Kharia in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kharia (Lewa Kunbi) people live in the Western Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. They have gotras such as Shendilya, Kashyap and Bharadwaj. They are known as Lewa Patil.

They speak the Marathi and Telegu languages and use the Devanagari script. A few of them also speak Hindi. The incidence of colour-blindness is reported in 5 percent of the Kharia population.

The Kharia men are non-vegetarian but their women are vegetarian. Jowar is their staple cereal and they eat rice occasionally. The economy of the Lewa Kunbi is mainly based on agriculture. They either cultivate their own land or work for others on a share-cropping basis. They participate in the local weekly markets. The problem of alcoholism is prevalent among the men.

The Kharia generally follow monogamy. The women contribute to the family economy as wage earners and take part in socio-religious activities. In a marriage a series of rituals are performed simultaneously at the bride and groom's residences. Marriage rituals include the thread wearing ceremony, the exchange of garlands and circumambulating the sacred fire seven times.

The Kharia have an association, which looks after the socio-economic development of the community. They cremate the dead and observe death pollution for ten days.

The Kharia worship both family and village deities. The Brahmin officiates as a priest at their rituals. Their traditional customs prevent them from exchanging water and cooked food with certain communities, such as, the Bhangi, Chamar and Mahar. Ancestor worship is also prevalent among them. Diwali is the main festival celebrated by the Lewa Kunbi.

Alternate names: Kunbi Khaire, Kunbi Lonari, Kunbi Tirole, Kunbi Hindre.


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Kharia people and that God may send several Christian workers to work among them and meet their spiritual and physical needs.
* That the LKharia people may be freed from alcoholism, ancestors' worship, colour-blindness and be able to accept all the communities without caste prejudice.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Kharia
People Name in Country Kharia
Population in India 753,000
World Population 764,600
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Haria, Khaire Kunbi, Kharvi, Kulu, Kunbi, खारिया
People ID 17153
ROP3 Code 112503
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Group Kharia
Ethnic Code AUG04z
Total Subgroups on file 4
Largest Subgroups
Dudh Kharia
53,000
Saora
51,000
Delke Kharia
37,000
Kol Kharia
1,700
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Group Kharia
Ethnic Code AUG04z
Total Subgroups 4
  Dudh Kharia 53,000
  Saora 51,000
  Delke Kharia 37,000
  Kol Kharia 1,700
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 21
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
228,000
Assam
201,000
Jharkhand
198,000
West Bengal
52,000
Chhattisgarh
49,000
Bihar
12,000
Arunachal Pradesh
2,900
Madhya Pradesh
2,300
Maharashtra
2,000
Andaman and Nicobar
2,000
Tripura
1,700
Nagaland
700
Delhi
200
Meghalaya
100
Gujarat
70
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 21  (only 20 largest shown)
  Odisha 228,000
  Assam 201,000
  Jharkhand 198,000
  West Bengal 52,000
  Chhattisgarh 49,000
  Bihar 12,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 2,900
  Madhya Pradesh 2,300
  Maharashtra 2,000
  Andaman and Nicobar 2,000
  Tripura 1,700
  Nagaland 700
  Delhi 200
  Meghalaya 100
  Gujarat 70
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kharia (308,000 speakers)
Language Code khr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 43
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Assamese
143,000
Odia
109,000
Hindi
72,000
Bengali
69,000
Chhattisgarhi
21,000
Marathi
4,100
Santhali
2,600
Kurux
2,100
Mundari
2,100
Koda
1,800
Sadri
1,400
Bhojpuri
900
Munda
900
Ho
700
Punjabi, Eastern
500
Other People Groups Speaking Kharia
Primary Language Kharia (308,000 speakers)
Language Code khr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 43
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Assamese 143,000
  Odia 109,000
  Hindi 72,000
  Bengali 69,000
  Chhattisgarhi 21,000
  Marathi 4,100
  Santhali 2,600
  Kurux 2,100
  Mundari 2,100
  Koda 1,800
  Sadri 1,400
  Bhojpuri 900
  Munda 900
  Ho 700
  Punjabi, Eastern 500
People Groups Speaking Kharia

Primary Language:  Kharia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1951)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1992)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kharia
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
26.36 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
61.04 %
Islam
0.70 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
11.88 %
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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