Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Subgroups: 1

Subgroup Name Population
Deora 39,000

Introduction / History

Starting in the 5th century, there was a massive attack by the White Huns in what is now northern and northwestern India and Pakistan. About a century later the reigning Hindu-based Gupta Empire broke up, leaving the Subcontinent vulnerable to Muslim invaders from the north. As time went on, invaders took over land and integrated with the settled peoples of this region. Tribal leaders, especially those involved with defense, were accepted as Kshatriya, the second highest varna (major type of castes) in Hindu society, while their followers became the fourth and lowest varna. Priests became the Brahmins, the highest of the four varnas.
The Rajputs, who were part of the Kshatriya varna, became politically important in the seventh century. From around 800 AD Rajput dynasties ruled northern India. Petty Rajput kingdoms were the main obstacle for Muslim domination of the Hindu subcontinent. For more than 500 years Rajputs were the warriors who defended kingdoms from invaders and conquered others. When possible, Rajputs settled down, became nobles, and enjoyed the lives of landed gentry.
From the beginning, Rajputs had their subgroups, many of which ruled different areas. The Chauhan Rajputs ruled some parts of northern India in the 1100s.
Over a period of a couple hundred years, invaders penetrated the Rajput wall that protected the Subcontinent. Some Rajput subgroups converted to Islam during this time. The British Raj took over the Islamic Moghul Empire in South Asia. During their rule, which ended in 1947, the British recruited Rajputs into their military units. By the 1930s the Indian census stopped noting that someone is Rajput, so Rajput lineage has been less clear ever since.
In the early 1970s, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi abolished Rajput titles and property rights. The Rajputs have kept alive their proud history of conquest, bravery and military might, but they often don't have the wealth they once enjoyed.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Today Chauhan Rajputs often work as village watchmen and laborers. Others are in the Indian military just like their ancestors. They can also be small shops and businesses owners. Chauhan is one of the Rajput subgroups that might own impressive hotels in Rajasthan.
The Chauhan Rajputs have their own unique customs. Most of their names come from the names of plants and animals.
Chauhan Rajputs try to marry their daughters into clans of higher rank than their own. The Rajput clans in Rajasthan have the highest status, so families want their daughters to marry men from that state. Unfortunately, Rajputs often marry their daughters off while they are very young.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Hinduism is a flexible religion that allows for many forms of worship. Communities often have their own gods and traditions that would be unfamiliar to Hindu clergy in other parts of India. The Chauhan Rajputs offer examples of this. When they face problems, Chauhan Rajputs make an object out of flour and worship it. They have their own patron gods to turn to for protection.
As Rajputs the Chauhan usually worship Shiva (the destroyer), Surya (the sun god), and Durga (the mother goddess). They sacrifice goats when they make a vow to Durga. They celebrate Dasahara, a festival dedicated to Durga. During this festival they sacrifice a buffalo to celebrate this goddess' victory over a buffalo demon.


What Are Their Needs?

Rajputs presently are going through something of an identity crisis. Many are trying to fill this need through self-realization and self-awareness. To find spiritual answers, they often turn to gurus, who are Hindu experts in spirituality.


Prayer Points

Pray for Chauhan Rajput communities to find their identity in Jesus Christ.
Pray Chauhan Rajputs will crave becoming part of God's royal family.
Pray for Chauhan Rajput family leaders to embrace the guidance and lordship of Jesus.
Pray the Lord will give Chauhan Rajput leaders spiritual hunger, then satisfy that hunger with Christ.
Pray for a disciple making movement among every Rajput community.


Scripture Prayers for the Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) in India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

The Rajputs

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

People Name General Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation RAHJ-put CHOH-hahn
Alternate Names राजपूत, चौहान (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 3,642,000
Population all Countries 3,656,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 73
People ID 20386
ROP3 Code 116170
ROP25 Code 306917
ROP25 Name Rajput
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 26
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
1,264,000
Rajasthan
417,000
Bihar
399,000
Madhya Pradesh
313,000
Haryana
311,000
Delhi
236,000
Uttarakhand
179,000
Gujarat
122,000
Maharashtra
69,000
West Bengal
67,000
Himachal Pradesh
51,000
Jharkhand
45,000
Punjab
37,000
Chhattisgarh
33,000
Andhra Pradesh
25,000
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 26  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 1,264,000
  Rajasthan 417,000
  Bihar 399,000
  Madhya Pradesh 313,000
  Haryana 311,000
  Delhi 236,000
  Uttarakhand 179,000
  Gujarat 122,000
  Maharashtra 69,000
  West Bengal 67,000
  Himachal Pradesh 51,000
  Jharkhand 45,000
  Punjab 37,000
  Chhattisgarh 33,000
  Andhra Pradesh 25,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Hindi (2,157,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Marwari (India)
152,000
Bhojpuri
136,000
Gujarati
84,000
Garhwali
76,000
Kanauji
58,000
Awadhi
53,000
Dhundari
49,000
Bengali
36,000
Punjabi, Eastern
35,000
Haryanvi
26,000
Marathi
23,000
Pahari, Mahasu
23,000
Mewari
20,000
Chhattisgarhi
13,000
Malvi
13,000
Primary Language Hindi (2,157,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Marwari (India) 152,000
  Bhojpuri 136,000
  Gujarati 84,000
  Garhwali 76,000
  Kanauji 58,000
  Awadhi 53,000
  Dhundari 49,000
  Bengali 36,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 35,000
  Haryanvi 26,000
  Marathi 23,000
  Pahari, Mahasu 23,000
  Mewari 20,000
  Chhattisgarhi 13,000
  Malvi 13,000
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2022)
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Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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