Brahmin in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Brahman is a Hindu Indian caste. The English word brahmin is an anglicised form of the Sanskrit word Brahmana. Brahman refers to the 'Supreme Self' in Hinduism or the first of the gods.

In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmans accounted for 4.32% of the total Indian population. Due to the diversity in language, religious and cultural traditions and practices, and the Vedic schools which they belong to, there are numerous types of Brahmans.

Brahmans are par excellence the performers of Hindu rituals, and caste status is profoundly tested by whether Brahmans are willing to perform rituals for non-Brahman castes (i.e., if they are willing, the caste for which they do so is a high caste). But most Brahmans do not perform rituals for others (most Hindus of all castes perform daily worship rituals) and many non-Brahmans perform rituals for their own and even other caste groups."
Only a subset of Brahmans are involved in priestly duties including teaching and preaching. They have also excelled as educators, law makers, scholars, doctors, warriors, writers, poets, land owners, politicians. Modern Brahman parents aspire for their sons to become computer programmers and engineers. Many famous Indians are Brahmans.

The history of the Brahmans is associated with the Vedic religion of early India, usually referred to as Sanatana Dharma. Brahmans first come to notice historically in the Vedic period, but how the modern caste system developed is a highly contested topic due to lack of clear data. Brahmans and kings became the dominant social and religious forces in many of the kingdoms that developed over pre-modern India. Discrimination became of a feature of the caste system with Brahmans often being assigned blame for the system. Over time, Brahmans became a powerful and influential group in India and many discriminated against lower castes. However, in modern India some Brahmans claim reverse discrimination due to affirmative action policies of the central and state governments in India that favor lower caste groups.


Where Are they Located?

Brahmans are located throughout India and there are influential Brahmans among all the major language groups. Brahmans tend to be a higher percentage in the north Indian language groups than they are among the south Indian language groups. There are small concentrations in the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Brahmans are generally among the well-to-do in India and place a high value on education. (Thus an inordinate percentage of Brahmans are among the Hindus who have migrated to the West.) Probably most still perform daily worship rituals, but the growing forces of secularization and globalization in India are strongest among the Brahmans. Most are vegetarian but some groups eat some meat, particularly fish, and many individuals even from vegetarian Brahman groups are now eating meat (rarely beef, and often meat eating is surreptitious). Discerning opinions and heart attitudes is difficult, but it seems that only a small minority of today's Brahmans would uphold what was once considered Brahman orthodoxy: that Brahmans are better by birth than all other peoples.


What Are Their Beliefs?

As just noted, most modern Brahmans do not espouse a doctrine of their superiority by birth above other peoples. It was also noted that many are now secularists. But most Brahmans respect the ancient (and many not-so-ancient) traditions of their forefathers. Some work to synthesize modern science and Hindu beliefs and practices. There are hundreds of "denominations" of Hinduism and Brahmans have a presence in many; so it is not easy to generalize on what Brahmans believe. Some would be devotees of Vishnu or his avatars of Krishna or Ram, some would be devotees of Shiva, and some would be devotees of the goddess in one of her manifestations. Others are followers of modern gurus. Few today have seriously studied, let along memorized, the ancient Vedas; but one is more likely to find a person knowledgeable about the Vedas and other Hindu texts and teachings among Brahmans than among any non-Brahman caste group.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Brahmin in India.

* Scripture Prayers for the Brahmans in India.
* Brahmans are seen as knowledgeable and enlightened; pray for the light of the gospel to bring the knowledge of Christ to them and to India, and pray wisdom for disciples of Jesus who befriend and share faith with Brahmans.
* Pray that the true God will reveal Himself to this community and use Brahmans to preach and teach about Jesus Christ.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-05-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-31
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-04-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-10-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-05-13
People Name General Brahmin
People Name in Country Brahmin
Pronunciation BRAH-min
World Population 63,721,000
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1197
Alternate Names Aruva; Asomiya Brahman; Asomiya Brahmin; Assmese Brahman; Assmese Brahmin; Bahrani; Bahun; Bajey; Baman; Bhagavathulu; Brahman-Khatri; Brahmin-Khatri; Dravidulu Brahman; Dravidulu Brahmin; Gaur; Gorkha; Nepali; Pandit; Peshin; Sharma; Smartha Brahman; Smartha Brahmin; Sourashtra; Swangla; ब्रामिन
People ID 16521
ROP3 Code 111696
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 36
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
12,822,000
Bihar
6,783,000
Maharashtra
4,818,000
Rajasthan
4,294,000
Madhya Pradesh
3,898,000
West Bengal
3,856,000
Andhra Pradesh
2,634,000
Karnataka
2,623,000
Tamil Nadu
2,400,000
Gujarat
2,305,000
Odisha
1,950,000
Uttarakhand
1,749,000
Haryana
1,696,000
Delhi
1,353,000
Assam
1,239,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 36  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 12,822,000
  Bihar 6,783,000
  Maharashtra 4,818,000
  Rajasthan 4,294,000
  Madhya Pradesh 3,898,000
  West Bengal 3,856,000
  Andhra Pradesh 2,634,000
  Karnataka 2,623,000
  Tamil Nadu 2,400,000
  Gujarat 2,305,000
  Odisha 1,950,000
  Uttarakhand 1,749,000
  Haryana 1,696,000
  Delhi 1,353,000
  Assam 1,239,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (30,088,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 85
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Telugu
3,388,000
Bengali
3,015,000
Marathi
2,913,000
Gujarati
2,244,000
Tamil
2,147,000
Kannada
1,791,000
Bhojpuri
1,693,000
Odia
1,552,000
Maithili
962,000
Marwari
917,000
Awadhi
660,000
Dhundari
611,000
Assamese
600,000
Kanauji
591,000
Malayalam
570,000
Primary Language Hindi (30,088,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 85
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Telugu 3,388,000
  Bengali 3,015,000
  Marathi 2,913,000
  Gujarati 2,244,000
  Tamil 2,147,000
  Kannada 1,791,000
  Bhojpuri 1,693,000
  Odia 1,552,000
  Maithili 962,000
  Marwari 917,000
  Awadhi 660,000
  Dhundari 611,000
  Assamese 600,000
  Kanauji 591,000
  Malayalam 570,000
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.08 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.91 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.