Adi Dravida in India


Population
9,819,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Adi Dravida of India are a low status caste. The word 'Adi' means 'beginning'. Their literacy level is said to be less than fifty percent so the gospel message should be given in oral form also. There are some professional workers among them such as doctors and engineers. They are mainly Hindus.

The Adi Dravida of Tamil Nadu speak, read and write in Tamil and they eat pork and beef and for a cereal they like rice. They marry within their own group. The men do agriculture. The women look after the family income details and they help with agriculture. The Adi Dravida also do rickshaw pulling among other work. They have an Association that judges in disputes. Hinduism is their main religion.

In Karnataka they speak, read and write in Kannada. Agricultural work is now the main work for a lot of the Adi Dravida. In the towns they are mainly in the shoe industry. They have festivals.

In Andhra Pradesh the Adi Dravida speak, read and write in Tamil. They can speak Telugu also. They have two groups, the Tamil Mala who are thought to be better as they are landowners and the Savu Mala who are gravediggers. They believe in monogamy and marriages tend to be adult ones now rather than child marriages. Divorce is allowed as is marrying again for the bereaved. The dead are buried except when the first child dies and when there is an abnormal death, then cremation takes place.

In Maharashtra the Adi Dravida live mainly in slums. They speak Tamil mainly and also Hindi and Marathi. Divorce and widows marrying again are not allowed. Property on the death of the father is given to the sons with the oldest son being in charge of the home. There are Hindus and Christians among them who are allowed to marry each other.

In Pondicherry they speak, read and write in Tamil. There are Christians among them also.


Prayer Points

* Pray that gospel materials will lead the Adi Dravida to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that God will give them dreams and visions leading them to Salvation too.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Adi Dravida
People Name in Country Adi Dravida
Population in India 9,819,000
World Population 11,168,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Adi Dravidar, Chakkiliyan, Harijan, Harijans, Madiga, Mala, Parayan, Pariyar, Samban, आदि ड्रॅविडा
People ID 16164
ROP3 Code 111266
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 30
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
(8,182,000)
Karnataka
(1,181,000)
Andhra Pradesh
(264,000)
Puducherry
(128,000)
Maharashtra
(39,000)
Delhi
(6,100)
Kerala
(5,200)
Gujarat
(2,500)
Odisha
(2,000)
West Bengal
(1,600)
Madhya Pradesh
(1,500)
Jharkhand
(1,100)
Telangana
(1,000)
Uttar Pradesh
(1,000)
Chhattisgarh
(900)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 30  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu (8,182,000)
  Karnataka (1,181,000)
  Andhra Pradesh (264,000)
  Puducherry (128,000)
  Maharashtra (39,000)
  Delhi (6,100)
  Kerala (5,200)
  Gujarat (2,500)
  Odisha (2,000)
  West Bengal (1,600)
  Madhya Pradesh (1,500)
  Jharkhand (1,100)
  Telangana (1,000)
  Uttar Pradesh (1,000)
  Chhattisgarh (900)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (8,806,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
Telugu
(570,000)
Kannada
(404,000)
Tulu
(51,000)
Malayalam
(8,900)
Konkani, Goan
(3,200)
English
(1,000)
Odia
(400)
Konkani
(200)
People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (8,806,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
  Telugu (570,000)
  Kannada (404,000)
  Tulu (51,000)
  Malayalam (8,900)
  Konkani, Goan (3,200)
  English (1,000)
  Odia (400)
  Konkani (200)
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.06 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
7.73 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
92.22 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source G. Sounder 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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