Jat (Sikh traditions) in India


Population
9,759,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Jats are immersed in several ethnic groups who retain an identity often based on occupation and heritage. The word "Jat" is from the Arabic word "jatta" referring to the inhabitants of what is now much of Pakistan and Northwest India. They arrived in the sub-continent as invaders, yet did not establish ruling dynasties. They were presumably Indo-Iranian who in the course of time they mixed with other invaders and older Indian inhabitants. They are found in central Baluchistan province of Pakistan where they are called Jatt.

The greatest concentrations of Jats are found in districts of Punjab and Haryana. They make up to one third of the population in Mirpur (Kashmir), Gujranwala Multan, Muzaffargarh, Manipuri, Bahawalpur, Patkiala, Faridkot (Punjab) Rohtak and Mahendragarh (Haryana) A popular occupation among them is farming. A small percentage are traders and laborers.


Where Are they Located?

The Jat are located all over India and some surrounding countries. The largest concentration is in the Punjab Region, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

A man cannot take a wife from his own section. For a wedding, a square enclosure is made known as Chaonari and a fire sacrifice is performed. The couple walk seven times around the Chaonari with their right hand inward. Widow remarriage is allowed but cannot marry her younger brother-in-law or near relatives of her deceased husband. The dead are cremated except children under seven, who are buried.

When a man dies, his widow goes around his body seven times in the reverse direction of the one during marriage, indicating the undoing of marriage and breaks a few of her bangles. An important occasion for display among them is a ceremony which is done among wealthy families when the head of the family or his wife dies, or when a daughter is married. The person who does the ceremony is highly respected and his opinion is given weight in caste disputes.

They eat unleavened bread (roti) and curry, seasonal vegetables, ghee and milk. Girls are tattooed before marriage. Women are fond of jewelry and wear bangles made of ivory, lac (a resinous material) or clay but never glass.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jat have special ceremonies during the Dussera and Baisakhi festivals.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and Nepal and share Christ with these tribes.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will soften their hearts towards the Gospel.
* Ask God to call out prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a triumphant Church among the Jat for the glory of His name!


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-18
People Name General Jat (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Jat (Sikh traditions)
Population in India 9,759,000
World Population 9,783,300
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Jaut, Langah, Langha, Marth, Newar, जात (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18777
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 35
Largest States
(only 20 largest shown)
Punjab (6,618,000) Haryana (729,000) Rajasthan (558,000)
Uttar Pradesh (531,000) Delhi (415,000) Jammu and Kashmir (159,000)
Uttarakhand (135,000) Maharashtra (131,000) Madhya Pradesh (106,000)
Chandigarh (70,000) Himachal Pradesh (51,000) Jharkhand (47,000)
West Bengal (46,000) Chhattisgarh (37,000) Gujarat (34,000)
Bihar (15,000) Telangana (15,000) Karnataka (14,000)
Assam (13,000) Odisha (12,000)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 35  (only 20 largest shown)
Punjab (6,618,000) Haryana (729,000)
Rajasthan (558,000) Uttar Pradesh (531,000)
Delhi (415,000) Jammu and Kashmir (159,000)
Uttarakhand (135,000) Maharashtra (131,000)
Madhya Pradesh (106,000) Chandigarh (70,000)
Himachal Pradesh (51,000) Jharkhand (47,000)
West Bengal (46,000) Chhattisgarh (37,000)
Gujarat (34,000) Bihar (15,000)
Telangana (15,000) Karnataka (14,000)
Assam (13,000) Odisha (12,000)
Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (7,854,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: pan   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 42
Secondary Languages:
(only 20 largest shown)
Hindi (1,166,000) Bagri (182,000) Haryanvi (71,000)
Dogri (27,000) Saraiki (12,000) Marwari (9,300)
Kangri (9,200) Awadhi (6,400) Gujarati (4,900)
Kumaoni (4,400) Kashmiri (3,400) Merwari (2,900)
Chhattisgarhi (2,700) Punjabi, Western (2,700) Garhwali (2,600)
English (2,500) Pahari, Mahasu (2,400) Bilaspuri (2,000)
Bundeli (1,100) Mandeali (1,000)
Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (7,854,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 42
Secondary Languages: (only 20 largest shown)
Hindi (1,166,000) Bagri (182,000)
Haryanvi (71,000) Dogri (27,000)
Saraiki (12,000) Marwari (9,300)
Kangri (9,200) Awadhi (6,400)
Gujarati (4,900) Kumaoni (4,400)
Kashmiri (3,400) Merwari (2,900)
Chhattisgarhi (2,700) Punjabi, Western (2,700)
Garhwali (2,600) English (2,500)
Pahari, Mahasu (2,400) Bilaspuri (2,000)
Bundeli (1,100) Mandeali (1,000)
Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1818-1954)
New Testament Yes   (1815-2011)
Complete Bible Yes   (1959-2002)
Audio Bible Online
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Panjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Sikh Contextual Gathering (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Sikh Punjabi Music Video (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Other / Small

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
99.99 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: COMIBAM / Sepal  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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