Kisan in India


Population
1,592,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kisan live in India, in the states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Many Kisan may now be living in Jharkhand in India. They are classed as a Scheduled Tribe. This benefits them in work, parliament and with other benefits. Kisan means "farmer". They are called by names according to the states they live in. In Orissa they are called Kor, Kuda and Mirdha and also Bihor, Kola and Morua. In Bihar they are called Nageshwar and Nagesia.

The Kisan use the languages of the states they live in. In Bihar they speak Sadri and use Devanagari for writing. In West Bengal, Sadri is the main language and they also speak and write in Bengali. In Orissa they speak Kisan and Oriya and use Oriya for writing.

Most of them are landowners who cultivate and agriculture is their main occupation. Those who have no land usually work as agricultural laborers. In West Bengal they often work on tea plantations.

Many Kisan sell products such as honey and wild flowers. They eat rice, mutton, poultry and eggs among other foods. The Kisan men drink alcohol, mostly locally brewed or home brewed. Many parents cannot afford to have their children educated and many have literacy problems. They are a tribal, peasant people and they use family planning.

Many Kisan use private moneylenders who charge high interests. They prefer marriages in adulthood. Marriage with the daughter of a mother's brother is accepted except in Bihar. Divorce is allowed in cases such as adultery, cruelty and impotence. Parental property is divided equally among the sons. The women have roles in money, social and religious matters. They have traditional councils at the village level to solve disputes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kisan are Hindus and worship all the main gods and goddesses like Krishna, Siva, Hanuman, Rama and others. They have gods from their tribal roots also. They observe the main Hindu festivals. The Brahmin priests are called Purohit and local priests perform ceremonies. They use medicine men. The Kisan have pollution periods for both births and deaths. In West Bengal the dead are mainly cremated and in Orissa they are buried.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profile/kisan


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Kisan
People Name in Country Kisan
Population in India 1,592,000
World Population 1,598,100
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 32 to 37
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Birhor, Birhors, Dhangar, Koda, Kola, Kora, Kuda, Kurla, Mircha, Mirdha, Morvas, Nagesia, Nageswar, Urav, किसान
People ID 17195
ROP3 Code 112559
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 14
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
(1,094,000)
Odisha
(411,000)
Jharkhand
(45,000)
Bihar
(15,000)
Uttarakhand
(11,000)
West Bengal
(8,200)
Assam
(5,300)
Arunachal Pradesh
(1,000)
Tripura
(800)
Chhattisgarh
(200)
Maharashtra
(200)
Delhi
(90)
Andaman and Nicobar
(20)
Madhya Pradesh
(20)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 14
  Uttar Pradesh (1,094,000)
  Odisha (411,000)
  Jharkhand (45,000)
  Bihar (15,000)
  Uttarakhand (11,000)
  West Bengal (8,200)
  Assam (5,300)
  Arunachal Pradesh (1,000)
  Tripura (800)
  Chhattisgarh (200)
  Maharashtra (200)
  Delhi (90)
  Andaman and Nicobar (20)
  Madhya Pradesh (20)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (674,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 53
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Awadhi
(273,000)
Kurux
(222,000)
Kanauji
(202,000)
Odia
(172,000)
Chhattisgarhi
(8,200)
Sadri
(5,800)
Bengali
(5,600)
Kumaoni
(4,800)
Assamese
(2,800)
Santhali
(2,600)
Magahi
(1,900)
Mundari
(1,800)
Maithili
(1,500)
Ho
(1,300)
Kharia
(900)
People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (674,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 53
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Awadhi (273,000)
  Kurux (222,000)
  Kanauji (202,000)
  Odia (172,000)
  Chhattisgarhi (8,200)
  Sadri (5,800)
  Bengali (5,600)
  Kumaoni (4,800)
  Assamese (2,800)
  Santhali (2,600)
  Magahi (1,900)
  Mundari (1,800)
  Maithili (1,500)
  Ho (1,300)
  Kharia (900)
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
2.03 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
96.30 %
Islam
0.06 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
1.60 %
Photo Source Anonymous   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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