Yerukula in India

The Yerukula have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 7

Subgroup Name Population
Katherolu 66,000
Pachhabotla 47,000
Koracha 34,000
Koravar 26,000
Kuncheti 25,000
Kapparallatippa 9,800
Kothula 3,500

Expanded PDF Profile

Introduction / History

Yerukala people are a tribe found largely in the southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Yerukala are an indigenous people which means they have low status in modern India. They are called Yerukula after their women's traditional profession of fortune telling. This people have a language of its own, Yerukula. Many of them also speak Telugu and Hindi so they can communicate with those outside their group. A small fraction of the Yerukala claim to be followers of Jesus Christ.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The traditional occupations of Yerukala include basket-making, mat weaving, raising pigs and chicken and rope-making. The Yerukala women are specialized in fortune telling and making charms. Today, most of the Yerukala are settled in villages or towns. They are trying to make their way out of poverty by getting an education. Even though they live in a democratic country like India, they are still living under harsh social conditions because of the Hindu caste system. They face daily social and economic discrimination. The sub-divisions of Yerukula include those who make baskets from split bamboo, those who make items from wild date leaves, those who make weaver's combs, and sellers of curry leaves and salt. Most of them live in nuclear families. Descent is along the father's line, and authority comes from his line as well. They prefer cross-cousin marriages. Their marriages are usually between one man and one woman, but they do allow a man to have more than one wife if he can afford it. Marriage through negotiation and exchange are the common modes of acquiring mates. Divorce is permissible on the grounds of adultery, barrenness and incompatibility between the spouses. Widows are permitted to re-marry. The Yerukala tribe has its own social control mechanism to ensure proper observance of prescribed codes of conduct. This traditional council is headed by an elderly man whose office is hereditary. The traditional tribal council decides the domestic disputes and enforces social norms.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Yerukala practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. Their brand of Hinduism is heavily influenced by folk religion. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain "moksha" or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Yerukala visit Hindu shrines and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Yerukala people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories. Dalits and tribal peoples are outside of the caste system. As a tribal people the Yerukala are outside the Hindu caste system.


What Are Their Needs?

The Yerukula people need to put all their trust in Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and free them from their fear of evil spirits. They also need to learn new job skills and good local schools for their children.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Yerukula in India.

Ask the Lord to give the Yerukala a desire to investigate the Person and claims of Jesus Christ. Pray for a disciple making movement among the Yerukala people this decade. Pray for the Lord to send workers to the Yerukala people to tell them about Jesus and to help them with their physical needs.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Yerukula
People Name in Country Yerukula
Population this Country 540,000
Population all Countries 540,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 11
Alternate Names Erarollu; Erukala; Erukula; Kaikadi; Koracha; Korachollu; Korama; Korama Chetti; Korati; Korava; Koravan; Korcha; Kurru; Pochammalollu; Yarukuli; Yeralu; Yerukala; Yerukollu; येरुकुला
People ID 18342
ROP3 Code 113894
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Tribal - other
People Group Yerukula
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 7
  Katherolu 66,000
  Pachhabotla 47,000
  Koracha 34,000
  Koravar 26,000
  Kuncheti 25,000
  Kapparallatippa 9,800
  Kothula 3,500
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 15
Largest States
Andhra Pradesh
376,000
Telangana
145,000
Tamil Nadu
14,000
Odisha
2,000
Karnataka
1,500
Maharashtra
700
Puducherry
200
Delhi
200
Gujarat
200
Kerala
100
Chhattisgarh
100
Jharkhand
80
Assam
80
Goa
40
Andaman and Nicobar
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 15
  Andhra Pradesh 376,000
  Telangana 145,000
  Tamil Nadu 14,000
  Odisha 2,000
  Karnataka 1,500
  Maharashtra 700
  Puducherry 200
  Delhi 200
  Gujarat 200
  Kerala 100
  Chhattisgarh 100
  Jharkhand 80
  Assam 80
  Goa 40
  Andaman and Nicobar 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Yerukula (333,000 speakers)
Language Code yeu   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 17
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Telugu
169,000
Hindi
17,000
Tamil
17,000
Kannada
1,300
Marathi
200
Kuvi
100
Urdu
80
Koya
70
Odia
60
Bhili
60
Bengali
40
Gujarati
20
English
20
Malayalam
10
Gondi, Northern
Primary Language Yerukula (333,000 speakers)
Language Code yeu   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 17
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Telugu 169,000
  Hindi 17,000
  Tamil 17,000
  Kannada 1,300
  Marathi 200
  Kuvi 100
  Urdu 80
  Koya 70
  Odia 60
  Bhili 60
  Bengali 40
  Gujarati 20
  English 20
  Malayalam 10
  Gondi, Northern 10
People Groups Speaking Yerukula

Primary Language:  Yerukula

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2014)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Yerukula
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.77 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
97.52 %
Islam
0.25 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.43 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Yerukala.info 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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