Navithan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Navithan or Ambattan or Maruthuvar live in south India. They traditional occupation was that of being physicians to kings and nobles. With the coming of the British and modern medicine they became hair cutters for the four castes of Hinduism. The Navithan are considered to be Shudras, the lowest caste of the four main castes but they are barbers to the three castes above them. The Ambattan would not cut of the hair of a person outside the caste system such as Dalit or tribal person.

Today the Navithan still work as hair cutters and as agricultural workers. University educated and Navithan have entered the professions of medicine, engineering and law. Some Navithan have opened beauty parlors in south Indian cities.
The primary language of the Navithan is Tamil.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of the Navithan live in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Some also reside in Kerala, Maharashtra and other regions of India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Navithan still live in villages and continue working as the village barbers and as farm laborers. Their lives are dominated by the Monsoon wet/dry seasons and the yearly Hindu holidays.

The Navithan are not vegetarians. They eat meat except for beef. Their main food like most peoples of south India is rice. They also consume lentils, wheat, vegetables, fruit and dairy products.

Families arrange the marriages of young people. Navithan young people often marry their cousins. Both Brahmans and their own priests officiate at weddings. The newly married couple lives with or near the groom's parents. Upon the death of the father, the sons inherit his property. The Navithan cremate their dead except for young children who are buried.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Navithan practice Hinduism the traditional, ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the many gods of the Hindu pantheon. The majority of the Navithan serve Shiva or Vishnu as their supreme deity. They visit and pray in Hindu temples where they offer food, flowers and incense to their gods. They also perform rituals to ward off evil spirits.

The Navithan participate in the annual Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Navithan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. The Navithan who still live in villages would benefit by Christian workers who could help educate their children and provide modern medical care. The few Navithan who are Christians need to be trained and motivated to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters who are Hindus


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Navithan in India.

* Pray that the Indian Christians who live in Tamil Nadu would reach out and share the gospel with the Navithan.
* Pray the Navithan would be open to the gospel and be led to see the JESUS film in Tamil.
* Pray that the Lord raises up Bible-believing churches in the Navithan community.


References

answers.com/Q/Which_caste_maruthuvar_community_belongs
peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=41439
indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Ambattan


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Navithan
People Name in Country Navithan
World Population 822,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 16
Alternate Names Navidev, नवीतान
People ID 17766
ROP3 Code 113227
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
747,000
Kerala
21,000
Karnataka
14,000
Puducherry
6,100
Andhra Pradesh
6,100
Maharashtra
3,400
Telangana
1,300
Delhi
1,200
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Madhya Pradesh
100
Gujarat
100
Chhattisgarh
60
West Bengal
50
Jharkhand
40
Haryana
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Tamil Nadu 747,000
  Kerala 21,000
  Karnataka 14,000
  Puducherry 6,100
  Andhra Pradesh 6,100
  Maharashtra 3,400
  Telangana 1,300
  Delhi 1,200
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Madhya Pradesh 100
  Gujarat 100
  Chhattisgarh 60
  West Bengal 50
  Jharkhand 40
  Haryana 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (767,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
20,000
Telugu
3,100
Kannada
500
Primary Language Tamil (767,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 20,000
  Telugu 3,100
  Kannada 500
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Tshrinivasan 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.