Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
6,774,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kashmiri live in Kashmir State in northwestern India. Kashmir is a breathtaking region located in the western Himalayan Mountains. Unfortunately, this is a highly disputed area. It has been a battleground between India, Pakistan, and China since the partition of the India and Pakistan in 1947.

When India and Pakistan were divided, Kashmir was given the choice of siding with either of the two countries. Since the ruling class was Hindu, they sided with India. However, most of the people were Muslims and felt more alliance to Pakistan. Today, parts of Kashmir are controlled by India, parts by Pakistan, and parts by China; and fierce fighting continues among the three.

More than ninety percent of Kashmir is mountainous. It includes the Karakorum Range, which contains K2, the second highest peak in the world. Most of the region is under snow and glaciers all year due to its extreme elevation.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kashmiri primarily live in rural regions, only about one-fifth live in cities. They are descendants of Indo-Aryan immigrants and are generally tall, fair skinned, and have features like the people of Central Asia.

Most of the Kashmiri are peasant farmers. They raise rice, wheat, maize, barley, lentils, and fruits such as apples, peaches, and apricots. The lakes of Kashmir supply many fish and water chestnuts. Sheep, goats, and yaks are raised at higher elevations. These flocks produce cashmere, a rich wool that is also very popular in the West. The men primarily tend to the farms, and the women usually stay home and tend to the household chores.

Because most Kashmiri villages lie in such remote areas, festival celebrations and pilgrimages to shrines are times for uniting the communities. The villagers enjoy gathering around a fire and sharing folk tales or ballads. They also enjoy music and dancing. Cricket and soccer have become some of their favorite sports.

Extended families commonly live together. Their house styles vary with the elevation. In mountainous areas where there is much snow, the roofs are triangular and steep. Houses in the rural valley regions often have storage areas for grain, fodder, fuel, wood, leaves, charcoal, and dried dung. All of these materials are necessary when winter conditions become severe. The homes are usually built out of stone, brick, thatch, and timber.

The Kashmiri are very hospitable people and enjoy entertaining guests over tea. Their diet is similar to that of other Indians. Wood, dung, and kerosene are the main sources of fuel for cooking.

In addition to farming, many of the Kashmiri are skilled crafters of wood furniture, wool carpets, and sweaters. Industrial development is limited in Kashmir, but the large number of timber forests and rivers are used for producing hydro-electric power. Tourism is also an important industry, although it has declined in recent years because of the violence in the region.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Kashmiri are devout Sunni Muslims, who follow a strict code of conduct. Their civilization has been heavily influenced by Muslim mystics and Persian culture. Only a small minority are Hindus.

Kashmiri Muslims are convinced the Bible is wrong when it contradicts the Koran. Those who convert to Christianity are viewed as immoral, degenerate people; Christians in this region are often persecuted. Many Kashmiri have heard of Jesus Christ, but view him merely as a prophet and teacher.


What Are Their Needs?

Today, there are few Kashmiri believers. The Islamic stronghold over them will only be broken down through prayer. These precious people who live in a highly volatile area of the world need to meet the Prince of Peace.


Prayer Points

* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through intercession.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Kashmiri.
* Pray that the God will give Kashmiri believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to deliver the Christians in Kashmir from persecution.
* Pray for the effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Kashmiri.
* Ask God to soften Kashmiri hearts towards the Gospel of Christ.
* Pray that God will give these precious people a revelation of who Jesus truly is: their Lord and Christ.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing Kashmiri Church for the glory of His name!


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-14
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-05-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-11-30
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-08-31
People Name General Kashmiri (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Kashmiri (Muslim traditions)
Population in India 6,774,000
World Population 8,057,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 135
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Kashmiri-Punjabi, Keshur, Khoja, Mansoori, Mansoori Muslim, Shia Imami Ismaili, कश्मीरी (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 12558
ROP3 Code 104709
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kashmiri
People Group Kashmiri (Muslim traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25i
Total Subgroups on file 25
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Bat
801,000
Dar
525,000
Mir
426,000
Shaikh
341,000
Wain
340,000
Lon
272,000
Ganai
271,000
Malik
219,000
Rathor
183,000
Tantrei
96,000
Shah
94,000
Hajam
88,000
Khan
88,000
Parai
68,000
Sayyid
52,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kashmiri
People Group Kashmiri (Muslim traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25i
Total Subgroups 25 (only 15 largest shown)
  Bat 801,000
  Dar 525,000
  Mir 426,000
  Shaikh 341,000
  Wain 340,000
  Lon 272,000
  Ganai 271,000
  Malik 219,000
  Rathor 183,000
  Tantrei 96,000
  Shah 94,000
  Hajam 88,000
  Khan 88,000
  Parai 68,000
  Sayyid 52,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 30
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Jammu and Kashmir
6,732,000
Delhi
19,000
Punjab
4,200
Uttar Pradesh
3,100
Maharashtra
3,100
Haryana
2,900
Himachal Pradesh
2,900
Uttarakhand
2,300
Rajasthan
1,400
Chandigarh
1,000
Madhya Pradesh
900
West Bengal
300
Jharkhand
300
Gujarat
300
Bihar
200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 30  (only 20 largest shown)
  Jammu and Kashmir 6,732,000
  Delhi 19,000
  Punjab 4,200
  Uttar Pradesh 3,100
  Maharashtra 3,100
  Haryana 2,900
  Himachal Pradesh 2,900
  Uttarakhand 2,300
  Rajasthan 1,400
  Chandigarh 1,000
  Madhya Pradesh 900
  West Bengal 300
  Jharkhand 300
  Gujarat 300
  Bihar 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kashmiri (5,226,000 speakers)
Language Code kas   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Urdu
932,000
Gujari
378,000
Dogri
54,000
Balti
44,000
Bhadrawahi
41,000
Pashto, Northern
40,000
Purik
26,000
Shina
22,000
Khowar
14,000
Hindko, Northern
1,000
Punjabi, Eastern
800
Chambeali
200
Kohistani, Indus
200
Ladakhi
200
Chilisso
100
Other People Groups Speaking Kashmiri
Primary Language Kashmiri (5,226,000 speakers)
Language Code kas   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Urdu 932,000
  Gujari 378,000
  Dogri 54,000
  Balti 44,000
  Bhadrawahi 41,000
  Pashto, Northern 40,000
  Purik 26,000
  Shina 22,000
  Khowar 14,000
  Hindko, Northern 1,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 800
  Chambeali 200
  Kohistani, Indus 200
  Ladakhi 200
  Chilisso 100
People Groups Speaking Kashmiri

Primary Language:  Kashmiri

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1813-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1813-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1899-2005)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Kashmiri
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kashmiri
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Forgiver (Indigitube.tv)
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Matt Brandon  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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