Kayastha (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
7,578,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Kayasthas mostly belong to the Hindi-speaking states of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.

Kayasthas also migrated to various other parts of the country. Most of the Kayasthas who shifted to Hyderabad from Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in the middle of the eighteenth century got employment in the court of the Nizam. In 1820, out of the 400 North Indian mansabdars, 60 were Kayasthas.


What Are Their Lives Like?

With the passing of time, the Kayasthas have surged ahead. They have broken new grounds in vocations other than those relating to writing and record-keeping, and excelled in them. Thus, in public life, Dr Rajendra Prasad rose to become the first President of the Republic of India, whereas Lal Bahadur Shastri succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister. Dr Sampuranand was the Chief Minister of U.P. and Governor of Rajasthan, besides being a literary figure. Jaya Prakash Narain brought down Indira Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose fought the British rule militarily. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, and Jagdish Chandra Bose were eminent scientists. Munshi Prem Chand, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Raghupat Sahai "Firaque" Gorakhpuri, Dr Vrindavan Lal Verma, Dr Ram Kumar Verma and Dr Dharm Vir Bharti have been men of letters. Swami Vivekanand was a philosopher and a true Indian. Amitabh Bachchan and Shatrughan Sinha have excelled in the film world, Mukesh and Sonu Nigam in the world of music.


What Are Their Beliefs?

It is said that Brahma, the Creator, having established the four varnas "Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra" dained Dharamraj (also called Yamraj, the god of death) to keep record of the deeds "good and evil" of all life-forms born and yet to be born on the earth, in the heavens above and in the lands below. Dharamraj, however, complained, "O Lord, how can I alone keep record of the deeds of the beings born into 84 lakh yonis (life-forms) in the three worlds?"

Brahma then closed his eyes, meditated for a while and lo and behold! there appeared a radiant figure with a quill-pen in one hand and an ink-pot in another. Brahma named him Chittagupta for he was conceived in his cognitive-self (chitta) and he was lying in Him, dormant and secret (gupta). He was born of Brahma's body (kaya) and so the Lord decreed that his progenies be called Kayasthas. He was assigned to work as a minister, to write and record for Dharamraj. Thus, the fifth varna, the Kayastha, came into existence. Some historians hold the view that during the reign of the Mughals, a number of Hindus who were were educated and endowed with sharp intellect attained administrative positions through rapid adaptation to the Persian language and culture of India's new rulers. These influential Hindus got together and formed a new caste known as Kayastha.


Profile Source:   Alok Saxena  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-09
People Name General Kayastha (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Kayastha (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 7,578,000
World Population 9,469,600
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 151
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Kact, Kaiath, Kait, Kaith, Karan, Kast, Kastha, Kayashtha, Kayasth, Kayath, Lal, Lala, Lalli, कायस्ता (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17124
ROP3 Code 112470
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Group Kayastha (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups on file 23
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Asthana
56,000
Bhatnagar
55,000
Unaya
38,000
Kulsarisht
30,000
Nigam
16,000
Bengali
12,000
Gaur
7,600
Ambastha
3,300
Khare Dushre
3,300
Valmiki
500
Suryavanshi
40
Atri
0
Balmiki
0
Bangaja
0
Barendra
0
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Group Kayastha (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups 23 (only 15 largest shown)
  Asthana 56,000
  Bhatnagar 55,000
  Unaya 38,000
  Kulsarisht 30,000
  Nigam 16,000
  Bengali 12,000
  Gaur 7,600
  Ambastha 3,300
  Khare Dushre 3,300
  Valmiki 500
  Suryavanshi 40
  Atri 0
  Balmiki 0
  Bangaja 0
  Barendra 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 34
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
West Bengal
2,372,000
Uttar Pradesh
1,924,000
Bihar
1,330,000
Assam
656,000
Madhya Pradesh
405,000
Tripura
250,000
Jharkhand
217,000
Odisha
122,000
Uttarakhand
91,000
Chhattisgarh
43,000
Maharashtra
39,000
Rajasthan
33,000
Delhi
29,000
Haryana
15,000
Andaman and Nicobar
11,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 34  (only 20 largest shown)
  West Bengal 2,372,000
  Uttar Pradesh 1,924,000
  Bihar 1,330,000
  Assam 656,000
  Madhya Pradesh 405,000
  Tripura 250,000
  Jharkhand 217,000
  Odisha 122,000
  Uttarakhand 91,000
  Chhattisgarh 43,000
  Maharashtra 39,000
  Rajasthan 33,000
  Delhi 29,000
  Haryana 15,000
  Andaman and Nicobar 11,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (3,151,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 42
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
2,631,000
Bhojpuri
607,000
Assamese
455,000
Awadhi
135,000
Magahi
111,000
Maithili
108,000
Odia
106,000
Kanauji
91,000
Garhwali
46,000
Chhattisgarhi
32,000
Bundeli
29,000
Kok Borok
12,000
Bagheli
8,600
Gujarati
7,700
Kumaoni
7,100
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (3,151,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 42
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 2,631,000
  Bhojpuri 607,000
  Assamese 455,000
  Awadhi 135,000
  Magahi 111,000
  Maithili 108,000
  Odia 106,000
  Kanauji 91,000
  Garhwali 46,000
  Chhattisgarhi 32,000
  Bundeli 29,000
  Kok Borok 12,000
  Bagheli 8,600
  Gujarati 7,700
  Kumaoni 7,100
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.99 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Global Mapping Intl / Omid / Joshua Project  
Profile Source Alok Saxena  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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