Yerukula in India

The Yerukula have only been reported in India
Population
537,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Yerukala or Erukala or Erukula is a caste or social group found largely in the Southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Karnataka. Yerukalas are indigenous people of South India. They call themselves "Kurru". They are called "Yerukula" after their women's traditional profession of fortune telling (Eruka chepputa, Telugu term).

The population of Yerukala tribe according to 1991 census was 387,898. The total literacy rate among Yerukulas as per the 1991 Census reports is 25.74%. The Yerukala tribe has a dialect of its own which is called "Yerukula basha" or "Kurru basha" or "Kula vaatha". It is derived from Dravidian languages, mostly Telugu, Tamil and Kannada.

The Yerukala tribe is divided into a number of functional and endogamous sub-divisions and each such sub-division is named after the commodity, which they traded in and the occupation they adopted. The sub-divisions of Yerukula are Dabba Yerukala (those who make baskets from split bamboo), Eethapullala Yerukula (Date twigs) (those whom make baskets from wild date leaves), Kunchapuri Yerukala (those who make weaver's combs), Parikamuggula Yerukala (Sooth Sayers), Karivepaku Yerukala (hawkers of curry leaves) and Uppu Yerukala (salt hawkers).

The type of family among Yerukala tribe is usually nuclear. Descent is patrilineal, residence is patrilocal and authority is patriarchal. Cross-cousin (menarikam) marriages are preferred. Monogamy is the common form of marriage, but polygamy is also socially permitted. Marriage through negotiation and exchange are the common modes of acquiring mates. Divorce is permissible on the grounds of adultery, barrenness and incompatibility between the spouses. Widows are permitted to re-marry.

Yerukalas worship benevolent Gods, which are common Gods in Hindu pantheon and appease malevolent deities. The Yerukalas celebrate all the Hindu festivals.

The Yerukala tribe has its own social control mechanism at each habitation inhabited by Yerukala to ensure proper observance of prescribed codes of conduct. This traditional council (Kula Panchayat) is headed by an elderly man whose office is hereditary traditionally. The traditional council (Kula Panchayat) tries and decides the domestic disputes, disputes relating to theft, adultery, loans, property and land.

The traditional occupations of Yerukalas include basket-making, mat weaving, pig rearing, rope-making etc. The Yerukala women are specialized in sooth saying and fortune telling. Some of them also participate in the economic activities like basket making, mat weaving etc, and make baskets with wild date leaves.

Today, most of the Yerukalas are settled in the villages/towns and trying to make their way out of the poverty by getting education to obtain financial freedom which has been denied to them since ages. Yerukalas are using reservations and other benefits from the government to a greater extent to obtain the freedom they used to have long time age. Even though they live in a free democratic country like India, they are still living under harsh social conditions because of the caste system and face social discriminations time and again.


People Name General Yerukula
People Name in Country Yerukula
Population in India 537,000
World Population 537,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 10
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Erarollu, Erukala, Erukula, Kaikadi, Koracha, Korachollu, Korama, Korama Chetti, Korati, Korava, Koravan, Korcha, Kurru, Pochammalollu, Yarukuli, Yeralu, Yerukala, Yerukollu, येरुकुला
People ID 18342
ROP3 Code 113894
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asian, other
People Group Yerukula
Ethnic Code AUG06b
Total Subgroups on file 29
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Pachhabotla
29,000
Karevepulai
12,000
Katherolu
11,000
Koravar
9,300
Bajantri
6,100
Dabba
6,100
Gedde
6,100
Kuncheti
6,100
Mondi
6,100
Uppu
6,100
Yeethapulla
6,100
Koracha
5,100
Kapparallatippa
3,100
Bidari
0
Donga
0
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asian, other
People Group Yerukula
Ethnic Code AUG06b
Total Subgroups 29 (only 15 largest shown)
  Pachhabotla 29,000
  Karevepulai 12,000
  Katherolu 11,000
  Koravar 9,300
  Bajantri 6,100
  Dabba 6,100
  Gedde 6,100
  Kuncheti 6,100
  Mondi 6,100
  Uppu 6,100
  Yeethapulla 6,100
  Koracha 5,100
  Kapparallatippa 3,100
  Bidari 0
  Donga 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 15
Largest States
Andhra Pradesh
374,000
Telangana
144,000
Tamil Nadu
14,000
Odisha
2,000
Karnataka
1,400
Maharashtra
600
Puducherry
200
Delhi
200
Gujarat
200
Kerala
90
Chhattisgarh
90
Assam
80
Jharkhand
70
Goa
40
Andaman and Nicobar
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 15
  Andhra Pradesh 374,000
  Telangana 144,000
  Tamil Nadu 14,000
  Odisha 2,000
  Karnataka 1,400
  Maharashtra 600
  Puducherry 200
  Delhi 200
  Gujarat 200
  Kerala 90
  Chhattisgarh 90
  Assam 80
  Jharkhand 70
  Goa 40
  Andaman and Nicobar 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Yerukula (345,000 speakers)
Language Code yeu   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Telugu
171,000
Hindi
18,000
Tamil
17,000
Kannada
1,300
Marathi
200
Kuvi
100
Urdu
80
Koya
70
Odia
60
Bhili
60
Bengali
40
Gujarati
20
English
20
Malayalam
10
Other People Groups Speaking Yerukula
Primary Language Yerukula (345,000 speakers)
Language Code yeu   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Telugu 171,000
  Hindi 18,000
  Tamil 17,000
  Kannada 1,300
  Marathi 200
  Kuvi 100
  Urdu 80
  Koya 70
  Odia 60
  Bhili 60
  Bengali 40
  Gujarati 20
  English 20
  Malayalam 10
People Groups Speaking Yerukula

Primary Language:  Yerukula

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions No
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Yerukula
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.32 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
97.89 %
Islam
0.13 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.10 %
Unknown
0.56 %
Photo Source Yerukala.info 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Yerukala.info 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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