Viswakarma in India


Population
8,353,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Vishwakarmas are also known as Vishwabrahmins. They are followers of Vishvakarman, the Hindu presiding deity of all craftsman and architects, from whom all Vishwakarmas claimed to have descended from. Hence, today the term Vishwarkama denotes a community or group of castes of artisans from India. These castes are the goldsmith, carpenter, blacksmith, copper-smith, stone-mason.

Aside from being known as Vishwabrahmins, they are also called Panchal meaning "specialized in five different works;" Kavi, Madhvi, Suhastasour and Narashansha identical castes in ancient Vedic reference; Rathakar, because they used to make the chariot for ancient kings; and Karmmalar in the Madras. Depending on which side - Northern or Southern side of India- the reference is made, there are many more names associated with the Vishwakarmas.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Vishwakarmas played a vital role in the Indian village economy where their communities are widely spread across the country. They considered themselves "missionaries of civilization, culture and religion" as they spread Hinduism through their art. They have contributed greatly to Indian civilization and culture as city and temple builders, engineers, architects, and artists. In ancient India, Vishwabrahmins where highly regarded. However, they are not as highly esteemed by the Brahmins - the priestly castes. The origin of such feud is largely unknown, but one reason was the refusal of Brahmins to recognize the status of the Vishwakarmas to be at par with their status. The Vishwakarmas has also rejected the "pastorship" or "leadership" or "supremacy" of the Brahmins and have set themselves up as spiritual guides and religious teachers.

Their communal identity has always been strongly tied to their profession. With industrialization and more recently, globalization, the traditional artisan trade has been greatly affected. The economic and technological forces are buffeting their profession to extinction. This has contributed to a sort of identity crises - being unable to identify with the upper castes or the lower castes. They also have a rather unpopular history (until the 1980s) of identifying with the communists. Their socio-economic status varies from a very high level to the low level in different parts of India as they earned high wages in towns because of their factory employment and low in villages.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Their claim of "Brahminism" is based on their claims of lineage from the Hindu God, Vishvakarman who is claimed to be the lord of creation. Also, they claimed that it was the Vishvakarmas who are the real architects of the Indus Valley and the Brahmins are only usurpers of the glory.


Profile Source:   Toni Tagimacruz  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-10
People Name General Viswakarma
People Name in Country Viswakarma
Population in India 8,353,000
World Population 8,478,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 168 to 173
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Achari, Achari Thacher, Achary, Akkasale, Asari, Asari Oddi, Brahmalu, Chettian, Chola, Gejjigar, Kamar, Kammalan, Kammalar, Kammiyar, Kamsala, Kannalan, Kannalar, Kollar Ponkollar, Manu, Mukkuvar, Ojali, Ozuu, Pancha Brahma, Panchal, Panchal Brahma, Panchala, Pandithattan, Pandya, Pathuria, Shilpi, Silpi, Sozhia, Sthapathi, Sthapathulu, Sutar, Thocher, Vaddra, Vishvakarma, Vishwa Brahman, Vishwa Brahmin, Vishwabrahman, Vishwakarma, Viswa Brahman, Viswabrahma, Viswabrahman, Viswajana, Viswakammala, Vojali, Waggai, विस्वाकर्मा
People ID 18314
ROP3 Code 113861
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 28
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
(2,901,000)
Andhra Pradesh
(2,218,000)
Karnataka
(1,361,000)
Kerala
(978,000)
Telangana
(551,000)
Maharashtra
(246,000)
Puducherry
(37,000)
Goa
(19,000)
Delhi
(11,000)
Odisha
(9,800)
Gujarat
(8,000)
West Bengal
(4,600)
Chhattisgarh
(2,300)
Madhya Pradesh
(1,800)
Assam
(900)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 28  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu (2,901,000)
  Andhra Pradesh (2,218,000)
  Karnataka (1,361,000)
  Kerala (978,000)
  Telangana (551,000)
  Maharashtra (246,000)
  Puducherry (37,000)
  Goa (19,000)
  Delhi (11,000)
  Odisha (9,800)
  Gujarat (8,000)
  West Bengal (4,600)
  Chhattisgarh (2,300)
  Madhya Pradesh (1,800)
  Assam (900)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (2,943,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil
(2,539,000)
Kannada
(987,000)
Malayalam
(961,000)
Marathi
(169,000)
Tulu
(106,000)
Konkani, Goan
(55,000)
Hindi
(50,000)
Konkani
(20,000)
Ahirani
(2,200)
Odia
(2,100)
Gujarati
(1,700)
Bengali
(1,600)
Khandesi
(500)
Kodava
(200)
Chhattisgarhi
(200)
People Groups Speaking Telugu
Primary Language Telugu (2,943,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Tamil (2,539,000)
  Kannada (987,000)
  Malayalam (961,000)
  Marathi (169,000)
  Tulu (106,000)
  Konkani, Goan (55,000)
  Hindi (50,000)
  Konkani (20,000)
  Ahirani (2,200)
  Odia (2,100)
  Gujarati (1,700)
  Bengali (1,600)
  Khandesi (500)
  Kodava (200)
  Chhattisgarhi (200)
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1854-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Pearl of Great Price (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.12 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.84 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.04 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Toni Tagimacruz  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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