Faqir in India


Population
91,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Faqir (or Fakir) of India are beggars by tradition. They are Sunni Muslim by religion. Fakir comes from the Arabic word meaning poverty. Some of them live in Muslim cemeteries. The mourning period for a death is forty days and then food is given to the poor. The birth pollution period is for forty days too.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In Uttar Pradesh, most of the Faqir are landowners and work in cultivation. Poultry work is a second occupation for them. Only a few do begging at Islamic shrines now but they have been discriminated against. They speak Urdu and a local dialect of Hindi. Most of them are living in multi caste villages where there are many religions. Every sub division has a caste council that judges local problems and matters. They are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside their group and also have a caste association that covers India.

In Gujarat, the Faqir are endogamous and marriages usually happen in their community. Parallel cousin marriages and cross cousin marriages are favored. They traditionally beg and some work at Sufi shrines. Most now work as laborers. They are a marginalized people group. Though Sunni Muslims, they have folk beliefs.

In Maharashtra, the Faqir speak Urdu and Marathi. They live in the regions of Amravati and Nagpur. They are endogamous and do parallel cousin and cross cousin marriages. They do begging but there is a slow change towards work such as selling baskets, crockery and also craft items. Most are laborers, particularly in Nagpur. They have been given the Other Backward Classes position which means they have a part in education and work. They are marginalized though.

In West Bengal, the Faqir are also called Sahajia and were beggars. They are supposed to be called by that name as they were followers of Sher Ali Sahaji who is classed as a Sufi saint. They are an endogamous caste. Most who work in cultivation live in the regions of Nadia, Howrah, Bankura, Birbhum, Purulia, Murshidabad and Malda. They cultivate jute and mustard seeds for example and produce cooking oil. A few are agricultural laborers but with no land. They speak Bengali and are Sunni Muslims. They have folk beliefs too.


What Are Their Needs?

The Faqir speak Urdu, Hindu and Bengali. They have a low literacy level so the gospel will probably have to be presented in oral form.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Faqir though beggars by tradition will realize that Jesus Christ does not look down on them and that they will give their lives to Him.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/fakir
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/faqir_(clan)


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-09-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-09
People Name General Faqir
People Name in Country Faqir
Population in India 91,000
World Population 121,200
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bava, Bhenrihar, Darvesh, Fakir, Faqirani, Fhakir Budbudki, Gareri, Ghanta Fhakirlu, Ghanti Fhakir, Pir, Sai, Sain, Sayee, Shah, Turaka Budbudiki, फ़क़ीर
People ID 16762
ROP3 Code 112012
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Punjabi
People Group Faqir
Ethnic Code CNN23r
Total Subgroups on file 28
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Benawa
5,600
Qalandar
4,800
Bairagi
4,200
Gosain
3,100
Udasi
2,600
Sanyasi
2,200
Jalais
2,100
Sadh
1,300
Jalali
900
Nirmala
900
Jogi
700
Naqshbandi
500
Habshi
400
Chishti
300
Dervesh
300
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Punjabi
People Group Faqir
Ethnic Code CNN23r
Total Subgroups 28 (only 15 largest shown)
  Benawa 5,600
  Qalandar 4,800
  Bairagi 4,200
  Gosain 3,100
  Udasi 2,600
  Sanyasi 2,200
  Jalais 2,100
  Sadh 1,300
  Jalali 900
  Nirmala 900
  Jogi 700
  Naqshbandi 500
  Habshi 400
  Chishti 300
  Dervesh 300
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
28,000
Haryana
11,000
Madhya Pradesh
8,500
Punjab
7,500
Delhi
7,400
Rajasthan
7,000
Bihar
5,200
West Bengal
3,300
Jharkhand
2,700
Gujarat
2,500
Maharashtra
1,900
Himachal Pradesh
1,900
Uttarakhand
1,600
Chandigarh
1,400
Odisha
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 28,000
  Haryana 11,000
  Madhya Pradesh 8,500
  Punjab 7,500
  Delhi 7,400
  Rajasthan 7,000
  Bihar 5,200
  West Bengal 3,300
  Jharkhand 2,700
  Gujarat 2,500
  Maharashtra 1,900
  Himachal Pradesh 1,900
  Uttarakhand 1,600
  Chandigarh 1,400
  Odisha 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
32,000
Punjabi, Eastern
9,400
Bhojpuri
2,200
Bengali
2,000
Gujarati
1,000
Marwari
800
Awadhi
400
Haryanvi
300
Kanauji
200
Merwari
200
Mewari
100
Maithili
100
Bilaspuri
70
Kashmiri
70
Bagri
40
Other People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 32,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 9,400
  Bhojpuri 2,200
  Bengali 2,000
  Gujarati 1,000
  Marwari 800
  Awadhi 400
  Haryanvi 300
  Kanauji 200
  Merwari 200
  Mewari 100
  Maithili 100
  Bilaspuri 70
  Kashmiri 70
  Bagri 40
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
33.31 %
Islam
60.29 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
6.40 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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