Gamit in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 2

Subgroup Name Population
Vasawa 5,200
Mawchi 400

Introduction / History

The Gamti live mainly in the Surat and Broach districts of Gujarat, India. Among the Bhil, the word gamta means headman, possibly giving the Gamti a feeling of superiority over other Bhil tribes. The Gamti are a regimented tribe and consider themselves distinct from the main lineage of Bhil. Their language, Gamti, is one of the Bhil languages.

Long ago, the prosperity of Gujarat state enticed people from the surrounding states, thus becoming a target of various Muslim tribes who made annual raids to the region for many years. The Islamic rulers reached their greatest power under the Moghal dynasty and overtook the Gujarat kingdom by the end of the thirteenth century. However, the Hindu Maratha fought the Moghals and also established an empire in Gujarat. While war continued between these and other groups over the Gujarat territory, the British rose to power by 1817. Attempting to mend what the Maratha left behind, they began dispersing farmland to the settlers.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Although other Bhil tribes (the Dubla, the Chodhari, and the Dhodia) live in the same region as the Gamti, they live in separate villages. Neither the Dhodia nor the Gamti intermarry with other groups. However, they do make exceptions by marrying the Chodhari Bhil. Cross-cousin marriages are also permitted. The men have more than one wife when they can afford it. The wives are "bought" while they are still young girls. At the wedding parties, it is customary for the men, rather than the women, to sing.

If a young couple wishes to marry but cannot afford the bride price, it is common for the girl to be willingly abducted by the young man. They return home after several months and have their union sanctioned.

The Gamti and the Chodhari are culturally very similar, but the traditions of the Gamti are much stronger. It is even said that they have one more rib than the others. The Gamti, unlike the Chodhari, do not have theatrical dramas at their festivals. Instead, community singing gives variety to their festivals. While the Dhodia women wear necklaces made of beads and coins, the Gamti women wear necklaces made of rows of shells.

Most of the Gamti have given up the nomadic lifestyles of their ancestors and have settled into farming. They inhabit the more richly forested eastern areas of Surat district, an area well known for its rich soils and fine cotton crop. Many others live in areas where, because of the heavy rainfall, they are able to cultivate rice. Forest labor, hunting, and fishing are secondary to agriculture, as well as trade labor in the cities.

Among the Gamti, the town leaders (headmen) have only social functions to perform. Village houses are usually scattered near the streams so that the people might easily draw water, fish, and water their cattle. Homes are typically built by hired labor. They are small bamboo huts made with tiled roofs. The poorer villagers live in mud huts that they build themselves. The important thing to note is that the Gamti residences are all beyond the tidal flows of the rivers.

Unlike many of the Bhil tribes, most of the Gamti have a high school or college education. Unfortunately, many Gamti are addicted to alcohol.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Gamti have deep-rooted beliefs in demons and witches. Beside the crocodile which is considered a god, they worship groups of deities made of shapeless pieces of stone or wood, placed under trees, where the supernatural beings are believed to dwell. The Gamti have no temples in which to hold their religious ceremonies.


What Are Their Needs?

Much intercession must be made for the Gamti so that their eyes will be opened to the Truth.


Prayer Points

* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that the Lord of the harvest will send forth quality laborers to live among the Gamti and show them Christ's love.
* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Gamti.
* Pray for the effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Gamti.
* Ask God to give the Gamti believers boldness to share the Gospel with their own people.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Gamit
People Name in Country Gamit
Population in India 456,000
World Population 459,500
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Bhil, Daglij, Gabit, Gabol, Gamta, Gamti, Gapit, Gavati, Gavit, Kharvi, Konkani Maratha, Macvhi, Mavchi, Mawachi, Padvi, Pandvi, Valvi, Vasava, Vasawa, गमित
People ID 16781
ROP3 Code 112042
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 18
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Gujarat
378,000
Maharashtra
68,000
Goa
2,300
Madhya Pradesh
2,000
Tamil Nadu
1,700
Daman and Diu
900
Rajasthan
600
Karnataka
500
Dadra and Nagar Have
400
Delhi
300
West Bengal
300
Telangana
200
Chhattisgarh
200
Jharkhand
200
Uttar Pradesh
90
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 18
  Gujarat 378,000
  Maharashtra 68,000
  Goa 2,300
  Madhya Pradesh 2,000
  Tamil Nadu 1,700
  Daman and Diu 900
  Rajasthan 600
  Karnataka 500
  Dadra and Nagar Have 400
  Delhi 300
  West Bengal 300
  Telangana 200
  Chhattisgarh 200
  Jharkhand 200
  Uttar Pradesh 90
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Gamit (363,000 speakers)
Language Code gbl   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 34
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Gujarati
71,000
Bhili
23,000
Marathi
15,000
Konkani, Goan
2,200
Saurashtra
1,000
Hindi
900
Dhanki
800
Kannada
500
Nimadi
300
Telugu
200
Khandesi
200
Ahirani
100
Marwari
90
Mewari
90
Konkani
70
Other People Groups Speaking Gamit
Primary Language Gamit (363,000 speakers)
Language Code gbl   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 34
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Gujarati 71,000
  Bhili 23,000
  Marathi 15,000
  Konkani, Goan 2,200
  Saurashtra 1,000
  Hindi 900
  Dhanki 800
  Kannada 500
  Nimadi 300
  Telugu 200
  Khandesi 200
  Ahirani 100
  Marwari 90
  Mewari 90
  Konkani 70
People Groups Speaking Gamit

Primary Language:  Gamit

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1975)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1982)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Gamit
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.02 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
10.34 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
88.93 %
Islam
0.28 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.40 %
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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