Adi Dravida in India

The Adi Dravida have only been reported in India
Population
9,806,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Adi Dravida of southern India were called the Paraiyar. Due to the negative connotation of the name Paraiyar or pariah in English, the leaders of this community in the early 20th century requested that their name become Adi Dravida or "original Dravidians." Today, the Adi Dravida are a scheduled caste which means they receive special benefits for government jobs and places in education to rectify past societal wrongs. In the past, many of the Adi Dravida were indigent agricultural workers tied to the land. They were also forced to live by themselves in hamlets outside the other villages and towns.


Where Are they Located?

The Adi Dravida live primarily in the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kanarkata. Some are scattered across the rest of India. They speak Tamil and other regional languages.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Adi Davida have been poor farmers and agricultural workers. Some own their own land while others labor for land owners. Some Adi Dravida are shoe makers and leather workers. Others dig graves and take care of funerals.

The Adi Dravida are endogamous; that is, they marry within their caste. They do not practice child marriage.

The men spend the day working the soil growing rice, other grains, fruits and vegetables. Women tend to family responsibilities and also help the men in the fields. Unfortunately, illiteracy is high among the Adi Dravida. By giving the Adi Dravida scheduled status the Indian government is trying to increase literacy and access to higher paying jobs. Some Adi Dravida are educated and entered professions like medicine, engineering and law.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most Adi Dravida are Hindu. They worship the Hindu gods like Vishnu, Shiva, Rama, Krishna and Hanuman. Due to their low caste, sometimes Adi Dravida have not been allowed entry into Hindu temples. This fact has led some leaders to encourage the people to leave Hinduism and to embrace Buddhism.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God would create a hunger for His Word among the Adi Dravida. The complete Bible is available in Tamil.
* Pray that the Lord would lead Indian Christians to become friends with the Adi Dravida to help them with their educational and vocational needs.
* Pray that the small number of Adi Dravida Christians will be discipled and share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Adi Dravida
People Name in Country Adi Dravida
Population in India 9,806,000
World Population 9,806,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Adi Dravidar, Chakkiliyan, Harijan, Harijans, Madiga, Mala, Parayan, Pariyar, Samban, आदि ड्रॅविडा
People ID 16164
ROP3 Code 111266
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 30
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
8,172,000
Karnataka
1,180,000
Andhra Pradesh
263,000
Puducherry
128,000
Maharashtra
39,000
Delhi
6,100
Kerala
5,200
Gujarat
2,500
Odisha
2,000
West Bengal
1,600
Madhya Pradesh
1,500
Jharkhand
1,100
Telangana
1,000
Uttar Pradesh
1,000
Chhattisgarh
900
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 30  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 8,172,000
  Karnataka 1,180,000
  Andhra Pradesh 263,000
  Puducherry 128,000
  Maharashtra 39,000
  Delhi 6,100
  Kerala 5,200
  Gujarat 2,500
  Odisha 2,000
  West Bengal 1,600
  Madhya Pradesh 1,500
  Jharkhand 1,100
  Telangana 1,000
  Uttar Pradesh 1,000
  Chhattisgarh 900
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (8,806,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
Telugu
570,000
Kannada
404,000
Tulu
51,000
Malayalam
8,900
Konkani, Goan
3,200
English
1,000
Odia
400
Konkani
200
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (8,806,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
  Telugu 570,000
  Kannada 404,000
  Tulu 51,000
  Malayalam 8,900
  Konkani, Goan 3,200
  English 1,000
  Odia 400
  Konkani 200
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.06 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
7.73 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
92.22 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source G. Sounder 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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