Brahmin Deshastha in India

The Brahmin Deshastha have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Deshastha Brahmins live in the region of west central India. Their history goes back over three thousand years ago and to the time of the writing of the Vedas, the most ancient Hindu scriptures. Their name means "residents of the country." The Deshastha have a long history of Hindu philosophers, scholars, saints and famous priests. During the Maratha Empire (1647-1818) the Deshastha served as the leading priests, administrators and military officers of the realm.

Today the Deshastha officiate at the main Hindu temples of the Indian state of Maharashtra. They continue their role as Hindu priests, scholars and professors of religion. Some Deshastha have taken white-collar jobs as accountants, scientists, and mathematicians and in pubic administration.

Some Deshastha hold large tracts of land that is tilled by members of lower castes.

The Deshastha speak Marathi in their homes. As educated Indians they also speak Hindi, English and other regional Indian languages.


Where Are they Located?

The great majority of the Deshastha Brahmins live Maharashtra. Some also live in the Indian states of Karnataka, Gujarat and other regions of the country of India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Deshastha Brahmins live at the highest levels of Indian society. They strongly encourage their children to attain graduate degrees in universities. Most now live in urban centers but some still live in villages where they are the priests and accountants.

The Deshastha are endogamous, that is they marry only within their own group or caste. They are vegetarians although some young people in the cities have taken to eating meat except for beef. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. They allow cousin marriages. Babies receive their names from their father's sister. Each family has its own household shrine and patron deity. They offer food and incense to their gods at their private shrine and at public temples.
They take pride in their Hindu heritage and are among the most devout Hindus in the nation.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Deshastha Brahmins practice Hinduism, the national religion and culture of India. The worship and serve the many gods of the Hindu pantheon. Some worship Vishnu as the supreme god. Ganesha and his festival, Ganesh Chaturthi, is the main holiday of the year. The Deshastha eat special foods and put a clay image of Ganesha or their family god into a river or the sea. Diwali, the festival of lights, is another popular holiday as is Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.

The Deshastha cremate their dead and the ashes are put in a sacred river on the third day of the funeral.


What Are Their Needs?

The Deshastha Brahmins must see themselves as sinners in need of a Savior. They need to realize that the gods of Hinduism will not forgive their sins or grant them eternal life. They need to see that the Bible not the Vedas is the inspired Word of God. They need to see true Christianity lived out before them.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deshastha_Brahmin


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-26
People Name General Brahmin Deshastha
People Name in Country Brahmin Deshastha
World Population 564,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 11
Alternate Names Atharian, Debra, Desattha Brahman, Desattha Brahmin, Deshastha Brahman, Deshastha Brahmin, Deshi, Madhva, Rigvedi, Smartha, Smartha Brahman, Smartha Brahmin, Yajurvedi, ब्रामिन, देशास्ता
People ID 19939
ROP3 Code 115712
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 15
Largest States
Maharashtra
418,000
Karnataka
62,000
Gujarat
30,000
Tamil Nadu
16,000
Madhya Pradesh
14,000
Delhi
9,000
Telangana
8,800
Goa
2,600
Chhattisgarh
2,100
Kerala
400
Andhra Pradesh
400
Daman and Diu
80
Rajasthan
80
West Bengal
60
Dadra and Nagar Have
50
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 15
  Maharashtra 418,000
  Karnataka 62,000
  Gujarat 30,000
  Tamil Nadu 16,000
  Madhya Pradesh 14,000
  Delhi 9,000
  Telangana 8,800
  Goa 2,600
  Chhattisgarh 2,100
  Kerala 400
  Andhra Pradesh 400
  Daman and Diu 80
  Rajasthan 80
  West Bengal 60
  Dadra and Nagar Have 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Marathi (377,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
Hindi
62,000
Kannada
47,000
Konkani
31,000
Gujarati
27,000
Tamil
9,300
Khandesi
6,900
Konkani, Goan
3,300
Chhattisgarhi
300
Kacchi
200
Nimadi
50
Marwari
50
Primary Language Marathi (377,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 62,000
  Kannada 47,000
  Konkani 31,000
  Gujarati 27,000
  Tamil 9,300
  Khandesi 6,900
  Konkani, Goan 3,300
  Chhattisgarhi 300
  Kacchi 200
  Nimadi 50
  Marwari 50
People Groups Speaking Marathi

Primary Language:  Marathi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1807-1957)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1982)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1821-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Marathi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Marathi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: मराठी - Marathi
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Didi  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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