Shaikh in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 2

Subgroup Name Population
Pirzada 12,000
Siddiqi 200

Introduction / History

Islam arrived in the area now known as Pakistan in 711 AD when a Muslim Arab army conquered the northwestern part of the Indus Valley from Kashmir to the Arabian Sea. Technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and sufis flocked from the rest of the Arab and Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in South Asia, and settled permanently.

The descendants of these Arabs usually go by the title of Shaikh and also known in Pakistan as Muslim Khatri. The Shaikhs of Pakistan, however, claim pre-islamic ancestry. They are a sub-group of the Zamindar group or qoum, traditionally associated with farming, which is one of the two groups making up the Pakistani Punjabis (the other group is the Moeens group or quom, who are traditionally artisans). Shaikh is also a term that is usually attributed to the leaders or elders of Arabian social groups. Other variants of this term are Sheik, Shaykh, Shaikh, Cheikh, Šeih, Šejh, Seyh.

After the advent of Islam in South Asia, some high caste (Brahmins, Muslim Rajputs and Khatris) converted to Islam in the Punjab region and adopted this title. They are known as Punjabi Shaikh (Punjabi). Majority of the Punjabi Shaikhs are urbanized and detached from the traditional agricultural ancestry. However, a few families also cultivate their own land in the western districts of Punjab. The main professions of the urban Punjabi Shaikhs are business and public service, and are stereotyped for their reputation for business acumen. The Khawaja Shaikh, with their sub-division the Chiniotis and the Qanungoh Shaikh are two such communities.

The Sikh Shaikhs living in villages at the Indian border adjoining Pakistan were remnants of the Shaihks who chose to stay after the Independence of of Pakistan in 1947, embracing Sikhism as their religion. They are famous for their lori and dhool a traditional Indian drum.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Shaikhs are not bound by one particular profession. The Shaikh can be broadly grouped into five communities. Three of these communities are the Siddiks, Farukis and Abbasi who are often descendents of Arab immigrants. The other two are the Chistis and Kuraishis communities who tend to be mainly from converts to Islam. Consequently, the Shaikhs profess Islam and have both Sunni and Shia traditions among them. In Nepal they speak Nepali and either Urdu, Bhojpuri or Maithili in their communities. They are not vegetarian and their common food is rice, mutton and vegetables. Common surnames are Mondal, Siddiqui, Usmani, Faroqui and Sheikh.


What Are Their Needs?

There has been much ministry activity among the Shaikh in India but few works in Nepal. Pray that this largest group of Nepali Muslims will find the truth of the Prophet Isa! There is a lot of potential for gospel growth within the Shaikh community because of relatively few social divisions.


References

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjabi_Shaikh


Profile Source:   Toni Tagimacruz  

People Name General Shaikh
People Name in Country Shaikh
Population in Pakistan 12,793,000
World Population 236,664,300
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 255
Alternate Names Faraji, Jhiwar, Shaik, Sheikh, Shekhzade, शैख़
People ID 18084
ROP3 Code 113585
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Sindh
7,513,000
Punjab
4,699,000
Azad Kashmir
239,000
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
232,000
Balochistan
67,000
Islamabad
33,000
Gilgit-Baltistan
6,000
Federally Administer
3,900
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Sindh 7,513,000
  Punjab 4,699,000
  Azad Kashmir 239,000
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 232,000
  Balochistan 67,000
  Islamabad 33,000
  Gilgit-Baltistan 6,000
  Federally Administer 3,900
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (4,093,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 31
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Urdu
3,107,000
Sindhi
2,754,000
Saraiki
1,565,000
Marwari
147,000
Pashto, Northern
67,000
Bagri
58,000
Hindko, Northern
44,000
Shina
31,000
Pashto, Southern
22,000
Hindko, Southern
21,000
Dhatki
19,000
Koli, Parkari
16,000
Koli, Wadiyara
13,000
Pashto, Central
13,000
Marwari
10,000
Other People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (4,093,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 31
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Urdu 3,107,000
  Sindhi 2,754,000
  Saraiki 1,565,000
  Marwari 147,000
  Pashto, Northern 67,000
  Bagri 58,000
  Hindko, Northern 44,000
  Shina 31,000
  Pashto, Southern 22,000
  Hindko, Southern 21,000
  Dhatki 19,000
  Koli, Parkari 16,000
  Koli, Wadiyara 13,000
  Pashto, Central 13,000
  Marwari 10,000
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1885-1922)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1959)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video House of Love (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Cartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Altaf Shaikh  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Toni Tagimacruz  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Pakistan census data.  Current values may differ.


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