Maravan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Maravans of south India claim to be descendants of ancient Tamil kings. Their name means "warrior" in the Tamil language. Traditionally the Maravans were the army of the Tamil dynasties. The Maravans also owned land and worked as farmers. Most lived in the rural areas, not in cities.

The Indian government has classified the Maravan as an Other Backward Class because of their widespread poverty and lower educational level. As an OBC, the Maravans are guaranteed positions in government and education. Many Maravan young people are taking advantage of their educational opportunities and obtaining careers as military officers and as leaders in business and government.

The large majority of the Maravans speak Tamil as their first language. Many also speak other south Indian languages.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of the Maravans live in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Others also live in nearby Kerala and Karnataka.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The main occupations of the Maravans are still farming and the military. Both men and woman work in the fields. Some of the younger educated Maravans are branching into different careers and moving to the large cities of south India.

The Maravan eat meat except for beef and pork. Rice is the main staple along with vegetables, fruits and dairy products.
The Maravans marry within their group, sometimes first and second cousins. The sons inherit the family lands and wealth. Divorce and remarriage is allowed.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The huge majority of Maravans are Hindus. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon and celebrate the major Hindu holidays.

The mother-warrior goddess Durga is given special place among the Maravans. She is pictured as having eight arms with weapons in each of her hands and seated upon a tiger or lion. The festival of Navratri celebrates nine nights dedicated to the nine divine forms of goddess Durga. She is believes to possess divine feminine energy or shakti capable of defeating the power of demons.

A small group of Maravan is Christians.


What Are Their Needs?

The Maravan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in their Tamil language. They need to see Christ's love lived out before them. Christian schools and Christian teachers would be particularly helpful in meeting the educational needs of the Maravans.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Lord sends Christian teachers and evangelists to the Maravans.
* Pray the Maravans see their need for the Prince of Peace and the forgiveness that he offers.
* Pray that the Christian Maravans receive training and become leaders in a growing Maravan church.


References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukkulathor
http://maravar05.blogspot.com/2010/07/maravar.html
http://mudiraja.weebly.com/w2maravars.html


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-06
People Name General Maravan
People Name in Country Maravan
Population in India 3,150,000
World Population 3,251,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 62
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Ajupani, Chitikan, Kalla, Kalla Kammar, Manavan, Marayan, Mukkalathoor, Mukkulathan, Thevar, मरवान
People ID 17459
ROP3 Code 112867
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Maravan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups on file 22
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Appanad Kondayam Kot
81,000
Rajavasal
71,000
Sembinattu
45,000
Puluku
39,000
Ambaneri
35,000
Vanniyar
27,000
Karana
26,000
Anjukottu
21,000
Kondaiyam Kottai
9,100
Anil Kottai
8,000
Sennel Kottu
8,000
Admittan
1,600
Agamudaiyan
0
Cheppar
0
Gautama
0
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Maravan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 22 (only 15 largest shown)
  Appanad Kondayam Kot 81,000
  Rajavasal 71,000
  Sembinattu 45,000
  Puluku 39,000
  Ambaneri 35,000
  Vanniyar 27,000
  Karana 26,000
  Anjukottu 21,000
  Kondaiyam Kottai 9,100
  Anil Kottai 8,000
  Sennel Kottu 8,000
  Admittan 1,600
  Agamudaiyan 0
  Cheppar 0
  Gautama 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
3,012,000
Kerala
82,000
Karnataka
23,000
Puducherry
15,000
Maharashtra
6,300
Andhra Pradesh
6,100
Delhi
1,700
Telangana
1,300
Andaman and Nicobar
700
Gujarat
400
Chhattisgarh
200
West Bengal
200
Odisha
200
Madhya Pradesh
200
Jharkhand
200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 3,012,000
  Kerala 82,000
  Karnataka 23,000
  Puducherry 15,000
  Maharashtra 6,300
  Andhra Pradesh 6,100
  Delhi 1,700
  Telangana 1,300
  Andaman and Nicobar 700
  Gujarat 400
  Chhattisgarh 200
  West Bengal 200
  Odisha 200
  Madhya Pradesh 200
  Jharkhand 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (3,065,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
54,000
Telugu
5,400
English
1,200
Kannada
1,000
Konkani, Goan
10
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (3,065,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 54,000
  Telugu 5,400
  English 1,200
  Kannada 1,000
  Konkani, Goan 10
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
2.51 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
97.49 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


Copyright © 2018 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.