Teli (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Within the caste system of India there are numerous communities which have a given task to benefit others. The Teli community is one of these. "A community which derives its name from the Sanskrit word talika or taila, used for the oil extracted from sesame and mustard, thus alluding to their traditional occupation... Mythological origin of the Teli is traced to Lord Shiva who created them to destroy five demons. However, their legend also says that the first Teli was created by Shiva to rub him with oil." (Singh, K. S., India's Communities, p. 3462)

Telis were traditionally considered one of the the Vaisya, or trading communities. That put them as part of the third highest of four caste clusters.


Where Are they Located?

Most Teli people live throughout India. A smaller number live in Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka or Pakistan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Teli community once did the labor-intensive job of pressing and extracting oil, but now that job is done by mechanical means. For this reason, they have mainly resorted to farming or animal husbandry. A good many of these are landless, and some have applied to be considered "Other backward castes" so they can receive special treatment from the Indian government. A smaller number of them are businessmen or hotel managers, metal workers, cart pullers, or common laborers. Many work in government jobs, and they are active in politics.

The Teli people are endogamous, meaning that they only marry within their own community. Family heads and elders arrange their marriages, and the dowry is paid with cash and valuable goods. In today's world, Teli people live mainly in nuclear families.

Like all other South Asian communities, women have lower status and power than men; however, women take a leading role in social and religious activities. Women also help with the family income through embroidery and other money-making activities.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Teli are mainly Hindus who have special celebrations at weddings and the birth of a child. They cremate the dead, and scatter the ashes in a river, preferably the Ganges, a river that Hindus consider to be holy. They worship their ancestors and seek protection from evil spirits. This people group is pragmatic in their spiritual practices. They worship a "wish-fulfilling goddess" whom they hope will answer their prayers.


What Are Their Needs?

The Teli people are not usually poor, but they need better access to higher education and good job opportunities. They also need access to meeting the Risen Christ and the opportunity to follow Him.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Teli people will develop a hunger for the true God.
* Pray that believers will reach out to this people with the blessings of Christ.
* Pray that soon the oil of the Holy Spirit would anoint Teli community leaders and lead them to throw open the doors for their people to follow Jesus.
* Pray for the Lord to raise up Teli believers who will disciple others and begin the process of starting a Disciple-Making Movement among this people group.


References

http://www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/teli/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teli
https://www.quora.com/I-belong-to-the-Teli-caste-from-Bihar-residing-in-Kolkata-Recently-Bihar-Government-has-included-Teli-caste-in-Extremely-backward-caste-list-How-Can-I-get-my-caste-certificate
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/teli-people1/
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/Teli-People/
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/Teli-People-edible-oil-extractors/


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-31
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-29
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-09-24
People Name General Teli (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Teli (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 18,632,000
World Population 19,144,400
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 372
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Badbaik, Balu, Devi-Telikula, Gachhi, Gandla, Ganiga, Ganigaru, Ganita, Goundla, Gunigan, Gunija, Hansari, Harsolia, Kalu, Kanala, Malik, Maliks, Modh Ganchi, Murmi, Rathor, Sahu, Sahu Samaj, Somakshatriya, Taili, Tailik, Teli Telukula, Telikula, Telipal, Telwain, Tili, Tilwan, Vaniyan, टेली (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18229
ROP3 Code 113757
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Teli (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25r
Total Subgroups on file 67
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Rathor
894,000
Kalu কালু
853,000
Ghana
612,000
Byahut
510,000
Kanaujia
450,000
Jaunpuria
274,000
Jaiswal
241,000
Mathuria
45,000
Tulu
22,000
Umre
15,000
Deva Gandla
7,400
Kapu Teli
7,400
Telikula Gandla
7,400
Vaniyan
6,200
Hegganiga
5,100
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Teli (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25r
Total Subgroups 67 (only 15 largest shown)
  Rathor 894,000
  Kalu কালু 853,000
  Ghana 612,000
  Byahut 510,000
  Kanaujia 450,000
  Jaunpuria 274,000
  Jaiswal 241,000
  Mathuria 45,000
  Tulu 22,000
  Umre 15,000
  Deva Gandla 7,400
  Kapu Teli 7,400
  Telikula Gandla 7,400
  Vaniyan 6,200
  Hegganiga 5,100
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 33
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
3,153,000
Bihar
2,928,000
Chhattisgarh
2,381,000
West Bengal
1,560,000
Madhya Pradesh
1,502,000
Maharashtra
1,468,000
Odisha
1,317,000
Jharkhand
1,186,000
Haryana
704,000
Rajasthan
578,000
Karnataka
403,000
Andhra Pradesh
383,000
Tamil Nadu
252,000
Gujarat
237,000
Assam
198,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 33  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 3,153,000
  Bihar 2,928,000
  Chhattisgarh 2,381,000
  West Bengal 1,560,000
  Madhya Pradesh 1,502,000
  Maharashtra 1,468,000
  Odisha 1,317,000
  Jharkhand 1,186,000
  Haryana 704,000
  Rajasthan 578,000
  Karnataka 403,000
  Andhra Pradesh 383,000
  Tamil Nadu 252,000
  Gujarat 237,000
  Assam 198,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (7,858,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 67
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Chhattisgarhi
1,694,000
Bengali
1,656,000
Bhojpuri
1,330,000
Odia
1,162,000
Marathi
1,140,000
Telugu
606,000
Kannada
389,000
Magahi
311,000
Maithili
303,000
Awadhi
282,000
Tamil
216,000
Gujarati
209,000
Kanauji
192,000
Assamese
154,000
Haryanvi
135,000
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (7,858,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 67
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Chhattisgarhi 1,694,000
  Bengali 1,656,000
  Bhojpuri 1,330,000
  Odia 1,162,000
  Marathi 1,140,000
  Telugu 606,000
  Kannada 389,000
  Magahi 311,000
  Maithili 303,000
  Awadhi 282,000
  Tamil 216,000
  Gujarati 209,000
  Kanauji 192,000
  Assamese 154,000
  Haryanvi 135,000
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.49 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.49 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Etan Doronne  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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