Korwa in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 2

Subgroup Name Population
Kodaku 8,500
Agaria Korwa 1,200

Expanded PDF Profile

Introduction / History

According to popular legend, the Korwa were the original inhabitants of the Surguja district in Madhya Pradesh. In the early 1900s they were leaders in the region and were dubbed as chiefs until more powerful and numerous conquerors invaded. They were later regarded as a wandering gang of looters. There remain two very distinct Korwa tribes: the Diharia (or Kisan), who are farmers, and the Paharia (or Benwaria), who live in the hills. These two tribes do not intermarry. The Korwa people are among what the Indian government calls the "scheduled tribes. " Because scheduled tribes are underdeveloped economically, the Indian government has attempted to bring them into the mainstream of political and economic life. These tribes were "scheduled" for special treatment and privileges. The Korwa people live in the hills, valleys, and forests of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Traditionally they spoke their own Korwa language, but today most speak Telugu, one of India’s major languages.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Korwa are primarily farmers. They formerly used slash and burn agriculture, moving every two or three years to cultivate newly cleared plots. Rice, millet and vegetables were the principal crops. Their income was supplemented by selling forest products, particularly firewood. In recent years, many have become settled farmers. The geographical isolation of the Paharia Korwa (hills dwellers) and the lack of communication have reduced most of them to the position of farm servants. Few of them own their own land. A major portion of their farmlands has been mortgaged to the neighboring tribal and non-tribal communities. Korwa farmers seldom have agricultural surplus to take to market. When they do go to market, cunning merchants often take advantage of their lack of education and illiteracy, buying their products at absurdly low prices and making them loans at extremely high interest rates. The plains dwellers live in villages that are mixed with other tribal groups. Wooden or bush fences surround their farms or homesteads. The Korwa who live in the hills still lead a semi-nomadic lifestyle. The family is the basic social unit among the Korwa. They have a traditional family structure in which the father's word is law and is respected by all. Men and women are free to choose their own marriage partners, but the groom’s family must pay a heavy bride price. Newlywed couples live with the grooms' parents until they are able to set up their own households. Men usually marry later in life because they have no means of supporting a family.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most are ethnic religionists who have been heavily influenced by Hinduism. Their main tribal god is called Dulha Deo. Those who live in the Surguja district worship Khuria Rani, a goddess who requires animal sacrifices. They also practice ancestor worship, calling on the spirits of their ancestors for blessings and guidance. They regard fire as sacred. In fact, fires are kept burning 24 hours a day in their houses to keep evil spirits away.


What Are Their Needs?

The Korwa people need training in skills that will help them flourish in the decades to come.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Korwa in India.

Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Korwa people. Pray for the Korwa people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods. Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Korwa people to change their society from within. Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers disciples to make more disciples. Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Korwa communities.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Korwa
People Name in Country Korwa
Population this Country 522,000
Population all Countries 526,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 10
Alternate Names Arasamakkalu; Diharia Korwa; Dihariya; Erakala; Ernga; Gangedula; Jangali; Kaikadi; Kisan Korwa; Kodaku; Kormakar; Kormangta; Korua; Korvi; Singli; कोरवा
People ID 17273
ROP3 Code 112644
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Telangana
182,000
Chhattisgarh
151,000
Karnataka
65,000
Assam
58,000
Jharkhand
42,000
Madhya Pradesh
10,000
West Bengal
3,400
Uttar Pradesh
1,800
Arunachal Pradesh
1,700
Maharashtra
1,600
Manipur
1,300
Goa
1,000
Odisha
900
Bihar
600
Nagaland
500
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Telangana 182,000
  Chhattisgarh 151,000
  Karnataka 65,000
  Assam 58,000
  Jharkhand 42,000
  Madhya Pradesh 10,000
  West Bengal 3,400
  Uttar Pradesh 1,800
  Arunachal Pradesh 1,700
  Maharashtra 1,600
  Manipur 1,300
  Goa 1,000
  Odisha 900
  Bihar 600
  Nagaland 500
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (152,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 40
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
114,000
Kannada
53,000
Korwa
53,000
Assamese
36,000
Chhattisgarhi
20,000
Bengali
11,000
Kurux
2,600
Tamil
1,800
Marathi
1,800
Odia
1,700
Konkani
1,300
Gondi, Northern
800
Konkani, Goan
600
Punjabi, Eastern
500
Santhali
400
Primary Language Telugu (152,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 40
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 114,000
  Kannada 53,000
  Korwa 53,000
  Assamese 36,000
  Chhattisgarhi 20,000
  Bengali 11,000
  Kurux 2,600
  Tamil 1,800
  Marathi 1,800
  Odia 1,700
  Konkani 1,300
  Gondi, Northern 800
  Konkani, Goan 600
  Punjabi, Eastern 500
  Santhali 400
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1854-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Story
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.07 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
97.41 %
Islam
0.07 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
1.43 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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