Agri in India

The Agri have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Agris are an ethnic community native to Mumbai. They had migrated to Mumbai during the 13th century during the reign of Raja Bhimdev. The name Agri (pronounced "agari") comes from Agar, a salt-pan. The original name seems to be Agle. The tradition common among them is that they originally dwelt at Mungi Paithan and were transported to the Konkan by Bimbaraja and it is alleged that there are in existence sanads given by him to certain persons of the caste.

A legend states that two sons, Agla and Mangla, were born to the sage Agasti. The former become the ancestor of the Agris, the latter of the Mangelas (fishermen). The first was told to support himself by the manufacture of salt from the sea, the latter by fishing. The god Parashuram, intending to throw back the sea, was prevented by the intervention of the Agri and Mangela women. At their request he consented to throw it back only 27 miles and the strip thus formed become the Konkan.

There is another legend to the effect that they are the musicians of Ravan, the demon-king of South India, who in reward for good services settled them in the Konkan. Agris claim to be Kahatriyas of Khatris. The late or Aryan element which they claim and which appears in some of their surnames, according to their story, was introduced into the Konkan from Paithan in the Deccan, when the Deccan was conquered by the Muslims at the close of the thirteenth century.

The famous Chirner Andolan made by Agris in 1930 served as force to invoking "Kul Kaida" by the government. It means that the one who cultivates the land will be the real owner of the land and the system of Jamindari was abolished. It benefited every Kul of Maharashtra. On the other hand, it states that Kunbi are subdivision of the Agri and subgroup of the Koli.


Where Are they Located?

At present they are distributed in Rajasthan, Delhi, Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Amli, Agriwad, Vaghchhipa), Gujarat (Karajgam, Barai, Goima) and Maharashtra. The Agri of Maharashtra are also known as Agle and Kharpatil. They are distributed in the Raigad and Thane Districts and in the suburban area of Bombay city. The population of Agri in Bombay Province, according to the 1931 census, was 265,285. They speak the Indo-Aryan language Marathi at home as well as outside and use the Devanagri script.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Three major districts of Maharashtra, namely Thane, Raigad and Mumbai, are shelters of Agri Samaj. Salt making, fishery at the sea coast and farming of rice are the major occupations of this community. Rice bread, steamed rice with meat and fish is their daily diet. Not just men but women also help in earning the daily bread. Women take care of their house as well as manage the professional transactions. This is the major reason why there is no dowry systems experience in this community.

They celebrate Ganesh Utsav, Navratri, Hanuman Jayanti and Ram Navmi and fairs with lots of fun and devotion. This community is gifted with lovely and traditional customs along with their adventurous and prosperous occupation of fishing.

These people celebrate marriage with lots of fun and enjoyment. The Haldi ceremony is held before the day of marriage. On this day men and women gather and dance freely with all means of freedom. All young and elder women are provided freedom to dance and they are nowhere bounded with any specific fencing. This shows what a free atmosphere the men and women experience here.

A major change or turning point in an individual's life is the time he marries someone. No role of dowry system is observed strictly in this community. Giving of dowry as well as acceptance of dowry both are considered to be taboo. If we go through India's history we find many cases of dominating and suppressing women for dowry. But women in this community are pretty safe.

Now-a-days, Agri people are more business oriented. People have extensive real estate property which was earlier used for farming. They are fond of Gold and Agri women wear heavy gold ornaments.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-13
People Name General Agri
People Name in Country Agri
Population in India 418,000
World Population 418,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 8
Alternate Names Aagri, Agle, Kharpatil, Mith Agri, Shilpakar, Silpkar Agri, अग्री
People ID 16180
ROP3 Code 111284
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Marathi-Konkani
People Group Agri
Ethnic Code CNN25j
Total Subgroups on file 3
Largest Subgroups
Das
14,000
Dhol
6,800
Varap
6,700
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Marathi-Konkani
People Group Agri
Ethnic Code CNN25j
Total Subgroups 3
  Das 14,000
  Dhol 6,800
  Varap 6,700
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 14
Largest States
Maharashtra
338,000
Gujarat
63,000
Goa
5,800
Uttarakhand
2,800
Rajasthan
2,700
Madhya Pradesh
2,600
Uttar Pradesh
900
Delhi
700
Chhattisgarh
700
Karnataka
600
Punjab
100
Dadra and Nagar Have
60
Tamil Nadu
30
West Bengal
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 14
  Maharashtra 338,000
  Gujarat 63,000
  Goa 5,800
  Uttarakhand 2,800
  Rajasthan 2,700
  Madhya Pradesh 2,600
  Uttar Pradesh 900
  Delhi 700
  Chhattisgarh 700
  Karnataka 600
  Punjab 100
  Dadra and Nagar Have 60
  Tamil Nadu 30
  West Bengal 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Marathi (169,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Konkani
79,000
Konkani, Goan
77,000
Gujarati
68,000
Hindi
10,000
Sindhi
6,200
Garhwali
2,200
Kacchi
1,100
Marwari
600
Kannada
200
Dhundari
100
Punjabi, Eastern
80
Mewari
50
Kumaoni
40
Wagdi
20
Other People Groups Speaking Marathi
Primary Language Marathi (169,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Konkani 79,000
  Konkani, Goan 77,000
  Gujarati 68,000
  Hindi 10,000
  Sindhi 6,200
  Garhwali 2,200
  Kacchi 1,100
  Marwari 600
  Kannada 200
  Dhundari 100
  Punjabi, Eastern 80
  Mewari 50
  Kumaoni 40
  Wagdi 20
People Groups Speaking Marathi

Primary Language:  Marathi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1807-1957)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1982)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1821-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Marathi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Marathi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: मराठी - Marathi
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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