Vellalan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 38 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Pandya 110,000
Pillai 89,000
Karalar 47,000
Podikkara 33,000
Achakara 32,000
Kaniyala 23,000
Anjuttilkar 20,000
Kumbakonam 19,000
Omanallur 15,000
Arunattu 14,000

Introduction / History

The Vellalan or Vellalar of south India have a long and proud history. They served as the landed aristocracy and as military officers and court officials in the three great Tamil dynasties. They were patrons of literature and the arts. The Vellalars made up the majority of government leaders and administrators in south India during the British period. Lower castes began calling themselves Vellalars and acting like them in order to gain their high status.

Today the Vellalars continue to be agricultural landowners, military officers, businesspersons, Tamil scholars and temple patrons. They are considered by the Indian government to be a forward or more successful caste so they are not eligible for special places in education and public service. The primary language of the Vellalars is Tamil. They also speak other regional languages such as Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada.


Where Are they Located?

All Vellalars originally came from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Some migrated to other south Indian states such as Kerala and Karnataka. Some have moved to the island nation of Sri Lanka.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Vellalars live at the highest levels of south Indian society. They are leaders in business, education and agricultural affairs. They take pride in their ancient Tamil heritage and are leading scholars in Tamil historical studies.

The Vellalars are endogamous, that is they marry within their families and clans. Cousin marriages are common. Sons inherit property from their parents. Many prefer to use their own priests rather than Brahmins in important life ceremonies.
Many Vellalars are vegetarians. Others eat meat but refrain from beef.

Their dead are either cremated or buried.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The vast majority of Vellalars are Hindus. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Many follow a branch of Hinduism called Saiva Siddhantam. In this Hindu order adherents desire to be enlightened by Lord Shiva or Siva, one of the three main gods of Hinduism. Some Vellalars join monasteries and propagate the teachings of Shiva.

A tiny minority of Vellalars are Christians.


What Are Their Needs?

The Vellalars need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see themselves as sinners in need of the Savior. They need to see Christianity lived out in a real way before them. They need to realize that Shiva will not meet their spiritual needs but Lord Jesus will.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Christian Vellalars would grow in the faith and reach out to their brothers and sisters with the gospel.
* Pray that God would create a spiritual hunger in the Vellalars that can only be met by the God of the Bible.
* Pray that many Vellalars would come humbly to our Savior and that growing churches would be planted in the Vellalar community.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellalar
http://www.everyculture.com/South-Asia/Vellala-Orientation.html


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-27
People Name General Vellalan
People Name in Country Vellalan
Population in India 2,536,000
World Population 2,567,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 50
Alternate Names Agamudiya, Agamudiyar, Aiyer, Annachi, Ayyangar, Bhuvaisya, Erudanti, Gangeddulu, Gangireddulavandlu, Gangiredlavaru, Isai Vellalar, Iyengar, Iyer, Karalan, Karganta, Karkatha, Karlatja Vellalar, Kattai, Kerrakarar, Kodikalarar, Kongadi, Kongu Vellala Gounder, Kongu Vellalar, Melakkaran, Mudali, Mudaliar, Mudaliyar, Mudaliyar Naicker, Mudliar, Nandiwale, Nanijil Mudali, Nanjanattu Pillai, Natt, Nokkar, Perumal Erudukkaran, Perumal Madukkaran, Perumal Mattukkaran, Pillai, Pille, Puja Gollalu, Puluvan, Punu Gollalu, Saya Pillaimar, Sozhia Vellalar, Telangalu, Tuluva, Vatrilaikaran, Vellala, Vellalar, Vipravinodulu, Virakodi Vellalar, वेल्लालन
People ID 18317
ROP3 Code 113864
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Vellalan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 38 (only 15 largest shown)
  Pandya 110,000
  Pillai 89,000
  Karalar 47,000
  Podikkara 33,000
  Achakara 32,000
  Kaniyala 23,000
  Anjuttilkar 20,000
  Kumbakonam 19,000
  Omanallur 15,000
  Arunattu 14,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 23
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
1,812,000
Kerala
360,000
Karnataka
315,000
Puducherry
18,000
Maharashtra
12,000
Andhra Pradesh
6,200
Telangana
5,100
Delhi
2,100
Andaman and Nicobar
1,100
Chhattisgarh
900
West Bengal
700
Madhya Pradesh
500
Uttar Pradesh
400
Jharkhand
400
Odisha
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 23  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 1,812,000
  Kerala 360,000
  Karnataka 315,000
  Puducherry 18,000
  Maharashtra 12,000
  Andhra Pradesh 6,200
  Telangana 5,100
  Delhi 2,100
  Andaman and Nicobar 1,100
  Chhattisgarh 900
  West Bengal 700
  Madhya Pradesh 500
  Uttar Pradesh 400
  Jharkhand 400
  Odisha 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (2,120,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
305,000
Telugu
70,000
Kannada
26,000
English
1,100
Konkani
300
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (2,120,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 305,000
  Telugu 70,000
  Kannada 26,000
  English 1,100
  Konkani 300
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
3.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
96.85 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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