Kalwar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 12 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Sunri 591,000
Batham 57,000
Golhera 15,000
Kanaujia 10,000
Purbia 5,500
Saora 1,200
Mahur 1,100
Bhojpuria Unknown
Bihaut Unknown
Karwar Unknown

Introduction / History

The Kalwars were traditionally distillers and sellers of alcohol in north and central India. Their name comes from the Sanskrit word for "distiller of liquor." Since this profession was considered demeaning by most castes in Indian society, many Kalwars around the year 1900 began to leave their original trade for other careers. Although some of the Kalwars still are in the liquor business, most have taken jobs in agriculture, business, the military, government service, medicine, accounting, education and engineering. The Kalwar speak the primary languages of the states where they live including Hindi, Bengali and Magahi.


Where Are they Located?

The majority of the Kalwars live in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kalwars are not vegetarians but they will not eat beef or pork. Rice and wheat are their staples along with vegetables, fruit and dairy products.

The Kalwars are endogamous, that is they do not marry outsiders. Marriage outside of the immediate clan is permitted. Families arrange marriages that are officiated by a Brahim priest. The newly married couple lives with or near the groom's family.

Monogamy (marriage to one spouse) and adult marriage are the general rule. Most Kalwars live in extended families. Sons inherit property with the oldest son receiving the family house and father's authority. Alcoholism is a problem among the Kalwars.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kalwars of Hindu tradition worship all the deities of the Hindu pantheon and especially Vishnu, the preserver god and his consort Lakshmi. They also worship two of Vishnu's incarnations, Rama and Krishna.

A priest from their own community performs ceremonies that cure diseases and protect against evil spirits. The dead are cremated and the ashes are put into a river preferably the holy Ganges.

The Kalwar participate in Hindu holidays like Holi, the festival of colors, Navratri, celebration of nine nights, Ramanavmi, the birthday of Rama and Janamashtami, the birthday of Krishna.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kalwar need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ who died for their sins. They need to see Biblical Christianity lived out in the lives of Christians. They need to have the opportunity to join Bible-believing churches in their own people group and language.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord would send Indian Christians and other believers to befriend and work with the Kalwars.
* Pray that each Kalwar would have the opportunity to hear the gospel in an understandable way.
* Pray the Lord would begin evangelical churches in the Kalwar community.


References

http://www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/kalwar/


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-29
People Name General Kalwar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Kalwar (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 3,751,000
World Population 3,877,200
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 75
Alternate Names Kalai, Kalal, Kalan, Kalar, Kalari, Kaleri, Kalladi, Kallar, Kalol, Kalya, Konwar, Sehare, Sehore, Sudhi, कलवार (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17061
ROP3 Code 112399
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Kalwar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups 12
  Sunri 591,000
  Batham 57,000
  Golhera 15,000
  Kanaujia 10,000
  Purbia 5,500
  Saora 1,200
  Mahur 1,100
  Bhojpuria 0
  Bihaut 0
  Karwar 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 15
Largest States
Bihar
1,454,000
Uttar Pradesh
979,000
Chhattisgarh
454,000
Jharkhand
298,000
Madhya Pradesh
224,000
Maharashtra
218,000
West Bengal
97,000
Odisha
19,000
Uttarakhand
6,500
Sikkim
1,200
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Karnataka
200
Delhi
100
Meghalaya
100
Tripura
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 15
  Bihar 1,454,000
  Uttar Pradesh 979,000
  Chhattisgarh 454,000
  Jharkhand 298,000
  Madhya Pradesh 224,000
  Maharashtra 218,000
  West Bengal 97,000
  Odisha 19,000
  Uttarakhand 6,500
  Sikkim 1,200
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Karnataka 200
  Delhi 100
  Meghalaya 100
  Tripura 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (2,115,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 24
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhojpuri
610,000
Chhattisgarhi
317,000
Maithili
172,000
Marathi
157,000
Bengali
115,000
Magahi
95,000
Awadhi
62,000
Kanauji
24,000
Odia
17,000
Angika
10,000
Bagheli
8,000
Bundeli
5,200
Nimadi
5,000
Garhwali
2,800
Surjapuri
2,700
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (2,115,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 24
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhojpuri 610,000
  Chhattisgarhi 317,000
  Maithili 172,000
  Marathi 157,000
  Bengali 115,000
  Magahi 95,000
  Awadhi 62,000
  Kanauji 24,000
  Odia 17,000
  Angika 10,000
  Bagheli 8,000
  Bundeli 5,200
  Nimadi 5,000
  Garhwali 2,800
  Surjapuri 2,700
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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