Faqir in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 28 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Benawa 5,600
Qalandar 4,800
Bairagi 4,200
Gosain 3,100
Udasi 2,600
Sanyasi 2,200
Jalais 2,100
Sadh 1,300
Jalali 900
Nirmala 900

Introduction / History

The Faqir (or Fakir) of India are beggars by tradition. They are Sunni Muslim by religion. Fakir comes from the Arabic word meaning poverty. Some of them live in Muslim cemeteries. The mourning period for a death is forty days and then food is given to the poor. The birth pollution period is for forty days too.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In Uttar Pradesh, most of the Faqir are landowners and work in cultivation. Poultry work is a second occupation for them. Only a few do begging at Islamic shrines now but they have been discriminated against. They speak Urdu and a local dialect of Hindi. Most of them are living in multi caste villages where there are many religions. Every sub division has a caste council that judges local problems and matters. They are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside their group and also have a caste association that covers India.

In Gujarat, the Faqir are endogamous and marriages usually happen in their community. Parallel cousin marriages and cross cousin marriages are favored. They traditionally beg and some work at Sufi shrines. Most now work as laborers. They are a marginalized people group. Though Sunni Muslims, they have folk beliefs.

In Maharashtra, the Faqir speak Urdu and Marathi. They live in the regions of Amravati and Nagpur. They are endogamous and do parallel cousin and cross cousin marriages. They do begging but there is a slow change towards work such as selling baskets, crockery and also craft items. Most are laborers, particularly in Nagpur. They have been given the Other Backward Classes position which means they have a part in education and work. They are marginalized though.

In West Bengal, the Faqir are also called Sahajia and were beggars. They are supposed to be called by that name as they were followers of Sher Ali Sahaji who is classed as a Sufi saint. They are an endogamous caste. Most who work in cultivation live in the regions of Nadia, Howrah, Bankura, Birbhum, Purulia, Murshidabad and Malda. They cultivate jute and mustard seeds for example and produce cooking oil. A few are agricultural laborers but with no land. They speak Bengali and are Sunni Muslims. They have folk beliefs too.


What Are Their Needs?

The Faqir speak Urdu, Hindu and Bengali. They have a low literacy level so the gospel will probably have to be presented in oral form.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Faqir in India.

* Pray that the Faqir though beggars by tradition will realize that Jesus Christ does not look down on them and that they will give their lives to Him.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/fakir
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/faqir_(clan)


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-09-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-09
People Name General Faqir
People Name in Country Faqir
World Population 121,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
Alternate Names Bava; Bhenrihar; Darvesh; Fakir; Faqirani; Fhakir Budbudki; Gareri; Ghanta Fhakirlu; Ghanti Fhakir; Pir; Sai; Sain; Sayee; Shah; Turaka Budbudiki; फ़क़ीर
People ID 16762
ROP3 Code 112012
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Muslim - Other
People Group Faqir
Ethnic Code CNN23r
Total Subgroups 28 (only 15 largest shown)
  Benawa 5,600
  Qalandar 4,800
  Bairagi 4,200
  Gosain 3,100
  Udasi 2,600
  Sanyasi 2,200
  Jalais 2,100
  Sadh 1,300
  Jalali 900
  Nirmala 900
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
28,000
Haryana
11,000
Madhya Pradesh
8,500
Punjab
7,600
Delhi
7,500
Rajasthan
7,000
Bihar
5,300
West Bengal
3,300
Gujarat
2,700
Jharkhand
2,500
Maharashtra
1,900
Himachal Pradesh
1,800
Uttarakhand
1,600
Chandigarh
1,400
Odisha
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 28,000
  Haryana 11,000
  Madhya Pradesh 8,500
  Punjab 7,600
  Delhi 7,500
  Rajasthan 7,000
  Bihar 5,300
  West Bengal 3,300
  Gujarat 2,700
  Jharkhand 2,500
  Maharashtra 1,900
  Himachal Pradesh 1,800
  Uttarakhand 1,600
  Chandigarh 1,400
  Odisha 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
32,000
Punjabi, Eastern
9,400
Bhojpuri
2,200
Bengali
2,000
Gujarati
1,100
Marwari
800
Awadhi
400
Haryanvi
300
Kanauji
200
Merwari
200
Mewari
100
Maithili
100
Bilaspuri
70
Kashmiri
70
Bagri
40
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 32,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 9,400
  Bhojpuri 2,200
  Bengali 2,000
  Gujarati 1,100
  Marwari 800
  Awadhi 400
  Haryanvi 300
  Kanauji 200
  Merwari 200
  Mewari 100
  Maithili 100
  Bilaspuri 70
  Kashmiri 70
  Bagri 40
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 6 - The Lord's Prayer
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
33.23 %
Islam
60.30 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
6.47 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.