Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 1

Subgroup Name Population
Gola Unknown

Introduction / History

The main occupation of the Chakkiliyan community is mending leather products especially chappals, shoes ,etc. Today, most of them in south india are well literate, occupying administrative positions both in private and public sectors.

Along with social groups associated with those who wash clothes for other Dalits, they are one of the most backward castes. Some work as night soil removers. Night soil is a respectable term for human waste. At some point in history, a whole class of people across India have been forced by violence and religious sanction into this terrible role. This is an outcome of lack of proper sanitation system throughout India's history apart from what was noticed in the Indus Valley ruins where houses were constructed with proper sanitation. In this aspect they have similar castes across India. The most notable one is Chandala and Bhangis of North India.

Due to their association with night soil, others have been reluctant to associate with them including other Dalit castes. But they are also used as general agricultural and manual workers across Western and Northern Tamil Nadu. They are usually live in a place that is apart from the main village as the other Dalits. Many place names in India and Sri Lanka are named for this community.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Very poor standard of living, low literacy rate among all lower castes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Mainly Hinduism, some converted to Christianity.


What Are Their Needs?

Some have a great inferiority complex due to their occupation.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray that God would give them good education and remove the slavery mindset.
* Ask the Lord to help them sense their worth and equality with others.


Profile Source:   Mohan Nitheesh  

People Name General Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions)
World Population 898,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 17
Alternate Names Arava Chakali, Arava Chakkali, Arava Chakkali/Kristava Arundhatiyar, Arundhatiyar, Cakkala, Cakkali, Cakkoli, Chakka, Chakkala, Chucklers, Kristava Arundhatiyar, Madari, Pagadai, Toti, Vattakkadan, चक्कीलियनएसी
People ID 16600
ROP3 Code 111805
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 19
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
802,000
Kerala
38,000
Andhra Pradesh
11,000
Maharashtra
4,700
Puducherry
2,500
Delhi
2,100
Telangana
1,200
Karnataka
600
West Bengal
400
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Chhattisgarh
200
Odisha
200
Madhya Pradesh
200
Gujarat
100
Uttar Pradesh
80
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 19
  Tamil Nadu 802,000
  Kerala 38,000
  Andhra Pradesh 11,000
  Maharashtra 4,700
  Puducherry 2,500
  Delhi 2,100
  Telangana 1,200
  Karnataka 600
  West Bengal 400
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Chhattisgarh 200
  Odisha 200
  Madhya Pradesh 200
  Gujarat 100
  Uttar Pradesh 80
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (788,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
41,000
Telugu
14,000
Kannada
80
Primary Language Tamil (788,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 41,000
  Telugu 14,000
  Kannada 80
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.07 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.92 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Thamizhpparithi Maari  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Mohan Nitheesh  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.