Dhangar Oraon in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Expanded PDF Profile

Introduction / History

The Uranw people of Nepal, whose native language is Kurux, live in the jungle plains of southeastern Nepal. They associate themselves with the greater Oraon/Uranw community, who live primarily in India and Bangladesh. The Uranw of Nepal migrated to their current homeland from India in the mid-1800s, but they have retained a strong connection to their Uranw culture and religion, and still speak their Kurux language. Although southern Nepal is an ethnically diverse area, Uranw people tend to live in homogenous neighborhoods and maintain a strong community connection.
Uranw home styles vary by area within Nepal, but are typically made of bamboo, mud, and cow dung, with thatched roofs.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Uranw people in Nepal are farmers by occupation, but many do not own their own land. Despite living in rural areas, even the most remote Uranw settlements have easy access to major roads, larger towns, and cities. This allows for families to supplement farming income with other means of employment such as tailoring, metalworking, carpentry, technical jobs, office work, and entrepreneurship.

Because they have maintained their culture and a strong family structure, Uranw people have a strong internal support network. Many, however, do not own their own land or have the financial means to access higher education, healthcare, and other amenities.

Uranw tend to live in homogenous neighborhoods within diverse areas, and therefore are highly multilingual meaning that most of the population speaks 3 or more languages such as Maithili, Tharu, Bhojpuri, Sadri, and Tamang in addition to Nepali. Although school is taught in Nepali children still speak Kurux with friends and in their homes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

There are few Uranw Christians in Nepal and only one known Uranw church. Most people are very dedicated to their own Uranw religion.

The Uranw people practice a unique nature-based religion which is centered around the Karam Festival, in which they worship the branches of the Karam tree. The festival lasts two days and consists of fasting, song and dance, and food offerings which are then eaten at the end of the day to break the fast. The Uranw religion has other festivals throughout the year. Many Uranw people also celebrate Hindu festivals, showing influence from Hinduism, the dominant religion in Nepal. There is also a very small population of Uranw who are Christians.

There is at least one church with Uranw members in Nepal, and possibly one or two Indian Oraon/Uranw missionaries working in Nepal, but this is not yet confirmed.


What Are Their Needs?

There is one existing Bible in the Kurux language which is from a dialect in India. This version has been banned in India, but two other translations were in progress as of 2018. Sadly, many of the speakers in Nepal may have some difficulty understanding the vocabulary, as the Nepali dialect has some lexical differences from the Indian dialect. Kurux speakers in Nepal do not seem to be aware of the vast amounts of written literature available in the Kurux language (all based out of India). Kurux speakers in Nepal would benefit from learning to read their own language in an alphabet they already know. There are many Kurux resources available from India including hymn books, literature, sound recordings and the Jesus film, although some are outdated.

The Uranw community in India has a large Christian population and has made some efforts to connect with Kurux speakers in Nepal and northern Bihar. Cross-border connection and collaboration has the potential to reach many people with the gospel.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Oraon, Dhangar in Nepal.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Oraon
People Name in Country Oraon, Dhangar
Natural Name Dhangar Oraon
Population this Country 38,000
Population all Countries 4,641,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Dhagar; Dhanka; Jhagad; Jhagar; Kurka; Orang; Ranchi; Ranchiwalla; Saathi; Sadri; Uraon; ओराओं
People ID 14210
ROP3 Code 107674
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 34  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Kosi
29,000
Sagarmatha
3,100
Narayani
3,000
Mechi
1,700
Janakpur
900
Lumbini
200
Bagmati
200
Mahakali
200
Bheri
20
Gandaki
10
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 34  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Kosi 29,000
  Sagarmatha 3,100
  Narayani 3,000
  Mechi 1,700
  Janakpur 900
  Lumbini 200
  Bagmati 200
  Mahakali 200
  Bheri 20
  Gandaki 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kurux (34,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
Maithili
4,500
Rangpuri
300
Rawat
100
Santhali
100
Bengali
100
Bhojpuri
70
Odia
40
Kharia
40
Angika
30
Primary Language Kurux (34,000 speakers)
Language Code kru   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
  Maithili 4,500
  Rangpuri 300
  Rawat 100
  Santhali 100
  Bengali 100
  Bhojpuri 70
  Odia 40
  Kharia 40
  Angika 30
People Groups Speaking Kurux

Primary Language:  Kurux

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1895-1989)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1950-1997)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kurux
General Gospel website in this language
General Gospel website in this language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Kurux - Kurukh
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.56 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
2.94 %
Ethnic Religions
1.86 %
Hinduism
94.60 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.04 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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