Assamese (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 1

Subgroup Name Population
Maria 125,000

Introduction / History

Unlike most people groups featured in the Joshua Project website, the Muslim Assamese are a collection of Muslim peoples who live in the northeast Indian state of Assam. They make up roughly one third of the population of Assam.

One group of Assamese Muslims is indigenous Hindus who converted to Islam during the 14th century and later periods. Another group were Bengali farmers who were encouraged to come to Assam and work on the tea plantations during the British period. Yet another group of Muslims have come in recent years to escape their poverty in Bangladesh to the relative wealth of Assam. Another group are the descendants of Muslim soldiers who came to fight in Assam and decided to stay there.

The rapid growth of Muslims in Assam has not always pleased the majority Hindu citizens. There have been anti-Muslim riots. In 1983, 2000 Muslims were killed in a massacre.

Most Muslim Assamese are in involved with agriculture. They grow rice, maize, oil seeds, sugarcane, wheat and seasonal vegetables. Some work in their traditional job of brass metalworking. Others work in small commerce and trade.

The primary language of the Assamese Muslims is Assamese. Others speak Bengali and other regional languages of India.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of the Assamese Muslims live in Assam in northeast India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Muslims of Assam are different than other Muslims of India and the world. They participate in Hindu festivals and customs. Another unusual practice of these Muslims is that their daughters can inherit property from their father. Still another unusual occurrence is Muslim fathers who allow their daughters to marry Hindu men. Orthodox Muslim fathers would not allow this to happen.

The main foods of the Assamese Muslims are rice, wheat, vegetables, dairy products and maize. They eat neither beef nor pork.


What Are Their Beliefs?

As was stated earlier, the Assamese Muslims practice both Muslim and Hindu traditions of their neighbors.

The Assamese Muslims are officially Sunni, the largest branch of Islam. They attempt to obey the teachings of the Qur'an and the prophet Muhammad. They believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslim are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.

At the same time, the Assamese Muslims celebrate the main Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Muslim Assamese need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way than can understand. They need protection from the Hindu majority who at times perpetrate violence against them. The Hindus and Muslims of Assam must learn to understand and each accept each other.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Lord moves the Assamese Muslims to seek protection in Him not in weapons or violence.
* Pray for Muslim Assamese families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
* Pray that many of the Assamese people will come to love God with their whole being and will walk in His ways.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Assam
www.outlookindia.com/website/story/who-are-the-muslims-of-assam/296831
everyculture.com/South-Asia/Garia.html


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Assamese (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Assamese (Muslim traditions)
Population in India 2,703,000
World Population 2,705,100
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 54
Alternate Names Asomia Muslim, Asomiya Musalman, Garia, Goria, Muria, Thalua, Thalua Musalman, अस्सामएसए (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 10461
ROP3 Code 100567
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 18
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Assam
2,651,000
Nagaland
18,000
Arunachal Pradesh
10,000
Manipur
8,400
Meghalaya
6,400
Tripura
4,700
West Bengal
2,300
Mizoram
700
Delhi
400
Maharashtra
300
Haryana
30
Tamil Nadu
30
Chandigarh
30
Madhya Pradesh
20
Karnataka
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 18
  Assam 2,651,000
  Nagaland 18,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 10,000
  Manipur 8,400
  Meghalaya 6,400
  Tripura 4,700
  West Bengal 2,300
  Mizoram 700
  Delhi 400
  Maharashtra 300
  Haryana 30
  Tamil Nadu 30
  Chandigarh 30
  Madhya Pradesh 20
  Karnataka 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Assamese (2,656,000 speakers)
Language Code asm   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Bengali
38,000
Urdu
1,100
Boro
600
Khasi
200
Dimasa
70
Deori
50
Rabha
50
Kok Borok
20
Tiwa
Chin, Thado: Thadou Kuki Mising Kachari
Naga, Yimchungru: Tikhir
Primary Language Assamese (2,656,000 speakers)
Language Code asm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Bengali 38,000
  Urdu 1,100
  Boro 600
  Khasi 200
  Dimasa 70
  Deori 50
  Rabha 50
  Kok Borok 20
  Tiwa 10
  Chin, Thado: Thadou Kuki 0
  Mising 0
  Kachari 0
  Naga, Yimchungru: Tikhir 0
People Groups Speaking Assamese

Primary Language:  Assamese

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1822-1974)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-1993)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1833-1995)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Christassam recordings
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Assamese
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Path of Light (Indigitube.tv)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: অসমীয়া - Assamese
Text / Printed Matter Christ for the Nations
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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