Lingayat in India

The Lingayat have only been reported in India
Population
1,598,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Lingayat people are known for wearing a linga, an object representing a god; in this case, Shiva. They are a numerous group in India, especially in the state of Karnataka.

This group formed in the 12th century by Basava, a philosopher and a social reformer. He taught against the caste system and its regulations. He envisioned a casteless society, though the resulting society eventually began drawing up lines of caste distinctions again, creating their own hierarchy of social status after Basava's death.

Basava consented to the marriage of a Brahmin woman and a man from an untouchable caste. This story reached the ears of King Bijjala who punished the couple by putting out their eyes and dragging them to their deaths behind an elephant. Basava saw this punishment as unacceptable and left Kayla. He moved on to Kudula Sangama where he died in 1167.


Where Are they Located?

They are found primarily in Karnataka, where they comprise a major population. They are also found in significant numbers in Maharashtra and Andrah Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Lingyat are vegetarian and refrain from alcoholic drinks. They are known to be a progressive people and there are people from many walks of life and religious expression to be found among them. Most work in government service, but they are from many occupations, including artisans, cultivators and priests.


What Are Their Beliefs?

They have a series of initiatory rites, including Lingadharane, the bestowing of the linga. This rite is usually performed within the first week of a child's life. From this day forward, the person will wear the stone as an act of worship of the god (Shiva), in a box around their neck. The linga is not seen as a mere representation of god, but rather god himself.

They adore Shiva, but Basava taught that his worshipers should worship him alone rather than numerous gods. Lingayats reject polytheism and the Vedas and follow the teachings of the Vachana sahitya instead.


References

Sources:
1. K. S. Singh, ed., India's Communities A-Z, Oxford University Press, USA (June 3, 1999) ISBN-10: 0195633547
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingayatism
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basava
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vachanas
5.http://goo.gl/BRgiO


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-25
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-10
People Name General Lingayat
People Name in Country Lingayat
Population in India 1,598,000
World Population 1,598,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 31
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Banajiga, Hugar, Jangam, Jeer, Jir, Kuruhinashetti, Lingangani, Lingawant, Nagartha, Nai, Sivabhakta, Veerasaiva, लिंगायत
People ID 17372
ROP3 Code 112764
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kannada
People Group Lingayat
Ethnic Code CNN23a
Total Subgroups on file 74
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Jangam
404,000
Padamsali
390,000
Hadapad
173,000
Nadig
120,000
Raddi
118,000
Banijiga
98,000
Teli
91,000
Devanga
85,000
Gavandi
82,000
Virasaiva
79,000
Kuvrinshetti
77,000
Hugar
71,000
Vani
67,000
Kudavakkal
61,000
Vakkaliga
61,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kannada
People Group Lingayat
Ethnic Code CNN23a
Total Subgroups 74 (only 15 largest shown)
  Jangam 404,000
  Padamsali 390,000
  Hadapad 173,000
  Nadig 120,000
  Raddi 118,000
  Banijiga 98,000
  Teli 91,000
  Devanga 85,000
  Gavandi 82,000
  Virasaiva 79,000
  Kuvrinshetti 77,000
  Hugar 71,000
  Vani 67,000
  Kudavakkal 61,000
  Vakkaliga 61,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 30
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Karnataka
1,277,000
Telangana
165,000
Maharashtra
86,000
Tamil Nadu
38,000
Andhra Pradesh
15,000
Kerala
6,500
Gujarat
4,000
Delhi
3,000
Madhya Pradesh
900
West Bengal
700
Uttar Pradesh
600
Goa
300
Odisha
300
Jharkhand
300
Rajasthan
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 30  (only 20 largest shown)
  Karnataka 1,277,000
  Telangana 165,000
  Maharashtra 86,000
  Tamil Nadu 38,000
  Andhra Pradesh 15,000
  Kerala 6,500
  Gujarat 4,000
  Delhi 3,000
  Madhya Pradesh 900
  West Bengal 700
  Uttar Pradesh 600
  Goa 300
  Odisha 300
  Jharkhand 300
  Rajasthan 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kannada (1,335,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Telugu
166,000
Marathi
41,000
Konkani
24,000
Tulu
19,000
Tamil
10,000
English
1,400
Konkani, Goan
1,000
Hindi
1,000
Malayalam
700
Gujarati
400
Kodava
200
Ahirani
100
Holiya
100
Other People Groups Speaking Kannada
Primary Language Kannada (1,335,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Telugu 166,000
  Marathi 41,000
  Konkani 24,000
  Tulu 19,000
  Tamil 10,000
  English 1,400
  Konkani, Goan 1,000
  Hindi 1,000
  Malayalam 700
  Gujarati 400
  Kodava 200
  Ahirani 100
  Holiya 100
People Groups Speaking Kannada

Primary Language:  Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1988)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1823-1995)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1831-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Kannada
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kannada
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ಕನ್ನಡ - Kannada
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Religion Subdivision: Lingayat
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.03 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
99.97 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  International Mission Board-SBC  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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