Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bhathiara are a Muslim people who live in Pakistan. Their name comes from a word for "boiled rice." The Bhathiara claim to be descendants of the last Pathan ruler of the Suri Empire of the 16th century. The traditional occupation of the Bhathiara was that of innkeeper. They would house and feed Muslims along the trade routes of north India and Pakistan. The Bhathiara would provide a mat and a place to sleep for a modest price. They would provide rice, curry, kabobs and water for Muslims travelers. During the Mughal period they were provided with royal patronage. Many Bhathiara left India and migrated to Pakistan during the Partition of 1947.

The job of being innkeepers has declined among the Bhathiara in modern times.

Now they work in agriculture, factories and in small businesses. Some Bhathiara have taken advantage of Pakistan's educational system and become professionals in medicine, law, engineering and computer science.

Lack of education is a problem among the Bhathiara. The literacy rate among their women is only 62%.

The primary language of the Bhathiara is western Punjabi. They also speak Saraiki, Urdu and other region languages.


Where Are they Located?

Most Bhathiara live in the Pakistani states of Punjab and Kyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Others live in Sindh and Islamabad.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Bhathiara often live in their own sections of the cities and villages in Punjab and Kyber-Pakhtunkhwa. They are strictly endogamous, that is, they marry within their caste and clan. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. Sons inherit their father's property. Newly married couples frequently live with or near the groom's parents. Muslim priests officiate at important life events like births, weddings and funerals. The Bhathiara bury their dead.

The Bhathiara are not vegetarians. They eat meet except for pork. Their main foods are wheat, rice, lentils, vegetables and dairy products.

Caste councils promote their interests and settle legal disputes.


What Are Their Needs?

The Bhathiara need to hear and understand the life-changing message of Isa or Jesus. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out in practical ways before them by Christians. They would benefit by job training skills and help in educating their women and children. They need to see that Jesus is not a merely prophet, but that He is the Lord and Savior of the world.


Prayer Points

* Pray for Bhathiara families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible to find out more about this man, Jesus.
* Pray for Bhathiara families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
* Pray that the Bhathiara would be open to the gospel and that the Lord would raise up Bible-believing churches among them.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhathiara
http://indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Bhatiara


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
Population in Pakistan 159,000
World Population 344,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
Alternate Names Bhartari, Bhathiyara, Bhatiara, Bhatiyara, Bhattiyara, Farooqi, Faruqi, Razzaqi, भाठियारा (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16442
ROP3 Code 111595
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Punjab
106,000
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
31,000
Sindh
20,000
Islamabad
1,900
Federally Administer
300
Balochistan
10
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  Punjab 106,000
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 31,000
  Sindh 20,000
  Islamabad 1,900
  Federally Administer 300
  Balochistan 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (86,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
Saraiki
27,000
Urdu
17,000
Hindko, Northern
7,000
Sindhi
6,400
Hindko, Southern
2,100
Pashto, Northern
1,100
Marwari
800
Kacchi
100
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (86,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
  Saraiki 27,000
  Urdu 17,000
  Hindko, Northern 7,000
  Sindhi 6,400
  Hindko, Southern 2,100
  Pashto, Northern 1,100
  Marwari 800
  Kacchi 100
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1885-1922)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2008)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video House of Love (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Cartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Pakistan census data.  Current values may differ.


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