Chakkiliyan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The main occupation of the Chakkiliyan community is mending leather products especially chappals, shoes ,etc. Today, most of them in south india are well literate, occupying administrative positions both in private and public sectors.

Along with social groups associated with those who wash clothes for other Dalits, they are one of the most backward castes. Some work as night soil removers. Night soil is a respectable term for human waste. At some point in history, a whole class of people across India have been forced by violence and religious sanction into this terrible role. This is an outcome of lack of proper sanitation system throughout India's history apart from what was noticed in the Indus Valley ruins where houses were constructed with proper sanitation. In this aspect they have similar castes across India. The most notable one is Chandala and Bhangis of North India.

Due to their association with night soil, others have been reluctant to associate with them including other Dalit castes. But they are also used as general agricultural and manual workers across Western and Northern Tamil Nadu. They are usually live in a place that is apart from the main village as the other Dalits. Many place names in India and Sri Lanka are named for this community.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Very poor standard of living, low literacy rate among all lower castes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Mainly Hinduism, some converted to Christianity.


What Are Their Needs?

Some have a great inferiority complex due to their occupation.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God would give them good education and remove the slavery mindset.
* Ask the Lord to help them sense their worth and equality with others.


Profile Source:   Mohan Nitheesh  

People Name General Chakkiliyan
People Name in Country Chakkiliyan
Population in India 1,304,000
World Population 1,337,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Arava Chakali, Arava Chakkali, Arava Chakkali/Kristava Arundhatiyar, Arundhatiyar, Cakkala, Cakkali, Cakkoli, Chakka, Chakkala, Chucklers, Kristava Arundhatiyar, Madari, Pagadai, Toti, Vattakkadan, चक्कीलियनएसी
People ID 16600
ROP3 Code 111805
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 19
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
1,231,000
Kerala
47,000
Andhra Pradesh
11,000
Maharashtra
4,700
Karnataka
3,500
Puducherry
2,800
Delhi
2,200
Telangana
1,200
West Bengal
400
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Chhattisgarh
200
Odisha
200
Madhya Pradesh
200
Gujarat
100
Uttar Pradesh
80
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 19
  Tamil Nadu 1,231,000
  Kerala 47,000
  Andhra Pradesh 11,000
  Maharashtra 4,700
  Karnataka 3,500
  Puducherry 2,800
  Delhi 2,200
  Telangana 1,200
  West Bengal 400
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Chhattisgarh 200
  Odisha 200
  Madhya Pradesh 200
  Gujarat 100
  Uttar Pradesh 80
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (1,224,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
49,000
Telugu
19,000
Kannada
500
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (1,224,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 49,000
  Telugu 19,000
  Kannada 500
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.02 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
9.11 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
90.86 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Thamizhpparithi Maari  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Mohan Nitheesh  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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