Pardhan in India

The Pardhan have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Pardhan are a subgroup of the Dravidian, tribal Gond people who live in central India. The traditional occupation of the Pardhan is that of being singers and musicians at festivals and important life ceremonies. Most Pardhan today are agricultural workers who cultivate wheat, sorghum, vegetables and fruit. Some also make their living by weaving and producing bamboo articles.

When the Aryans migrated into the Gond lands, some Gond submitted to their rule while other groups fought them only to be defeated by superior Aryan military technology. The Pardhan became the servants and slaves of the Aryans. As a tribal people they were considered outside the Hindu system and therefore Dalits or outcastes.

The Pardhan are a Scheduled Casted meaning they receive special treatment in public jobs and university admission. Many Pardhan possess only a minimum of education so the India government is working to alleviate the problem.

The primary language of the Pardhan people is their own Pardhan language. Some Pardhan also speak Hindi, Marathi and Gondi


Where Are they Located?

The large majority of the Pardhan live in the Indian states of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Pardhan musicians have prodigious memories. Often they can recite hour-long epics and genealogies from memory in two or more languages. The two instruments they play are the kingri, a three stringed violin and a small harp called a bana. The Pardhan perform at births, weddings, funerals and Hindu holidays. The money they receive is donations from the participants. The Pardhan also function as Hindu priests in blessing babies and animals. Most Pardhan live in rural villages while some have moved to cities.

The Pardhan marry within their caste but not in their own clan or gotra. Families arrange marriages. The newly wed couple lives with or near the groom's parents. Sons inherit property with the eldest son taking the family house.

The main foods of the Pardhan are sorghum, wheat, vegetables and fruit. Due to their economic plight, meat and rice are eaten only on special occasions.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Pardhan practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Pardhan visit Hindu shrines and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. Sometimes they are denied entrance to Hindu temples due to their Dalit status.

The main yearly holidays of the Pardhan people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Pardhan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need help in learning new job skills and in educating their children. Agricultural experts could help them increase the crop yield of their farms.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Pardhan in India.

* Pray for the Holy Spirit to work powerfully through those Christians ministering to the Pardhan people.
* Pray for Pardhan families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible and away from their Hindu gods.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Pardhan people love for God's Word and a desire to spread its influence.
* Ask the Lord to raise up and send out a new generation of fruitful, multiplying Christians among the Pardhan.


References

2.oberlin.edu/faculty/rknight/pardhan.ht


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-10-10
People Name General Pardhan
People Name in Country Pardhan
World Population 316,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
Alternate Names Desai, Parganiha, Parganika, Patadi, Pataria, Pathari, Pradhan, Prodhana, Saroti, पर्धन
People ID 17848
ROP3 Code 113322
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 11
Largest States
Maharashtra
145,000
Madhya Pradesh
123,000
Telangana
25,000
Chhattisgarh
13,000
Odisha
10,000
Jharkhand
300
Karnataka
100
Sikkim
70
Tamil Nadu
50
Andhra Pradesh
40
Goa
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 11
  Maharashtra 145,000
  Madhya Pradesh 123,000
  Telangana 25,000
  Chhattisgarh 13,000
  Odisha 10,000
  Jharkhand 300
  Karnataka 100
  Sikkim 70
  Tamil Nadu 50
  Andhra Pradesh 40
  Goa 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Pardhan (139,000 speakers)
Language Code pch   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 36
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Marathi
76,000
Hindi
64,000
Gondi, Northern
17,000
Odia
9,100
Telugu
5,000
Chhattisgarhi
3,600
Gondi, Adilabad
800
Bhili
700
Gondi, Aheri
500
Gujarati
400
Halbi
300
Kolami, Northwestern
200
Santhali
200
Kurux
200
Korku
70
Primary Language Pardhan (139,000 speakers)
Language Code pch   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 36
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Marathi 76,000
  Hindi 64,000
  Gondi, Northern 17,000
  Odia 9,100
  Telugu 5,000
  Chhattisgarhi 3,600
  Gondi, Adilabad 800
  Bhili 700
  Gondi, Aheri 500
  Gujarati 400
  Halbi 300
  Kolami, Northwestern 200
  Santhali 200
  Kurux 200
  Korku 70
People Groups Speaking Pardhan

Primary Language:  Pardhan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pardhan
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.12 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
95.51 %
Islam
0.22 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
3.98 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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