Lingayat in India

Joshua Project has identified the Lingayat only in India
Population
1,710,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Lingayat people are known for wearing a linga, an object representing a god; in this case, Shiva. They are a numerous group in India, especially in the state of Karnataka.

This group formed in the 12th century by Basava, a philosopher and a social reformer. He taught against the caste system and its regulations. He envisioned a casteless society, though the resulting society eventually began drawing up lines of caste distinctions again, creating their own hierarchy of social status after Basava's death.

Basava consented to the marriage of a Brahmin woman and a man from an untouchable caste. This story reached the ears of King Bijjala who punished the couple by putting out their eyes and dragging them to their deaths behind an elephant. Basava saw this punishment as unacceptable and left Kayla. He moved on to Kudula Sangama where he died in 1167.


Where Are they Located?

They are found primarily in Karnataka, where they comprise a major population. They are also found in significant numbers in Maharashtra and Andrah Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Lingyat are vegetarian and refrain from alcoholic drinks. They are known to be a progressive people and there are people from many walks of life and religious expression to be found among them. Most work in government service, but they are from many occupations, including artisans, cultivators and priests.


What Are Their Beliefs?

They have a series of initiatory rites, including Lingadharane, the bestowing of the linga. This rite is usually performed within the first week of a child's life. From this day forward, the person will wear the stone as an act of worship of the god (Shiva), in a box around their neck. The linga is not seen as a mere representation of god, but rather god himself.

They adore Shiva, but Basava taught that his worshipers should worship him alone rather than numerous gods. Lingayats reject polytheism and the Vedas and follow the teachings of the Vachana sahitya instead.


References

Sources:
1. K. S. Singh, ed., India's Communities A-Z, Oxford University Press, USA (June 3, 1999) ISBN-10: 0195633547
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingayatism
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basava
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vachanas
5.http://goo.gl/BRgiO


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-25
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-10
People Name General Lingayat
People Name in Country Lingayat
Population in India 1,710,000
World Population 1,710,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 35 to 40
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Banajiga, Hugar, Jangam, Jeer, Jir, Kuruhinashetti, Lingangani, Lingawant, Nagartha, Nai, Sivabhakta, Veerasaiva, लिंगायत
People ID 17372
ROP3 Code 112764
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 31
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Karnataka
(1,366,000)
Telangana
(176,000)
Maharashtra
(92,000)
Tamil Nadu
(40,000)
Andhra Pradesh
(16,000)
Kerala
(6,900)
Gujarat
(4,300)
Delhi
(3,200)
Madhya Pradesh
(1,000)
Uttar Pradesh
(600)
West Bengal
(600)
Jharkhand
(300)
Odisha
(300)
Rajasthan
(300)
Puducherry
(200)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 31  (only 20 largest shown)
  Karnataka (1,366,000)
  Telangana (176,000)
  Maharashtra (92,000)
  Tamil Nadu (40,000)
  Andhra Pradesh (16,000)
  Kerala (6,900)
  Gujarat (4,300)
  Delhi (3,200)
  Madhya Pradesh (1,000)
  Uttar Pradesh (600)
  West Bengal (600)
  Jharkhand (300)
  Odisha (300)
  Rajasthan (300)
  Puducherry (200)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kannada (1,343,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Telugu
(168,000)
Marathi
(41,000)
Konkani
(24,000)
Tulu
(19,000)
Tamil
(10,000)
English
(1,400)
Hindi
(1,000)
Konkani, Goan
(900)
Malayalam
(700)
Gujarati
(400)
Kodava
(200)
Ahirani
(100)
Holiya
(100)
People Groups Speaking Kannada
Primary Language Kannada (1,343,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Telugu (168,000)
  Marathi (41,000)
  Konkani (24,000)
  Tulu (19,000)
  Tamil (10,000)
  English (1,400)
  Hindi (1,000)
  Konkani, Goan (900)
  Malayalam (700)
  Gujarati (400)
  Kodava (200)
  Ahirani (100)
  Holiya (100)
People Groups Speaking Kannada

Primary Language:  Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1812-1988)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1823-1995)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1831-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings Kannada Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Kannada
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kannada
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Religion Subdivision: Lingayat
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.02 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
100.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  International Mission Board-SBC  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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