Ambattan in India

The Ambattan have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 6

Subgroup Name Population
Maruttuvan 1,500
Pandya 400
Attungal Vazhi 300
Chala Vazhi 300
Peruntanni Vzhi 300
Pondi Vazhi 300

Introduction / History

Their name is derived from two ancient Sanscrit words for "to stand," and "near." Thus, their name means, "one who stands close by." Their traditional work involved being nearby; being physicians or barbers. According to legends they are the offspring of a Brahmin father and a Vaishya (business caste) mother. The Maruthuvar or Ambattan live in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Pondicherry in southern India. In Tamil Nadu the Maruthuvar speak, read and write in Tamil.


What Are Their Lives Like?

They work as barbers, day laborers or own their own businesses. In Pondicherry the Maruthuvar are musicians. Some of them are farmers. Family leaders arrange marriages. In Kerala widowers can marry again. They prefer monogamous marriages, that is, between one man and one woman. On the death of the father, sons inherit the property with the oldest son becoming the head of the household. A caste council looks after their interests.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Hinduism is their religion. Unlike most Hindus they either cremate or bury their dead. Spiritual beliefs of Hindus are very diverse from those who worship only one god to those who worship hundreds of them to those who are philosophical and do not worship any.


What Are Their Needs?

The Maruthuvar people need to hear and respond to the invitation from the only savior to enjoy life to the full.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Ambattan in India.

* Pray that the Maruthuvar caste council leaders come to Jesus Christ and open the door for a disciple making movement. * Pray for spiritual openness and discernment. * Pray for workers to go to them.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Ambattan
People Name in Country Ambattan
Population this Country 178,000
Population all Countries 178,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Ezhavathi; Izhavathi; Kshaurakan; Kshaurakaran; Kudimaghan; Maruttuvan; Nasivan; Nasuvan; Navidan; Panditan; Pannikkar; Pariyari; Pranopakari; Vathi (OMID Illavathi); Vilakkuttalayan; अंबट्टन
People ID 16208
ROP3 Code 111317
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Tamil Nadu
168,000
Kerala
5,500
Maharashtra
1,900
Puducherry
1,400
Karnataka
700
Andhra Pradesh
600
Delhi
200
Andaman and Nicobar
70
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Tamil Nadu 168,000
  Kerala 5,500
  Maharashtra 1,900
  Puducherry 1,400
  Karnataka 700
  Andhra Pradesh 600
  Delhi 200
  Andaman and Nicobar 70
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (173,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
5,300
Tulu
200
Primary Language Tamil (173,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 5,300
  Tulu 200
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General Comprehensive list of Tamil Resources
General God's Simple Plan
General Gospel website in this language
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.08 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.92 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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