Vanniyan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Vanniyan only in India
Population
12,577,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The term Vanniyars (Vanniyans) and Padayatchi has been used interchangeably because of the same historical origin they claim. They trace their ancestry from the five sons of Veera Vanniyan or Rudra Vanniya Maharaja who assumed leadership of the country after having freed the earth from Vatapi and Mahi by destroying these two Brahma-worshiping Asuras. It was believed that armed horsemen sprung from flames as a result of the Yagam, or sacrifice by yogic powers performed by Jambuva Mahamuni or Sambu/Jambu Maharishi as requested by gods and lords so as to put an end to the garrisoning of the Earth by the two Asuras. The horsemen were named VanniRaya. In reality, Vanniyars are descendants the medieval Pallava Kings who ruled Andhra and northern Tamilnadu with their capital at Kanchipuram. Padayatchis and Vanniyars have minor differences as Padayatchi is a class within the Vanniyar castes.


Where Are they Located?

Most Vanniyars in India are in the three adjacent southern states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andrha Pradesh, mostly concentrated in the area where these three states intersect. Among the lower castes in the Tamil Nadu, they are the most populous and they are one of the very earliest caste to be socially well organized. Today they are the most politically mobilized and well-informed caste in the Tamil Nadu.

There were several waves of Tamil dispersals from India and Sri Lanka creating what is known as Tamil diaspora. Many Vanniyars migrated to South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, Seychelles, Mauritius and Fiji and the next generation Vanniyars have been using variant titles such as Govendar, Naicker and Padayatchi amongst themselves.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Vanniyars are officially classed belonging to the feudal caste of Vanniakula Kshatriya in Tamil Nadu. There are 92 different names or sub caste/sub titles given for Vannia Kula Kshatriya community. The members of the Vanniyar caste are known by several names depending on location and status. They may be referred to as Padayatchi, Gounder, Naicker or Nayagar, Reddiar, Kander/Kandar, Palli and many other titles in Tamil Nadu, Vanniar Gounder, Reddiar,Padayatchi etc in pondicherry, in Karnataka they are called Tigala / Thigala, or Thigilaru with a common suffix of Gowda, Hebbar or Hebbe and Nayakar. In Andhra Pradesh, Vanniars are usually known as Palli, Agnikula Kshatriya, Vanniyakula Kshatriya, Vanne Kapu or Vanne Reddy. In Kerala, they are called Vaniya pillai, Vaniya nair and Reddiar.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The overwhelming majority of Vanniyars are Hindu. Rather than believing in one god, they believe in a multitude of gods.


What Are Their Needs?

*Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
*Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Bhil.
*Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.


Profile Source:   Toni Tagimacruz  

People Name General Vanniyan
People Name in Country Vanniyan
Population in India 12,577,000
World Population 12,577,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 252 to 260
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Agnikula, Agnikula Kshatriya, Agnikula Kshatriyas, Ambalavasi, Ekera, Ekere, Ekila, Gangaputra, Gangavamsam, Gangavara, Gangavaru, Gounder, Kampanamullu, Kounder, Marakallu, Naicker, Nayullu, Padaichi, Padaiyachi, Padaiyachi Christian, Padaiyaci Christian, Padaiychi, Pallapu Rajulu, Pallelu, Palli, Palli Kapulu, Palli Reddi, Pandamuttu, Penta, Perumal, Thigala, Tigala, Tilvi, Vanne kapulu, Vanne Reddi, Vanniakula Kshatriya, Vannikola, Vannikula Kshatriya, Vanniyan Christian, Vanniyar, Variyar, Vellaiyan, Vontikulgi, वन्नीयाँ
People ID 18323
ROP3 Code 113870
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 31
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
(10,681,000)
Karnataka
(702,000)
Puducherry
(506,000)
Andhra Pradesh
(371,000)
Kerala
(136,000)
Maharashtra
(71,000)
Odisha
(44,000)
Telangana
(28,000)
Delhi
(14,000)
Andaman and Nicobar
(5,300)
Gujarat
(4,200)
Jharkhand
(2,800)
Madhya Pradesh
(2,500)
West Bengal
(2,100)
Uttar Pradesh
(1,500)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 31  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu (10,681,000)
  Karnataka (702,000)
  Puducherry (506,000)
  Andhra Pradesh (371,000)
  Kerala (136,000)
  Maharashtra (71,000)
  Odisha (44,000)
  Telangana (28,000)
  Delhi (14,000)
  Andaman and Nicobar (5,300)
  Gujarat (4,200)
  Jharkhand (2,800)
  Madhya Pradesh (2,500)
  West Bengal (2,100)
  Uttar Pradesh (1,500)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (12,076,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
Telugu
(196,000)
Kannada
(167,000)
Malayalam
(77,000)
Odia
(4,400)
English
(2,300)
Tulu
(1,000)
Hindi
(800)
Konkani
(700)
Konkani, Goan
(100)
People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (12,076,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
  Telugu (196,000)
  Kannada (167,000)
  Malayalam (77,000)
  Odia (4,400)
  English (2,300)
  Tulu (1,000)
  Hindi (800)
  Konkani (700)
  Konkani, Goan (100)
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.42 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.55 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous  
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Toni Tagimacruz  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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