Jat (Sikh traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Jats are immersed in several ethnic groups who retain an identity often based on occupation and heritage. The word "Jat" is from the Arabic word "jatta" referring to the inhabitants of what is now much of Pakistan and Northwest India. They arrived in the sub-continent as invaders, yet did not establish ruling dynasties. They were presumably Indo-Iranian who in the course of time they mixed with other invaders and older Indian inhabitants. They are found in central Baluchistan province of Pakistan where they are called Jatt.

The greatest concentrations of Jats are found in districts of Punjab and Haryana. They make up to one third of the population in Mirpur (Kashmir), Gujranwala Multan, Muzaffargarh, Manipuri, Bahawalpur, Patkiala, Faridkot (Punjab) Rohtak and Mahendragarh (Haryana) A popular occupation among them is farming. A small percentage are traders and laborers.


Where Are they Located?

The Jat are located all over India and some surrounding countries. The largest concentration is in the Punjab Region, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

A man cannot take a wife from his own section. For a wedding, a square enclosure is made known as Chaonari and a fire sacrifice is performed. The couple walk seven times around the Chaonari with their right hand inward. Widow remarriage is allowed but cannot marry her younger brother-in-law or near relatives of her deceased husband. The dead are cremated except children under seven, who are buried.

When a man dies, his widow goes around his body seven times in the reverse direction of the one during marriage, indicating the undoing of marriage and breaks a few of her bangles. An important occasion for display among them is a ceremony which is done among wealthy families when the head of the family or his wife dies, or when a daughter is married. The person who does the ceremony is highly respected and his opinion is given weight in caste disputes.

They eat unleavened bread (roti) and curry, seasonal vegetables, ghee and milk. Girls are tattooed before marriage. Women are fond of jewelry and wear bangles made of ivory, lac (a resinous material) or clay but never glass.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jat have special ceremonies during the Dussera and Baisakhi festivals.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and Nepal and share Christ with these tribes.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will soften their hearts towards the Gospel.
* Ask God to call out prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a triumphant Church among the Jat for the glory of His name!


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-18
People Name General Jat (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Jat (Sikh traditions)
Population in India 9,178,000
World Population 9,203,400
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 183
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Jaut, Langah, Langha, Marth, Newar, जाट, (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18777
ROP3 Code 114456
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 35
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Punjab
6,410,000
Haryana
663,000
Uttar Pradesh
480,000
Rajasthan
452,000
Delhi
357,000
Jammu and Kashmir
139,000
Uttarakhand
124,000
Maharashtra
115,000
Madhya Pradesh
87,000
Chandigarh
68,000
Himachal Pradesh
43,000
West Bengal
38,000
Jharkhand
38,000
Chhattisgarh
36,000
Gujarat
34,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 35  (only 20 largest shown)
  Punjab 6,410,000
  Haryana 663,000
  Uttar Pradesh 480,000
  Rajasthan 452,000
  Delhi 357,000
  Jammu and Kashmir 139,000
  Uttarakhand 124,000
  Maharashtra 115,000
  Madhya Pradesh 87,000
  Chandigarh 68,000
  Himachal Pradesh 43,000
  West Bengal 38,000
  Jharkhand 38,000
  Chhattisgarh 36,000
  Gujarat 34,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (7,600,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 42
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
1,160,000
Bagri
200,000
Haryanvi
70,000
Dogri
21,000
Saraiki
12,000
Marwari
7,800
Kangri
7,600
Awadhi
6,200
Gujarati
4,600
Kumaoni
4,400
Merwari
3,000
Kashmiri
2,700
Chhattisgarhi
2,700
Punjabi, Western
2,400
Garhwali
2,400
Other People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (7,600,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 42
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 1,160,000
  Bagri 200,000
  Haryanvi 70,000
  Dogri 21,000
  Saraiki 12,000
  Marwari 7,800
  Kangri 7,600
  Awadhi 6,200
  Gujarati 4,600
  Kumaoni 4,400
  Merwari 3,000
  Kashmiri 2,700
  Chhattisgarhi 2,700
  Punjabi, Western 2,400
  Garhwali 2,400
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1959-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Sikh Contextual Gathering (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Sikh Punjabi Music Video (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Religion Subdivision: Sikhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
99.99 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source COMIBAM / Sepal 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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