Navithan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Navithan or Ambattan or Maruthuvar live in south India. They traditional occupation was that of being physicians to kings and nobles. With the coming of the British and modern medicine they became hair cutters for the four castes of Hinduism. The Navithan are considered to be the lowest caste of the four main castes but they are barbers to the three castes above them. The Ambattan would not cut of the hair of a person outside the caste system such as Dalit or tribal person.

Today the Navithan still work as hair cutters and as agricultural workers. University educated and Navithan have entered the professions of medicine, engineering and law. Some Navithan have opened beauty parlors in south Indian cities.
The primary language of the Navithan is Tamil.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of the Navithan live in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Some also reside in Kerala, Maharashtra and other regions of India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Navithan still live in villages and continue working as the village barbers and as farm laborers. Their lives are dominated by the Monsoon wet/dry seasons and the yearly Hindu holidays.

The Navithan are not vegetarians. They eat meat except for beef. Their main food like most peoples of south India is rice. They also consume lentils, wheat, vegetables, fruit and dairy products.

Families arrange the marriages of young people. Navithan young people often marry their cousins. Both Brahmans and their own priests officiate at weddings. The newly married couple lives with or near the groom's parents. Upon the death of the father, the sons inherit his property. The Navithan cremate their dead except for young children who are buried.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Navithan practice Hinduism the traditional, ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the many gods of the Hindu pantheon. The majority of the Navithan serve Shiva or Vishnu as their supreme deity. They visit and pray in Hindu temples where they offer food, flowers and incense to their gods. They also perform rituals to ward off evil spirits.

The Navithan participate in the annual Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Navithan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. The Navithan who still live in villages would benefit by Christian workers who could help educate their children and provide modern medical care. The few Navithan who are Christians need to be trained and motivated to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters who are Hindus


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Navithan in India.

Pray that the Indian Christians who live in Tamil Nadu would reach out and share the gospel with the Navithan.
Pray the Navithan would be open to the gospel and be led to see the JESUS film in Tamil.
Pray that the Lord raises up Bible-believing churches in the Navithan community.


References

answers.com/Q/Which_caste_maruthuvar_community_belongs
peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=41439
indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Ambattan


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-01-31
People Name General Navithan
People Name in Country Navithan
Pronunciation nah-vee-DIN
Population this Country 877,000
Population all Countries 899,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 18
Alternate Names Navidev; नवीतान
People ID 17766
ROP3 Code 113227
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
815,000
Kerala
25,000
Karnataka
16,000
Puducherry
7,100
Andhra Pradesh
7,000
Maharashtra
3,900
Telangana
1,400
Delhi
1,400
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Madhya Pradesh
100
Gujarat
100
West Bengal
60
Chhattisgarh
60
Jharkhand
50
Haryana
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Tamil Nadu 815,000
  Kerala 25,000
  Karnataka 16,000
  Puducherry 7,100
  Andhra Pradesh 7,000
  Maharashtra 3,900
  Telangana 1,400
  Delhi 1,400
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Madhya Pradesh 100
  Gujarat 100
  West Bengal 60
  Chhattisgarh 60
  Jharkhand 50
  Haryana 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (791,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
20,000
Telugu
900
Kannada
700
Primary Language Tamil (791,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 20,000
  Telugu 900
  Kannada 700
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Tshrinivasan - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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