Shaikh in India


Population
86,378,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Islam arrived in the area now known as Pakistan in 711 AD when a Muslim Arab Army conquered the northwestern part of Indus Valley from Kashmir to the Arabian Sea. Technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and sufis flocked from the rest of the Arab and Muslim world, to the Islamic Sultanate in South Asia and settled permanently.

The descendants of these Arabs usually go by the title of Shaikh and also known in Pakistan as Muslim Khatri. The Shaikhs of Pakistan, however, claim pre-islamic ancestry. They are a sub-group of the Zamindar group or qoum, traditionally associated with farming, which is one of the two groups making up the Pakistani Punjabis (the other group is the Moeens group or quom, who are traditionally artisans). Shaikh is also a term that is usually attributed to the leaders or elders of Arabian social groups. Other variants of this term are Sheik, Shaykh, Shaikh, Cheikh, Šeih, Šejh, Seyh.

After the advent of Islam in South Asia, some high caste (Brahmins, Muslim Rajputs and Khatris) converted to Islam in the Punjab region and adopted this title. They are known as Punjabi Shaikh (Punjabi). Majority of the Punjabi Shaikhs are urbanized and detached from the traditional agricultural ancestry. However, a few families also cultivate their own land in the western districts of Punjab. The main professions of the urban Punjabi Shaikhs are business and public service, and are stereotyped for their reputation for business acumen. The Khawaja Shaikh, with their sub-division the Chiniotis and the Qanungoh Shaikh are two such communities.

The Sikh Shaikhs living in villages at the Indian border adjoining Pakistan were remnants of the Shaihks who chose to stay after the Independence of of Pakistan in 1947, embracing Sikhism as their religion. They are famous for their lori and dhool a traditional Indian drum.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Shaikhs are not bound by one particular profession. The Shaikh can be broadly grouped into five communities. Three of these communities are the Siddiks, Farukis and Abbasi who are often descendents of Arab immigrants. The other two are the Chistis and Kuraishis communities who tend to be mainly from converts to Islam. Consequently, the Shaikhs profess Islam and have both Sunni and Shia traditions among them. In Nepal they speak Nepali and either Urdu, Bhojpuri or Maithili in their communities. They are not vegetarian and their common food is rice, mutton and vegetables. Common surnames are Mondal, Siddiqui, Usmani, Faroqui and Sheikh.


What Are Their Needs?

There has been much ministry activity among the Shaikh in India but few works in Nepal. Pray that this largest group of Nepali Muslims will find the truth of the Prophet Isa! There is a lot of potential for gospel growth within the Shaikh community because of relatively few social divisions.


References

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjabi_Shaikh


Profile Source:   Toni Tagimacruz  

Prayer Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-10-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-10-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-16
People Name General Shaikh
People Name in Country Shaikh
Population in India 86,378,000
World Population 236,063,600
Total Countries 6
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Faraji, Jhiwar, Shaik, Sheikh, Shekhzade, शैख़
People ID 18084
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 35
Largest States
(only 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (20,940,000) Bihar (12,082,000) Uttar Pradesh (10,982,000)
Assam (7,983,000) Maharashtra (7,434,000) Karnataka (4,803,000)
Jharkhand (3,068,000) Rajasthan (3,064,000) Andhra Pradesh (2,961,000)
Telangana (2,833,000) Madhya Pradesh (2,221,000) Gujarat (2,002,000)
Delhi (1,276,000) Haryana (1,066,000) Tamil Nadu (903,000)
Uttarakhand (639,000) Odisha (506,000) Tripura (316,000)
Chhattisgarh (316,000) Punjab (251,000)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 35  (only 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (20,940,000) Bihar (12,082,000)
Uttar Pradesh (10,982,000) Assam (7,983,000)
Maharashtra (7,434,000) Karnataka (4,803,000)
Jharkhand (3,068,000) Rajasthan (3,064,000)
Andhra Pradesh (2,961,000) Telangana (2,833,000)
Madhya Pradesh (2,221,000) Gujarat (2,002,000)
Delhi (1,276,000) Haryana (1,066,000)
Tamil Nadu (903,000) Uttarakhand (639,000)
Odisha (506,000) Tripura (316,000)
Chhattisgarh (316,000) Punjab (251,000)
Primary Language: Urdu (44,090,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: urd   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 59
Secondary Languages:
(only 20 largest shown)
Bengali (24,951,000) Assamese (2,331,000) Marathi (1,712,000)
Gujarati (1,440,000) Telugu (1,385,000) Bhojpuri (1,211,000)
Maithili (914,000) Marwari (844,000) Kannada (641,000)
Punjabi, Eastern (581,000) Tamil (463,000) Dhundari (426,000)
Magahi (258,000) Shekhawati (240,000) Merwari (227,000)
Awadhi (155,000) Oriya (153,000) Mewari (145,000)
Konkani (80,000) Konkani, Goan (78,000)
Primary Language: Urdu (44,090,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 59
Secondary Languages: (only 20 largest shown)
Bengali (24,951,000) Assamese (2,331,000)
Marathi (1,712,000) Gujarati (1,440,000)
Telugu (1,385,000) Bhojpuri (1,211,000)
Maithili (914,000) Marwari (844,000)
Kannada (641,000) Punjabi, Eastern (581,000)
Tamil (463,000) Dhundari (426,000)
Magahi (258,000) Shekhawati (240,000)
Merwari (227,000) Awadhi (155,000)
Oriya (153,000) Mewari (145,000)
Konkani (80,000) Konkani, Goan (78,000)
Primary Language: Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1843-1998)
Audio Bible Online
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Bible stories
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Steve Evans   Creative Commons  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Toni Tagimacruz  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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