Oraon in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Meet the Oraon tribe who call themselves Kurukh, by the name taken from their hero-king Karakh. The Oraon used to live south-west of the river Ganga but are now mainly concentrated in Chhotanagpur in Bihar and the adjoining areas of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Tripura, Maharashtra and Assam. They speak languages such as Kurukh, Sadri and Hindi which are from the Dravidian family of languages. They write using the Devanagari script. In stature they are short or below medium in height.

They are mainly settled cultivators and also work as wage labourers and industrial workers. Their staple cereal is rice, supplemented with maize, wheat, Madua and Gondli.

Both men and women consume alcohol, and they also prepare rice beer at home. Generally men chew tobacco and women smoke the Hookah. The Oraon have their traditional community council at the village level headed by a Mahto. They have a regional council known as the Parha composed of a number of villages.

Their main deity is taken as Dharmes, and they also believe in a host of spirits. A priest is invited to perform their life cycle rituals. An Ojiha or mati is specially called to cure diseases by appeasing evil spirits.

Alternate names: Kurukh, Dhanka, Orang, Karusha


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Oraon people; that the disciples of Jesus among them may spread the good news of God to others.
* For them to seek Jesus for healing from their sicknesses rather than using methods of witchcraft.
* For the Oraon men and women to be freed from alcohol and tobacco addiction.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Oraon
People Name in Country Oraon
World Population 4,590,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Dhagar, Dhanka, Jhagad, Jhagar, Kurka, Orang, Ranchi, Ranchiwalla, Saathi, Sadri, Uraon, ओराओं
People ID 14210
ROP3 Code 107674
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Jharkhand
1,712,000
Chhattisgarh
749,000
Assam
713,000
West Bengal
643,000
Odisha
359,000
Bihar
145,000
Maharashtra
43,000
Madhya Pradesh
28,000
Tripura
12,000
Arunachal Pradesh
8,900
Andaman and Nicobar
7,200
Uttar Pradesh
2,500
Manipur
2,000
Delhi
700
Nagaland
700
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Jharkhand 1,712,000
  Chhattisgarh 749,000
  Assam 713,000
  West Bengal 643,000
  Odisha 359,000
  Bihar 145,000
  Maharashtra 43,000
  Madhya Pradesh 28,000
  Tripura 12,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 8,900
  Andaman and Nicobar 7,200
  Uttar Pradesh 2,500
  Manipur 2,000
  Delhi 700
  Nagaland 700
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kurux (1,974,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 77
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
1,255,000
Assamese
482,000
Bengali
217,000
Chhattisgarhi
133,000
Odia
129,000
Santhali
56,000
Mundari
52,000
Sadri
31,000
Magahi
18,000
Marathi
17,000
Munda
14,000
Bhojpuri
13,000
Punjabi, Eastern
3,900
Kharia
3,100
Gujarati
2,700
Primary Language Kurux (1,974,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 77
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 1,255,000
  Assamese 482,000
  Bengali 217,000
  Chhattisgarhi 133,000
  Odia 129,000
  Santhali 56,000
  Mundari 52,000
  Sadri 31,000
  Magahi 18,000
  Marathi 17,000
  Munda 14,000
  Bhojpuri 13,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 3,900
  Kharia 3,100
  Gujarati 2,700
People Groups Speaking Kurux

Primary Language:  Kurux

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1895-1989)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1950-1997)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kurux
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Kurux - Kurukh
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.07 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
26.40 %
Ethnic Religions
24.80 %
Hinduism
46.92 %
Islam
0.18 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
1.60 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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