Meet the Oraon tribe who call themselves Kurukh, by the name taken from their hero-king Karakh. The Oraon used to live south-west of the river Ganga but are now mainly concentrated in Chhotanagpur in Bihar and the adjoining areas of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Tripura, Maharashtra and Assam. They speak languages such as Kurukh, Sadri and Hindi which are from the Dravidian family of languages. They write using the Devanagari script. In stature they are short or below medium in height.
They are mainly settled cultivators and also work as wage labourers and industrial workers. Their staple cereal is rice, supplemented with maize, wheat, Madua and Gondli.
Both men and women consume alcohol, and they also prepare rice beer at home. Generally men chew tobacco and women smoke the Hookah. The Oraon have their traditional community council at the village level headed by a Mahto. They have a regional council known as the Parha composed of a number of villages.
Their main deity is taken as Dharmes, and they also believe in a host of spirits. A priest is invited to perform their life cycle rituals. An Ojiha or mati is specially called to cure diseases by appeasing evil spirits.
Alternate names: Kurukh, Dhanka, Orang, Karusha
* For the salvation of the Oraon people; that the disciples of Jesus among them may spread the good news of God to others.
* For them to seek Jesus for healing from their sicknesses rather than using methods of witchcraft.
* For the Oraon men and women to be freed from alcohol and tobacco addiction.
|Profile Source: India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar Copyrighted © Used with permission|
|People Name General||Oraon|
|People Name in Country||Oraon, Kurux|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||No|
|GSEC||6 (per PeopleGroups.org)|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Dhagar, Dhanka, Jhagad, Jhagar, Kurka, Orang, Ranchi, Ranchiwalla, Saathi, Sadri, Uraon, ओराओं|
|Persecution Rank||33 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Total States on file||4|
|Specialized Website||South Asia Peoples|
|Language Code||kru Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Kurux
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1950-1997)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament (FCBH)|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||God's Story Video|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Kurux|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Kurux - Kurukh|
|Text / Printed Matter||Online Bible (Bibles India)|
|Photo Source||Gerald Roberts|
|Map Source||People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project|
|Profile Source||India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar Copyrighted © Used with permission|
|Data Sources||Data is compiled from various sources. Read more|
|* Religion Values||From latest Bhutan census data. Current values may differ.|