Andh in India

The Andh have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Over thousands of years, India has become the home of a countless number of ethnic groups, many of which have maintained their own distinctive cultures. There are 14 major national languages in India, plus hundreds of other languages spoken throughout the country. The complex Hindu caste system has further divided the people into an endless number of social classes, occupational groups, and scheduled tribes.

The scheduled tribes account for more than 30 million Indians, and include large groups such as the Bhil, the Gond, and the Santal (all of which have been profiled separately). However, there are also many smaller scheduled tribes that can be distinguished by their social systems, marriage customs, languages, religions, and to some degree, their isolation. Unlike the surrounding peoples, each of the scheduled tribes forms its own socially distinct community. These tribes, which were also known as the "untouchables," form the lowest Hindu caste. Because they are very underdeveloped, the Indian government has attempted to bring them into the mainstream of political and economic life. In 1949, "untouchability" was outlawed and the tribes were "scheduled" for special treatment.


What Are Their Lives Like?

While many of the scheduled tribes live in specific regions of India, others are widespread throughout the nation. Many live in secluded areas. While most of them work as farmers, there are still a few tribes that survive by hunting and gathering. Generally, the scheduled tribes are engaged in one of the following areas: hunting and gathering food from the forests, crop rotation, settled agriculture, hired agricultural labor, livestock production, household industries, and miscellaneous occupations.

The tribes who practice crop rotation usually live near the plot of land they are cultivating. They clear the land by burning off its vegetation. Primitive tools are used to prepare the ground, then the crops are planted. After the crops have been harvested, a new plot is chosen for the next crop. Grains and fruit are the principal crops. When necessary, their diet is supplemented by forest produce. Others earn extra income by hiring themselves out as farm laborers. A few of the tribes are still semi-nomadic, migrating three or four times a year to hunt and trap small animals.

Most of the scheduled tribes live in small communities, often with a very weak structure of leadership. The basic unit of the tribal society is the family. One key aspect of their communities is the marriage customs. Most of these tribes are endogamous, which means that they only marry within their own social groups. The young people are free to choose their own marriage partners, although many still seek parental advice. A few of the tribes still require the payment of a bride price to the girl's family. Sometimes, it is very costly, involving a great amount of work and sacrifice on the part of the groom's family to accumulate enough funds.

The clan is next to the family in terms of importance. A clan is composed of several families who are the descendants of a common ancestor. When economic assistance is needed or when a death occurs, all of the members of the clan join together to help the family in need. Many clans often work together as a single unit to make the best use of their farm land and family property.

Many of the tribal societies have cultures that are rich in art, music, and dance. Their artistic tastes find expression in the way they decorate their homes, in the clothes they weave and wear, and in the simple ornaments they use to decorate their bodies. Tattooing is very popular, and many of the tribesmen wear few clothes so that the body designs may be seen. In their music, the notes tend to be of limited range. Their tribal dances have only a few movements that are repeated for hours at a time. There are no special singers or dancers; instead, every man, woman, and child participates in the singing and dancing.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Many of the scheduled tribes have been heavily influenced by their more powerful Hindu neighbors. As a result, they have given up a number of their traditional customs and now imitate many Hindu customs, particularly those of the Brahmins (highest caste of Hindu priests and scholars). Although some remnants of their ethnic religions are evident, the tribes are primarily considered Hindu.


What Are Their Needs?

A few of the smaller tribes have no Christian resources available in their languages. Some of the larger tribes are the focus of missions agencies; however, a determined effort needs to be made to reach those groups that remain isolated.

All of these tribal communities need practical help, especially in the areas of agriculture, education, and health care. Medical supplies and qualified doctors and nurses are severely lacking in the remote areas. Christian ministries that reach out to these tribes must be sensitive to their physical as well as spiritual needs. Perhaps Christian teachers and medical teams will have opportunities to show these precious people the love of Jesus in practical ways.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord of the Harvest to thrust forth laborers into India to share the love of Jesus with each of the scheduled tribes.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of India through worship and intercession.
* Pray that the small number of tribal believers will begin to share the Gospel with their own people.
* Pray for the salvation of key tribal leaders who will boldly declare the Gospel.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Andh
People Name in Country Andh
Population in India 490,000
World Population 490,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 10
Alternate Names Andha, Binjhwar, Kondareddi, अंध
People ID 16215
ROP3 Code 111326
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 11
Largest States
Maharashtra
474,000
Telangana
13,000
Karnataka
1,300
Andhra Pradesh
300
Madhya Pradesh
300
Gujarat
200
Delhi
200
Chhattisgarh
100
Dadra and Nagar Have
40
Kerala
20
Goa
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 11
  Maharashtra 474,000
  Telangana 13,000
  Karnataka 1,300
  Andhra Pradesh 300
  Madhya Pradesh 300
  Gujarat 200
  Delhi 200
  Chhattisgarh 100
  Dadra and Nagar Have 40
  Kerala 20
  Goa 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Marathi (363,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 26
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Andh
121,000
Telugu
1,500
Hindi
1,500
Kannada
700
Konkani, Goan
200
Gondi, Northern
100
Kolami, Northwestern
100
Tamil
100
Urdu
100
Gujarati
80
Bengali
70
Gondi, Aheri
50
Gondi, Adilabad
50
Bhili
40
Khandesi
40
Primary Language Marathi (363,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 26
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Andh 121,000
  Telugu 1,500
  Hindi 1,500
  Kannada 700
  Konkani, Goan 200
  Gondi, Northern 100
  Kolami, Northwestern 100
  Tamil 100
  Urdu 100
  Gujarati 80
  Bengali 70
  Gondi, Aheri 50
  Gondi, Adilabad 50
  Bhili 40
  Khandesi 40
People Groups Speaking Marathi

Primary Language:  Marathi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1807-1957)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1982)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1821-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Marathi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Marathi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: मराठी - Marathi
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.16 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.02 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.20 %
Islam
0.16 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.44 %
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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