Kapu in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 79 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Reddi Panta 168,000
Atte 120,000
Naik 117,000
Vantari 108,000
Reddi Gudati 76,000
Reddi Gone 64,000
Dommari 36,000
Reddi Garuda 26,000
Kapu Pala 23,000
Turupu 19,000

Introduction / History

The Telugu word Kapu or Kaapu means protector. They are also referred to by their caste title Naidu, which means leader.

Kapus were inhabitants of the Andhra region, people who migrated from the north, cleared forests for agriculture and built settlements. They are the descendants of the Kaampu tribe, an Indo-Aryan tribe, which migrated from Kampilya, Mithila and Ayodhya. These were ancient cities situated in the Gangetic Plains of North India spread across Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The migration seems to have occurred 2500 years ago, which coincides with the rise of the first Andhra Kingdom, Satavahanas. This migrant tribe initially settled along the banks of the Godavari River, cleared forests and built settlements and towns.

The Kapus were primarily a military/agrarian community which took up military service and participated in farming during peace time. Consequently the Kapu subcastes also evolved based on occupation. Kapus who engaged in trade were referred to as Balija. Balijas who took up military service and protected trading caravans were called Balija Nayakulu or Balija Naidu.

Modern day Kapus have banded together to fight for their political rights in the caste system. They have also organized agricultural unions to protect their way of life.


Where Are they Located?

They are found primarily in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where they make up about one-quarter of the population. The Kapu community in Andhra Pradesh is predominantly concentrated in the coastal districts, North Telangana and Rayalaseema regions of Andhra Pradesh. They are also found in large numbers in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa.


What Are Their Lives Like?

A significant number of Kapus have today diversified into industry, arts and academia. However, substantial segments of the population are still farmers. They are similar to farming peoples in neighboring Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, Orissa, Rajasthan and also Madhya Pradesh.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Kapu are primarily Hindu. They also live among many Muslims.


What Are Their Needs?

Missionary activity in the Andhra Pradesh region has seen spouts of success in winning the population to Christ. In 1710, a Roman Catholic missionary established one of the first mission stations in the region and nearly 300 people came to faith. Various Protestant missions groups arrived some two hundred years later. Today, 30 major denominations are represented in the state. The Church at large, however, has struggled long and hard against nominalism. Of the 33 tribal groups in Andhra Pradesh, 16 have yet to be evangelized.


Prayer Points

* That missionaries will be called to the Kapu.
* That the spiritual and physical needs of the Kapu will be met by Christian leaders.
* That God will open the minds and hearts of the Kapu to the love of Christ.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-09-16
People Name General Kapu
People Name in Country Kapu
Population in India 15,153,000
World Population 15,154,400
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 303
Alternate Names Chowdhary, Kamma Naidu, Naidu, Telaga, कापु
People ID 19597
ROP3 Code 113756
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Telugu
People Group Kapu
Ethnic Code CNN25d
Total Subgroups 79 (only 15 largest shown)
  Reddi Panta 168,000
  Atte 120,000
  Naik 117,000
  Vantari 108,000
  Reddi Gudati 76,000
  Reddi Gone 64,000
  Dommari 36,000
  Reddi Garuda 26,000
  Kapu Pala 23,000
  Turupu 19,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Andhra Pradesh
7,995,000
Telangana
5,934,000
Tamil Nadu
560,000
Karnataka
228,000
Odisha
221,000
Maharashtra
184,000
Puducherry
19,000
Kerala
2,800
West Bengal
2,400
Delhi
2,000
Andaman and Nicobar
1,000
Chhattisgarh
1,000
Assam
800
Gujarat
600
Uttar Pradesh
500
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Andhra Pradesh 7,995,000
  Telangana 5,934,000
  Tamil Nadu 560,000
  Karnataka 228,000
  Odisha 221,000
  Maharashtra 184,000
  Puducherry 19,000
  Kerala 2,800
  West Bengal 2,400
  Delhi 2,000
  Andaman and Nicobar 1,000
  Chhattisgarh 1,000
  Assam 800
  Gujarat 600
  Uttar Pradesh 500
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (14,814,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
Kannada
217,000
Tamil
43,000
Odia
6,800
Hindi
600
English
400
Marathi
300
Konkani
300
Other People Groups Speaking Telugu
Primary Language Telugu (14,814,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
  Kannada 217,000
  Tamil 43,000
  Odia 6,800
  Hindi 600
  English 400
  Marathi 300
  Konkani 300
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1854-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Pearl of Great Price (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.03 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.97 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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