Faqir in India


Population
92,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Faqir (or Fakir) of India are beggars by tradition. They are Sunni Muslim by religion. Fakir comes from the Arabic word meaning poverty. Some of them live in Muslim cemeteries. The mourning period for a death is forty days and then food is given to the poor. The birth pollution period is for forty days too.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In Uttar Pradesh, most of the Faqir are landowners and work in cultivation. Poultry work is a second occupation for them. Only a few do begging at Islamic shrines now but they have been discriminated against. They speak Urdu and a local dialect of Hindi. Most of them are living in multi caste villages where there are many religions. Every sub division has a caste council that judges local problems and matters. They are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside their group and also have a caste association that covers India.

In Gujarat, the Faqir are endogamous and marriages usually happen in their community. Parallel cousin marriages and cross cousin marriages are favored. They traditionally beg and some work at Sufi shrines. Most now work as laborers. They are a marginalized people group. Though Sunni Muslims, they have folk beliefs.

In Maharashtra, the Faqir speak Urdu and Marathi. They live in the regions of Amravati and Nagpur. They are endogamous and do parallel cousin and cross cousin marriages. They do begging but there is a slow change towards work such as selling baskets, crockery and also craft items. Most are laborers, particularly in Nagpur. They have been given the Other Backward Classes position which means they have a part in education and work. They are marginalized though.

In West Bengal, the Faqir are also called Sahajia and were beggars. They are supposed to be called by that name as they were followers of Sher Ali Sahaji who is classed as a Sufi saint. They are an endogamous caste. Most who work in cultivation live in the regions of Nadia, Howrah, Bankura, Birbhum, Purulia, Murshidabad and Malda. They cultivate jute and mustard seeds for example and produce cooking oil. A few are agricultural laborers but with no land. They speak Bengali and are Sunni Muslims. They have folk beliefs too.


What Are Their Needs?

The Faqir speak Urdu, Hindu and Bengali. They have a low literacy level so the gospel will probably have to be presented in oral form.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Faqir though beggars by tradition will realize that Jesus Christ does not look down on them and that they will give their lives to Him.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/fakir
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/faqir_(clan)


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-09-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-26
People Name General Faqir
People Name in Country Faqir
Population in India 92,000
World Population 124,500
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 2 to 3
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bava, Bhenrihar, Darvesh, Fakir, Faqirani, Fhakir Budbudki, Gareri, Ghanta Fhakirlu, Ghanti Fhakir, Pir, Sai, Sain, Sayee, Shah, Turaka Budbudiki, फ़क़ीर
People ID 16762
ROP3 Code 112012
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
(28,000)
Haryana
(11,000)
Madhya Pradesh
(8,600)
Punjab
(7,500)
Delhi
(7,400)
Rajasthan
(7,200)
Bihar
(5,400)
West Bengal
(3,300)
Jharkhand
(2,700)
Gujarat
(2,500)
Maharashtra
(1,900)
Himachal Pradesh
(1,900)
Uttarakhand
(1,600)
Chandigarh
(1,400)
Odisha
(400)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh (28,000)
  Haryana (11,000)
  Madhya Pradesh (8,600)
  Punjab (7,500)
  Delhi (7,400)
  Rajasthan (7,200)
  Bihar (5,400)
  West Bengal (3,300)
  Jharkhand (2,700)
  Gujarat (2,500)
  Maharashtra (1,900)
  Himachal Pradesh (1,900)
  Uttarakhand (1,600)
  Chandigarh (1,400)
  Odisha (400)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
(32,000)
Punjabi, Eastern
(9,400)
Bhojpuri
(2,200)
Bengali
(2,000)
Gujarati
(1,000)
Marwari
(1,000)
Awadhi
(400)
Haryanvi
(300)
Kanauji
(200)
Merwari
(200)
Mewari
(100)
Maithili
(100)
Kashmiri
(70)
Bilaspuri
(70)
Bagri
(40)
People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (43,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi (32,000)
  Punjabi, Eastern (9,400)
  Bhojpuri (2,200)
  Bengali (2,000)
  Gujarati (1,000)
  Marwari (1,000)
  Awadhi (400)
  Haryanvi (300)
  Kanauji (200)
  Merwari (200)
  Mewari (100)
  Maithili (100)
  Kashmiri (70)
  Bilaspuri (70)
  Bagri (40)
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Bible stories
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
33.16 %
Islam
60.46 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
6.38 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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