Faqir in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 28 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Bairagi 13,000
Benawa 5,600
Chishti 5,500
Qalandar 4,800
Dervesh 4,100
Azad 3,300
Gosain 3,000
Udasi 2,600
Jalais 2,100
Sanyasi 2,100

Introduction / History

The Faqir (or Fakir) of India are beggars by tradition. They are Sunni Muslim by religion. Fakir comes from the Arabic word meaning poverty. Some of them live in Muslim cemeteries. The mourning period for a death is forty days and then food is given to the poor. The birth pollution period is for forty days too.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In Uttar Pradesh, most of the Faqir are landowners and work in cultivation. Poultry work is a second occupation for them. Only a few do begging at Islamic shrines now but they have been discriminated against. They speak Urdu and a local dialect of Hindi. Most of them are living in multi caste villages where there are many religions. Every sub division has a caste council that judges local problems and matters. They are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside their group and also have a caste association that covers India.

In Gujarat, the Faqir are endogamous and marriages usually happen in their community. Parallel cousin marriages and cross cousin marriages are favored. They traditionally beg and some work at Sufi shrines. Most now work as laborers. They are a marginalized people group. Though Sunni Muslims, they have folk beliefs.

In Maharashtra, the Faqir speak Urdu and Marathi. They live in the regions of Amravati and Nagpur. They are endogamous and do parallel cousin and cross cousin marriages. They do begging but there is a slow change towards work such as selling baskets, crockery and also craft items. Most are laborers, particularly in Nagpur. They have been given the Other Backward Classes position which means they have a part in education and work. They are marginalized though.

In West Bengal, the Faqir are also called Sahajia and were beggars. They are supposed to be called by that name as they were followers of Sher Ali Sahaji who is classed as a Sufi saint. They are an endogamous caste. Most who work in cultivation live in the regions of Nadia, Howrah, Bankura, Birbhum, Purulia, Murshidabad and Malda. They cultivate jute and mustard seeds for example and produce cooking oil. A few are agricultural laborers but with no land. They speak Bengali and are Sunni Muslims. They have folk beliefs too.


What Are Their Needs?

The Faqir speak Urdu, Hindu and Bengali. They have a low literacy level so the gospel will probably have to be presented in oral form.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Faqir in India.

Pray that the Faqir though beggars by tradition will realize that Jesus Christ does not look down on them and that they will give their lives to Him.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/fakir
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/faqir_(clan)


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-09-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-09
People Name General Faqir
People Name in Country Faqir
Population this Country 104,000
Population all Countries 129,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
Alternate Names Bava; Bhenrihar; Darvesh; Fakir; Faqirani; Fhakir Budbudki; Gareri; Ghanta Fhakirlu; Ghanti Fhakir; Pir; Sai; Sain; Sayee; Shah; Turaka Budbudiki; फ़क़ीर
People ID 16762
ROP3 Code 112012
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Muslim - other
People Group Faqir
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 28 (only 15 largest shown)
  Bairagi 13,000
  Benawa 5,600
  Chishti 5,500
  Qalandar 4,800
  Dervesh 4,100
  Azad 3,300
  Gosain 3,000
  Udasi 2,600
  Jalais 2,100
  Sanyasi 2,100
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 21
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
32,000
Haryana
13,000
Madhya Pradesh
9,600
Delhi
8,600
Punjab
8,200
Rajasthan
8,000
Bihar
6,000
West Bengal
3,800
Gujarat
3,100
Jharkhand
2,800
Maharashtra
2,200
Himachal Pradesh
2,000
Uttarakhand
1,900
Chandigarh
1,700
Odisha
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 21  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 32,000
  Haryana 13,000
  Madhya Pradesh 9,600
  Delhi 8,600
  Punjab 8,200
  Rajasthan 8,000
  Bihar 6,000
  West Bengal 3,800
  Gujarat 3,100
  Jharkhand 2,800
  Maharashtra 2,200
  Himachal Pradesh 2,000
  Uttarakhand 1,900
  Chandigarh 1,700
  Odisha 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
32,000
Punjabi, Eastern
9,100
Bhojpuri
2,000
Bengali
1,900
Gujarati
1,100
Marwari
900
Awadhi
400
Haryanvi
300
Kanauji
200
Mewari
100
Maithili
100
Bilaspuri
70
Kashmiri
70
Bagri
40
Dhundari
20
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 32,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 9,100
  Bhojpuri 2,000
  Bengali 1,900
  Gujarati 1,100
  Marwari 900
  Awadhi 400
  Haryanvi 300
  Kanauji 200
  Mewari 100
  Maithili 100
  Bilaspuri 70
  Kashmiri 70
  Bagri 40
  Dhundari 20
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
33.32 %
Islam
60.31 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
6.37 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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