Shaikh in India


Population
84,488,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Islam arrived in the area now known as Pakistan in 711 AD when a Muslim Arab army conquered the northwestern part of the Indus Valley from Kashmir to the Arabian Sea. Technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and sufis flocked from the rest of the Arab and Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in South Asia, and settled permanently.

The descendants of these Arabs usually go by the title of Shaikh and also known in Pakistan as Muslim Khatri. The Shaikhs of Pakistan, however, claim pre-islamic ancestry. They are a sub-group of the Zamindar group or qoum, traditionally associated with farming, which is one of the two groups making up the Pakistani Punjabis (the other group is the Moeens group or quom, who are traditionally artisans). Shaikh is also a term that is usually attributed to the leaders or elders of Arabian social groups. Other variants of this term are Sheik, Shaykh, Shaikh, Cheikh, Šeih, Šejh, Seyh.

After the advent of Islam in South Asia, some high caste (Brahmins, Muslim Rajputs and Khatris) converted to Islam in the Punjab region and adopted this title. They are known as Punjabi Shaikh (Punjabi). Majority of the Punjabi Shaikhs are urbanized and detached from the traditional agricultural ancestry. However, a few families also cultivate their own land in the western districts of Punjab. The main professions of the urban Punjabi Shaikhs are business and public service, and are stereotyped for their reputation for business acumen. The Khawaja Shaikh, with their sub-division the Chiniotis and the Qanungoh Shaikh are two such communities.

The Sikh Shaikhs living in villages at the Indian border adjoining Pakistan were remnants of the Shaihks who chose to stay after the Independence of of Pakistan in 1947, embracing Sikhism as their religion. They are famous for their lori and dhool a traditional Indian drum.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Shaikhs are not bound by one particular profession. The Shaikh can be broadly grouped into five communities. Three of these communities are the Siddiks, Farukis and Abbasi who are often descendents of Arab immigrants. The other two are the Chistis and Kuraishis communities who tend to be mainly from converts to Islam. Consequently, the Shaikhs profess Islam and have both Sunni and Shia traditions among them. In Nepal they speak Nepali and either Urdu, Bhojpuri or Maithili in their communities. They are not vegetarian and their common food is rice, mutton and vegetables. Common surnames are Mondal, Siddiqui, Usmani, Faroqui and Sheikh.


What Are Their Needs?

There has been much ministry activity among the Shaikh in India but few works in Nepal. Pray that this largest group of Nepali Muslims will find the truth of the Prophet Isa! There is a lot of potential for gospel growth within the Shaikh community because of relatively few social divisions.


References

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjabi_Shaikh


Profile Source:   Toni Tagimacruz  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-10-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-10-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-10-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-16
People Name General Shaikh
People Name in Country Shaikh
Population in India 84,488,000
World Population 234,436,900
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1689
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Faraji, Jhiwar, Shaik, Sheikh, Shekhzade, शैख़
People ID 18084
ROP3 Code 113585
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Group Shaikh
Ethnic Code CNN25r
Total Subgroups on file 21
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Siddiqi
7,425,000
Faruqi
673,000
Usmani
401,000
Abbasi
185,000
Bani Israil
40,000
Milki
30,000
Kidwai
20,000
Bahlim
17,000
Ulwi
9,300
Khurasani
8,500
Jafari
8,100
Hashimi
6,900
Sulaimani
5,300
Shaikhzada
5,000
Karigar
4,400
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Group Shaikh
Ethnic Code CNN25r
Total Subgroups 21 (only 15 largest shown)
  Siddiqi 7,425,000
  Faruqi 673,000
  Usmani 401,000
  Abbasi 185,000
  Bani Israil 40,000
  Milki 30,000
  Kidwai 20,000
  Bahlim 17,000
  Ulwi 9,300
  Khurasani 8,500
  Jafari 8,100
  Hashimi 6,900
  Sulaimani 5,300
  Shaikhzada 5,000
  Karigar 4,400
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 35
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
West Bengal
20,933,000
Bihar
11,519,000
Uttar Pradesh
10,734,000
Assam
7,678,000
Maharashtra
7,432,000
Karnataka
4,682,000
Rajasthan
3,136,000
Jharkhand
2,953,000
Andhra Pradesh
2,842,000
Telangana
2,753,000
Madhya Pradesh
2,217,000
Gujarat
1,979,000
Delhi
1,260,000
Haryana
1,024,000
Tamil Nadu
894,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 35  (only 20 largest shown)
  West Bengal 20,933,000
  Bihar 11,519,000
  Uttar Pradesh 10,734,000
  Assam 7,678,000
  Maharashtra 7,432,000
  Karnataka 4,682,000
  Rajasthan 3,136,000
  Jharkhand 2,953,000
  Andhra Pradesh 2,842,000
  Telangana 2,753,000
  Madhya Pradesh 2,217,000
  Gujarat 1,979,000
  Delhi 1,260,000
  Haryana 1,024,000
  Tamil Nadu 894,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (47,263,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 64
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
24,044,000
Assamese
2,286,000
Marathi
1,528,000
Gujarati
1,457,000
Telugu
1,269,000
Bhojpuri
1,161,000
Maithili
903,000
Marwari
835,000
Kannada
611,000
Punjabi, Eastern
593,000
Tamil
464,000
Dhundari
419,000
Magahi
246,000
Merwari
231,000
Shekhawati
226,000
Other People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (47,263,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 64
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 24,044,000
  Assamese 2,286,000
  Marathi 1,528,000
  Gujarati 1,457,000
  Telugu 1,269,000
  Bhojpuri 1,161,000
  Maithili 903,000
  Marwari 835,000
  Kannada 611,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 593,000
  Tamil 464,000
  Dhundari 419,000
  Magahi 246,000
  Merwari 231,000
  Shekhawati 226,000
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Irfan Shaikh  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Toni Tagimacruz  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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