Agamudaiyan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 25 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Muthuraja 8,200
Peruntali 8,200
Vanniya 8,200
Sirutali 8,000
Malaiman 6,700
Sarahu 2,900
Ambunadu 2,800
Ettarai Koppu 2,800
Kurumba 2,800
Nadunattu 2,800

Introduction / History

The Agamudaiyan or Agamudayars were once soldiers and warriors in the kingdoms of south India. For their military service, they were rewarded with land. The name Agamudaiyan means "householder or landowner" in Tamil. The Agamudaiyan also guarded palaces and Hindu temples for the kings of south India. In a famous battle of 1789, they defeated an English-backed army that kept their land free from British control.

Today most Agamudaiyan are agricultural workers. Some continue their military tradition by serving in the Indian army. Some Agamudaiyan own their land while others work on land owned by others. Educated Agamudaiyan have become lawyers, military officers, engineers, physicians, civil servants and politicians.

The vast majority of Agamudaiyan speak Tamil as their first language. Educated Agamudaiyan also speak English.


Where Are they Located?

Most Agamudaiyan live in Tamil Nadu, their traditional home. A small number of them live in other south Indian states.


What Are Their Lives Like?

There is great diversity in the lives of the Agamudaiyan depending on their educational level. Those without a college education live much like their ancestors did, as farmers in the villages of Tamil Nadu. They grow rice, millet, lentils, vegetables and fruits. They raise animals for meat and dairy products. They are not vegetarians. However, as Hindus, will not eat beef. Those with a university education are business and governmental leaders in Tamil Nadu society.

Brahman priests lead important life ceremonies such as birth, weddings and funerals. Families arrange marriages. They prefer endogamous marriages, that is, within their caste and clan. Cousin marriages are common. After the wedding, the newly married couple will live with or near the groom's parents. Monogamy or marriage or one spouse is the general rule. Sons inherit their father's property.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Almost all Agamudaiyan practice Hinduism, the ancient religion and culture of India. They worship and serve the many gods of the Hindu pantheon. Shiva, the destroyer god, and Ganesha, the god of good fortune are given special attention by the Agamudaiyan. They bring offerings of food, flowers and incense to the Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu. They believe that Moksha or freedom from the endless cycles of death and rebirth can be achieved through rituals and good works.

The Agamudaiyan participate in the yearly Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Agamudaiyan need to hear a clear presentation of the gospel of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love of Christ lived out before them. The few Christians among them need to be trained and motivated to share the good news with their brothers and sisters who have not heard.


Prayer Points

* Pray that this warrior people would become soldiers for Jesus Christ.
* Pray the Lord moves the Indian Christians of Tamil Nadu to befriend and reach out to the Agamudaiyan.
* Pray that Bible-believing churches would begin in the Agamudaiyan community.


References

indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Agamudaiyan
cccowe.org/content.php?id=unreached/srilanka/agamudaiyan


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-04
People Name General Agamudaiyan
People Name in Country Agamudaiyan
Population in India 857,000
World Population 875,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 17
Alternate Names Achukatlavandlu, Agambadi, Agambadia, Agamudayar, Agamudiyer, Agamundi, Aghambadiar, Aghamudaya, Ambalakaram, Ambalavasi, Barichat, Barichatty, Kondaliyar, Madali, Malayamar, Maruar, Marumaravar, Mudaliyar, Mukkulather, Muppan, Mutharaja, Muthiraja, Mutracha, Muttharayar, Muttiryan, Nainar, Nathamar, Nattaman, Palegaru, Parkavakulam, Parkavakulam Suruthinar, Pillai, Pillaimar, Pillay, Pulle, Raja Kambalattu Naicker/Muthrachar, Raja Kambalattu Nayakkar, Sanagara, Sekkan, Servaikaran, Server, Thozhu, Thuluva Vellala, Udaiyan, Udaiyar, Udayar, Udyar, Valaiyan, Valaiyan/Kambalattan, Valayar, Vellari, आगामुदैईयाँ
People ID 16172
ROP3 Code 111274
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Agamudaiyan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 25 (only 15 largest shown)
  Muthuraja 8,200
  Peruntali 8,200
  Vanniya 8,200
  Sirutali 8,000
  Malaiman 6,700
  Sarahu 2,900
  Ambunadu 2,800
  Ettarai Koppu 2,800
  Kurumba 2,800
  Nadunattu 2,800
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
794,000
Karnataka
22,000
Puducherry
21,000
Kerala
9,500
Maharashtra
4,300
Andhra Pradesh
1,600
Delhi
1,500
Telangana
800
Andaman and Nicobar
500
Chhattisgarh
200
West Bengal
200
Madhya Pradesh
100
Chandigarh
60
Jharkhand
50
Odisha
50
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Tamil Nadu 794,000
  Karnataka 22,000
  Puducherry 21,000
  Kerala 9,500
  Maharashtra 4,300
  Andhra Pradesh 1,600
  Delhi 1,500
  Telangana 800
  Andaman and Nicobar 500
  Chhattisgarh 200
  West Bengal 200
  Madhya Pradesh 100
  Chandigarh 60
  Jharkhand 50
  Odisha 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (836,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
16,000
English
100
Telugu
60
Konkani, Goan
30
Konkani
20
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (836,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 16,000
  English 100
  Telugu 60
  Konkani, Goan 30
  Konkani 20
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.52 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.48 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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