Pan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 6

Subgroup Name Population
Sawasi 21,000
Desa Pano 4,900
Khonda Pano 4,900
Buna Pan 1,100
Pan Vaishnab 1,100
Raj Pan 1,100

Introduction / History

Orissa, India is the primary home of the Pano or Pan people. Many Pans also live in other parts of India such as West Bengal, Jharhand and Andhra Pradesh. The Pano or Pan people are distributed in the Balasore, Cuttack, Puri, Dhankanal and Ganjam districts of Orissa and on the border to West Bengal and Bihar. They have endogamous occupational sub-groups known as Bunapano and Dhulipano. They use Shamal as their surnames.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Panos are Oriya speaking people while some of them also speak Hindi. They are non-vegetarian and rice is their staple food. The majority of Panos live by farming or fishing. They take menial jobs because they are Dalits. Pan people have faced considerable health problems related to contaminated water, poor diet, respiratory infections and lack of medical care. Several charitable groups have made efforts to help them with these problems. This has helped, but most of them still face these same problems. Most Panos worship Hindu and village deities and participate in ancestral worship. They are still unreached, according to the Joshua Project web site.

They are divided into a number of lineages, which regulate marriage alliances and indicate one's ancestry. They have only one gotra, the Nagasa. Their traditional and primary occupation is to serve as serfs to the land holding communities. However a few of them are engaged in private business, in cultivation, as daily wage labourers and as musicians. Their literacy rate is 22.8 percent. They use both modern and indigenous medicines.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Pano worship gods and goddesses such as Mahadev and Durga. Their village deities are Lakhmi, Mongla and Jogmaya. Jogmaya is considered to be their chief deity. The Panos have presumed kinship with other communities such as the Mahaprasad, Mokar and the Maitra. They act as musicians during the worship and life cycle rituals of other communities.

"The Panos in our Orissa parish are demanding that they should receive privileges like the Kui Samaj people since they speak Kui. The Kui Samaj resent this and point out that Panos should not have any of the tribal status they have since many of them are Dalit Christians and are therefore beneath them as a people. The Kuis resent any Panos who would try to receive any benefits even though most Panos are living in severe poverty. Many of our Pano Christians face continued persecution from the Hindu groups and even from their own people." The Catholic Priest was explaining to his bishop the seriousness of the problems faced by the Pano people.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Pan in India.

* For the salvation of the Pano people and that God may send several Christian workers to work among them and meet their spiritual and physical needs.
* For community development programs and opportunities to hear the gospel message through different ways.
* Pray that many in Pano communities will know Jesus as Savior.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar / Global Prayer Digest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-12
People Name General Pan
People Name in Country Pan
World Population 1,594,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 32
Alternate Names Oriya Pan; Pan Tanti; Panaba; Panassa; Pano; Panoriya; Panothia; Pantanti; Samasi; Sawasi; Sut Bauri; Tantabai; Tanti; Tantubai; पं
People ID 17840
ROP3 Code 113314
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Dalit - Other
People Group Pan
Ethnic Code CNN25l
Total Subgroups 6
  Sawasi 21,000
  Desa Pano 4,900
  Khonda Pano 4,900
  Buna Pan 1,100
  Pan Vaishnab 1,100
  Raj Pan 1,100
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
1,485,000
West Bengal
29,000
Jharkhand
27,000
Chhattisgarh
19,000
Andhra Pradesh
12,000
Assam
8,600
Bihar
2,400
Karnataka
1,700
Delhi
1,200
Maharashtra
900
Manipur
600
Arunachal Pradesh
500
Tripura
500
Madhya Pradesh
300
Telangana
200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Odisha 1,485,000
  West Bengal 29,000
  Jharkhand 27,000
  Chhattisgarh 19,000
  Andhra Pradesh 12,000
  Assam 8,600
  Bihar 2,400
  Karnataka 1,700
  Delhi 1,200
  Maharashtra 900
  Manipur 600
  Arunachal Pradesh 500
  Tripura 500
  Madhya Pradesh 300
  Telangana 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (1,385,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 30
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
76,000
Hindi
42,000
Chhattisgarhi
18,000
Kui
9,300
Kurux
9,100
Juang
4,600
Assamese
4,500
Sadri
3,600
Panchpargania
2,900
Kuvi
2,900
Mundari: Bhumij
1,200
Bhojpuri
900
Santhali
900
Kudmali
900
Tulu
500
Primary Language Odia (1,385,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 30
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 76,000
  Hindi 42,000
  Chhattisgarhi 18,000
  Kui 9,300
  Kurux 9,100
  Juang 4,600
  Assamese 4,500
  Sadri 3,600
  Panchpargania 2,900
  Kuvi 2,900
  Mundari: Bhumij 1,200
  Bhojpuri 900
  Santhali 900
  Kudmali 900
  Tulu 500
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.13 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.91 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.96 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar / Global Prayer Digest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.