Bedar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 3

Subgroup Name Population
Jas 106,000
Bhil 57,000
Urindavan 200

Introduction / History

The Bedars are a Dravidian tribe in origin. "Bedar" comes from the word "bed" or "bedaru" meaning a hunter. Hindus are known as Bedar and Muslims as Berad. They prefer to be called Naikwadi because they serve as village policemen or Talwar (watchmen) or Naikmakkalu (chief's children).

The Bedar language is a corruption of Kannada and Marathi languages. They have six social divisions. They work as servants, traders, messengers, police and soldiers. Their tradition states that Kannayya was a fowler and hunter and a devout worshipper of god Shiva who was pleased with his devotion and appeared to him, granting two wishes. Kannayya prayed that his descendants would be true shots and their land would grow much corn with little labor or water.

Men and women wear silver and gold jewelry. Some traditionally shave their heads, wear waist girdles (uddurs), gold and silver bracelets (khade) and gold earrings (muruva). Women tie their hair in a loose knot, wear nose-rings, a gold necklace and on their head they have a hooped silver ornament (dhora).

At the age of four or five girls are tattooed on the forehead, corners of the eyes, temples and forearms. Unmarried girls can be made into prostitutes. The girls are taken to a guru (spiritual leader) who brands them with a stamp, and then takes them to a temple where a necklace is tied around their neck in the name of the god, and they are now known as Basavi. The boy's parents initiate marriage proposal. Child marriage is common but the girl does not live with her husband until after puberty. Marriage cannot be within the same sub-division. Widow remarriage and divorce are allowed. The Bedar have headmen (kattimani) to solve community disputes.

The dead are buried or cremated. Their images are usually made from silver, copper or brass. They are non-vegetarian and drink alcohol. Hindu Bedar will take food from Muslims but Muslims will not eat Bedar food. Bedar have faith in soothsaying, sorcery and astrology. Brahmins act as priests and in some places Lingayat Mathpati's serve as priests. Hindu festivals such as Diwali, Dussera, Holi, etc. are celebrated. Hindu Bedar identify all their gods with Rama. In Pune, Janai, Jokhai, Khandoba are the main deities. In Dharwad, the main deity is Hanmappa. In Solapur, the main deities are Ambabai, Jotiba and Khandoba. In Bijapur, the main deities are Durgava, Maruti, Venkatesh, Yellamma and Mallikarjun, which are often made into silver, copper or brass images. They observe Hindu festivals and have a hereditary guru. The Durgamuri Bedar carries the image of Durgamurgavva around in a box on their head.

Alternative Names: Beda, Berad, Boya, Bendar, Berar, Burar, Ramoshi, Talwar, Byadar, Valmiki

Occupation: Agricultural Laborers, Watchmen, Laborers, Stone Cutters, Herdsmen


Prayer Points

* For the transformation of this community, thereby influencing the society through their profession as traders, messangers, police and soldiers.
* A mighty impact of the "Jesus" film and Christian radio broadcasting among this people.
* Christian workers among them to resist the evil works of sorcery, soothsaying and witchcraft and demonstrate instead the power of the Holy Spirit.
* The practice of child marriage to be abolished.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-18
People Name General Bedar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Bedar (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 2,545,000
World Population 2,546,400
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 51
Alternate Names Balanjika, Bawasi, Beda, Bendar, Berad, Berar, Boya, Burar, Chhatriya, Chundinayakulu, Dasa Balenjika, Dasa Palanjikar, Dasapalanjika, Dora, Dungar, Gavara Naidu, Jyali, Jyayi, Kannada Chettiar, Kannada Saineegar, Kannada Sainigar, Kannada Veera Saiva Saineegar, Kannadaiyan, Kannadia, Kannadiar, Kannadiyan, Karelivaru, Machi, Mahratta, Myasa, Naidu, Nishad, Pindari, Ramoshi, Sabaru, Saineegar, Sainik, Seniar, Siviar, Talwari, Tamil Kannadaiyan, Tamil Kannadiyar, Telari, Unar, Valmiki, बेदार (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16365
ROP3 Code 111507
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Karnataka
2,288,000
Tamil Nadu
152,000
Maharashtra
51,000
Andhra Pradesh
22,000
Telangana
21,000
Gujarat
4,700
Kerala
4,100
Goa
1,300
Delhi
1,100
Madhya Pradesh
400
Uttar Pradesh
100
Daman and Diu
90
Chhattisgarh
80
Puducherry
40
Dadra and Nagar Have
40
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  Karnataka 2,288,000
  Tamil Nadu 152,000
  Maharashtra 51,000
  Andhra Pradesh 22,000
  Telangana 21,000
  Gujarat 4,700
  Kerala 4,100
  Goa 1,300
  Delhi 1,100
  Madhya Pradesh 400
  Uttar Pradesh 100
  Daman and Diu 90
  Chhattisgarh 80
  Puducherry 40
  Dadra and Nagar Have 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kannada (2,059,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Telugu
303,000
Tamil
73,000
Marathi
61,000
Konkani
24,000
Hindi
4,900
Gujarati
4,800
Tulu
2,900
Konkani, Goan
2,800
Ahirani
400
Malayalam
300
Bellari
300
Khandesi
200
Chhattisgarhi
50
Bundeli
30
Primary Language Kannada (2,059,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Telugu 303,000
  Tamil 73,000
  Marathi 61,000
  Konkani 24,000
  Hindi 4,900
  Gujarati 4,800
  Tulu 2,900
  Konkani, Goan 2,800
  Ahirani 400
  Malayalam 300
  Bellari 300
  Khandesi 200
  Chhattisgarhi 50
  Bundeli 30
People Groups Speaking Kannada

Primary Language:  Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1988)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1823-1995)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1831-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Kannada
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kannada
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ಕನ್ನಡ - Kannada
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.99 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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