217,000
  Chhattisgarhi 133,000
  Odia 128,000
  Santhali 56,000
  Mundari 52,000
  Sadri 31,000
  Magahi 18,000
  Munda 15,000
  Marathi 14,000
  Bhojpuri 13,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 3,900
  Kharia 3,100
  Gujarati 2,700
People Groups Speaking Kurux

Primary Language:  Kurux

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1895-1989)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1950-1997)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kurux
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Kurux - Kurukh
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.07 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
25.25 %
Ethnic Religions
17.64 %
Hinduism
52.06 %
Islam
0.47 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.03 %
Unknown
4.50 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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