Ravidas Chamar in India

The Ravidas Chamar have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Ravidas are part of a subgroup of Chamar Dalits or Untouchables who live in India. The Chamars represent the largest population of Dalits in the country. The Ravidas are a portion of the Chamars that revere the 15th century guru Ravidas. Their traditional occupation is that of leather worker, a profession, which is scorned by devout Hindus. The Ravidas make shoes, belts and other goods from dead cattle. They do no kill the animals, which would be against their Hindu beliefs. Some Ravidas have left their former occupation to weave bamboo into baskets and other useful items. Still others work as landless laborers on tea plantations and farms. Unfortunately, illiteracy is an issue for the Ravidas. Without a proper education, they have little opportunity to escape their lives of poverty and exclusion.


The Ravidas Chamar are designated a Scheduled caste by the Indian government. They are eligible for special preference for public jobs and in university admission.


The primary language of the Ravidas is Hindi. They also speak other regional Indian languages like Kangri and Gujarati.


Where Are they Located?

Most of the Ravidas Chamar lives in the north Indian state of Jharkand. The rest live across many areas of India like Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lives of the Ravidas Chamar, like the lives of all Dalits, are challenging. They are excluded from many aspects of Indian life by their Dalit classification. The Indian Constitution outlaws the caste system, but it still ingrained in the hearts of the Hindus. Most Ravidas live in rural villages without the modern blessings of clean water, electricity and indoor plumbing.


The Ravidas marry within their caste. Their own priests lead important life ceremonies since Brahmins will not work with them. Families arrange marriages. Sons inherit property with the home going to the eldest son. The newly married Ravidas couple lives with or near the groom's parents.


The main foods of the Ravidas Chamar are rice, sorghum and seasonable vegetables and fruit. The Ravidas are not vegetarians but as Hindus will not eat beef.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Ravidas Chamar practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Their main gods are Vishnu, the preserver and Shiva, the destroyer. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Ravidas offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods at their village shrines because at Dalits they are often not allowed to enter standard Hindu temples.


The main yearly holidays of the Ravidas people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Ravidas Chamar have pressing needs. They need help in getting an education for their children. They need help in bringing clean water, electricity and indoor plumbing to their villages. Most of all, they need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God sends Christian workers to share the gospel with and help with the physical needs of the Ravidas.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Ravidas people a love for God's Word and a desire to spread its influence.
* Pray that the tiny number of Ravidas Christians would be trained and that their numbers would increase as they share God's Word with their brothers and sisters.


References

joshuaproject.net/people_groups/16561/IN


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Ravidas Chamar
People Name in Country Ravidas Chamar
World Population 1,884,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 38
Alternate Names रविदास चामर
People ID 20918
ROP3 Code 117679
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 16
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Jharkhand
938,000
Uttar Pradesh
250,000
Himachal Pradesh
166,000
Madhya Pradesh
112,000
Chhattisgarh
96,000
Bihar
89,000
Gujarat
85,000
Haryana
50,000
Rajasthan
33,000
Delhi
27,000
Punjab
17,000
West Bengal
13,000
Uttarakhand
5,100
Odisha
1,600
Chandigarh
1,100
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 16
  Jharkhand 938,000
  Uttar Pradesh 250,000
  Himachal Pradesh 166,000
  Madhya Pradesh 112,000
  Chhattisgarh 96,000
  Bihar 89,000
  Gujarat 85,000
  Haryana 50,000
  Rajasthan 33,000
  Delhi 27,000
  Punjab 17,000
  West Bengal 13,000
  Uttarakhand 5,100
  Odisha 1,600
  Chandigarh 1,100
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Hindi (1,433,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 36
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Kangri
182,000
Gujarati
75,000
Chhattisgarhi
66,000
Mandeali
59,000
Bhojpuri
53,000
Magahi
50,000
Punjabi, Eastern
39,000
Bengali
13,000
Awadhi
11,000
Kanauji
8,800
Maithili
6,300
Bhattiyali
5,800
Haryanvi
5,300
Dhundari
4,100
Bundeli
3,800
Primary Language Hindi (1,433,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 36
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Kangri 182,000
  Gujarati 75,000
  Chhattisgarhi 66,000
  Mandeali 59,000
  Bhojpuri 53,000
  Magahi 50,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 39,000
  Bengali 13,000
  Awadhi 11,000
  Kanauji 8,800
  Maithili 6,300
  Bhattiyali 5,800
  Haryanvi 5,300
  Dhundari 4,100
  Bundeli 3,800
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.19 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.68 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.33 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.79 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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