Tamboli (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
1,869,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Tamboli are a people of India traditionally associated with the production and distribution of the betel leaf and areca nut. Millions of people of South Asia and the Pacific chew areca or betel nut as a mild stimulant as many Westerners drink coffee or tea. In fact, the name Tamboli comes from a Sanskrit word meaning "betel leaf." Most Tamboli speak Hindi and another regional language.


Where Are they Located?

The Hindu Tamboli live across central and northern India. Most Tamboli live in the Indian states of Maharashtra, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Entire Tamboli families work in the betel nut industry. Children often quit school at the age of nine or ten to help their family business. Women and girls frequently have only minimal level of education. The betel vine must have moist, fertilized soil or the plant will not flourish. Chewing betel leaves is a common practice in social occasions in South Asia.

Other Tamboli work as farm laborers, in government or commerce.

The Tamboli are usually monogamous, which means married to one person. They marry within their community. Only males can inherit property. A council of elder men rules and dispenses justice within a Tamboli village.

The Tamboli eat fish, chicken, mutton but refrain from beef and pork. Most of their diet consists of grains, vegetables and fruit.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Tamboli are Hindu. They worship gods and goddesses like Krishna, Shiva, Rama, Ganesh, Lakshmi and Hanuman. They observe the main Hindu holidays of Holi and Diwali. Some Tamboli cremate their dead while others bury the dead. They will probably seek the help of a shaman for their health problems before visiting a modern medical professional.


What Are Their Needs?

Long term chewing of betel nut and leaf is destructive to one’s health. The side effects of chronic chewing betel include cancers of the mouth and esophagus, kidney, liver and heart disease and psychiatric disorders. The Tamboli need other business opportunities that do not damage human health.


Prayer Points

* Pray that Indian Christians would reach out and befriend the Tamboli.
* Pray that God would lead Christians to help them in their business, health and educational needs.
* Pray the Tamboli would develop a hunger for the gospel and Word of God.
* Pray that the Lord would lead the Tamboli to obtain and read the Hindi Bibles that are currently available.


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-29
People Name General Tamboli (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Tamboli (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 1,869,000
World Population 2,179,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 37
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Badi, Barae, Barai, Baran, Bari, Barui, Buro, Chourasia, Gurav, Gurov, Gurrat, Jamboli, Kumawat, Pandaram, Panwari, Phulari, Shiva Brahman, Shiva Brahmin, Tambala, Tambat, Tambiran, Tambli, Tamboli, Tambuli, Tamdi, Tamil Jain, Tamkhera, Tamli, Tamliwandlu, Tammali, Tamoli, Tamuli, Taoli, Twasha Kambli, Twasha Kasar, तंबोली (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18210
ROP3 Code 113730
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Tamboli (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25b
Total Subgroups on file 33
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Barai
164,000
Chaurasia
108,000
Jaiswal
44,000
Gurav
34,000
Kumawat
28,000
Magahi
26,000
Tirhutia
26,000
Kathyar
25,000
Ashtagrami
15,000
Bardhamani
15,000
Biyallishgrami
15,000
Chaturthagrami
15,000
Chauddagrami
15,000
Rajhati
15,000
Saptagrami
15,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Tamboli (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25b
Total Subgroups 33 (only 15 largest shown)
  Barai 164,000
  Chaurasia 108,000
  Jaiswal 44,000
  Gurav 34,000
  Kumawat 28,000
  Magahi 26,000
  Tirhutia 26,000
  Kathyar 25,000
  Ashtagrami 15,000
  Bardhamani 15,000
  Biyallishgrami 15,000
  Chaturthagrami 15,000
  Chauddagrami 15,000
  Rajhati 15,000
  Saptagrami 15,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 27
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Maharashtra
421,000
West Bengal
398,000
Bihar
276,000
Uttar Pradesh
270,000
Madhya Pradesh
210,000
Karnataka
95,000
Odisha
59,000
Telangana
33,000
Chhattisgarh
30,000
Jharkhand
19,000
Goa
19,000
Tamil Nadu
13,000
Rajasthan
5,000
Haryana
4,900
Delhi
3,800
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 27  (only 20 largest shown)
  Maharashtra 421,000
  West Bengal 398,000
  Bihar 276,000
  Uttar Pradesh 270,000
  Madhya Pradesh 210,000
  Karnataka 95,000
  Odisha 59,000
  Telangana 33,000
  Chhattisgarh 30,000
  Jharkhand 19,000
  Goa 19,000
  Tamil Nadu 13,000
  Rajasthan 5,000
  Haryana 4,900
  Delhi 3,800
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (667,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 35
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
346,000
Marathi
319,000
Kannada
112,000
Bhojpuri
85,000
Awadhi
59,000
Odia
56,000
Konkani, Goan
40,000
Telugu
35,000
Maithili
35,000
Chhattisgarhi
23,000
Kanauji
16,000
Tamil
9,600
Konkani
9,400
Bundeli
9,400
Khandesi
6,700
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (667,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 35
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 346,000
  Marathi 319,000
  Kannada 112,000
  Bhojpuri 85,000
  Awadhi 59,000
  Odia 56,000
  Konkani, Goan 40,000
  Telugu 35,000
  Maithili 35,000
  Chhattisgarhi 23,000
  Kanauji 16,000
  Tamil 9,600
  Konkani 9,400
  Bundeli 9,400
  Khandesi 6,700
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
97.12 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
2.88 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




Copyright © 2018 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.