Munnur in India

The Munnur have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Munnur or Munnuru Kapu have tilled the soil of south India for hundreds of years. Their name means 300. A past king of Hyderabad called for 300 soldiers of this people group to act as his personal bodyguards. In times of war the Munnur served as soldiers and officers in the armies of the dynasties of Andhra Pradesh. In times of peace they went back to the traditional occupation of farming.

Today most Munnur continue to practice agriculture. They also raise animals for dairy products and for sale. Some own their own land. Others work as laborers on land owned by others.

The Munnur are considered a backward caste. They are entitled to special benefits such as guaranteed spots in universities and public jobs. The Munnur are thought to be the fourth and lowest major caste of Hinduism.
In times past many Munnur were illiterate. That is changing. Elementary schools are open the villages where the Munnur live today. While most Munnur are famers, some have taken jobs in public service and business.
The primary language of the Munnur is Telegu.


Where Are they Located?

Most Munnur live in the southwest Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Some also live in other Indian states.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lives of the Munnur revolved around the wet and dry seasons of the subcontinent and around the holidays of the Hindu calendar. Their two main crops are rice and wheat. They also grow vegetables and fruits to supplement their diet and to sell to others. Some women work as domestics of richer Indian households. Some of the young men join the Indian Army and send money home to support their families in the village.

The Munnur often engage in cross-cousin marriage. The young person marries a cousin, the son or daughter of the brother of their mother. Families arrange marriages. Weddings and other important life rituals are officiated by Brahmin priests or village priests. Child marriage was the ancient custom among the Munnur. That practice is changing now to adult marriage with the consent of the young persons.

Unfortunately, many Munnur children work in the fields with their parents and only receive a minimal education.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Munnur practice Hinduism, the ancient religion and culture of Indian. They worship and serve the many gods of the Hindu pantheon. They worship Shiva and Vishnu as their primary deities. They offer flowers, food and incense at the gods' temples. The Munnur participate in the yearly Hindu festivals of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Munnur need to hear the life-changing gospel of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see that the Hindu gods will not save them from their sins. They also need help in their villages with educational, vocational and medical issues.


Prayer Points

Pray the Lord sends Indian Christians to share the good news of Christ with the Munnur.
Pray that the Munnur would hear and respond positively to the claims of Christ.
Pray that God would move Christians workers would come to live in the villages of the Munnur and help meet their spiritual and physical needs.


Scripture Prayers for the Munnur in India.


References

globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/2012/08/26
munnurukapusociety.com/history/
munnurukapuresearchcenter.blogspot.com/2015/05/historical-and-socio-economic-profile.html


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-13
People Name General Munnur
People Name in Country Munnur
Pronunciation MOO-nar
Population this Country 993,000
Population all Countries 993,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 20
Alternate Names Bantu; Kamma; Koli; Muni; Mutraj; Naik; Telaga; Telgaund; Telinga; Tengaud; मुननूर
People ID 19281
ROP3 Code 115550
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 18
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Andhra Pradesh
524,000
Telangana
353,000
Tamil Nadu
44,000
Karnataka
27,000
Odisha
18,000
Maharashtra
13,000
West Bengal
2,500
Jharkhand
1,900
Puducherry
900
Kerala
700
Delhi
600
Andaman and Nicobar
400
Assam
400
Uttar Pradesh
100
Chhattisgarh
100
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 18
  Andhra Pradesh 524,000
  Telangana 353,000
  Tamil Nadu 44,000
  Karnataka 27,000
  Odisha 18,000
  Maharashtra 13,000
  West Bengal 2,500
  Jharkhand 1,900
  Puducherry 900
  Kerala 700
  Delhi 600
  Andaman and Nicobar 400
  Assam 400
  Uttar Pradesh 100
  Chhattisgarh 100
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (993,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Telugu (993,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1854-2022)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video The Hope Video Mars Hill Media
Film / Video The Story Create International
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source JSE Ministries India 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more