Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

According to the Ramayana, one of the two major ancient Sanskrit epics, there was a boatman named Nishad who was asked by Lord Rama and his wife Sita for a ride across the Ganges River. To Lord Rama’s astonishment, the boatman refused. Nishad explained that he feared that the touch of the deity’s foot might destroy the boat, and then Nishad would be left without a means of supporting his family. Rama assured Nishad that no ill would befall him, so the humble boatman ferried Rama and Sita across the river. The Mallah live throughout India and in the smaller nations of Sri Lanka and Nepal. Their population is concentrated in the northern and eastern Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. The primary language of the Mallah is Hindi. They also speak the local languages of where they live. Many resources are available in Hindu including a complete Bible, radio programs and the Jesus Film. A tiny fraction of the Mallah claim to be believers in Jesus. Many Mallah are unable to read or write so the gospel will have to be presented to them in oral and visual forms. The Mallah are classified as a Backward Scheduled Caste meaning that they are eligible for public jobs and special consideration for university admissions.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Today most Mallah make their living as either fishermen or farmers. They cultivate land that is owned by others. They sell fish and produce in the markets. Some are day laborers and boatmen who carry people across lakes and rivers without bridges. Their women and children sell flowers and incense at Hindu festivals. Marriages are usually arranged by family leaders. The Mallah generally have large families. The Mallah people are monogamous meaning that marriage is between one man and one woman. The divorced and bereaved can marry again. On the death of the father, sons inherit the property with the oldest son taking charge of the home. The dead can be either cremated or buried. They have a caste council that settle their legal disputes and promotes their interests.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Mallah practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. Their brand of Hinduism has elements of folk religion. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Mallah visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Mallah people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Dalits and tribal peoples are outside of the caste system. The Mallah fit into the Shudra caste or sometimes outside the caste system.


What Are Their Needs?

As a poverty stricken and poorly educated Indian people, the Mallah have many spiritual and physical needs. They need to learn the basics of reading and writing to improve their position in society. They need to learn new job skills. They need the benefits of modern medicine. Most of all they need to hear and understand the life changing message of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and give them the hope of eternal life.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray that the Mallah caste councils will give their lives to Jesus Christ and lead their community into a movement to Christ. * Pray that God will give them dreams and visions about the one, true God leading them to salvation. * Pray for a church planting movement in their community this decade. * Pray the Lord provides the means for Mallah parents to meet the needs of children.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions)
Population this Country 330,000
Population all Countries 335,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 7
Alternate Names मल्लाह चैन (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 21343
ROP3 Code 118169
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
202,000
Bihar
101,000
Delhi
14,000
West Bengal
6,000
Jharkhand
5,100
Madhya Pradesh
1,200
Maharashtra
900
Tripura
90
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Uttar Pradesh 202,000
  Bihar 101,000
  Delhi 14,000
  West Bengal 6,000
  Jharkhand 5,100
  Madhya Pradesh 1,200
  Maharashtra 900
  Tripura 90
Website South Asia Peoples

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.


Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Hindi (186,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
110,000
Maithili
12,000
Bengali
6,000
Angika
1,400
Kanauji
900
Awadhi
900
Magahi
700
Bagheli
400
Chhattisgarhi
300
Bundeli
200
Marathi
200
Haryanvi
100
Sadri
20
Primary Language Hindi (186,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 110,000
  Maithili 12,000
  Bengali 6,000
  Angika 1,400
  Kanauji 900
  Awadhi 900
  Magahi 700
  Bagheli 400
  Chhattisgarhi 300
  Bundeli 200
  Marathi 200
  Haryanvi 100
  Sadri 20
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1835-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Avatar

Welcome. I’m a virtual assistant and will try to answer questions about Joshua Project, unreached people groups, the Great Commission and more. How can I help you?

For further help try our FAQ, Definitions or Contact Us pages.