Munnur in India

The Munnur have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 18 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Bobbili 12,000
Tolagari 1,200
Kamma 400
Racha 400
Butti Unknown
Chalka Unknown
Chambu Unknown
Chetti Unknown
Hajari Unknown
Kasa Unknown

Introduction / History

The Munnur or Munnuru Kapu have tilled the soil of south India for hundreds of years. Their name means 300. A past king of Hyderabad called for 300 soldiers of this people group to act as his personal bodyguards. In times of war the Munnur served as soldiers and officers in the armies of the dynasties of Andhra Pradesh. In times of peace they went back to the traditional occupation of farming.

Today most Munnur continue to practice agriculture. They also raise animals for dairy products and for sale. Some own their own land. Others work as laborers on land owned by others.

The Munnur are considered a backward caste. They are entitled to special benefits such as guaranteed spots in universities and public jobs. The Munnur are thought to be Shudras, the fourth and lowest major caste of Hinduism.
In times past many Munnur were illiterate. That is changing. Elementary schools are open the villages where the Munnur live today. While most Munnur are famers, some have taken jobs in public service and business.
The primary language of the Munnur is Telegu.


Where Are they Located?

Most Munnur live in the southwest Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Some also live in other Indian states.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lives of the Munnur revolved around the wet and dry seasons of the subcontinent and around the holidays of the Hindu calendar. Their two main crops are rice and wheat. They also grow vegetables and fruits to supplement their diet and to sell to others. Some women work as domestics of richer Indian households. Some of the young men join the Indian Army and send money home to support their families in the village.

The Munnur often engage in cross-cousin marriage. The young person marries a cousin, the son or daughter of the brother of their mother. Families arrange marriages. Weddings and other important life rituals are officiated by Brahmin priests or village priests. Child marriage was the ancient custom among the Munnur. That practice is changing now to adult marriage with the consent of the young persons.

Unfortunately, many Munnur children work in the fields with their parents and only receive a minimal education.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Munnur practice Hinduism, the ancient religion and culture of Indian. They worship and serve the many gods of the Hindu pantheon. They worship Shiva and Vishnu as their primary deities. They offer flowers, food and incense at the gods' temples. The Munnur participate in the yearly Hindu festivals of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Munnur need to hear the life-changing gospel of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see that the Hindu gods will not save them from their sins. They also need help in their villages with educational, vocational and medical issues.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord sends Indian Christians to share the good news of Christ with the Munnur.
* Pray that the Munnur would hear and respond positively to the claims of Christ.
* Pray that God would move Christians workers would come to live in the villages of the Munnur and help meet their spiritual and physical needs.


References

globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/2012/08/26
munnurukapusociety.com/history/
munnurukapuresearchcenter.blogspot.com/2015/05/historical-and-socio-economic-profile.html


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-26
People Name General Munnur
People Name in Country Munnur
Population in India 828,000
World Population 828,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 16
Alternate Names Bantu, Kamma, Koli, Muni, Mutraj, Naik, Telaga, Telgaund, Telinga, Tengaud, मुननूर
People ID 19281
ROP3 Code 115550
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Telugu
People Group Munnur
Ethnic Code CNN23d
Total Subgroups 18 (only 15 largest shown)
  Bobbili 12,000
  Tolagari 1,200
  Kamma 400
  Racha 400
  Butti 0
  Chalka 0
  Chambu 0
  Chetti 0
  Hajari 0
  Kasa 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 19
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Andhra Pradesh
420,000
Telangana
298,000
Tamil Nadu
51,000
Karnataka
25,000
Odisha
16,000
Maharashtra
11,000
West Bengal
2,100
Jharkhand
1,600
Puducherry
800
Kerala
600
Delhi
500
Andaman and Nicobar
400
Assam
300
Uttar Pradesh
200
Chhattisgarh
90
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 19
  Andhra Pradesh 420,000
  Telangana 298,000
  Tamil Nadu 51,000
  Karnataka 25,000
  Odisha 16,000
  Maharashtra 11,000
  West Bengal 2,100
  Jharkhand 1,600
  Puducherry 800
  Kerala 600
  Delhi 500
  Andaman and Nicobar 400
  Assam 300
  Uttar Pradesh 200
  Chhattisgarh 90
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (828,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Other People Groups Speaking Telugu
Primary Language Telugu (828,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1854-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Pearl of Great Price (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source JSE Ministries India 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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