Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bhathiara are a Muslim people who live in north India. Their name comes from a word for "boiled rice." The Bhathiara claim to be descendants of the last Pathan ruler of the Suri Empire of the 16th century. The traditional occupation of the Bhathiara was that of innkeeper. They would house and feed Muslims along the trade routes of north India. The Bhathiara would provide a mat and a place to sleep for a modest price. They would provide rice, curry, kabobs and water for Muslims travelers. During the Mughal period they were provided with royal patronage.

The job of being innkeepers has declined among the Bhathiara in modern times.

Now they work in agriculture, factories and in small businesses. Some Bhathiara have taken advantage of Indian's educational system and become professionals in medicine, law, engineering and computer science.

Lack of education is a problem among the Bhathiara. The literacy rate among their women is only 62%.

The primary language of the Bhathiara is Urdu. They also speak other regional languages.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of the Bhathiara of Muslim tradition live in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Smaller numbers live in Haryana, Bihar, Maharashtra and Gujarat. A large population of Muslim Bhathiara also lives in the nearby nation of Pakistan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Bhathiara often live in their own sections of the cities and villages in Uttar Pradesh. They are strictly endogamous, that is, they marry within their caste and clan. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. Sons inherit their father's property. Newly married couples frequently live with or near the groom's parents. Muslim priests officiate at important life events like births, weddings and funerals. The Bhathiara bury their dead.

The Bhathiara are not vegetarians. They eat meet except for pork. Their main foods are wheat, rice, lentils, vegetables and dairy products.

Caste councils promote their interests and settle legal disputes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bhathiara practice Sunni Islam, the largest branch of Islam. They attempt to obey the teachings of the Qur'an and the prophet Muhammad. They believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will gain entrance into heaven upon their death. The Bhathiara pray five times a day towards Mecca, attend Mosque services on Fridays and fast during the month of Ramadan. If a Bhathiara has the means, he or she will make a once in a lifetime pilgrimage to Mecca called the Hadj.

The two most significant holidays of the Bhathiara are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the month fast and Eid al Adha, the feast day in celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.


What Are Their Needs?

The Bhathiara need to hear and understand the life-changing message of Isa or Jesus. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out in practical ways before them by Christians. They would benefit by job training skills and help in educating their women and children. They need to see that Jesus is not a merely prophet, but that He is the Lord and Savior of the world.


Prayer Points

* Pray for Bhathiara families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible to find out more about this man, Jesus.
* Pray for Bhathiara families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
* Pray that the Bhathiara would be open to the gospel and that the Lord would raise up Bible-believing churches among them.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhathiara
http://indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Bhatiara


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-10
People Name General Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
Population in India 185,000
World Population 344,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Bhartari, Bhathiyara, Bhatiara, Bhatiyara, Bhattiyara, Farooqi, Faruqi, Razzaqi, भाठियारा (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16442
ROP3 Code 111595
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 15
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
165,000
Haryana
5,900
Bihar
5,800
Maharashtra
3,100
Gujarat
2,500
Madhya Pradesh
1,200
Uttarakhand
800
Delhi
400
Jharkhand
300
Punjab
200
Rajasthan
100
Dadra and Nagar Have
40
Daman and Diu
40
West Bengal
20
Chandigarh
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 15
  Uttar Pradesh 165,000
  Haryana 5,900
  Bihar 5,800
  Maharashtra 3,100
  Gujarat 2,500
  Madhya Pradesh 1,200
  Uttarakhand 800
  Delhi 400
  Jharkhand 300
  Punjab 200
  Rajasthan 100
  Dadra and Nagar Have 40
  Daman and Diu 40
  West Bengal 20
  Chandigarh 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (168,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
5,200
Awadhi
4,500
Gujarati
2,400
Kanauji
900
Hindi
500
Braj Bhasha
500
Marwari
500
Bundeli
300
Punjabi, Eastern
200
Bagheli
200
Haryanvi
80
Konkani
80
Marathi
50
Garhwali
20
Primary Language Urdu (168,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 5,200
  Awadhi 4,500
  Gujarati 2,400
  Kanauji 900
  Hindi 500
  Braj Bhasha 500
  Marwari 500
  Bundeli 300
  Punjabi, Eastern 200
  Bagheli 200
  Haryanvi 80
  Konkani 80
  Marathi 50
  Garhwali 20
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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